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Plantae

Taxonomy
Plantae was named by Haeckel (1866). It is extant.

It was synonymized subjectively with Eukarya by Margulis (1996); it was replaced with Chlorobiota by Kenrick and Crane (1997); it was reranked as the subkingdom Plantae by Blackwell (2004).

It was assigned to Eucarya by Woese et al. (1990); to Eukaryota by Blackwell (2004); and to Eukaryota by Taylor et al. (2008) and Ruggiero et al. (2015).

Subtaxa
Aachenosaurus, Abacella, Abakaniella, Abeliella, Abietopitys, Acacioxylon, Acanthina, Acanthocarpus, Acanthodesmia, Acanthophyllites, Acanthopteris, Acerinium, Aceroxylon, Aciphylla, Acoxylon, Acrangiophyllum, Acrocoila, Actinidioxylon, Actinocarpus, Actinophycus, Actinophyllum, Actinopodium, Actinostrobites, Aculeisporites, Adiantes, Adiantides, Aenigmatophyllum, Aesculophyllum, Aetheotesta, Afzelioxylon, Agarites, Agathopsis, Agavites, Agavites, Agnophyton, Agnotocaulon, Agrostidium, Ailanthophyllum, Ajakmalajsoria, Akdalaphyton, Alasites, Alatampulla, Alatocarpus, Alcyonidiopsis, Alcyonium, Aldanophyton, Alectorurus, Alethopteridae, Algacites, Allantodiopsis, Alloasterophyllites, Alloiopteris, Allonilssonia, Alniphyllum, Alnites, Alnoxylon, Aloites, Alsophilina, Amadocarpus, Amadokia, Amaryllites, Amberites, Amgaella, Amgaina, Amganella, Ammatophyllum, Amomocarpum, Ampelophyllum, Ampeloxylon, Amphibryophyllum, Amphitoa, Amphitoites, Amyoxylon, Anabacaulus, Anabara, Anabathra, Anacardioxylon, Anachoropteris, Anarthrocanna, Ancistrophyllum, Andriania, Androphyllum, Angariella, Angarolaminariopsis, Angarophloios, Angiodendron, Angiotheca, Annonoxylon, Anomalochara, Anomaloxylon, Anthocarpus, Anthocephale, Anthodiopsis, Anthophycus, Anthracochondrus, Anthracoporellopsis, Antrophyopteris, Antrosphaera, Aphlebia, Aphlebiopteris, Aphyllopteris, Aphyllostachys, Aplophlebis, Apludophyton, Apocalamites, Aptiana, Aracistrobus, Araeis, Araliacea, Aralinium, Aralites, Araucariopsis, Araucariostrobus, Arberia, Arberiella, Archaeocalamites, Archaeocladus, Archaeophyton, Archaeopodocarpus, Archaeorrhiza, Archangelskya, Archelytron, Archelytron priscus, Arctodendron (syn. Dictyodendron), Arctopodium, Arecopsis, Arisaemites, Aristolochiaephyllum, Aristolochites, Aristolochopsis, Aristophycos, Aroides, Arthrocladion, Arthrodendromyelon, Arthroporella, Artocarpophyllum, Artocarpophyllum, Arundinarites, Arundinites, Aschemonia, Askisiella, Asolanus, Asolenoxylon, Aspasia, Asphaltina, Aspidion, Aspidiophyllum, Aspidites, Aspidites, Aspidostachys, Aspleniphyllum, Asplenites, Asterocalamites, Asterocalamitopsis, Asterocyclites, Asterodendron, Asterodiscus, Asterophragmium, Astrocaryopsis, Astrocladium, Astrocupulites, Atactoxylon, Athrotaxidium, Auerbachia, Aulacophycus, Aulacopteris, Aularthrophyton, Austrella, Autophyllites, Avelinesia, Axothrix, Bacca, Baccharites, Baccites, Bachtia, Bacillarites, Baicalia, Baierella, Baieridium, Bajdaievia, Bajera, Bambusium, Banksioxylon, Banksiphyllum, Baptisiaecarpum, Barinostrobus, Barrandeinopsis, Bassania, Batodendron, Batodendron, Bechera, Becklesia, Belenophyllum, Belenopteris, Belidoxylon, Belodendron, Belonodendron, Belzungia, Bembergia, Benlightfootia, Bennettitanthus, Bensonites, Benthamiphyllum, Bergiophyton, Bergiopteris, Berrya, Betulinium, Betulites, Beuttneriophyllum, Bicarpellites, Bicoloria, Biliphyta, Biotocalamites, Blastophragmium, Blatta hyperborea, Blechnoxylon, Boegendorfia, Bogutschanophycus, Boiophyton, Boliviana, Bombacophyllum, Bornia, Boroldaiphycus, Boroviczia, Bothrodendron, Bothrostrobus, Botominella, Botryococcites, Botrytites, Bottgeria, Bowerbankia, Brachycladites, Brachydactylus, Brandonia, Braunia, Bravardia, Bredaea, Bretonia, Briardina, Brightonia, Broggeria, Bromelites, Brongniartites, Bronnites, Brunswickia, Bryacites, Bryasterites, Bryocarpus, Bubnoffphycos, Bubulcia, Bucinella, Budingia, Bulbistroma, Bullasporis, Buriadia, Butefia, Butomites, Buzgulella, Bythocladus, Bythotrephis (syn. Buthotrephis), Byttneriophyllum, Cactites, Caenopterites, Calamariophyllum, Calamariopsis (syn. Calamopsis), Calamites, Calamodendrostachys, Calamophycus, Calamophyllites, Calamopitus, Calcideletrix, Calleophyllum, Callipteridium, Callithamnopsis, Callitroxylon, Callorites, Calopteris, Calycophysoides, Cambrostroma, Camerosporites, Campanulospermum, Campoxylon, Campteroneura, Camptophyllum, Camptopteris, Cancellophycus, Cannophyllites, Capparidium, Capparidoxylon, Capsulites, Caratchetopteris, Carbonacarpa, Cardiocarpales, Cardioglossum, Cardiopteris, Caricopsis, Carnoconites, Carpentieria, Carpinoxylon, Carpites, Carpolithes, Carpolithus, Carradorites, Cassiophyllum, Cassioxylon, Castellinia, Catangophyton, Catenaria, Cateniphycus, Cathaysiopteris, Caudex, Caulerpides, Caulomatites, Caulomorpha, Caulopsis, Cedrites, Cedroxylon, Celastrinoxylon, Celluloxylon, Celtitis, Celyphinia, Ceramites, Ceramites, Ceratoniophyllum, Ceratophycus, Ceratozamites, Chaetophorites, Chakassiophyton, Chamaecyparites, Changarniera, Changyanophyton, Chankanella, Charpentieria, Chauvinia, Chauviniopsis, Cheirolepidium, Chitospermum, Chlamydocarpus, Chloephycus, Chlorellopsis, Chlupacia, Chordophyllites, Chotecella, Chroococcites, Chrysomelites lindhageni, Chrysomelites thulensis, Cingularia, Cinnamomoides, Cinnamomophyllum, Circidoxylon, Circoporoxylon, Cladiscothallus, Cladiscus, Cladocedroxylon, Cladophlebidium, Cladostrobus, Clathrophyllum, Clavascina, Clavijopsis, Clevea, Climaciophyton, Closteroxylon, Coactilum, Coccolobites, Coccoplasmium, Cochliocarpus, Codonophora, Codonophycus, Codonophyton, Codonospermum, Coelenteratella, Colacites, Collenella, Collenia, Colpospermum, Columnaria, Colymboxylon, Comates, Comephyllum, Commelinacites, Compsotesta, Compsoxylon, Comptonites, Comptospermum, Conchocaryon, Conchotheca, Conchyophycus, Concresceraria, Confertisulcites, Confervoides, Coniferites, Connarophyllum, Conophoroides, Conospermophyllum, Conostoma, Convallarites, Copiapaea, Copperia, Coprosmites, Corallinites, Coraphyton, Corbularia, Corchorites, Cordaicortex, Cordaitales, Cordaixylon, Cornoxylon, Cornutula, Coronostoma, Corticites, Corynecarpus, Coryphoicarpus, Costarites, Cottaea, Craspedosperma, Crassinervia, Crataegites, Crematopteris, Cretosiphon, Crinitella, Crinites, Crocalophyton, Cromyodendron (syn. Scitaminites), Crosschorda, Crossopteris, Cryptophyllites, Cryptoplasmium, Cryptoxylon, Cryptozoon, Cryspophycus, Ctenidiopsis, Ctenostematopteryx minor, Ctenozamites, Culmites, Cuneatopteris, Cupressocarpus, Cupulina, Curculionites costulatus, Curculionites thoracicus, Curionia, Cyathotrachus, Cycadium, Cyclocarpon, Cyclocarpus, Cyclogranisporites, Cyclois, Cyclopitys, Cyclorinus (syn. Cyclocrinites), Cyclospermum, Cylindrites, Cylindroplasmium, Cymodoceites, Cynarocephalus, Cyperocaulon, Cyrilloxylon, Cyrrhites, Cystiphycus, Cystoseirites, Czapcoctia, Dacrydites, Dactylodiscus, Dactyloporella, Dadoxylon, Dahurites, Dalbergites, Dalejophyton, Daphnites, Daphnophyllum, Dascycladites, Dasycirriphycas, Dasyphyllum, Decagonocarpus, Dechenia, Delesserites, Delgadopsis, Deltenrea, Dendractis, Dendrophycus, Dendroplasmium, Desmia, Desmodites, Desmopteris, Dewalquea, Dicalamophyllum, Dichoneuron, Dichophyllites, Dichophyton, Diclidocarya, Dicranites, Dicrophlebis, Dictiophragmium, Dictozamites, Dictuolites, Dictyodendron, Dictyophlois, Dictyoplasmium, Dictyopteridium, Dictyopteris, Dictyotesta, Dictyothalamus, Dictyothylakos, Dictyotites, Didymosphaerites, Didymotheca, Digitolithus, Digitularia, Digonospermum, Dikimdinella, Dilogopteris, Dimorphostroma, Dioonopteris, Dioscoroides, Diplocyma, Diplodictyum, Diplophragmium, Diplopterotesta, Diplotegium, Diplotesta, Diploxylon, Dipteriphyllum, Dipterites, Discinites, Discoascina, Discophorites, Discophycus, Discostachys, Discostrobus, Disorus, Disphenophyllum, Dixopodoxylon, Dobrogeites, Dolatophycus, Dolerophyllum, Dolichites, Dombeyopsis, Donacia parvula, Donacia smithiana, Dracaenophyllum, Drepanolepis, Drupa, Dryandrophyllum, Drydenia, Dubiocarpon, Duisbergia, Durvillides, Dyctuocaulus, Dyotheca, Ebenoxylon, Echaninia, Echinostachys, Echinostipes, Echitonium, Edelstenia, Eichwaldia, Eisdenia, Eisothecaryon, Elaeagnites, Elaeocarpites, Elaeodendroxylon, Elasmophycos, Elatoxylon, Eleutherophyllum, Elytridium, Elytridium deplanatum, Embolianthemum, Embryophyta, Encoelites, Encoelocladium, Endogenophyllites, Endolepis, Enfieldia, Enigmophyton, Eniseiella, Entandrophragmoxylon, Entophysalites, Entostromium, Entsovia, Enygmatostrobus, Eoacanthocarpus, Eocladophora, Eoclathrus, Eohostimella, Eopseudoceratium, Eopteridangium, Eopteris, Eostrobilus, Eotaxites, Epiphytonoides, Epipolaia, Equisetides, Equisetina, Equisetinostachys, Equisetostachys, Erbina, Eremiodendron, Ericaceoxylon, Eriotesta, Erythrinoxylon, Escallonites, Estherella, Estomia, Eterodictyon, Eucaryoxylon, Eulepidophloios, Euphemerites, Euphemerites affinis, Euphemerites gigas, Euphemerites simplex, Euryphyllum, Euzebiola, Evinospongia, Exogenites, Fagaroxylon, Fagites, Fagoxylon, Fasciculites, Fascites, Faueroxylon, Fegonium (syn. Phegonium), Feildenia, Feildeniopsis, Feistmantelia, Feronia, Filicophyta, Fistulella, Fittonites, Flabellofolium (syn. Platyphyllum), Flabellophycos, Folium, Foninia, Foralites, Fracastoria, Fructus, Frullanites, Fruticristatum, Fucites, Fucoides, Furqueia, Gallatinia, Gangamopteriopsis, Garwoodella, Gastridiopsis, Gaudrya, Geietes, Geinitziella, Geleenites, Gelidinium, Genoites, Geocarpus, Geonomites, Geonomites, Getaeia, Gigantospermum, Ginkgocladus, Ginkgodium, Ginkgophytopsis, Ginkgospermum, Givesia, Gleditschiacanthus, Gleichenoides, Gleichenophycos, Gleocapsomorpha, Globulinea, Gloioconis, Glossophium, Glossophycus, Glossopteridium, Glottolepis, Glyphostromium, Glyptophyton, Glyptostrobites, Goldsonia, Gonatosorus, Gondwanidium, Gongrostromium, Goniolinites, Goniophycus, Gothaniella, Gracilerectus, Graminites, Grammites, Grammitites, Grammophyllum, Grevilleophyllum, Grewioxylon, Guajacites, Guembelina, Guilielmites, Gusichia, Guttoporella, Gymnospermophyta, Gyrocalamus, Gyrogona, Hagenmulleria, Halimedopsis, Haliserites, Halleia, Halochloris, Hapalopteris, Haplomyeloxylon, Haplophragmium, Haploplectites, Haploporella, Haplotheca, Harlania, Haspia, Hastomia, Hauera, Hedychiophyllum, Heeria, Heleniella, Heleniodendron (syn. Helenia), Helicites, Helictoxylon, Hellia, Helophyton, Helviensia, Hemintholithus, Heninia, Hepaticaephyton, Hepatophyta, Heracleites, Herakella, Hermitella, Herouvalina, Heterosporites, Heterosporites, Heteroxylon, Hexagonocarpus, Hexapterocarpus, Hexapterospermum, Himanthaliopsis, Himantites, Hippocrateites, Hippocrateoxylon, Hippodophycus, Hiraeocarpum, Hirmeria, Hirsutocarpum, Hissaropteris, Holcodendron, Holcospermum, Holstia, Holynia, Homoxylon, Hovassebria, Howisonia, Hsiangchiphyllum, Humilis, Hungerfordia, Hydatica, Hydrobius nauckhoffi, Hydrocorynites, Hydrodictyolites, Hydrodictyopsis, Hygrohypnidium, Hymenaeophyllum, Hymenopteris, Hymenopterites, Hymenozonotriletes, Hyphites, Hyphoplasmium, Hyphopteris, Hysterites, Hythia, Ibyka, Ichnophycus, Idiophyllum, Ilsaephytum, Imhastomia, Imparipteris, Imstrihastomia, Indotheca, Inopinatella, Intextulella, Inzeria, Ioffea, Isodictyopteridium, Jacutopteris, Janenschia, Jenisseiphyton, Johannophyton, Jordania, Juglandinium, Juglansoxylon, Junghuhnites, Junjagia, Jurusania, Kadvoya, Kaikomako, Kalinaia, Kantia, Kaokoxylon, Karreria, Katangasia, Katavia, Kazakhstanelia, Keega, Kehonomakidium, Kenderlykia, Kenella, Kentites, Keraiaphyllum, Kiltorkensia, Kinneyia, Kirchneria, Kiselevia, Kisseljovia, Kitakamiania, Klausipollenites, Klippsteinia, Knorria, Knoxisporites, Kohekohe, Kohlmannopteris, Koleoxylon, Kontheria, Koraia, Koretrophyllites, Kosvophyton, Kovalia, Krannera, Krauselia, Krauselisporites, Krithodeophyton, Kryshtofovichia, Kundatia, Kunsbergia, Kuprianovaites, Kurria, Kusbassia, Kussiella, Kyzassia, Laccophilus parvulus, Lacuniderma, Laffonia, Lagenopteris, Lagynophora, Laminariopsis, Laminarites, Laminopsis, Lapposisporites, Laricites, Laurogene, Lauroxylon (syn. Laurinium), Leguminocarpa, Lemanidium, Lenzites, Lenzitites, Lepacyclotes, Lepeocladus, Lepidocalamus, Lepidocarpus, Lepidocaryopsis, Lepidocarytes, Lepidodendraceae, Lepidophyllum, Lepidotruncus, Leprophragmium, Leptocaryum, Leptonema, Leptophycus, Leptoplasmium, Leptostromium, Leptotesta, Leptotrichomaria, Leptoxylum, Lepyrosphaera, Lesangeana, Lescuria, Liasophycus, Liaspermum, Lillia, Linopteridium, Listrodium, Lithangium, Lithobryon, Lithocaulon, Lithodictuon, Lithomyxa, Lithophyllodendron, Lithorhiza, Lithothamniscum, Lithothamnites, Lithoxylon, Litostroma, Liversidgea, Lomarites, Lonchopteris, Loperia, Lophodolithus, Lovoaxylon, Luheopsis, Lycopodiophyta, Lycopodophyta, Machairostrobus, Macralethopteris, Macrocystites, Macroglossopteris, Maffeija, Maheshwariella, Majaella, Malacotesta, Mamillaria, Manicarites, Mantellia, Marenita, Mariminna, Marsilidium, Martinia, Mastixioidea, Mastocarpites, Mastopora (syn. Nidulites), Matharakia, Maucheria, Medullosa (syn. Scottiella), Medulloxylon, Megadendron, Megalorhachis, Megalospermum, Megistophyllum, Mejerella, Melanconites, Melicytephyllites, Melitoxylon, Melobesites, Melophytum, Membranites, Menispermacites, Meristophyllum, Meristopteris, Mesenteriophyllum, Mesolarix, Mesoneuraster, Mesonevron, Mesuoxylon, Metacaenoxylon, Metakamaena, Metaleiofusa, Metrosiderophyllites, Meyenites, Meyerella, Micracanthodinium, Microchorton, Microcodium, Microspermum, Microstromium, Microtesta, Microweedia, Mildraediodendron, Minusia, Miquelites, Mirbellites, Mirella, Mitropicea, Mittagia, Mohlites, Mointina, Monemites, Monocarpia, Monocerocarpus, Monodorospermum, Monophyllites, Monosphenophyllum, Monostychia, Moreauia, Moresnetia, Morindidium, Morinium, Mucilina, Mucunites, Muensteria, Murandavia, Murchisonites, Murinicarpus, Musaeites, Musciphyton, Muscocarpum (syn. Musocarpum), Mycocarpon, Myelophycus, Myeloxylon, Myriaspermum, Myriophyllites, Myristicoxylon, Myrmekioporella, Myrtophyllum, Nagatostrobus, Naiadita, Nathorstiana, Naucleoxylon, Nechalea, Nellostrobus, Nemalionites, Nematolites, Nematophora, Nematophyton, Nematoplexus, Nematorites, Nematothallus, Neochondrites, Neodendron, Neospongiostroma, Neozamites, Nephelostroma, Neurocallipteris, Neuropteridae, Neuropteromedullosa, Neuroraphe, Neurosporangium, Niazonaria, Nicholsonia, Nicolia, Nipaniophyllum, Nipponophysoporella, Nitophyllites, Nodophycus, Noeggerathiaestrobus, Noeggerathiostrobus, Norinia, Nostocites, Nothopteris, Nubecularites, Nuia, Nulliporites, Nygmites, Ocquieria, Odontocaryon, Odontopterocarpus, Oedogonites, Oidospora, Oleariaphyllites, Ommatoxylon, Omphaleaephyllum, Omphalomela, Oncopteris, Opegraphites, Opilioxylon, Oreodoxites, Orthoporites, Orthriosiphonoides, Orvillea, Osagia, Ottonosia, Ourostrobus, Ovalites, Ovidophycus, Oxycarpia, Pachysporangium, Pachytesta, Pachytheca, Pagiophyllites, Palaegirvanella, Palaeoalgites, Palaeocancellus (syn. Cancellus), Palaeochorda, Palaeocladus, Palaeohepatica, Palaeoipomoea, Palaeophoenix, Palaeopitys, Palaeorachis, Palaeorchis, Palaeostachya, Palaeoster, Palaeostrobus, Palaeotaxodioxylon, Palaeoxylon, Paleohillia, Paliurinella, Palmatoporella, Palmogloeites, Panacites, Panescorsea, Papaverites, Paracalamostachys, Paracallipteris, Parachabkovia, Paracredneria, Paradoxocarpus, Paradoxopteris, Parapitys, Paraschizoneura, Parathinnfeldia, Parenchymophycus, Parilinopteris, Parineuropteris, Paripteris, Parka, Parthenites, Pastillus, Patete, Patherotheca, Patzea, Pecopteridium, Pecopteromedullosa, Pectinophyton, Peltastrobus, Peltophyllum, Penhallowia, Penicillites, Penicilloides, Pentacoila, Penteune, Pereborites, Permosamaropsis, Permosperma, Perseophyllum, Petcheria, Petrophyton, Petzholdtia, Petzia, Phacites, Phacoplasmium, Phaethusa, Phellinites, Phelonites, Phloisbolithes, Phoenicites, Phoenicocarpus, Pholidophorus, Phycoidella, Phycopsis, Phyllerites, Phyllitites, Phyllocannites, Phyllochorda, Phyllopitys, Phyllothallus, Phymatocaryon, Phymatoderma, Phymatolithes, Physagenia, Phytocalyx, Phytolithus, Phytoptus antiquus, Phytoradicularia, Phytospongia, Piaella, Piccolominites, Pila, Pilostroma, Pilularites, Pinakodendron, Piniphyllum, Pisoniaephyllites, Pityoradix, Pityospermum, Pityoxylon, Plataninium, Platycardia, Platycerites, Platylepidium, Platypeuce, Platyspermum, Plectites, Pleioclinis, Plesiocapparis, Pleurocapsites, Pleurodictytes, Pleuroplasmium, Pleurostromium, Plexa, Plicarizamites, Plinthiotheca, Plocarites, Podocarpophyllum, Podostemon, Poecilitocaulon, Poecilitostachys, Poecilophycus, Poeciloxylon, Polycladolithus, Polygonocarpus, Polylophospermum, Polypterocarpus, Polypterospermum, Polysorites, Polysporangiophyta, Polysporia, Polyssaievia, Polytheca, Polytripa, Porodendron, Potamocarpites, Potamogenites, Potamophyllites, Potentillina, Pothocitopsis, Preissleria, Primicorallina, Prionotes, Pritchardia, Pritchardites, Proaulopora, Problematospermum, Prochondrites, Propalmophyllum, Prosseria, Proteacites, Proteophyllum, Proteotites, Protoacerophyllum, Protobarinophyton, Protocladus, Protocyathea, Protodaphne, Protohyenia, Protolepidodendraceae, Protolepidodendropsis, Protonemaphycus, Protopteridium, Protosalvinia, Protospira, Prototaxites, Protuberantia, Pruninium, Prynadaeopteris, Psammopteris, Pseudaethesolithon, Pseudoanthos, Pseudochondrites, Pseudocodium, Pseudoengelhardtia, Pseudoissinella, Pseudokamaena, Pseudomangrovia, Pseudopezizites, Pseudophragmites, Pseudopiaea, Pseudorhipidopsis, Pseudosporogonites, Pseudostacheoides, Pseudostromatopora, Pseudotorellia, Pseudouralia, Psilotites, Psilotopsis, Psygmatopteris, Psygmocarpus, Psygmocladus, Psygmophyllum, Psygmostrobophyllum, Psygmostrobus, Psylophyllum, Pteleacarpum, Pterigophycos, Pterobalanus, Pterocarpites, Pterocaryoxylon, Pterocycadites, Pterodictyon, Pteropetalum, Pterorrachis, Pterospermum, Pterygospermum, Ptilocarpus, Ptilorachis, Ptychopteris, Ptychotesta, Punicites, Pustularia, Pustularia, Pycnois, Pythonidium, Pythonidium metallicum, Quercinium (syn. Kloedenia), Quercites, Quercoxylon, Rabdotus, Rachiopteris, Racoblastites, Racostromium, Radicites, Radicopsis, Radiculites, Radiophyton, Radiospermum, Ramalinites, Ramicalamus, Ramulus, Ranunculaecarpus, Ranunculites, Raumeria, Rebuchia (syn. Bucheria), Reinschia, Restiacites, Reticulopteris, Reticutis, Retinodendron, Retiofucus, Rhabdocarpos, Rhabdophyton, Rhabdospermum, Rhabdotarachnoides, Rhabdotarachnoides simoni, Rhabdotocaulon, Rhacoglossum, Rhacophyllum, Rhacopteridium, Rhacopteris, Rhinantheaeides, Rhipidion, Rhizoalnoxylon, Rhizocalamopitys, Rhizocupressinoxylon, Rhizolithes, Rhizomites, Rhizomopsis, Rhizomorphites, Rhizonium, Rhizopterodendron, Rhizostaemis, Rhodomelites, Rhodomenites, Rhodymenites (syn. Sphaerococcites), Rhopalophyllum, Rhopalospermites, Rhynchogoniopsis, Rhynchogonium, Rhynchosperma, Rhyssophycus, Rhytidodendron, Rhytidotheca, Rienitsia, Rigbyocarpus, Rivularialithus, Robertiae, Robinioxylon, Rodeites, Roemeria, Rosenbuschia, Rossovites, Rosthornia, Rothenbergia, Rotundocarpus, Rubiacites, Rubiaephyllum, Rubiiphyllites, Rutaceites, Rutoxylon, Ruyschioxylon, Saarodiscites, Saaropteris, Saccophycus, Sachyogyrus, Sakristrobus, Salairia, Salicornites, Samarospermum, Santaliaphyllites, Sapindostrobus, Saportaia, Sapotaphyllites, Sarcotaxus, Sardoa, Sarituma, Sarosiella, Satsangia, Sausarospermum, Saxonia, Scalites, Scapanites, Scapina, Schafarzikia, Schafferia, Schilderia, Schimperites, Schistostachyum, Schizoneuropsis, Schizospermum, Schizotrichites, Schleidenites, Schmiedeliopsis, Schoinophytum, Schopfia, Schuguria, Sciadisca, Sciadophyton, Sciadophytopsis, Sclerocelyphus, Sclerothamnium, Sclerotites, Scolopendrites, Scougouphyton, Scythiana, Selesicutis, Seletonella, Semen, Semenites, Septomedullopitys, Serligia, Sessaoxylon, Sewardiella, Shigaporella, Shirakiopteris, Shuklanthus, Siberiella, Siberiella, Siberiodendron, Siderinium, Sigillariaceae, Sigillariostrobus, Sigillodendron, Signacularia, Sillimania, Silpha deplanata, Silphidium, Siphodendron, Siphodictytes, Siphonothallus, Slivkovia, Sloaneopsis, Smilacites, Sogdiania, Soleniopsis, Solenophyllum, Solenoplasmium, Solenostrobus, Solenoula, Sophorites, Sorbariopsis, Sorocaulus, Sorosaccus, Sorotheca, Sparganofilix, Sparganum, Sparthophycos, Spathites, Speirocarpus, Spermatites, Spermatocodon, Spermatophyta, Spermites, Sphaenophora, Sphaereda, Sphaerites, Sphaerococcides, Sphaerospermum, Sphalmopteris, Sphegophyllum, Sphenasterophyllites, Sphenocallipteris, Sphenocyclopteridium, Sphenoglossum, Sphenophycus, Sphenophyllostrobus, Sphenopteridae, Sphenozamia, Sphygmium, Spiralia, Spirochorda, Spirogyrites, Spiropteris, Spiroramma, Spiroxylon, Spondiocarpus, Spongophycus, Sporangiostrobus, Sporangites, Sporinula, Sporocarpon, Sporolithes, Squamopsis, Squamularia, Stachyura, Staurophyton, Steleopteris, Steloxylon, Stenogrammiella, Stenonia, Stenophragmium, Stenophycus, Stenophyllum, Stenoporidium, Stephanida, Stephanofilix, Stephanoradiocarpus, Stephanospermum, Stephanostoma, Stereocarpus, Stereophycus, Sterzelia, Stichostromium, Stictodictytes, Stictoplasmium, Stiehleria, Stigmaria (syn. Variolaria), Stigmariocarpum, Stigmarioides, Stigmariopsis, Stigmarites, Stigmatiophyllum, Stigmatocanna, Stigmatodendron, Stigmophyton, Stiptostromium, Stolidermium, Stoliplasmium, Stolisphaerites, Stolites, Stolleya, Stricklandia, Strihastomia, Strobilus, Strzeleckia, Stychites, Sublepidodendron, Subtetrapedia, Sulcati, Sulcatisporites, Sulcocarpolithes, Sulcocladus, Sulcodipteris, Suvorovella, Suvundukia, Swietenioxylon, Sycophyllum, Symphonioxylon, Symphyoplasmium, Symplocoxylon, Syringoxylon, Taeniocrada, Taeniophycus, Taenioxylon, Taibia, Tancrea, Taninia, Tanymasia, Taxodioxylon, Taxospermum, Tchernovia, Tchirkoviella, Teichosperma, Telangiopsis, Terminaliophyllum, Ternithrix, Tetragonis, Tetragonocarpus, Tetrapterites, Tetrasphenophyllum, Tetrasporites, Tetrastigmophyllum, Thalictroides, Thallophyta, Thamnites, Thamnocladites, Thamnocladus, Tharama, Thaumasiodendron, Thaumatophycus, Thecophyllum, Thomsonisporites, Thonia, Thoreites, Thuyoxylum, Thylax, Thysanosperma, Thysanotesta, Ticoa, Tiloxylon, Tingia, Tingiostachya, Tinpaharia, Tinsleya, Tirassia, Tmematostrobus, Tobleria, Tomentula, Tomia, Tomistachys, Tongshania, Tracheophyta, Tracheotheca, Trachyphyton, Trapophyllum, Traquairia, Trematocaryon, Trevisania, Triadostrobus, Triassiflorites, Tricalycites, Tricarpellites, Trichioblastes, Trichoblastium, Trichodes, Trichoides, Trichophragmium, Trichoplasmium, Tricoilocaryon, Trigonocarpon, Trigonocarpus, Trilobozonosporites, Trinodella, Tripterocarpus, Tripterospermum, Triqueteria, Tristanites, Trochodendromagnolia, Trutexites, Tryasotaenia, Trypterocarpus, Tschichatschevia, Tuarella, Tubomorphyton, Tubophyllum, Tubulistroma, Tumulistigma, Tundrodendron, Turkmeniaria, Tussilagites, Tychtopteris, Tylodendron, Tyrgaeina, Tytthodiscus, Ullmannia, Ullmannites, Ulmites, Ulodendrostrobus, Ulospermum, Ulvites, Ulvopteris, Umbelliferites, Umbellula, Uniferata, Uragiella, Uralella, Uralidium, Uralobaiera, Uralosperma, Uraniophyllites, Uranovia, Uredinites, Uromycetites, Uroplasmium, Ursodendron, Uskatia, Utricularites, Vaccinophyllum, Valonites, Vectia, Vendotaenia, Verbenophyllum, Verrucania, Verrucarites, Verticiliaphyton, Vexillum, Viatschesiaviophyllum, Villarsites, Villersia, Viridiplantae, Visheraia, Volkmannia, Volnovakhia, Vologdina, Voltziopsis, Voltzites, Volubilites, Vorcutannularia, Walikalia, Walkomia, Walkomiellospermum, Wankiea, Wardia, Wattia, Wendiella, Wilkinsonia, Withamia, Xenophyton, Xenostrobus, Xiphophyllum, Xylocaryon, Xylois, Xylolithes, Xylopsaronius, Yarravia, Yavorskia, Yuccites, Yuccites, Yuknessia, Zalesskyoderma, Zamiolepis, Zamiphyllum, Zanichelliopsis, Zearamosus, Zeites, Zimmermannia, Zippea, Zizyphites, Zollernioxylon, Zonarites, Zonopleura, Zonotrichites, Zosterites, Zosterophyllum, Zuberia, Zygosporites

View classification of included taxa

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1824Hymenopterites Stokes and Webb
1839Fucites Brongniart
1840Actinocarpus Braun
1840Astrocladium Braun
1840Bryacites Braun
1840Corynecarpus Braun
1840Cyclocarpus Braun
1840Cystoseirites Braun
1840Grammitites Braun
1840Grammophyllum Braun
1840Myriaspermum Braun
1840Pterocycadites Braun
1840Ramalinites Braun
1840Uromycetites Braun
1840Zosterites Braun
1840Pustularia Royle
1842Hemintholithus Corda
1844Fagites Goeppert
1844Verrucarites Goeppert
1844Batodendron Landsborough
1846Zamiolepis Pomel
1847Caulomatites Braun
1847Nothopteris Braun
1847Aulacopteris Corda
1847Zosterophyllum Pomel
1848Belodendron Debey
1848Costarites Debey
1848Mitropicea Debey
1848Nechalea Debey
1848Rhacoglossum Debey
1848Xylolithes Debey
1848Arthrocladion Sauveur
1849Bowerbankia Debey
1849Bryocarpus Debey
1849Campteroneura Debey
1850Dombeyopsis Unger
1851Schoinophytum Jaeger
1851Nemalionites Massalongo
1851Zanichelliopsis Massalongo
1852Melanconites Goeppert
1853Sporolithes Eichwald
1853Polysporia Newberry
1854Morinium Ettingshausen
1854Aralites Goeppert
1854Platycerites Goeppert
1855Schimperites Schleiden
1857Maffeija Massalongo
1858Thecophyllum Massalongo
1859Apludophyton Massalongo
1859Phoenicocarpus Massalongo
1859Spiroramma Massalongo
1862Phytoptus antiquus von Heyden p. 64 figs. Pl 10, fig 1
1866Plantae Haeckel figs. Pl. I
1868Euphemerites Scudder
1868Euphemerites gigas Scudder p. 571 fig. 9
1868Euphemerites simplex Scudder p. 571 fig. 8
1868Euphemerites affinis Scudder p. 572 fig. 10
1870Laccophilus parvulus Heer p. 73 figs. Pl 5, figs 56c,d
1870Silpha deplanata Heer p. 73 figs. Pl 16, fig 42
1870Hydrobius nauckhoffi Heer p. 74 figs. Pl 16, figs 10,11
1870Donacia parvula Heer p. 75 figs. Pl 16, figs 30,31
1870Pythonidium Heer p. 75
1870Pythonidium metallicum Heer p. 75 figs. Pl 16, figs 12-14
1870Chrysomelites lindhageni Heer p. 76 figs. Pl 16, fig 23
1870Chrysomelites thulensis Heer p. 76 figs. Pl 16, figs 25-27
1870Curculionites costulatus Heer p. 76 figs. Pl 16, figs 38a,b, 39, 40
1870Donacia smithiana Heer p. 76 figs. Pl 16, figs 30,31
1870Curculionites thoracicus Heer p. 77 figs. Pl 16, figs 17,18
1870Elytridium Heer p. 77
1870Elytridium deplanatum Heer p. 77 figs. Pl 16, figs 41a,c
1870Blatta hyperborea Heer p. 78 figs. Pl 16, fig 43
1870Endogenophyllites McCoy
1872Zeites Caspary
1877Anthocarpus Grand'Eury
1877Biotocalamites Grand'Eury
1877Dilogopteris Grand'Eury
1877Tripterocarpus Grand'Eury
1877Hagenmulleria Munier-Chalmas
1877Hermitella Munier-Chalmas
1878Ginkgospermum Nathorst
1878Euephemerites Scudder p. 248
1879Menispermacites Ettingshausen
1879Corchorites Ettingshausen and Gardner
1880Coprosmites Hector
1880Kaikomako Hector
1880Kohekohe Hector
1880Melicytephyllites Hector
1880Metrosiderophyllites Hector
1880Oleariaphyllites Hector
1880Pisoniaephyllites Hector
1880Ranunculites Hector
1880Rubiiphyllites Hector
1880Santaliaphyllites Hector
1880Sapotaphyllites Hector
1880Psygmatopteris Lesley
1881Amphibryophyllum Debey
1881Sphygmium Debey
1881Pachysporangium Salter
1882Araliacea Velenovsky
1883Chrysomelites lindhageni Heer p. 145
1883Asolenoxylon Renault
1885Pythonidium metallicum Scudder p. 791 fig. 1014
1886Scapanites Gottsche
1886Alniphyllum Nathorst
1886Piniphyllum Nathorst
1886Frullanites Sadebeck
1887Protocladus Ettingshausen
1888Celastrinoxylon Schenk
1888Heeria Stur
1889Artocarpophyllum Crie
1889Banksioxylon Crie
1889Bottgeria Crie
1889Clevea Crie
1889Feistmantelia Crie
1889Helicites Crie
1889Martinia Crie
1889Taenioxylon Crie
1893Glossophium Massalongo
1893Neochondrites Saporta
1897Spathites Stanton and Knowlton
1899Kohlmannopteris Richter
1900Chrysomelites lindhageni Scudder p. 110
1900Spiralia Toula
1901Heterosporites Renault
1902Bravardia Hauthal
1902Bergiophyton Kurtz
1903Connarophyllum Ettingshausen
1907Blatta hyperborea Handlirsch p. 696
1913Cupulina Kidston
1927Equisetostachys Jongmans
1928Belenophyllum Zalessky
1929Patherotheca Jongmans
1930Belenopteris Zalessky
1930Xiphophyllum Zalessky
1932Caratchetopteris Zalessky
1943Donacia parvula Goecke p. 348 fig. 15
1952Archelytron Haupt p. 248
1952Archelytron priscus Haupt p. 248 fig. 6
1952Archelytron Haupt p. 249
1952Ctenostematopteryx minor Haupt p. 255 fig. 14
1957Rhabdotarachnoides Haupt
1957Rhabdotarachnoides simoni Haupt
1960Uniferata Naumova
1960Kiselevia Vozzennikova
1961Donacia parvula Goecke p. 11
1961Donacia smittiana Goecke p. 11
1961Kisseljovia Vozzennikova
1962Wendiella Timofeev
1963Allonilssonia Pant and Mehra
1990Plantae Woese et al. p. 4578
2004Plantae Blackwell p. 274
2008Plantae Taylor et al. p. 1027
2015Curculionites costulatus Legalov p. 1497
2015Curculionites thoracicus Legalov p. 1497
2015Plantae Ruggiero et al. p. 31

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomPlantae
RankNameAuthor
kingdomPlantae

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available