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Populus (poplar)

Angiospermae - Malpighiales - Salicaceae

P. acerifolia, P. aequalis (syn. P. laevigata), P. alba, P. alexanderi, P. amblyrhyncha, P. arctica, P. aristolochioides, P. auriculata, P. balsamifera, P. balsamoides (syn. P. eximia), P. berggreni, P. bonatii, P. ciliata, P. clarkiana, P. cordata, P. cordifolia, P. craspedodroma, P. crassa (syn. Diospyros cuspidata), P. cretacea, P. cuneata, P. cyclomorpha (syn. P. rotundifolia), P. dakotana (syn. P. cordifolia), P. daphnogenoides, P. decipiens, P. deltoides, P. denticulata, P. douglasae, P. elliptica, P. eotremuloides, P. fairii, P. flabellum, P. glandulifera, P. grandidentata, P. grewiopsis, P. harkeriana, P. hederoides, P. heteromorpha, P. hookeri, P. hyperborea, P. inaequalis, P. kansaseana, P. knightii, P. laevigata, P. latidentata, P. latior, P. lesquereuxi, P. leuce, P. leucophylla, P. lindgreni, P. litigiosa, P. longior, P. meedsii, P. melanarioides, P. microphylla, P. microtremuloides, P. mutabilis, P. nebrascensis, P. neomexicana, P. neotremuloides, P. nervosa, P. newberryi (syn. P. acerifolia), P. nigra, P. obovata, P. occidentalis, P. orbicularis, P. oxyrhyncha, P. pliotremuloides, P. polymorpha, P. potomacensis (syn. P. menispermoides), P. prefremontii, P. problematica, P. protozaddachi, P. pseudocredneria, P. pseudotremuloides, P. pyrifolia, P. rectinervata, P. rhomboidea, P. ricei, P. richardsoni, P. rotundifolia, P. russelli, P. scudderi, P. simonii, P. smilacifolia, P. sonorensis, P. speciosa, P. stygia, P. subrotunda, P. tenuinervata, P. tidwellii, P. tremula, P. trichocarpa, P. trinervis, P. ungeri, P. vivaria, P. wardii, P. washingtonensis, P. whitei, P. xantholithensis, P. zaddachi, P. zhenyuanensis

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1753Populus Linnaeus
1899Populus Knowlton
1919Populus Knowlton
1926Populus Knowlton
1959Populus Brown p. 128
1976Populus Lakhanpal et al.
1991Populus Chauhan
1991Populus Srivastava
1996Populus Liu et al.
2000Populus Mabberley

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If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

G. Populus Linnaeus 1753 [poplar]
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Populus acerifolia Loddiges 1838
Populus aequalis Lesquereux 1870
Invalid names: Populus laevigata Lesquereux 1868 [replaced]
Populus alba Linnaeus 1753
Populus alexanderi Dorf 1930
Populus amblyrhyncha Ward 1885
Populus arctica Heer 1868
Populus aristolochioides Lesquereux 1875
Populus auriculata Ward 1905
Populus balsamifera Linnaeus 1753
Populus balsamoides Göppert 1855
Invalid names: Populus eximia Göppert 1855 [synonym]
Populus berggreni Heer 1871
Populus bonatii Léveillé 1910
Populus ciliata Wallich 1839
Populus clarkiana Hollick 1906
Populus cordata Newberry 1868
Populus cordifolia Burgsdorf 1787
Populus craspedodroma Ward 1885
Populus crassa Lesquereux 1883
Invalid names: Diospyros cuspidata Kirchner 1898 [synonym]
Populus cretacea Knowlton 1905
Populus cuneata Newberry 1868
Populus cyclomorpha Knowlton and Cockerell 1919
Invalid names: Populus rotundifolia Newberry 1882 [replaced]
Populus dakotana Cockerell 1906
Invalid names: Populus cordifolia Newberry 1868 [replaced]
Populus decipiens Lesquereux 1872
Populus deltoides Marshall 1785
Populus denticulata Heer 1883
Populus douglasae Buechler et al. 2007
Populus elliptica Newberry 1868
Populus eotremuloides Knowlton 1898
Populus fairii Knowlton 1926
Populus flabellum Newberry 1863
Populus glandulifera Heer 1856
Populus grandidentata Michaux 1803
Populus grewiopsis Ward 1885
Populus harkeriana Lesquereux 1891
Populus hederoides Ward 1885
Populus heteromorpha Knowlton 1926
Populus hookeri Heer 1868
Populus hyperborea Heer 1873
Populus inaequalis Ward 1885
Populus kansaseana Lesquereux 1891
Populus knightii Knowlton 1897
Populus laevigata Aiton 1789
Populus latidentata Dawson 1885
Populus latior Braun 1835
Populus lesquereuxi Cockerell 1906
Populus leuce Rossmässler 1850
Populus leucophylla Unger 1850
Populus lindgreni Knowlton 1898
Populus litigiosa Heer 1866
Populus longior Dawson 1882
Populus meedsii Knowlton 1893
Populus melanarioides Lesquereux 1875
Populus microphylla Newberry 1868
Populus microtremuloides Knowlton 1916
Populus mutabilis Heer 1856
Populus nebrascensis Newberry 1868
Populus neomexicana Knowlton 1918
Populus neotremuloides Knowlton 1918
Populus nervosa Newberry 1868
Populus newberryi Cockerell 1906
Invalid names: Populus acerifolia Newberry 1868 [synonym]
Populus nigra Linnaeus 1753
Populus obovata Knowlton 1900
Populus occidentalis Knowlton 1898
Populus orbicularis Newberry 1896
Populus oxyrhyncha Ward 1885
Populus pliotremuloides Axelrod 1937
Populus polymorpha Newberry 1882
Populus potomacensis Ward 1895
Invalid names: Populus menispermoides Ward 1905 [synonym]
Populus prefremontii Axelrod 1937
Populus problematica Knowlton 1893
Populus protozaddachi Dawson 1882
Populus pseudocredneria Cockerell 1908
Populus pseudotremuloides Hollick 1906
Populus pyrifolia Kirchner 1898
Populus rectinervata Dawson 1882
Populus rhomboidea Newberry 1859
Populus ricei Fontaine 1905
Populus richardsoni Heer 1868
Populus rotundifolia Griffith 1847
Populus russelli Knowlton 1893
Populus scudderi Cockerell 1906
Populus simonii Carrière 1867
Populus smilacifolia Newberry 1868
Populus sonorensis Axelrod 1939
Populus speciosa Ward 1885
Populus stygia Heer 1873
Populus subrotunda Lesquereux 1868
Populus tenuinervata Lesquereux 1888
Populus tidwellii Manchester et al. 2006
Populus tremula Linnaeus 1753
Populus trichocarpa Torrey and Gray 1852
Populus trinervis Dawson 1882
Populus ungeri Lesquereux 1878
Populus vivaria Knowlton 1899
Populus wardii Knowlton 1900
Populus washingtonensis Knowlton 1926
Populus whitei Ward 1885
Populus xantholithensis Knowlton 1899
Populus zaddachi Heer 1859
Populus zhenyuanensis Liang and Zhou 2016
No diagnoses are available
No measurements are available
Diet: "photoautotroph"p
Created: 2011-07-22 00:04:15
Modified: 2011-07-21 09:04:15
Source: p = phylum
Reference: Kiessling 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Albian to the top of the Holocene or 113.00000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 100.5 Ma

Collections (238 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Albian113.0 - 100.5USA (Wyoming) Populus aspens (102759)
Cenomanian100.5 - 93.9USA (Wyoming) Populus aspensis (34972)
Coniacian - Campanian89.8 - 72.1Canada (British Columbia) Populus sp. (35218)
Lancian70.6 - 66.0USA (North Dakota) Populus nebrascensis (24902 25437 25445 25448 25461 25465 25468 25473 25475 25476 25477 25498 48268 48270 48271)
Puercan66.0 - 63.3USA (North Dakota) Populus nebrascensis (24973 25005 25009 25010 25012 25026 25427 25440 25446 25447 25449 25451 25453 25454 25455 25458 25460 25462 25463 25464 25466 25469 25470 48177 48180)
Puercan66.0 - 63.3USA (Wyoming) Populus nebraskana (11340 11368)
Early/Lower Paleocene66.0 - 61.7USA (Montana) Populus nebrascensis (129028)
Early/Lower Paleocene66.0 - 61.7USA (North Dakota) Populus nebrascensis (129230)
Paleocene66.0 - 56.0China (Xinjiang) Populus sp., Populus balsamoides (223851)
Paleocene66.0 - 56.0Canada (Saskatchewan) Populus speciosa (45729)
Paleocene66.0 - 56.0China (Heilongjiang) Populus carneosa (223817)
Tertiary66.0 - 2.588Japan (Aichi) Populus kobayashii, Populus hokiensis (22819)
Torrejonian63.3 - 61.7USA (North Dakota) Populus nebrascensis (24965)
Late/Upper Paleocene58.7 - 55.8USA (Wyoming) Populus FW60 (28656)
Clarkforkian56.8 - 55.8USA (Wyoming) Populus meigsii (11374 11445)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8Canada (British Columbia) Populus dauphnogenoides (121046)
Eocene56.0 - 33.9USA (Alaska) Populus glandulifera, Populus balsamoides (112312) Populus sp. (112313)
Eocene56.0 - 33.9USA (Colorado) Populus cinnamomoides, Populus wilmattae (24419)
Eocene56.0 - 33.9Canada (British Columbia) Populus sp. (179231)
Eocene56.0 - 33.9China (Jilin) Populus sp. (223891)