Basic info Taxonomic history Classification Relationships
Morphology Ecology and taphonomy External Literature Search Age range and collections


Synonymy list
YearName and author
1997Bryophyta Kenrick and Crane
2008Bryophyta Taylor et al. p. 1027

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If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

No diagnoses are available
No measurements are available
No ecological data are available

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Pridoli to the top of the Holocene or 423.00000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 419.2 Ma

Collections (444 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Silurian443.4 - 419.2Norway (Svalbard) Emphanisporites minutus (20839)
Pridoli423.0 - 419.2United Kingdom (England) Emphanisporites micrornatus, Emphanisporites neglectus (10706)
Lochkovian419.2 - 410.8France (Finistere) Emphanisporites epicautus (6160) Emphanisporites micronatus (6162)
Early/Lower Devonian419.2 - 393.3Canada (New Brunswick) Emphanisporites erraticus, Emphanisporites schultzii (26536)
Early/Lower Devonian419.2 - 393.3USA (Wyoming) Emphanisporites micrornatus, Emphanisporites rotatus (26179)
Early/Lower Devonian419.2 - 393.3United Kingdom (Wales) Emphanisporites micrornatus (25242)
Pragian410.8 - 407.6United Kingdom (Wales) Emphanisporites decoratus, Emphanisporites robustus, Emphanisporites rotatus (11083 11088)
Early/Lower Emsian409.1 - 402.5Germany (Gemuenden) Emphanisporites annulatus, Emphanisporites epicautus, Emphanisporites erraticus, Emphanisporites protophanus, Emphanisporites schulzii (26903)
Emsian407.6 - 393.3United Kingdom (England) Emphanisporites erraticus, Emphanisporites rotatus (11082)
Emsian - Eifelian407.6 - 387.7USA (Maine) Emphanisporites annulatus, Emphanisporites rotatus (10600)
Early/Lower Givetian388.1 - 383.7United Kingdom (Scotland) Anapiculatisporites petilus (22748 22773 22795)
Middle Givetian388.1 - 383.7United Kingdom (Scotland) Anapiculatisporites petilus (22763)
Late/Upper Givetian - Early/Lower Frasnian388.1 - 382.4Australia (Western Australia) Emphanisporites annulatus, Emphanisporites rotatus (23194 23199 23201 23265 23267 23269 23272)
Givetian - Emsian387.7 - 393.3Saudi Arabia Emphanisporites annulatus, Emphanisporites rotatus (23520)
Givetian387.7 - 382.7United Kingdom (Scotland) Emphanisporites rotatus (22794)
Givetian387.7 - 382.7USA (New York) Emphanisporites sp. (20768)
Frasnian382.7 - 372.2Canada (Quebec) Emphanisporites annulatus, Emphanisporites minutus, Anapiculatisporites parvisetosus (179176)
Frasnian382.7 - 372.2Canada (Nunavut) Anapiculatisporites parvisetosus (22869)
Frasnian - Late/Upper Devonian382.7 - 358.9USA (Maryland) Emphanisporites annulatus, Anapiculatisporites crassisetus, Emphanisporites rotatus (23578)
Late/Upper Devonian382.7 - 358.9USA (Pennsylvania) Emphanisporites annulatus, Emphanisporites pantagiatus, Emphanisporites sp., Emphanisporites rotatus (23012)