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Plantae

Taxonomy
Plantae was named by Haeckel (1866). It is extant.

It was synonymized subjectively with Eukarya by Margulis (1996); it was replaced with Chlorobiota by Kenrick and Crane (1997); it was reranked as the subkingdom Plantae by Blackwell (2004).

It was assigned to Eucarya by Woese et al. (1990); to Eukaryota by Blackwell (2004); and to Eukaryota by Taylor et al. (2008) and Ruggiero et al. (2015).

View classification of included taxa

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1862Phytoptus antiquus von Heyden p. 64 figs. Pl 10, fig 1
1866Plantae Haeckel figs. Pl. I
1868Euphemerites Scudder
1868Euphemerites gigas Scudder p. 571 fig. 9
1868Euphemerites simplex Scudder p. 571 fig. 8
1868Euphemerites affinis Scudder p. 572 fig. 10
1870Laccophilus parvulus Heer p. 73 figs. Pl 5, figs 56c,d
1870Silpha deplanata Heer p. 73 figs. Pl 16, fig 42
1870Hydrobius nauckhoffi Heer p. 74 figs. Pl 16, figs 10,11
1870Donacia parvula Heer p. 75 figs. Pl 16, figs 30,31
1870Pythonidium Heer p. 75
1870Pythonidium metallicum Heer p. 75 figs. Pl 16, figs 12-14
1870Chrysomelites lindhageni Heer p. 76 figs. Pl 16, fig 23
1870Chrysomelites thulensis Heer p. 76 figs. Pl 16, figs 25-27
1870Curculionites costulatus Heer p. 76 figs. Pl 16, figs 38a,b, 39, 40
1870Donacia smithiana Heer p. 76 figs. Pl 16, figs 30,31
1870Curculionites thoracicus Heer p. 77 figs. Pl 16, figs 17,18
1870Elytridium Heer p. 77
1870Elytridium deplanatum Heer p. 77 figs. Pl 16, figs 41a,c
1870Blatta hyperborea Heer p. 78 figs. Pl 16, fig 43
1878Euephemerites Scudder p. 248
1883Chrysomelites lindhageni Heer p. 145
1885Pythonidium metallicum Scudder p. 791 fig. 1014
1900Chrysomelites lindhageni Scudder p. 110
1907Blatta hyperborea Handlirsch p. 696
1943Donacia parvula Goecke p. 348 fig. 15
1952Archelytron Haupt p. 248
1952Archelytron priscus Haupt p. 248 fig. 6
1952Archelytron Haupt p. 249
1952Ctenostematopteryx minor Haupt p. 255 fig. 14
1957Rhabdotarachnoides Haupt
1957Rhabdotarachnoides simoni Haupt
1961Donacia parvula Goecke p. 11
1961Donacia smittiana Goecke p. 11
1990Plantae Woese et al. p. 4578
2004Plantae Blackwell p. 274
2008Plantae Taylor et al. p. 1027
2015Curculionites costulatus Legalov p. 1497
2015Curculionites thoracicus Legalov p. 1497
2015Plantae Ruggiero et al. p. 31

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomPlantae
RankNameAuthor
kingdomPlantae

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
No ecological data are available

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Nemakit-Daldynian to the top of the Holocene or 541.00000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 530.0 Ma

Collections (11080 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Nemakit-Daldynian541.0 - 530.0China (Hubei) Yuknessia sp. (97556)
Atdabanian520.0 - 516.0Germany (Brandenburg) Kordephyton sp. (24188 24190)
Atdabanian520.0 - 516.0China (Guizhou) Yuknessia sp. (86849)
Atdabanian520.0 - 516.0China (Yunnan) Yuknessia sp. (86851)
Atdabanian520.0 - 516.0Morocco Kordephyton sp. (80885)
Atdabanian - Lenian520.0 - 513.0Mongolia Kordephyton crinitum (45946)
Botomian516.0 - 513.0Antarctica Kordephyton sp. (62871)
Botomian516.0 - 513.0Canada (Northwest Territories) Kordephyton crinitum (80957 80959)
Lenian516.0 - 513.0Mongolia Kordephyton crinitum (45949 45951) Kordephyton sp. (45950)
Delamaran513.0 - 505.0Canada (British Columbia) Yuknessia simplex (84422 84423 84424 84425 84427 84429 84430 84431 84432 84433)
Delamaran513.0 - 505.0USA (Utah) Yuknessia simplex (77218)
Marjumian513.0 - 498.5USA (Utah) Yuknessia simplex (261)
Tremadoc - Floian485.4 - 470.0China (Jianxin) Halysis sp. (154811)
Arenig478.6 - 466.0Canada (Newfoundland and Labrador) Halysis sp. (80772) Solenopora sp., Halysis sp. (80774)
Whiterockian471.8 - 457.5USA (Vermont) Solenopora sp. (103298)
Middle Ordovician470.0 - 458.4USA (New York) Tetradium sp. (335)
Middle Ordovician - Late/Upper Ordovician470.0 - 443.4USA (Alaska) Tetradium sp. (100893)
Chazyan468.1 - 460.9USA (Vermont) Solenopora sp. (175904 175905)
Llanvirnian - Llandeilian468.1 - 460.9South Korea (Kangweondo (Gangwon-do)) Solenopora sp. (198260)
Whiterock468.1 - 460.9Canada (Newfoundland and Labrador) Solenopora sp., Halysis sp. (45283)