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Ornithopsis hulkei

Reptilia -

Taxonomy
Ornithopsis hulkei was named by Seeley (1870). Its type specimen is BMNH 28632, a set of vertebrae (posterior dorsal vertebra), and it is a 3D body fossil.

It was replaced with Bothriospondylus magnus by Owen (1875); it was synonymized subjectively with Hoplosaurus armatus by Lydekker (1889) and Lydekker (1892); it was recombined as Pelorosaurus hulkei by Huene (1927) and Steel (1970); it was synonymized subjectively with Pelorosaurus conybeari by McIntosh (1990); it was misspelled as Ornithopsis hulkii by Seeley (1880), Lydekker (1888), Lydekker (1888), Seeley (1889), Zittel (1890), Woodward and Sherborn (1890), Sauvage (1895), Woodward (1898), Sauvage (1900), Mansel-Pleydell (1902), Swinton (1934), Swinton (1936), Blows (1983), Cheevely and Chapman (1992), Blows (1995), Blows (1998), Tidwell et al. (1999), Upchurch et al. (2004), Royo-Torres et al. (2006) and Naish and Martill (2007).

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1870Ornithopsis hulkei Cope p. 500
1870Ornithopsis hulkei Seeley p. 283
1875Bothriospondylus magnus Owen p. 24
1876Chondrosteosaurus magnus Owen p. 7 figs. Pl. 6
1876Bothriospondylus magnus Sauvage p. 439
1880Ornithopsis hulkii Seeley p. 59
1888Ornithopsis hulkei Lydekker p. 54
1889Ornithopsis hulkei Seeley p. 393 fig. 1
1890Ornithopsis hulkei Woodward and Sherborn p. 260
1890Ornithopsis hulkei Zittel p. 714
1895Ornithopsis hulkei Sauvage p. 468
1898Ornithopsis hulkei Woodward p. 201
1900Ornithopsis hulkei Sauvage p. 504
1902Ornithopsis hulkei Mansel-Pleydell p. lxxvii
1927Pelorosaurus hulkei Huene p. 454
1934Ornithopsis hulkei Swinton p. 39
1936Ornithopsis hulkei Swinton p. 209
1970Bothriospondylus magnus Steel p. 67
1970Pelorosaurus hulkei Steel p. 68
1983Ornithopsis hulkei Blows p. 313
1992Ornithopsis hulkei Cheevely and Chapman p. 349
1995Ornithopsis hulkei Blows p. 188
1998Ornithopsis hulkei Blows p. 34
1999Ornithopsis hulkei Tidwell et al. p. 30
2004Ornithopsis hulkei Upchurch et al. p. 266
2006Ornithopsis hulkei Royo-Torres et al. figs. Table S2
2007Ornithopsis hulkei Naish and Martill p. 499

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
OlfactoresJefferies 1991
subphylumVertebrata
Gnathostomata()
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
Eosuchia()
RankNameAuthor
Neodiapsida
SauriaGauthier 1984
Archosauromorpha(Huene 1946)
Crocopoda
ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
Eucrocopoda
Archosauria()
informalAvemetatarsalia
Ornithodira
Dinosauromorpha
Dinosauriformes
Dinosauria()
Saurischia()
Eusaurischia
Sauropodomorpha(Huene 1932)
Massopoda
Sauropodiformes
Sauropoda()
Eusauropoda
Neosauropoda
Macronaria
Titanosauriformes
genusOrnithopsis
specieshulkei

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
W. T. Blows 1995Medium-sized brachiosaurid sauropod; posterior dorsal vertebrae are opisthocoelian with tall narrow centra; pleurocoels extend over the posterior two-thirds of the centrum near the base of the neural arch; the centrum has a basal ridge; parapophyses occur high on the neural arch.