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Ornithomimosauria (ornithomimosaur)

Reptilia - Avetheropoda

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1865Coelosaurus antiquus Leidy
1865Coelosaurus Leidy p. 100 figs. pl. 3, fig. 3
1865Coelosaurus antiquus Leidy p. 119
1869Coelosaurus Cope p. 737
1869Coelosaurus antiquus Cope p. 737
1870Coelosaurus Cope p. 119
1870Coelosaurus antiquus Cope p. 119
1875Coelosaurus antiquus Cope p. 249
1882Coelosaurus Marsh
1882Coelosaurus Sauvage p. 35
1884Coelosaurus Dollo p. 298
1884Coelosaurus Marsh p. 69
1884Coelosaurus Vetter p. 363
1885Coelosaurus Marsh p. 764
1888Coelurus daviesi Lydekker p. 156
1888Thecospondylus daviesi Seeley pp. 83-84
1889Coelurus daviesi Lydekker p. 120
1889Megalosaurus oweni Lydekker p. 325
1890Coelurus daviesi Woodward and Sherborn p. 222
1890Megalosaurus oweni Woodward and Sherborn p. 250
1890Coelosaurus Zittel p. 727
1890Coelosaurus antiquus Zittel p. 727
1891Coelurus daviesi Lydekker p. 43
1893Streptospondylus oweni Seeley p. 229
1895Coelosaurus Marsh
1896Coelosaurus Marsh p. 239
1902Coelosaurus Hay p. 489
1902Coelosaurus antiquus Hay p. 489
1902Megalosaurus oweni Sauvage p. 20
1906Megalosaurus oweni Sauvage p. 497
1909Coelosaurus Huene p. 16
1911Dryosaurus grandis Lull p. 176
1911Coelosaurus von Zittel p. 282
1914Megalosaurus oweni Sauvage p. 255
1920Ornithomimus affinis Gilmore pp. 137-142 figs. 71-77
1921Ornithomimus affinis Gilmore p. 586
1922Coelosaurus Matthew and Brown pp. 373-374
1922Coelosaurus antiquus Matthew and Brown pp. 373-374
1922Coelosaurus affinis Matthew and Brown p. 377
1923Thecocoelurus daviesi Huene
1923Altispinax oweni Huene p. 453
1923Thecocoelurus Huene p. 455
1923Thecocoelurus daviesi Huene p. 455
1923Coelosaurus affinis Huene p. 457 fig. 3
1924Coelosaurus Lull p. 232
1926Thecospondylus daviesi Huene p. 85
1926Thecocoelurus Huene p. 86
1926Altispinax oweni Huene p. 93
1926Thecocoelurus daviesi Huene pp. 485-486
1926Thecocoelurus Huene p. 486
1927Coelosaurus Huene p. 264
1927Coelosaurus antiquus Huene p. 264
1928Coelosaurus Nopcsa p. 183
1928Thecocoelurus Nopcsa p. 183
1930Coelosaurus Russell p. 136
1930Coelosaurus antiquus Russell p. 136
1936Thecocoelurus Swinton p. 207
1936Thecocoelurus daviesi Swinton p. 207
1936Megalosaurus oweni Swinton p. 208
1944Coelosaurus Rapp p. 287
1944Coelosaurus antiquus Rapp p. 287
1956Coelosaurus Romer p. 612
1956Thecocoelurus Romer p. 612
1964Coelosaurus Tatarinov p. 533
1964Thecocoelurus Tatarinov p. 533
1966Coelosaurus Romer p. 369
1966Thecocoelurus Romer p. 369
1970Coelosaurus Steel p. 15
1970Coelosaurus antiquus Steel p. 15
1970Thecocoelurus Steel p. 17
1970Thecocoelurus daviesi Steel p. 17
1970Ornithomimus affinis Steel p. 19
1970Megalosaurus oweni Steel p. 35
1972Archaeornithomimus affinis Russell p. 379
1976Ornithomimosauria Barsbold p. 74
1977Struthiomimus antiquus Baird and Horner p. 50
1977Ornithomimosauria Barsbold p. 50
1979Ornithomimus antiquus Baird and Horner p. 10
1980Coelosaurus antiquus Molnar p. 105
1983Ornithomimosauria Barsbold p. 97
1983Thecocoelurus daviesi Blows p. 308
1984Ornithomimosauria Russell p. 28
1984Coelosaurus antiquus Welles p. 162
1984Coelosaurus Welles p. 177
1986Ornithomimus antiquus Baird p. 78
1988Coelosaurus Carroll
1988Ornithomimus affinis Paul p. 387
1990Ornithomimosauria Benton p. 19
1990Ornithomimosauria Osmolska p. 149
1991Valdoraptor Olshevsky p. 23
1991Valdoraptor oweni Olshevsky p. 23
1992Valdoraptor Olshevsky p. 134
1992Valdoraptor oweni Olshevsky p. 134
1993Ornithomimosauria Chatterjee p. 283
1994Ornithomimosauria Holtz, Jr.
1995Ornithomimosauria Holtz, Jr. p. 35A
1996Thecocoelurus daviesi Hutt et al. p. 636
1996Coelosaurus antiquus Molnar et al. p. 672
1997Ornithomimosauria Currie p. 733
1997Ornithomimosauria Hutchinson and Padian p. 130
1997Ornithomimosauria Osmólska p. 499
1997Ornithomimus antiquus Sullivan p. 251
1998Ornithomimosauria Holtz, Jr. p. 40
1998Ornithomimosauria Sereno p. 65
1999Ornithomimosauria Sereno p. 2139 fig. 2
2000Ornithomimosauria Holtz, Jr. p. 29 fig. 5
2002Ornithomimosauria Maryanska et al. p. 102 fig. 1
2003Ornithomimosauria Rauhut p. 149
2003Thecocoelurus Ruiz-Omeñaca and Canudo p. 293
2003Thecocoelurus daviesi Ruiz-Omeñaca and Canudo p. 297
2003Ornithomimus antiquus Sullivan and Lucas p. 102A
2004Valdoraptor Holtz, Jr. et al. p. 77
2004Valdoraptor oweni Holtz, Jr. et al. p. 77
2004Thecocoelurus Kirkland et al. p. 78A
2004Ornithomimosauria Makovicky et al. p. 138
2004Ornithomimus antiquus Parris et al. p. 65
2004Ornithomimosauria Senter et al. p. 2 fig. 2
2007Valdoraptor Naish and Martill pp. 502-503
2007Valdoraptor oweni Naish and Martill pp. 502-503
2009Ornithomimus antiquus Buffetaut et al. p. 233
2009Ornithomimus affinis Buffetaut et al. p. 236
2012Valdoraptor Carrano et al. p. 256
2012Valdoraptor oweni Carrano et al. p. 256
2015Coelosaurus affinis Weems and Bachman p. 209
2016Ornithomimosauria McFeeters et al.
2016Ornithomimus affinis Serrano-Brañas et al. p. 57

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
Eosuchia()
RankNameAuthor
Neodiapsida
SauriaGauthier 1984
Archosauromorpha(Huene 1946)
Crocopoda
ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
Eucrocopoda
Archosauria()
informalAvemetatarsalia
Ornithodira
Dinosauromorpha
Dinosauriformes
Dinosauria()
Saurischia()
Theropoda()
Neotheropoda
AverostraPaul 2002
Tetanurae
orderAvetheropoda
suborderCoelurosauria
Maniraptoriformes
Arctometatarsalia
infraorderOrnithomimosauria
infraorderOrnithomimosauria

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
H. Osmólska 1997Diagnostic features include th enlarged beak-like premaxilla; the secondary palate formed by the premaxilla and maxilla; reduced lower temporal fenestra; lightly constructed humerus with reduced deltopectoral crest; long hand with subequal metacarpals and digits; less trenchant unguals; metatarsus elongated, about 80fi tibial length; and short, stout pedal digits (Gauthier, 1986).
Measurements
partNmean
tibia circumference198.0

Composition: hydroxyapatiteinfrao
Entire body: yesinfrao
Adult length: 1.0 to < 10infrao
Adult width: 0.1 to < 1.0infrao
Adult height: 1.0 to < 10infrao
Maximum body mass: 10000 kgg
Minimum body mass: 10 kgg
Thickness: thickinfrao
Architecture: compact or denseinfrao
Ontogeny: accretion, modification of partsinfrao
Grouping: gregariousinfrao
Environment: terrestrialinfrao
Locomotion: actively mobileinfrao
Life habit: ground dwellinginfrao
Diet: herbivoreinfrao
Diet 2: omnivoreinfrao
Reproduction: oviparousinfrao
Dispersal: direct/internalinfrao
Dispersal 2: mobileinfrao
Created: 2005-03-06 14:09:12
Modified: 2005-09-11 19:09:33
Source: g = genus, infrao = infraorder
References: Peczkis 1995, Averianov and Yarkov 2004

Age range: base of the Tithonian to the top of the Late/Upper Maastrichtian or 152.10000 to 66.00000 Ma

Collections (229 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Tithonian152.1 - 145.0France (Nord-Pas-de-Calais) Megalosaurus oweni (53967)
Early/Lower Cretaceous145.0 - 100.5Mongolia (Ovorkhangai) Ornithomimidae indet. (79703)
Late/Upper Valanginian - Early/Lower Hauterivian140.2 - 130.0United Kingdom (England) Hylaeosaurus sp. (73272)
Late/Upper Hauterivian - Early/Lower Barremian136.4 - 125.45Japan (Gunma) Ornithomimidae indet. (97938)
Hauterivian - Barremian132.9 - 125.0France (Poitou-Charentes) Ornithomimosauria indet. (142093)
Late/Upper Barremian130.0 - 125.45Spain (Cuenca) Pelecanimimus polyodon (28006)
Late/Upper Barremian - Early/Lower Aptian130.0 - 122.46China (Liaoning) Hexing qingyi (132600) Shenzhousaurus orientalis (52888)
Late/Upper Barremian - Aptian130.0 - 113.0Japan (Honshu) Ornithomimosauria indet. (50307)
Late/Upper Barremian - Aptian130.0 - 113.0Russian Federation (Buryat) Ornithomimosauria indet., Coelurosauria indet. (58196)
Barremian - Aptian129.4 - 113.0Thailand (Khon Kaen) Ornithomimosauria indet. (36082)
Barremian - Aptian129.4 - 113.0Thailand (Nakhon Ratchasima) Ornithomimidae indet. (99337)
Early/Lower Aptian125.45 - 122.46USA (Maryland) Allosaurus medius (28432) Priconodon crassus (52677)
Early/Lower Aptian125.45 - 122.46USA (Utah) Ornithomimidae indet. (27025)
Aptian - Albian125.0 - 100.5USA (Montana) Ornithomimus sp. (50722 50723)
Aptian - Albian125.0 - 100.5China (Gansu) Beishanlong grandis (88840)
Late/Upper Aptian122.46 - 112.03Australia (Victoria) Ornithomimidae indet. (51961) Ornithomimosauria indet. (38541)
Late/Upper Aptian122.46 - 112.03USA (Maryland) Ornithomimosauria indet. (90926)
Albian113.0 - 100.5USA (Arkansas) Ornithomimidae indet. (55531)
Albian113.0 - 100.5USA (Wyoming) Ornithomimus sp. (50496 50499)
Albian113.0 - 100.5USA (Montana) Ornithomimus sp. (50694)
Middle Albian - Late/Upper Albian109.0 - 99.6Mongolia (Dornogov) Ornithomimidae indet. (52007)
Cenomanian - Turonian100.5 - 89.8Mongolia (Omnogov) Deinocheirus sp. (137857) Ornithomimidae indet. (53230)
Cenomanian - Turonian100.5 - 89.8Mongolia (Dornogov) Ornithomimidae indet. (108342 130795)
Cenomanian - Turonian100.5 - 89.8China (Henan) Ornithomimidae indet. (117983)
Cenomanian - Turonian100.5 - 89.8Mongolia Ornithomimidae indet. (76061)
Cenomanian - Santonian100.5 - 83.6Mongolia (Omnogov) Garudimimus brevipes (67974) Ornithomimidae indet. (13411 55254) Ornithomimosauria indet. (168807)
Late/Upper Cretaceous100.5 - 66.0China (Henan) Qiupalong henanensis (84996)
Late/Upper Cretaceous100.5 - 66.0Mongolia Predentata indet. (48985)
Late/Upper Cretaceous100.5 - 66.0Kazakhstan (Ongtustik Qazaqstan) Ornithomimidae indet. (58722)
Late/Upper Cretaceous100.5 - 66.0Mexico (Michoacan) Ornithomimidae indet. (143831)
Early/Lower Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Kyrgyzstan (Osh) Dinosauria indet. (58469)
Turonian93.9 - 89.8China (Nei Mongol) Sinornithomimus dongi (55529)
Middle Turonian - Late/Upper Turonian93.5 - 89.3Uzbekistan (Navoi) Archaeornithomimus bissektensis (58165) Gallimimus sp. (58158) Ornithomimosauria indet. (58161)
Late/Upper Turonian - Coniacian93.5 - 86.3Kazakhstan (Qyzylorda) Ornithomimidae indet. (73441)
Coniacian - Santonian89.8 - 83.6Tajikistan (Asht) Ornithomimidae indet., Ornithomimus asiaticus (53132)
Santonian86.3 - 83.6Mongolia (Dornogov) Ornithomimidae indet. (80183)
Santonian - Early/Lower Campanian86.3 - 70.6Kazakhstan (Qyzylorda) Ornithomimidae indet. (53134 53136 73446 73447 73448)
Santonian - Early/Lower Campanian86.3 - 70.6Kazakhstan (Aqmola) Ornithomimidae indet. (53140)
Early/Lower Santonian85.8 - 83.5Tajikistan Ornithomimidae indet. (58491 58701)
Early/Lower Santonian - Middle Santonian85.8 - 83.5USA (Mississippi) Theropoda indet. (64743)
Late/Upper Santonian85.8 - 83.5Canada (Alberta) Ornithomimidae indet. (48834)
Late/Upper Santonian - Early/Lower Campanian85.8 - 70.6USA (Montana) Ornithomimidae indet. (22689)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1USA (New Jersey) Coelosaurus antiquus (167772)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1USA (North Carolina) Ornithomimus sp. (106277)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1Canada (Alberta) Ornithomimidae indet. (62722) Ornithomimus altus (150749) Ornithomimus sp. (116229) Struthiomimus altus (52470 52473 52474 52476 52478)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1Mexico (Sonora) Tototlmimus packardensis (105175)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1USA (Montana) Ornithomimidae indet. (22694 53045)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1Mongolia (Omnogov) Gallimimus sp. (51971) Ornithomimidae indet. (37211 108340)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1USA (Georgia) Ornithomimidae indet. (35289)
Campanian - Maastrichtian83.6 - 66.0Mongolia (Omnogov) Ornithomimidae indet. (37003 37020 38704 127674 180472 180474 180475 180679 180683 180701 180707 180709 180784 180785 180811)
Campanian - Maastrichtian83.6 - 66.0Kazakhstan (Almaty) Ornithomimidae indet. (53143 59732)
Campanian - Maastrichtian83.6 - 66.0Sudan (Ash Shamaliyah) Ornithomimosauria indet. (38682)
Early/Lower Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (North Carolina) Ornithomimus sp. (57918)
Early/Lower Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (Delaware) Ornithomimidae indet. (46566)
Judithian83.5 - 70.6USA (Texas) Ornithomimus sp. nov., Struthiomimus sp. (14489)
Judithian83.5 - 70.6USA (New Jersey) Coelosaurus sp., Ornithomimosauria indet. (14455)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6Canada (Alberta) Ornithomimidae indet. (22654 22656 22659 36264 46957 55317 59121 184041 191251) Ornithomimidae indet., Ornithomimus edmontonicus (52480) Ornithomimus altus (133004) Ornithomimus sp. (45732) Rativates evadens (59138) Struthiomimus altus (52475 96457) Struthiomimus brevetertius (46351) Struthiomimus currellii (52479) Struthiomimus samueli (46335)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (Delaware) Ornithomimus antique (27570)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (Utah) Ornithomimus velox (70276)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6Spain (Castilla y Leon) Ornithomimosauria indet. (28406)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (New Mexico) Ornithomimidae indet. (46985 46986 46989 46990 46996 47011 47014 56021 56090 56428 64009) Ornithomimidae indet., Ornithomimus antiquus (47195) Ornithomimus edmontonensis (47012) Struthiomimus altus (46995 47009 47013)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6Mongolia (Omnogov) Ornithomimidae indet. (53229 55256) Ornithomimosauria indet. (45090)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6Mexico (Chihuahua) Ornithomimidae indet. (35707)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (Texas) Ornithomimidae indet. (25073 68012 68014 109658)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6Canada (British Columbia) Ornithomimidae indet. (53053)
Middle Campanian - Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6China (Nei Monggol) Ornithomimidae indet. (175225)
Middle Campanian - Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6China (Nei Mongol) Ornithomimidae indet. (28778 48932 48933 49354)
Middle Campanian - Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6Canada (Alberta) Ornithomimidae indet. (167986) Ornithomimus altus (52477) Struthiomimus altus (61433) Struthiomimus sp. (52471)
Middle Campanian - Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (Montana) Ornithomimidae indet. (14437 14462) Ornithomimus sp. (142328) Ornithomimus tenuis (49001)
Late/Upper Campanian - Early/Lower Maastrichtian83.5 - 66.0Mongolia (Omnogov) Gallimimus sp. (126780 130800) Ornithomimidae indet. (108344 168988) Ornithomimidae indet., Gallimimus sp. (127670)
Late/Upper Campanian - Early/Lower Maastrichtian83.5 - 66.0Canada (Alberta) Ornithomimidae indet. (162134 163050 191253)
Late/Upper Campanian - Late/Upper Maastrichtian83.5 - 66.0USA (Alaska) Ornithomimidae indet. (51891)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0Canada (Saskatchewan) Ornithomimus sp. (45675)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0Canada (Alberta) Ornithomimus sp. (46095)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0Mongolia (Bayankhongor) Ornithomimidae indet. (91909)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0USA (South Dakota) Ornithomimidae indet. (45388 45390) Ornithomimus sp. (48551 150895)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0USA (North Dakota) Ornithomimidae indet. (45099 45136 45381 45382 57919)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0USA (New Jersey) Ornithomimus antiquus (57916)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0USA (Montana) Ornithomimidae indet. (55247) Ornithomimus sp. (142326 142493)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0Mongolia (Omnogov) Anserimimus planinychus (52008) Gallimimus sp. (55258 127671 127673 127681 168810) Ornithomimidae indet. (127675) Ornithomimidae indet., Gallimimus sp. (55257)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0USA (Colorado) Ornithomimus velox (49528 49550 49554)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0USA (Maryland) Ornithomimidae indet. (83331) Ornithomimus antiquus (27562 27564 27566)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0USA (Wyoming) Ornithomimus sedens (52871)
Early/Lower Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (Texas) Ornithomimidae indet. (109657)
Early/Lower Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Canada (Alberta) Dromiceiomimus brevitertius (52465) Ornithomimidae indet. (191252 191254) Ornithomimus altus (52468 52469) Ornithomimus sp. (52467 55363) Struthiomimus ingens (52466)
Early/Lower Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (New Jersey) Coelosaurus antiquus (129265)
Early/Lower Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Mongolia (Omnogov) Megalosauridae indet. (38695)
Edmontonian70.6 - 66.0Canada (Alberta) Ornithomimidae indet. (14502)
Lancian70.6 - 66.0USA (New Mexico) Ornithomimidae indet. (14518)
Lancian70.6 - 66.0USA (Wyoming) Ornithomimidae indet. (14540 14544 60172 75298 75443) Ornithomimus minutus (14606) Ornithomimus sp. (14538 14609) Ornithomimus velox (14542) Struthiomimus sp. (75297)
Lancian70.6 - 66.0USA (Montana) Ornithomimidae indet. (14513 14614)
Lancian70.6 - 66.0USA (North Dakota) Ornithomimidae indet. (14610)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Bulgaria (Pleven) Ornithomimosauria indet. (105333)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (Colorado) Ornithomimus velox (49000)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Canada (Alberta) Ornithomimidae indet. (194867)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (Wyoming) Ornithomimus sp. (14585)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (Alaska) Ornithomimidae indet. (51889)