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Magnoliophyta was named by Cronquist et al. [McLoughlin et al. 1995 ranked this as a division.]. It is extant.

It was assigned to Plantae by Hueber (1983); and to Cycadophytanae by Doweld (2001).

View classification of included taxa

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1983Magnoliophyta Hueber p. 272
2001Magnoliophyta Doweld

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phylumMagnoliophytaCronquist et al.
phylumMagnoliophytaCronquist et al.

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

No diagnoses are available
No measurements are available
No ecological data are available

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Norian to the top of the Holocene or 228.00000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 208.5 Ma

Collections (835 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Norian228.0 - 208.5USA (North Carolina) Anthophyta indet. (55493)
Middle Jurassic - Late/Upper Cenomanian174.1 - 93.5Egypt (Western Desert) Nyssapollenites sp., Foveotricolpites gigantoreticulatus (139303)
Neocomian - Barremian145.0 - 125.0Sudan (South Kurdufan) Monocolpopollenites sp. (172845 172847 172849 172850 172851 172853 172859 172864 172866)
Early/Lower Cretaceous145.0 - 100.5Antarctica Psilatricolpites sp., Retitricolpites sp. (150877)
Cretaceous - Maastrichtian145.0 - 66.0Canada (Alberta) Cranwellia rumseyensis (32893)
Valanginian - Barremian139.8 - 125.0Chile (Doceava Región) Asteropollis sp. (150021)
Late/Upper Hauterivian136.4 - 130.0United Kingdom (England) Bevhalstea pebja (119697)
Late/Upper Barremian - Early/Lower Aptian130.0 - 122.46Argentina (Neuquén) Asteropollis transitorius, Asteropollis asteroides (149818)
Barremian - Early/Lower Aptian129.4 - 122.46China (Nei Mongol) Asteropollis trichotomosulcatus (46976)
Barremian - Aptian129.4 - 113.0Senegal (Dakar) Trifossapollenites ivorensis (137358)
Barremian - Aptian129.4 - 113.0Sudan (West Kurdufan) Monocolpopollenites sp. (145173 145174 145176 145177)
Barremian - Albian129.4 - 100.5Israel (Southern Coastal Plain) Retitricolpites sp. (144170)
Aptian125.0 - 113.0Egypt (Western Desert) Psilamonocolpites spp., Brenneripollis perorcticulatus, Schrankipollis mawhoubensis (142198 142199 142200) Schrankipollis mawhoubensis (142201)
Aptian125.0 - 113.0Egypt (Matruh) Brenneripollis sp. (137370 137371)
Aptian125.0 - 113.0China (Liaoning) Potamogeton jeholensis, Potamogeton sp. (73687)
Aptian125.0 - 113.0Colombia (Huila) Retipollenites finitus, Brenneripollis sp., Pennipollis reticulatus (139394)
Aptian - Early/Lower Albian125.0 - 109.0Argentina (Santa Cruz) Pennipollis peroreticulatus, Asteropollis asteroides (149850)
Aptian - Albian125.0 - 100.5Sudan (South Kurdufan) Monocolpopollenites sp. (145154 145155 145156 145160)
Aptian - Albian125.0 - 100.5Peru (Loreto) Asteropollis sp. (144302) Psilatricolpites triprotuberatus, Psilatricolpites hammenii, Retitricolpites colpoverrucatus, Retitricolpites grandi, Retitricolpites reticuloghazalatensi, Retitricolpites sp. A, Retitricolpites sp. B, Retipollenites sp., Psilamonocolpites minor, Retitricolpites microreticulatus, Pennipollis anonimus, Pennipollis sp. AR4, Pennipollis peroreticulatus, Phimopollenites sp. A, Multiporopollenites mulleri, Multiporopollenites polygonalis, Pennipollis reticulatus, Psilatricolpites tetradus (144299)
Aptian - Albian125.0 - 100.5Sudan (West Kurdufan) Monocolpopollenites sp. (145162 145163 145166 145172)