Basic info Taxonomic history Classification Relationships
Morphology Ecology and taphonomy External Literature Search Age range and collections

Paranthodon africanus

Reptilia -

Taxonomy
Palaeoscincus africanus was named by Broom (1912). Its type specimen is BMNH 47338, a skull, and it is a 3D body fossil. Its type locality is Bushmans River, Woodbury Farm, which is in a Berriasian/Valanginian terrestrial claystone in the Kirkwood Formation of South Africa.

It was recombined as Paranthodon africanus by Coombs (1978), Galton (1981), Galton and Coombs (1981), Bonaparte (1986), Mateer (1987), Galton (1990), Pereda Suberbiola et al. (2003), Galton and Upchurch (2004), Maidment et al. (2008), Forster et al. (2009), Galton and Molnar (2012), Pereda-Suberbiola et al. (2013), Ulansky (2014), Ulansky (2014) and Salisbury et al. (2016).

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1912Palaeoscincus africanus Broom p. 25
1929Paranthodon oweni Nopcsa p. 13
1929Paranthodon owenii Nopcsa p. 13
1964Paranthodon oweni Kuhn p. 36
1964Palaeoscincus africanus Kuhn p. 49
1976Palaeoscincus africanus McLachlan and McMillan p. 202
1978Paranthodon africanus Coombs
1981Paranthodon africanus Galton p. 43
1981Paranthodon africanus Galton and Coombs, Jr. p. 304
1986Paranthodon africanus Bonaparte p. 84
1987Paranthodon africanus Mateer p. 141
1990Paranthodon africanus Galton
2003Paranthodon africanus Pereda Suberbiola et al. p. 147
2004Paranthodon africanus Galton and Upchurch p. 345
2008Paranthodon africanus Maidment et al. pp. 375-376
2009Paranthodon africanus Forster et al. p. 283
2012Paranthodon africanus Galton and Molnar p. 17
2013Paranthodon africanus Pereda-Suberbiola et al. p. 74
2014Paranthodon africanus Ulansky p. 5
2016Paranthodon africanus Salisbury et al. p. 127

Is something missing? Join the Paleobiology Database and enter the data

RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
RankNameAuthor
Diapsida()
Eosuchia()
Neodiapsida
SauriaGauthier 1984
Archosauromorpha(Huene 1946)
Crocopoda
ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
Eucrocopoda
Archosauria()
informalAvemetatarsalia
Ornithodira
Dinosauromorpha
Dinosauriformes
Dinosauria()
Ornithischia()
Genasauria
Thyreophora()
Stegosauria()
genusParanthodonNopcsa 1929
speciesafricanus()

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
S. C. R. Maidment et al. 2008Differs from all other stegosaurs in possessing a partial bony secondary palate on the maxilla (Fig. 4).