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Stephanastrea

Anthozoa - Scleractinia - Actinastreidae

Taxonomy
Stephanastrea was named by Etallon (1862) [Sometimes spelled Stephanastraea]. It is not extant.

It was assigned to Actinastraeidae by Roniewicz (1976) and Morsch (1996); and to Scleractinia by Sepkoski (2002).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1862Stephanastrea Etallon
1976Stephanastrea Roniewicz
1996Stephanastrea Morsch p. 675
2002Stephanasrea Sepkoski, Jr.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
phylumCnidariaHatschek 1888
classAnthozoaEhrenberg 1834
subclassZoanthariade Blainville 1830
RankNameAuthor
orderScleractiniaBourne 1900
suborderAstrocoeniinaVaughan and Wells 1943
familyActinastreidae(Alloiteau 1952)
genusStephanastreaEtallon 1862

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: aragonitef
Grouping: colonialf
Clonal: yesf
Environment: marinef
Locomotion: stationaryf
Attached: yeso
Life habit: intermediate-level epifaunalo
Diet: photosymbioticf
Diet 2: suspension feederf
Vision: blindc
Reproduction: alternatingo
Asexual: yesf
Dispersal: watero
Dispersal 2: planktonico
Created: 2008-01-26 09:44:35
Modified: 2008-01-26 11:44:35
Source: f = family, o = order, c = class
Reference: Kiessling 2004

Age range: base of the Hettangian to the top of the Early/Lower Albian or 201.30000 to 109.00000 Ma

Collections (52 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Hettangian - Sinemurian201.3 - 190.8Tajikistan S. sp. (151314)
Toarcian182.7 - 174.1Iran S. simonneliana (73968)
Early/Lower Bajocian171.6 - 168.4France (Lorraine) S. simonneliana (38560)
Early/Lower Bajocian171.6 - 168.4Argentina Actinastrea ramulifera (25416)
Early/Lower Bajocian171.6 - 168.4France (Mâconnais) S. simonneliana (38582 38583 38584 38585 38587)
Early/Lower Bajocian171.6 - 168.4France (Bourgogne) S. simonneliana (38571)
Early/Lower Bajocian171.6 - 168.4France S. simonelliana (66949) S. simonneliana (38588 38590)
Early/Lower Bajocian171.6 - 168.4France (Franche Comté) S. simonneliana (38579)
Bajocian170.3 - 168.3Switzerland S. montuosa (86614)
Bajocian170.3 - 168.3France S. sp. (34712 34714)
Callovian166.1 - 163.5Chile Actinastrea ramulifera (58742 58743)
Oxfordian163.5 - 157.3Argentina S. sp. (184598)
Oxfordian - Kimmeridgian163.5 - 152.1Ethiopia Stephanocoenia ramulifera (93538)
Late/Upper Oxfordian161.2 - 155.7Romania S. jurassica (35198)
Middle Oxfordian161.2 - 155.7Germany (Niedersachsen) Actinastrea ramulifera (31435)
Middle Oxfordian161.2 - 155.7France S. sp. (11084 11085)
Middle Oxfordian161.2 - 155.7Germany Actinastrea ramulifera (31433)
Late/Upper Oxfordian - Early/Lower Kimmeridgian161.2 - 150.8China (Xizang) Actinastrea ramulifera, S. zangbeiensis (80571)
Late/Upper Oxfordian - Early/Lower Kimmeridgian161.2 - 150.8Portugal Actinastrea ramulifera (68588)
Late/Upper Oxfordian - Early/Lower Kimmeridgian161.2 - 150.8Uzbekistan S. jurassica (91788 91827)
Kimmeridgian157.3 - 152.1Portugal Actinastrea ramulifera (68220 68607 68608)
Kimmeridgian - Early/Lower Tithonian157.3 - 145.0Spain Actinastrea ramulifera (34610)
Early/Lower Kimmeridgian155.7 - 150.8Romania S. jurassica (35200 35201)
Early/Lower Kimmeridgian155.7 - 150.8Portugal Actinastrea ramulifera (34662 34663 67904 67905 67906 67908 67935)
Early/Lower Kimmeridgian155.7 - 150.8Spain Actinastrea ramulifera, S. jurassica (34611 34612) S. jurassica (34624)
Late/Upper Kimmeridgian155.7 - 150.8Portugal Actinastrea ramulifera (34665)
Tithonian152.1 - 145.0Portugal Actinastrea ramulifera (68239)
Early/Lower Tithonian150.8 - 145.0Germany (Baden-Württemberg) Actinastrea ramulifera (34398)
Early/Lower Tithonian150.8 - 145.0Portugal Actinastrea ramulifera (7888)
Late/Upper Tithonian150.8 - 145.0Czech Republic Actinastrea ramulifera (36533)
Late/Upper Aptian - Early/Lower Albian122.46 - 109.0Iran (Razavi-Chorasan) S. simonneliana (83393)