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Ankylosauria

Reptilia -

Taxonomy
Ankylosauria was named by Osborn (1923) [Named in text without description.]. It was considered monophyletic by Vickaryous et al. (2004).

It was reranked as the order Ankylosauria by Bakker and Galton (1974); it was reranked as the unranked clade Ankylosauria by Sánchez-Hernández et al. (2007), Butler et al. (2008), Han et al. (2012), Yang et al. (2013), Arbour et al. (2014), Leahey et al. (2015), Brown et al. (2017), Arbour and Evans (2017) and Zheng et al. (2018).

It was assigned to Enoplosauria by Swinton (1970); to Ornithischia by Bakker and Galton (1974); to Orbitoscuta by Bakker (1986); to Ankylosauromorpha by Carpenter (2001); to Ornithischia by Romer (1956), Parsch (1963), Tatarinov (1964), Kuhn (1964), Ostrom (1965), Romer (1966), Thulborn (1971), Krebs (1974), Bonaparte (1978), Benton (1979), Ostrom (1980), McIntosh (1981), Thurmond and Jones (1981), Russell (1984), Maryanska and Osmólska (1985), Carroll (1988), Dong (1993), Buffetaut (1995), Peng et al. (2001) and Chure et al. (2006); to Thyreophora by de Valais et al. (2003), Weishampel (2004), Parish and Barrett (2004) and Butler et al. (2008); to Thyreophora by Sánchez-Hernández et al. (2007), Han et al. (2012), Yang et al. (2013), Arbour et al. (2014) and Arbour and Evans (2017); to Ornithischia by Brown et al. (2017); and to Eurypoda by Sereno (1986), Benton (1990), Sereno (1998), Sereno (1999), Vickaryous et al. (2004), Norman et al. (2004), Maidment et al. (2006), Maidment et al. (2008), Leahey et al. (2015) and Zheng et al. (2018).

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1856Palaeoscincus Leidy p. 72
1856Palaeoscincus costatus Leidy p. 72
1857Palaeoscincus costatus Leidy p. 90
1860Palaeoscincus Leidy p. 146
1860Palaeoscincus costatus Leidy p. 146
1867Acanthopholis horridus Etheridge p. 67
1867Acanthopholis horridus Huxley p. 65
1867Acanthopholis Huxley p. 67 figs. Pl. 5
1867Acanthopholis horridus Huxley p. 67 figs. Pl. 5
1869Palaeoscincus Cope p. 91
1869Palaeoscincus costatus Cope p. 99
1869Acanthopholis horridus Matheron p. 375
1869Acanthopholis Seeley p. xvii
1869Acanthopholis stereocercus Seeley p. xvii
1870Acanthopholis Huxley p. 34
1871Acanthopholis horridus Seeley p. 307
1874Palaeoscincus costatus Cope p. 26
1875Palaeoscincus costatus Cope p. 248
1875Cryptosaurus eumerus Seeley
1875Cryptosaurus Seeley p. 149
1875Cryptosaurus eumerus Seeley p. 151 figs. 1-4
1875Priodontognathus Seeley p. 439 figs. Pl. 20
1877Palaeoscincus Cope p. 572
1877Palaeoscincus costatus Cope p. 572
1879Acanthopholis horridus Prestwich p. 193
1879Acanthopholis eucercus Seeley
1879Eucercosaurus Seeley
1879Syngonosaurus Seeley
1879Acanthopholis horridus Seeley p. 596 figs. 2-3
1879Eucercosaurus Seeley p. 613 figs. 4-5
1879Eucercosaurus tanyspondylus Seeley p. 613
1879Syngonosaurus Seeley p. 621 figs. 6-8
1879Acanthopholis stereocercus Seeley pp. 628-631
1879Acanthopholis eucercus Seeley p. 632
1880Acanthopholis Marsh
1880Cryptosaurus eumerus Sauvage p. 523
1881Rhadinosaurus Seeley p. 620
1881Rhadinosaurus alcimus Seeley p. 675
1882Acanthopholis Marsh
1882Acanthopholis eucercus Sauvage p. 30
1882Acanthopholis stereocercus Sauvage p. 30
1882Eucercosaurus tanyspondylus Sauvage p. 31
1882Acanthopholis Sauvage p. 35
1882Sygnosaurus Sauvage p. 36
1882Rhadinosaurus alcimus Sauvage p. 41
1882Acanthopholis Sauvage p. 1265
1882Sygmosaurus Sauvage p. 1265
1884Acanthopholis Dollo p. 298
1884Acanthopholis Marsh p. 68
1885Acanthopholis Marsh p. 764
1888Acanthopholis Lydekker p. 183
1888Acanthopholis horridus Lydekker p. 183
1888Priconodon crassus Marsh
1888Priconodon Marsh p. 93 figs. 7-9
1888Priconodon crassus Marsh p. 93 figs. 7-9
1889Acanthopholis Dollo p. 678
1889Syngonosaurus Lydekker pp. 41-42
1889Cryptodraco Lydekker pp. 45-46
1889Cryptodraco eumerus Lydekker p. 46
1890Acanthopholis eucercus Woodward and Sherborn p. 209
1890Acanthopholis horrida Woodward and Sherborn p. 209
1890Acanthopholis stereocercus Woodward and Sherborn p. 209
1890Cryptodraco eumerus Woodward and Sherborn p. 224
1890Eucercosaurus tanyspondylus Woodward and Sherborn p. 229
1890Acanthopholis Zittel p. 742
1890Eucercosaurus Zittel p. 742
1890Syngonosaurus Zittel p. 742
1890Priodontognathus Zittel p. 743
1890Palaeoscincus Zittel p. 748
1890Priconodon Zittel p. 748
1890Cryptodraco Zittel p. 756
1892Palaeoscincus Marsh
1895Palaeoscincus Marsh
1895Priconodon Marsh
1896Palaeoscincus costatus Marsh p. 225
1896Palaeoscincus Marsh p. 242
1896Priconodon Marsh p. 242
1896Acanthopholis Marsh p. 243
1900Priconodon Walcott p. 23
1900Priconodon crassus Walcott p. 23
1902Priconodon Hay p. 496
1902Priconodon crassus Hay p. 496
1902Palaeoscincus Hay p. 497
1902Palaeoscincus costatus Hay p. 497
1902Palaeoscincus Lambe p. 53
1902Palaeoscincus costatus Lambe p. 53
1902Acanthopholis Lucas p. 435
1902Palaeoscincus Nopcsa p. 101
1902Priodontognathus Nopcsa p. 101
1902Syngonosaurus Nopcsa p. 101
1902Acanthopholis Nopcsa p. 102
1902Acanthopholis eucercus Nopcsa p. 102
1902Acanthopholis horridus Nopcsa p. 102
1902Acanthopholis stereocercus Nopcsa p. 102
1904Acanthopholis Lydekker p. 60
1904Acanthopholis eucercus Lydekker p. 60
1904Acanthopholis horrida Lydekker p. 60
1904Acanthopholis stereocercus Lydekker p. 60
1904Eucercosaurus tanyspondylus Lydekker p. 61
1904Cryptodraco eumerus Lydekker p. 70
1905Palaeoscincus costatus Lambe p. 23
1905Palaeoscincus Lambe p. 48
1908Palaeoscincus Brown
1908Palaeoscincus costatus Brown
1909Cryptosaurus Huene p. 16
1909Acanthopholis Huene p. 17
1909Eucercosaurus Huene p. 17
1909Palaeoscincus Huene p. 17
1909Priconodon Huene p. 17
1909Priodontognathus Huene p. 17
1909Syngonosaurus Huene p. 17
1909Rhadinosaurus Huene p. 18
1909Hierosaurus Wieland
1909Hierosaurus sternbergii Wieland
1909Hierosaurus Wieland p. 250 figs. 1-7
1909Hierosaurus sternbergii Wieland p. 250 figs. 1-7
1911Palaeoscincus Lambe p. 9
1911Priconodon crassus Lull p. 176
1911Priconodon Lull p. 177
1911Priconodon crassus Lull p. 207 figs. Pl. 20:5-6
1911Palaeoscincus costatus Lull p. 208
1911Hierosaurus Wieland p. 112
1911Hierosaurus sternbergii Wieland pp. 113-118 figs. 1-3
1911Palaeoscincus Wieland p. 117
1911Cryptosaurus von Zittel p. 289
1911Acanthopholis von Zittel p. 294
1911Hierosaurus von Zittel p. 294
1911Palaeoscincus von Zittel p. 294
1911Priconodon von Zittel p. 294
1911Eucerosaurus von Zittel p. 295
1911Priodontognathus von Zittel p. 295
1911Syngonosaurus von Zittel p. 295
1914Palaeoscincus costatus Brown p. 378
1914Palaeoscincus magoder Hennig
1915Priconodon Hennig p. 11
1915Priconodon crassus Hennig p. 11
1915Acanthopholis Hennig p. 12
1915Acanthopholis horridus Hennig p. 12
1915Acanthopholis eucercus Hennig p. 13
1915Acanthopholis stereocercus Hennig p. 13
1915Palaeoscincus Hennig p. 13
1915Palaeoscincus costatus Hennig p. 13
1915Hierosaurus Hennig p. 14
1915Hierosaurus sternbergii Hennig p. 14
1915Acanthopholis Nopcsa p. 13
1918Palaeoscincus costatus Sternberg p. 89
1921Palaeoscincus costatus Gilmore p. 588
1921Priconodon crassus Gilmore p. 588
1921Priconodon Gilmore p. 589
1921Hierosaurus Lull p. 123
1921Hierosaurus sternbergii Lull p. 124
1923Palaeoscincus costatus Gilmore p. 48
1923Ankylosauria Osborn p. 3
1924Palaeoscincus Lull p. 243
1926Stegosaurus madagascariensis Piveteau p. 35
1927Hierosaurus Huene p. 261
1927Hierosaurus sternbergii Huene p. 261
1927Palaeoscincus Huene p. 261
1927Palaeoscincus costatus Huene p. 261
1927Acanthopholis Huene p. 271
1927Acanthopholis eucerus Huene p. 271
1927Acanthopholis horrida Huene p. 271
1927Acanthopholis stereocercus Huene p. 271
1927Eucercosaurus Huene p. 271
1927Eucercosaurus tanyspondylus Huene p. 271
1927Priodontognathus Huene p. 271
1927Syngonosaurus Huene p. 271
1928Polacanthoides Nopcsa p. 58ff
1928Priodontognathus Nopcsa p. 184
1928Syngonosaurus Nopcsa p. 184
1928Acanthopholis Nopcsa p. 185
1928Hierosaurus Nopcsa p. 185
1928Palaeoscincus Nopcsa p. 185
1928Acanthopholis Nopsca p. 73
1928Hierosaurus Nopsca p. 73
1928Palaeoscincus Nopsca p. 73
1928Polacanthoides Nopsca p. 73
1928Palaeoscincus costatus Sternberg p. 102
1929Polacanthoides ponderosus Nopcsa
1929Rhodanosaurus Nopcsa p. 47
1929Rhodanosaurus ludgunensis Nopcsa p. 49
1929Acanthopholis Nopcsa p. 70
1929Hierosaurus Nopcsa p. 70
1929Palaeoscincus Nopcsa p. 70
1929Polacanthoides Nopcsa p. 70
1929Rhodanosaurus Nopcsa p. 70
1930Hierosaurus Russell p. 138
1930Hierosaurus sternbergii Russell p. 138
1930Palaeoscincus Russell p. 140
1930Palaeoscincus costatus Russell p. 143
1931Acanthopholis Nopcsa p. 72
1934Brachypodosaurus Chakravarti p. 79 figs. Pl. IX
1934Brachypodosaurus gravis Chakravarti p. 79 figs. Pl. IX
1934Acanthopholis Stromer p. 66
1934Acanthopholis horridus Stromer p. 66
1934Syngonosaurus Stromer p. 66
1935Palaeoscincus Russell p. 117
1935Hierosaurus Young p. 24
1935Hierosaurus sternbergi Young p. 24
1935Palaeoscincus Young p. 24
1936Hierosaurus Mehl p. 20
1936Polacanthoides Swinton p. 218
1936Polacanthoides ponderosus Swinton p. 218
1936Priodontognathus Swinton p. 573
1940Palaeoscincus costatus Russell p. 3
1940Hierosaurus sternbergii Russell p. 23
1940Palaeoscincus Russell p. 27
1947Struthiosaurus lugdunensis Lapparent p. 33
1948Struthiosaurus lugdunensis Lapparent p. 1186
1952Syrmosaurus disparoserratus Maleev p. 134
1953Sauroplites Bohlin p. 19
1953Sauroplites scutiger Bohlin p. 19 figs. 9, Pl. 3-5
1953Hierosaurus sternbergii Bohlin p. 30
1953Stegosaurides Bohlin p. 66 fig. 41
1953Stegosaurides excavatus Bohlin p. 66 fig. 41
1953Peishansaurus Bohlin p. 67 figs. 42; Pl. 1, 9
1953Peishansaurus philemys Bohlin p. 67
1954Palaeoscincus Maleev
1954Syrmosaurus disparoserratus Maleev pp. 162-163 fig. 15
1956Hierosaurus Maleev
1956Palaeoscincus Maleev
1956Polacanthoides Maleev
1956Rhadinosaurus Romer p. 594
1956Cryptodraco Romer p. 629
1956Ankylosauria Romer p. 634
1956Priconodon Romer p. 634
1956Acanthopholis Romer p. 635
1956Brachypodosaurus Romer p. 635
1956Hierosaurus Romer p. 635
1956Rhodanosaurus Romer p. 635
1956Palaeoscincus Romer p. 636
1956Peishansaurus Romer p. 636
1956Polacanthoides Romer p. 636
1956Sauroplites Romer p. 636
1956Stegosaurides Romer p. 636
1957Stegosaurus madagascariensis Lapparent p. 110
1957Brachypodosaurus gravis Lapparent p. 112
1958Peishanosaurus Huene p. 206
1958Sauroplites Huene p. 206
1958Stegosaurides Huene p. 206
1959Peishansaurus Huene p. 122
1959Sauroplites Huene p. 122
1959Stegosaurides Huene p. 122
1959Stegosaurides Young p. 8
1959Stegosaurides excavatus Young p. 8
1960Cryptodraco Delair p. 85
1960Cryptodraco eumerus Delair p. 85
1960Struthiosaurus lugundensis Jeletzky p. 34
1963Stegosaurus madagascariensis Furon p. 362
1963Ankylosauria Parsch p. 4
1963Palaeoscincus Parsch p. 8
1964Cryptodraco Kuhn p. 10
1964Priconodon Kuhn p. 36
1964Priconodon crassus Kuhn p. 36
1964Ankylosauria Kuhn p. 39
1964Syrmosaurus disparoserrata Kuhn p. 39
1964Acanthopholis Kuhn p. 40
1964Acanthopholis eucercus Kuhn p. 40
1964Acanthopholis horridus Kuhn p. 40
1964Acanthopholis stereocercus Kuhn p. 40
1964Eucercosaurus Kuhn p. 40
1964Eucercosaurus tanyspondylus Kuhn p. 40
1964Sygmosaurus Kuhn p. 41
1964Struthiosaurus alcinus Kuhn p. 43
1964Struthiosaurus lugdunensis Kuhn p. 43
1964Brachypodosaurus Kuhn p. 46
1964Brachypodosaurus gravis Kuhn p. 46
1964Hierosaurus Kuhn p. 47
1964Hierosaurus sternbergii Kuhn p. 47
1964Palaeoscincus Kuhn p. 49
1964Palaeoscincus costatus Kuhn p. 49
1964Palaeoscincus magoder Kuhn p. 49
1964Peishansaurus Kuhn p. 50
1964Peishansaurus philemys Kuhn p. 50
1964Polacanthoides Kuhn p. 50
1964Polacanthoides ponderosus Kuhn p. 50
1964Sauroplites Kuhn p. 51
1964Sauroplites scutiger Kuhn p. 51
1964Stegosaurides Kuhn p. 52
1964Stegosaurides excavatus Kuhn p. 52
1964Palaeoscincus Russell p. 7
1964Palaeoscincus costatus Russell p. 10
1964Cryptodraco Tatarinov p. 559
1964Eucercosaurus Tatarinov p. 559
1964Priodontognathus Tatarinov p. 559
1964Syngonosaurus Tatarinov p. 559
1964Priconodon Tatarinov p. 573
1964Acanthopholis Tatarinov p. 574
1964Acanthopholis horridus Tatarinov p. 574
1964Ankylosauria Tatarinov p. 574
1964Rhodanosaurus Tatarinov p. 575
1964Palaeoscincus Tatarinov p. 576
1964Palaeoscincus costatus Tatarinov p. 576
1964Brachypodosaurus Tatarinov p. 577
1964Hierosaurus Tatarinov p. 577
1964Polacanthoides Tatarinov p. 577
1964Sauroplites Tatarinov p. 577
1964Stegosaurides Tatarinov p. 577
1965Ankylosauria Ostrom p. 39
1965Palaeoscincus Ostrom p. 39
1965Acanthopholis Simmons p. 70
1965Acanthopholis horridus Simmons p. 70
1965Palaeoscincus Simmons p. 70
1966Acanthopholis Romer p. 370
1966Ankylosauria Romer p. 370
1966Brachypodosaurus Romer p. 370
1966Cryptodraco Romer p. 370
1966Hierosaurus Romer p. 370
1966Palaeoscincus Romer p. 370
1966Peishansaurus Romer p. 370
1966Polacanthoides Romer p. 370
1966Priconodon Romer p. 370
1966Rhodanosaurus Romer p. 370
1966Sauroplites Romer p. 370
1966Stegosaurides Romer p. 370
1967Struthiosaurus lugdunensis Lapparent p. 11
1970Hierosaurus sternabergii Bodily p. 37
1970Ankylosauria Swinton p. 117
1970Acanthopholis Swinton p. 244
1970Acanthopholis horridus Swinton p. 244
1970Hierosaurus Swinton p. 253
1970Cryptodraco Thulborn p. 430
1971Struthiosaurus lugdunensis Dinca et al. p. 90
1971Ankylosauria Thulborn pp. 77-78 fig. 4
1974Ankylosauria Bakker and Galton p. 171
1974Ankylosauria Krebs p. 22
1974Syrmosaurus disparoserratus Rozhdestvensky p. 147
1974Cryptodraco Thulborn p. 172
1977Sauroplites Maryanska p. 98
1977Sauroplites scutiger Maryanska p. 98
1977Talarurus disparoserratus Maryanska pp. 100-101
1977Syrmosaurus disparoserratus Rozhdestvensky p. 113
1978Ankylosauria Bonaparte p. 330
1978Stegosaurides Coombs
1978Acanthopholis Coombs p. 144
1978Brachypodosaurus Coombs p. 144
1978Peishansaurus Coombs p. 144
1978Priconodon Coombs p. 144
1978Sauroplites Coombs p. 144
1978Stegosaurides Coombs p. 144
1978Acanthopholis Coombs p. 643
1979Ankylosauria Benton p. 144
1980Cryptodraco Galton p. 79
1980Priodontognathus Galton p. 487
1980Cryptodraco Galton p. 831
1980Cryptodraco eumerus Galton p. 831
1980Priodontognathus Galton p. 831
1980Brachypodosaurus gravis Molnar p. 82
1980Brachypodosaurus Molnar p. 139
1980Ankylosauria Ostrom p. 23
1980Palaeoscincus Wolberg p. 50
1980Palaeoscincus costatus Wolberg p. 50
1981Eucercosaurus Bartholomai and Molnar p. 343
1981Eucercosaurus tanyspondylus Bartholomai and Molnar p. 343
1981Acanthopholis Buffetaut et al. p. 279
1981Priodontognathus Galton p. 39
1981Ankylosauria McIntosh p. 38
1981Ankylosauria Thurmond and Jones p. 147
1983Cryptodraco eumerus Galton pp. 7, 16
1983Priodontognathus Galton p. 16
1983Priconodon crassus Galton p. 24
1983Rhadinosaurus Weishampel and Weishampel p. 44
1983Rhadinosaurus alcinus Weishampel and Weishampel p. 44
1984Struthiosaurus lugdunensis Brinkmann p. 297
1984Cryptodraco Molnar p. 154
1984Palaeoscincus Russell p. 25
1984Ankylosauria Russell p. 29
1985Priodontognathus Galton p. 251
1985Ankylosauria Maryanska and Osmólska p. 139 fig. 1
1986Ankylosauria Bakker p. 461
1986Ankylosauria Sereno
1987Brachypodosaurus gravis Molnar and Frey p. 34
1987Acanthopholis Tumanova
1987Maleevus Tumanova
1987Maleevus disparoserratus Tumanova
1987Palaeoscincus Tumanova
1988Acanthopholis Carroll
1988Ankylosauria Carroll
1988Brachypodosaurus Carroll
1988Cryptodraco Carroll
1988Palaeoscincus Carroll
1988Priodontognathus Carroll
1988Sauroplites Carroll
1988Stegosaurides Carroll
1989Brachypodosaurus gravis Jain p. 101
1990Ankylosauria Benton p. 19
1990Palaeoscincus Coombs, Jr. p. 272
1992Struthiosaurus lugdunensis Buffetaut p. 131
1992Peishansaurus Dong p. 166
1992Sauroplites Dong p. 166
1992Stegosaurides Dong p. 166
1993Tianchiasaurus Dong
1993Ankylosauria Dong p. 259
1993Tianchiasaurus Dong p. 259 figs. 1-5
1994Stegosaurides excavatus Dong p. 2098
1994Sauroplites Eberth et al. p. 2103
1994Sauroplites scutiger Eberth et al. p. 2103
1995Ankylosauria Buffetaut
1995Hierosaurus Carpenter et al. p. 276
1995Hierosaurus sternbergii Carpenter et al. p. 276
1996Cryptodraco Coombs, Jr. and Deméré p. 319
1996Hierosaurus Coombs, Jr. and Deméré p. 319
1996Brachypodosaurus Gasparini et al. p. 591
1996Brachypodosaurus gravis Gasparini et al. p. 591
1997Maleevus Barsbold p. 450
1997Maleevus disparoserratus Barsbold p. 450
1997Acanthopholis Buffetaut p. 215
1997Acanthopholis horridus Buffetaut p. 215
1997Talarurus disparoserratus Coy p. 692
1997Peishansaurus philemys Mateer p. 662
1997Sauroplites scutiger Mateer p. 662
1997Acanthopholis Pereda Suberbiola and Galton p. 213
1998Priconodon Carpenter and Kirkland pp. 254-255
1998Priconodon crassus Carpenter and Kirkland p. 254
1998Acanthopholis Knoll et al. p. 62
1998Acanthopholis horridus Knoll et al. p. 62
1998Priconodon Lipka
1998Priconodon crassus Lipka
1998Ankylosauria Sereno p. 61
1999Ankylosauria Sereno p. 2138 fig. 2
2000Polacanthoides Ford p. 174
2000Polacanthoides ponderosus Ford p. 174
2000Struthiosaurus lugdunensis Ford p. 175
2000Maleevus Ford p. 176
2000Maleevus disparoserratus Ford p. 176
2000Sauroplites Ford p. 176
2000Sauroplites scutiger Ford p. 176
2000Acanthopholis horrida Olshevsky p. 101
2000Maleevus Tumanova p. 521
2000Maleevus disparoserratus Tumanova pp. 521-523
2000Tianchiasaurus Tumanova p. 530
2001Priodontognathus Barrett p. 44
2001Aletopelta Carpenter p. 457
2001Ankylosauria Carpenter p. 457
2001Priconodon Carpenter p. 457
2001Priconodon crassus Carpenter p. 457
2001Priconodon crassus Carpenter et al. p. 213
2001Aletopelta Ford and Kirkland pp. 240-241 figs. 12.1-12.12
2001Brachypodosaurus gravis Mohabey p. 484
2001Ankylosauria Peng et al. p. 35
2001Acanthopholis Pereda Suberbiola and Galton p. 201
2001Cryptodraco Pereda Suberbiola and Galton p. 201
2003Tianchiasaurus Garcia and Pereda-Suberbiola p. 161
2003Ankylosauria de Valais et al. p. 631
2004Ankylosauria Norman et al. p. 342 fig. 15.6
2004Ankylosauria Parish and Barrett p. 304
2004Ankylosauria Vickaryous et al. p. 364
2004Ankylosauria Weishampel p. 323
2005Brachypodosaurus gravis Mohabey p. 467
2006Ankylosauria Chure et al. p. 237
2006Ankylosauria Maidment et al. p. 951 fig. 8
2007Ankylosauria Sánchez-Hernández et al. p. 206
2008Ankylosauria Butler et al. p. 20 figs. 2-4
2008Ankylosauria Maidment et al. p. 390 fig. 11
2008Cryptosaurus eumerus Naish and Martill p. 615
2008Priodontognathus Naish and Martill p. 615
2009Priconodon crassus Parsons and Parsons p. 734
2011Aletopelta Rivera-Sylva et al. p. 376
2012Ankylosauria Han et al. p. 1391 fig. 14
2013Priconodon Kirkland et al. p. 36
2013Priconodon crassus Kirkland et al. p. 36
2013Ankylosauria Yang et al. p. 268
2014Ankylosauria Arbour et al.
2015Ankylosauria Leahey et al.
2015Priconodon crassus Weems and Bachman p. 214
2017Ankylosauria Arbour and Evans p. 7
2017Ankylosauria Brown et al.
2018Ankylosauria Zheng et al.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
OlfactoresJefferies 1991
subphylumVertebrata
Gnathostomata()
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
RankNameAuthor
Romeriida
Diapsida()
Eosuchia()
Neodiapsida
SauriaGauthier 1984
Archosauromorpha(Huene 1946)
Crocopoda
ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
Eucrocopoda
Archosauria()
informalAvemetatarsalia
Ornithodira
Dinosauromorpha
Dinosauriformes
Dinosauria()
Ornithischia()
Genasauria
Thyreophora()
Ankylosauria()
Ankylosauria()

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available