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Velociraptor mongoliensis

Reptilia - Avetheropoda - Dromaeosauridae

Taxonomy
Velociraptor mongoliensis was named by Osborn (1924). Its type specimen is AMNH 6515, a partial skeleton, and it is a 3D body fossil. Its type locality is Shabarakh Usu (AMNH loc. 12049), which is in a Campanian eolian sandstone in the Djadokhta Formation of Mongolia. It was considered monophyletic by Currie (2000).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1924Velociraptor mongoliensis Osborn p. 1
1927Velociraptor mongoliensis Huene p. 272
1935Velociraptor mongoliensis Young
1953Velociraptor mongoliense Bohlin p. 12
1958Velociraptor mongoliensis Young p. 231
1964Velociraptor mongoliensis Tatarinov p. 531
1969Velociraptor mongoliensis Colbert and Russell p. 40
1969Velociraptor mongoliensis Ostrom p. 148
1970Velociraptor mongoliensis Steel p. 17
1974Velociraptor mongoliensis Barsbold p. 82
1977Velociraptor mongoliensis Rozhdestvensky p. 112
1977Velociraptor mongoliensis Sues p. 174
1980Velocirator mongoliensis Chao
1983Velociraptor mongoliensis Barsbold p. 90
1984Velociraptor mongoliensis Kielan-Jaworowska p. 99
1984Velociraptor mongoliensis Welles p. 176
1986Velociraptor mongoliensis Buffetaut et al. p. 1395
1986Velociraptor mongoliensis Gauthier p. 11
1986Velociraptor mongoliensis Li et al. p. 134
1988Velociraptor mongoliensis Paul pp. 6-7
1992Velociraptor mongoliensis Currie p. 246
1992Velociraptor mongoliensis Dong p. 164
1994Velociraptor mongoliensis Matsukawa and Obata p. 119
1996Velociraptor mongoliensis Chiappe et al. p. 559
1996Velociraptor mongoliensis Osmólska p. 30
1997Velociraptor mongoliensis Currie p. 194
1997Velociraptor mongoliensis Norell and Makovicky p. 3
1997Velociraptor mongoliensis Osmólska p. 41
1997Velociraptor mongoliensis Ryan p. 443
1998Velociraptor mongoliensis Makovicky and Norell p. 3
1999Velociraptor mongoliensis Barsbold and Osmólska p. 190
1999Velociraptor mongoliensis Norell and Makovicky p. 1
2000Velociraptor mongoliensis Burnham et al. p. 4
2000Velociraptor mongoliensis Currie p. 436
2000Velociraptor mongoliensis Norell et al. p. 9
2001Velociraptor mongoliensis Lambert et al. p. 7
2002Velociraptor mongoliensis Chiappe p. 460
2003Velociraptor mongoliensis Rauhut p. 37
2004Velociraptor mongoliensis Burnham et al. p. 42A
2004Velociraptor mongoliensis Godfrey and Currie p. 147
2004Velociraptor mongoliensis Norell and Makovicky p. 199
2004Velociraptor mongoliensis Senter et al. p. 5
2005Velociraptor mongoliensis Lü et al. p. 263
2007Velociraptor mongoliensis Senter p. 2
2007Velociraptor mongoliensis Turner et al. p. 5
2008Velociraptor mongoliensis Godefroit et al. p. 432
2008Velociraptor mongoliensis Longrich p. 144
2009Velociraptor mongoliensis Balanoff et al. p. 16
2009Velociraptor mongoliensis Bever and Norell p. 7
2009Velociraptor mongoliensis Chanthasit and Buffetaut p. 148
2009Velociraptor mongoliensis Longrich and Currie
2009Velociraptor mongoliensis Norell et al. p. 8
2009Velociraptor mongoliensis Zheng et al.
2010Velociraptor mongoliensis Longrich et al. p. 955
2010Velociraptor mongoliensis Xu and Han p. 16
2012Velociraptor mongoliensis Fanti et al. p. 10
2012Velociraptor mongoliensis Gong et al. p. 82
2012Velociraptor mongoliensis Prieto-Marquez et al. p. 121
2013Velociraptor mongoliensis Brusatte et al. p. 627
2014Velociraptor mongoliensis Delcourt and Grillo p. 312
2014Velociraptor mongoliensis Tsogtbaatar et al. p. 109
2015Velociraptor mongoliensis Funston et al. p. 186
2016Velociraptor mongoliensis Funston and Currie p. 7

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
OlfactoresJefferies 1991
subphylumVertebrata
Gnathostomata()
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
Eosuchia()
RankNameAuthor
Neodiapsida
SauriaGauthier 1984
Archosauromorpha(Huene 1946)
Crocopoda
ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
Eucrocopoda
Archosauria()
informalAvemetatarsalia
Ornithodira
Dinosauromorpha
Dinosauriformes
Dinosauria()
Saurischia()
Theropoda()
Neotheropoda
AverostraPaul 2002
Tetanurae
orderAvetheropoda
suborderCoelurosauria
Maniraptoriformes
familyDromaeosauridae
genusVelociraptor
speciesmongoliensis

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
H.-D. Sues 1977Small carnivorous theropod with low, elongate skull. Muzzle depressed. Orbit large, larger than posterior antorbital fenestra. Upper temporal arcade relatively short. Glenoid fossa less depressed below dorsal margin of mandible than in Dromaeosaurus. Dental formula: pmx 3 + mx 9-10/d15. Anterior carinae of teeth with 38 to 40 denticles per 5 mm, posterior carinae with 25 to 26. Anterior denticles much smaller than posterior denticles.