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Bryophyta

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1886Lejeunites Sadebeck
1886Radulites Sadebeck
1919Bryophyta Knowlton
1986Nagpurites Sheikh and Chawhan
1997Bryophyta Kenrick and Crane
2008Bryophyta Taylor et al. p. 1027

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomPlantae
phylumBryophyta
RankNameAuthor
phylumBryophyta

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Ph. †Bryophyta
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G. †Anapiculatisporites Potonié and Kremp 1954
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Anapiculatisporites consonus Venkatachala and Kar 1968
Anapiculatisporites dawsonensis Reiser and Williams 1969
Anapiculatisporites dawsoniensis Raiser and Williams 1969
Anapiculatisporites longispinosus Bharadwaj and Salujha 1965
Anapiculatisporites pristidentatus Raiser and Williams 1969
Anapiculatisporites rallus Menendez and Azcuy 1969
Anapiculatisporites variornatus Menendez and Azcuy 1969
Anapiculatisporites veritas Venkatachala and Kar 1968
G. †Annulispora De Jersey 1959
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Annulispora folliculosa De Jersey 1959
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Invalid names: Sphagnopsida [empty], Takakiopsida [empty]
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Subcl. †Andreaeidae
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Invalid names: Andreaeales [empty], Andreaobryales [empty], Takakiales [empty]
G. †Bryokhutuliinia Igantov 1992
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Bryokhutuliinia obtusifolia Ignatov and Shcherbakov 2011
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+
G. Anomodon Hook and Taylor 1818
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G. Circulifolium Olsson et al. 2010
G. Neckera Hedwig 1801
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Neckera shanwanica Wu and Feng 1978
Fm. Pylaisiadelphaceae Goffinet and Buck
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G. Isopterygium Mitten 1869
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G. Haplohymenium Dozy and Molkenboer 1846
G. †Muscites Brongniart 1828
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Muscites tournalii Brongniart 1828
G. †Palaeodichelyma Ignatov and Shcherbakov 2007
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Palaeodichelyma sinitzae Ignatov and Shcherbakov 2007
Subcl. †Polytrichidae
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G. †Polytrichites Yasui 1928
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G. †Stereisporites Pflug 1953
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Stereisporites assamensis Sah and Dutta 1968
Stereisporites grandis Dutta and Sah 1970
Stereisporites pocockii Burger 1980
Stereisporites regium Drugg 1967
Stereisporites viriosus Dettmann and Playford 1968
G. †Tricostium Krasilov 1973
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Tricostium longifolium Ignatov and Shcherbakov 2011
Tricostium papillosum Krasilov 1973
Invalid names: Bartramiaceae [empty], Bryophyceae [replaced], Buxbaumiidae [empty], Sphagnidae [empty], Tetraphidae [empty]
Fm. Calymperaceae Kindberg 1897
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G. Calymperopsis Fleischer 1913
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Calymperopsis yunfuensis Wu et al. 1976
G. †Capsulites Saksena 1958
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Capsulites gondwanensis Saksena 1958
G. †Cingutriletes Pierce 1961
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Cingutriletes australis Archangelsky 1972
Cingutriletes clavus Dettmann 1963
Cingutriletes congruens Pierce 1961
G. †Coptospora Dettmann 1963
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Coptospora archangelskyi Zamaloa 2004
Coptospora foveolata Archangelsky and Villar de Seoane 1996
Coptospora kutchensis Venkatachala 1968
Coptospora microgranulosa Venkatachala 1974
Coptospora paradoxa Dettmann 1963
Coptospora striata Dettman 1963
Coptospora verrucosa Tripathi 1990
G. †Couperisporites Pocock 1962
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Couperisporites lilianae Archangelsky et al. 2008
Couperisporites tabulatus Dettmann 1963
G. †Cryptothecium Huebener 1851
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G. †Emphanisporites McGregor 1961
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Emphanisporites obscurus Macgregor 1973
Emphanisporites rotatus Macgregor 1973
Cl. Hepaticae [liverwort]
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G. †Aporothallus Krasilov 1973
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Aporothallus ladyzhenskajae Krasilov 1973
G. †Hepaticites Walton 1925
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Hepaticites foliata Pant and Basu 1981
Hepaticites kashmirensis Mehta and Goswami 1962
Hepaticites kidstoni Walton 1925
Hepaticites nidpurensis Pant and Basu 1978
Hepaticites pantii Bose and Pal 1982
Hepaticites riccardioides Pant and Basu 1981
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G. Hygrophyla Taylor and MacKay 1836
G. Marchantia Linnaeus 1753
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Marchantia lignitica Brown 1962
Marchantia pealei Knowlton 1908
G. †Marchantiolites Lundblad 1954
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Marchantiolites blairmorensis Brown and Robison 1976
Marchantiolites porosus Lundblad 1954
G. †Marchantites Brongniart 1849
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Marchantites sesannensis Brongniart 1849
Marchantites sinuatus Saporta 1865
G. †Preissites Knowlton 1894
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Preissites wardi Knowlton 1894
Preissites wardii Knowlton 1894
Fm. †Ricciaceae Smith 1972
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G. Riccia Linnaeus 1753
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Riccia chitaleyii Sheikh and Kapgate 1982
G. †Ricciocarpus Corda 1829
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Ricciocarpus natans Corda 1829
G. †Ricciopsis Radchenko 1956
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Ricciopsis obrutschevii Neuberg 1956
G. †Ricciopsis Lundblad 1954
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Ricciopsis florinii Lundblad 1954
Ricciopsis grandensis Cladera et al. 2007
G. †Striatothallus Krasilov 1973
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Striatothallus adnicanicus Krasilov 1973
G. †Thallites Walton 1925
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Thallites erectus Leckenby 1864
G. †Trambauathallites Banerji 1988
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Trambauathallites sukhpurensis Bose and Banerji 1984
G. †Zlivisporis Pacltová 1964
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Zlivisporis blanensis Pacltova 1961
G. †Hypnites Ettingshausen 1853
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Hypnites haeringianus Ettingshausen 1853
G. †Interulobites Phillips 1971
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Interulobites lajensis Martinez 2000
Interulobites pseudoreticulatus Archangelsky 1983
Interulobites sinuosus Scott 1976
Interulobites triangularis Paden et al. 1971
Interulobites variabilis Volkheimer and Quattrocchio 1975
Subph. Marchantiophytina [liverwort]
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G. †Discites Harris 1931
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Discites minutus Harris 1931
G. †Eohepatica Heard and Jones 1931
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Eohepatica dyfriensis Heard and Jones 1931
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+
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G. †Cheirorhiza Krasilov 1970
G. †Chrysotheca Miner 1935
G. †Diettertia Brown and Robison 1974
G. †Laticaulina Krasilov 1970
Or. Porellales Schljakov 1972
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Fm. Frullaniaceae Ordway 1881
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G. Frullania Raddi 1818
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G. Radula Dumortier 1822
G. †Jungermanniopsis Howe and Hollick 1922
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Jungermanniopsis cockerellii Howe and Hollick 1922
G. †Jungermannites Göppert 1845
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Jungermannites neesianus Goeppert 1845
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Fm. Marchantiidae Engler 1893
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G. †Khasurtya Mamontov 2020
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Khasurtya ginkgoides Mamontov and Ignatov 2020
G. †Khasurtythallus Mamontov 2019
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G. †Stoverisporites Norvick and Burger 1975
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Stoverisporites lunaris Norvick and Burger 1975
G. †Triporoletes Mtchedlishvili 1960
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Triporoletes asper Srivastava 1972
Triporoletes blanensis Srivastava 1975
Triporoletes cenomanianus Srivastava 1977
Triporoletes laevigatus Playford 1971
Triporoletes radiatus Playford 1971
Triporoletes reticulatus Playford 1971
Triporoletes simplex Playford 1971
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G. †Metzgeriites Steere 1946
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Metzgeriites glebosus Harris 1931
Metzgeriites montanensis Lapasha and Miller 1985
Or. Sphaerocarpales Cavers 1910
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G. †Aequitriradites Delcourt and Sprumont 1955
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Aequitriradites acusus Dettmann 1963
Aequitriradites baculatus Döring 1964
Aequitriradites dubius Delcourt and Sprumont 1955
Aequitriradites fusus Singh et al. 1964
Aequitriradites hispidus Dettmann and Playford 1968
Aequitriradites indicus Singh et al. 1964
Aequitriradites longispinus Archangelsky and Archangelsky 2005
Aequitriradites plicatus Archangelsky and Archangelsky 2005
Aequitriradites spinulosus Cookson and Dettmann 1958
Aequitriradites superspinulosus Archangelsky et al. 2008
Aequitriradites triangulatus Singh et al. 1964
Aequitriradites verrucosus Cookson and Dettmann 1958
Invalid names: Calobryales [empty], Marchantiophyceae [replaced], Monocleales [empty]
G. †Schizolepidella Halle 1913
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G. †Thallomia Heard and Jones 1931
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Thallomia llandyfriensis Heard and Jones 1931
Invalid names: Treubiopsida [empty]
Cl. †Musci
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+
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G. Rhynchostegium Bruch and Schimper 1852
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Rhynchostegium knowltoni Britton 1899
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G. Bryum Hedwig 1801
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G. Distichium Bruch and Schimper 1846
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Distichium capillaceum Bruch and Schimper 1846
G. Leucobryum Hampe 1839
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G. Fontinalis Hedwig 1801
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G. †Plagiopodopsis Britton and Hollick 1915
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Plagiopodopsis scudderi Britton and Hollick 1915
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G. Hypnum Hedwig 1801
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Hypnum brownii Kirchner 1898
Hypnum coloradense Brown 1962
Hypnum columbianum Penhallow 1890
Hypnum commutatum Hedwig 1801
Hypnum fluitans Hedwig 1801
Hypnum recurvans Schwegler 1896
Hypnum revalvens Swartz 1878
Hypnum richardsoni Holzinger 1903
G. †Intia Neuberg 1956
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Intia vermicularis Neuberg 1956
Fm. †Mniaceae
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G. †Archaeomnium Britton 1926
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Archaeomnium patens Britton 1926
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G. †Polytrichites Britton 1926
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Polytrichites spokanensis Britton 1926
G. Polytrichum Hedwig 1801
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Polytrichum florissanti Knowlton 1916
Invalid names: Rhizomuscites Yawale and Sakundarwar 1985 [nomen nudum]
G. †Neocalliergon Williams 1930
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Neocalliergon integrifolium Williams 1930
G. †Nevesisporites de Jersey and Paten 1964
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Nevesisporites radiatus Srivastava 1972
Nevesisporites vallatus de Jersey and Paten 1964
G. †Palaeohypnum Steere 1946
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Palaeohypnum arnoldianum Steere 1946
G. †Palaeothecium Saporta 1888
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Palaeothecium ambiguum Saporta 1888
G. †Protosphagnum Neuburg 1958
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Protosphagnum nervatum Neuburg 1958
G. †Rogalskaisporites Danze-Corsin and Laveine 1963
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Rogalskaisporites cicatricosus Danze-Corsin and Laveine 1963
G. †Rouseisporites Pocock 1962
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Rouseisporites granospeciosus Delcourt et al. 1963
Rouseisporites simplex Dettmann 1963
Fm. Sphagnaceae Dumortier 1829
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Distalanulisporites triangulus Mathur and Chopra 1982
G. †Sphagnites Cookson
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Sphagnites antiquasporites Cranwell and Srivastava 2009
G. Sphagnum Linnaeus 1753 [peat moss]
G. †Sphagnumsporites Raatz 1956
G. †Sphagnophyllites Pant and Basu 1978
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Sphagnophyllites triassicus Pant and Basu 1978
G. †Sporogonites Halle 1916
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Sporogonites exuberans Halle 1916
G. †Staplinisporites Pocock 1962
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Staplinisporites areolatus Villar de Seoane and Archangelsky 2008
Staplinisporites caminus Pocock 1962
Staplinisporites manifestus McKellar 1974
Staplinisporites mathurii Filatoff 1975
Staplinisporites telatus Doring 1965
G. †Taurocusporites Stover 1962
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Taurocusporites reduncus Stover 1962
Taurocusporites spackmani Brenner 1963
G. †Yorekiella Krasilov 1973
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Yorekiella pusiella Krasilov 1973
Invalid names: Dicranales [empty], Lejeunites Sadebeck 1886 [nomen nudum], Nagpurites Sheikh and Chawhan 1986 [nomen nudum], Radulites Sadebeck 1886 [nomen nudum]
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
No ecological data are available

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Pridoli to the top of the Holocene or 423.00000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 419.2 Ma

Collections (727 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Silurian443.8 - 419.2Norway (Svalbard) Emphanisporites minutus (20839)
Pridoli423.0 - 419.2China (Xinjiang) Thallites indet. (10931)
Pridoli423.0 - 419.2United Kingdom (England) Emphanisporites micrornatus, Emphanisporites neglectus (10706)
Lochkovian419.2 - 410.8France (Finistere) Emphanisporites epicautus (6160) Emphanisporites micronatus (6162)
Lochkovian419.2 - 410.8United Kingdom (England) Sporogonites sp. (11112)
Early/Lower Devonian419.2 - 393.3USA (Wyoming) Emphanisporites micrornatus, Emphanisporites rotatus (26179)
Early/Lower Devonian419.2 - 393.3United Kingdom (Wales) Emphanisporites micrornatus (25242)
Early/Lower Devonian419.2 - 393.3France (Lys Valley) Sporogonites exuberans (28207)
Early/Lower Devonian419.2 - 393.3Norway (Sor-Trondelag) Sporogonites exuberans (21190)
Early/Lower Devonian419.2 - 393.3Canada (New Brunswick) Emphanisporites erraticus, Emphanisporites schultzii (26536)
Early/Lower Devonian - Middle Devonian419.2 - 382.7Belgium (Hainuit) Sporogonites exuberans (23536)
Early/Lower Devonian - Middle Devonian419.2 - 382.7Belgium (Namur) Sporogonites exuberans (23562)
Early/Lower Devonian - Middle Devonian419.2 - 382.7Belgium (Hainuat) Sporogonites exuberans (23545 23559)
Early/Lower Devonian - Middle Devonian419.2 - 382.7Belgium (territoire d'Estinnes-au-Monts) Sporogonites exuberans (23256 23523)
Pragian410.8 - 407.6United Kingdom (Wales) Emphanisporites decoratus, Emphanisporites robustus, Emphanisporites rotatus (11088) Emphanisporites decoratus, Emphanisporites robustus, Emphanisporites rotatus, Sporogonites exuberans (11083)
Early/Lower Emsian409.1 - 402.5Germany (Gemuenden) Emphanisporites annulatus, Emphanisporites epicautus, Emphanisporites erraticus, Emphanisporites protophanus, Emphanisporites schulzii (26903)
Emsian407.6 - 393.3United Kingdom (Scotland) Sporogonites sp. (10719)
Emsian407.6 - 393.3United Kingdom (England) Emphanisporites erraticus, Emphanisporites rotatus (11082)
Emsian - Eifelian407.6 - 387.7USA (Maine) Emphanisporites annulatus, Emphanisporites rotatus (10600)
Emsian - Middle Devonian407.6 - 382.7China (Yunnan) Sporogonites yunnanense (10939)