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Caenagnathidae

Reptilia - Avetheropoda - Caenagnathidae

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1940Caenagnathidae Sternberg p. 81
1966Caenagnathidae Romer p. 369
1981Caenagnathidae Barsbold
1981Elmisauridae Osmolska p. 80
1983Elmisauridae Barsbold p. 86
1983Caenagnathidae Barsbold p. 93
1984Caenagnathidae Russell p. 28
1984Caenagnathidae Thulborn p. 132
1986Caenagnathidae Gauthier p. 55 fig. 9
1986Elmisauridae Gauthier p. 55 fig. 9
1988Elmisauridae Carroll
1988Caenagnathidae Currie and Russell
1988Caenagnathidae Paul p. 372
1989Elmisauridae Currie
1989Caenagnathidae Gauthier et al. p. 348
1990Elmisauridae Benton p. 19
1990Caenagnathidae Osmolska p. 149
1990Elmisauridae Osmolska p. 149
1992Caenagnathidae Currie p. 239
1992Elmisauridae Currie p. 239
1992Caenagnathidae Dong p. 164
1992Caenagnathidae Novas p. 147
1994Caenagnathidae Currie et al.
1994Elmisauridae Holtz, Jr.
1994Caenagnathidae Sereno et al. p. 270
1994Caenagnathidae Sues p. 48A
1995Caenagnathidae Currie p. 25A
1997Caenagnathidae Barsbold p. 505
1997Elmisauridae Currie p. 733
1997Caenagnathidae Sereno p. 457
1997Caenagnathidae Sues p. 699
1998Caenagnathidae Makovicky and Sues p. 16 fig. 15
1998Caenagnathidae Sereno p. 65
2000Caenagnathidae Currie p. 437
2000Caenagnathidae Holtz, Jr. p. 13 fig. 5
2001Caenagnathidae Varricchio p. 46
2001Elmisauridae Varricchio p. 48
2002Caenagnathidae Maryanska et al. p. 104 fig. 1
2003Caenagnathidae Rauhut p. 41
2004Caenagnathidae Osmólska et al. p. 166
2005Caenagnathidae Lü et al. p. 257
2005Caenagnathidae Lü and Zhang p. 417
2010Caenagnathidae Longrich et al. p. 953 fig. 7
2013Caenagnathidae Longrich et al. p. 41 fig. 14
2014Caenagnathidae Lamanna et al. p. 10 fig. 6
2015Caenagnathidae Lü et al.
2015Caenagnathidae Sues and Averianov
2015Caenagnathidae Tsuihiji et al. p. 60
2015Caenagnathidae Yao et al. p. 297
2017Caenagnathidae Pu et al.
2018Caenagnathidae Yu et al.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
Eosuchia()
Neodiapsida
RankNameAuthor
SauriaGauthier 1984
Archosauromorpha(Huene 1946)
Crocopoda
ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
Eucrocopoda
Archosauria()
informalAvemetatarsalia
Ornithodira
Dinosauromorpha
Dinosauriformes
Dinosauria()
Saurischia()
Theropoda()
Neotheropoda
AverostraPaul 2002
Tetanurae
orderAvetheropoda
suborderCoelurosauria
Maniraptora
infraorderOviraptorosauria
superfamilyCaenagnathoideaSternberg 1940
familyCaenagnathidae
familyCaenagnathidae

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
H. Osmolska 1981 (Elmisauridae)Lightly built, medium sized theropods with very thin-walled limb bones. Manus slender, anisotridactyl with long digits; second digit the longest and strongest, with phalanges 1 and 2 equally long; the third digit distinctly thinner than others, unguals laterally compressed and curved, with a dorsoposterior "lip." Pes long and slender, functionally tridactyl and with abbreviated first digit; metatarsal III edged between adjoining metatarsals but anteriorly visible for most of its length; third digit the longest, second and fourth digits subequal in length, unguals recurved.
R. Barsbold 1981Moderately large oviraptorosaurs, the lower jaw of which is elongated and concave in the occlusal part, low adductoral projection, elongated symphysis and narrowed lateral opening.
H.-D. Sues 1997Antorbital fossa on maxilla with pronounced rim. Medial wall of antorbital fossa extensive and without accessory antorbital fenestra. Mandible with long, low, and undivided external mandibular fenestra. Braincase much deeper than long, with distinctly verticalized basicranial region. Otic region with deep but anteroposteriorly narrow lateral depression. Manual digit III longer than digit I and with very slender phalanges. Synsacrum composed of six co-ossified vertebrae with pneumatic foramina. Proximal end of metatarsal III distinctly constricted and pinched between metatarsals II and IV.
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: hydroxyapatiteinfrao
Entire body: yesinfrao
Adult length: 1.0 to < 10infrao
Adult width: 0.1 to < 1.0infrao
Adult height: 1.0 to < 10infrao
Maximum body mass: 100 kgg
Minimum body mass: 1 kgg
Thickness: intermediateinfrao
Architecture: compact or denseinfrao
Ontogeny: accretion, modification of partsinfrao
Grouping: solitaryo
Environment: terrestrialinfrao
Locomotion: actively mobileinfrao
Life habit: ground dwellinginfrao
Depth habitat: surfaceinfrao
Diet: omnivoreinfrao
Reproduction: oviparousinfrao
Dispersal: direct/internalinfrao
Dispersal 2: mobileinfrao
Created: 2005-03-06 14:07:56
Modified: 2005-03-06 16:07:56
Source: g = genus, infrao = infraorder, o = order
References: Kiessling 2004, Peczkis 1995, Averianov and Yarkov 2004, Marsh 1875

Age range: base of the Albian to the top of the Lancian or 113.00000 to 66.00000 Ma

Collections (67 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Aptian - Albian125.0 - 100.5USA (Wyoming) Microvenator celer (137566)
Albian113.0 - 100.5USA (Montana) Microvenator celer (47346) Microvenator sp. (55246)
Albian113.0 - 100.5USA (Wyoming) Microvenator celer (50498)
Cenomanian - Turonian100.5 - 89.8China (Henan) Beibeilong sinensis (194657)
Cenomanian - Santonian100.5 - 83.6Mongolia (Dornogov) Caenagnathidae indet. (127664)
Middle Turonian - Late/Upper Turonian93.5 - 89.3Uzbekistan (Navoi) Caenagnathasia martinsoni (46959)
Santonian - Early/Lower Campanian86.3 - 70.6Kazakhstan (Qyzylorda) Caenagnathidae indet. (53136)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1USA (Montana) Caenagnathus sternbergi (59373)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1China (Shandong) Anomalipes zhaoi (91473)
Campanian - Maastrichtian83.6 - 66.0Mongolia (Omnogov) Coeluroidea indet. (180698)
Judithian83.5 - 70.6USA (Texas) Leptorhynchos gaddisi (14489)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (Texas) Chirostenotes sp. (22709) Chirostenotes sp., Leptorhynchos gaddisi (143522)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6Canada (Alberta) Apatoraptor pennatus (180856) Aves indet. (46952) Caenagnathus collinsi (165179) Caenagnathus sp. (46358 46958 58912) Caenagnathus sp., Caenagnathus sternbergi (22656) Caenagnathus sternbergi (46953 46954 46956) Chirostenotes pergracilis (45683 64319) Dromaeosaurus sp. (59116) Elmisaurus elegans (64149) Macrophalangia canadensis (45755) Ornithomimidae indet. (138968) Ornithomimus elegans (64318)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (Utah) Caenagnathidae indet. (58520)
Middle Campanian - Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6China (Nei Monggol) Caenagnathasia sp. (175225)
Middle Campanian - Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (Montana) Chirostenotes sp. A, Chirostenotes sp. B (14437)
Middle Campanian - Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6China (Nei Mongol) Gigantoraptor erlianensis (64017)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0Romania (Hunedoara) Caenagnathidae indet. (53917)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0USA (North Dakota) Caenagnathidae indet. (45099 45102 45112 45118 45145 45381)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0USA (Montana) Elmisaurus elegans (59374)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0USA (South Dakota) Caenagnathidae indet. (45388 45389 45390)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0USA (New Mexico) Caenagnathidae indet. (171027)
Early/Lower Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (New Mexico) Ojoraptorsaurus boerei (138836)
Lancian70.6 - 66.0USA (South Dakota) Anzu wyliei (48235) Chirostenotes sp. (14537 192251)
Lancian70.6 - 66.0USA (Montana) Chirostenotes sp. (14507 14515 14533 14534 14535 14536 14548 14560 14562 14574 14582 14639)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Canada (Saskatchewan) Caenagnathidae indet. (162946)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (Montana) Anzu sp. (189003)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (North Dakota) Anzu wyliei (154928)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (South Dakota) Caenagnathidae indet. (157189)