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Afrovenator abakensis

Reptilia - Megalosauridae

Taxonomy
Afrovenator abakensis was named by Sereno et al. (1994). Its type specimen is UC OBA 1, a skeleton (relatively complete skeleton), and it is a 3D body fossil. Its type locality is In Abaka, which is in a Jurassic/Jurassic terrestrial horizon in the Tiourarén Formation of Niger.

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1994Afrovenator abakensis Sereno et al. p. 270
1996Afrovenator abakensis Molnar et al. p. 671
2003Afrovenator abakensis Rauhut p. 28
2004Afrovenator abakensis Holtz, Jr. et al. p. 72
2005Afrovenator abakensis Suñer et al. p. 98
2005Afrovenator abakensis Yates p. 118
2012Afrovenator abakensis Carrano et al. pp. 222-223

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
Eosuchia()
RankNameAuthor
Neodiapsida
SauriaGauthier 1984
Archosauromorpha(Huene 1946)
Crocopoda
ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
Eucrocopoda
Archosauria()
informalAvemetatarsalia
Ornithodira
Dinosauromorpha
Dinosauriformes
Dinosauria()
Saurischia()
Theropoda()
Neotheropoda
AverostraPaul 2002
Tetanurae
Orionides
superfamilyMegalosauroidea()
familyMegalosauridae()
genusAfrovenator
speciesabakensis

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
M. T. Carrano et al. 2012Megalosauroid theropod with: (1) rounded, lobate anterior maxillary margin of antorbital fossa (Sereno et al. 1994); (2) low, rectangular neural spine on third cervical vertebra (Sereno et al. 1994); (3) broad lateral flange on metacarpal I for articulation with metacarpal II (Sereno et al. 1994); and (4) posterior extension of distal pubic expansion inset from lateral surfaces of anterior extension, forming pair of conjoined, posterior flanges.