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Massospondylus carinatus

Reptilia - Massospondylidae

Taxonomy
Massospondylus carinatus was named by Owen (1854) [plastotypes: NHM R3033–3037, SAM-PK-K958–976]. Its type specimen is Royal College of Surgeons, a partial skeleton, and it is a 3D body fossil. Its type locality is Beauchef Abbey (213), Harrismith (zone B/1), which is in a Hettangian/Sinemurian terrestrial sandstone/shale in the Elliot Formation of South Africa.

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1854Massospondylus carinatus Owen p. 97
1892Massospondylus carinatus Seeley p. 190
1895Massospondylus carinatus Seeley p. 102–103
1909Massospondylus carinatus Broom p. 289
1910Massosaurus carinatus Hay p. 16
1912Massospondylus carinatus Broom p. 82
1913Massospondylus carinatus Broom p. 364
1914Massospondylus carinatus Huene p. 13
1920Massospondylus carinatus Van Hoepen p. 91
1924Massospondylus carinatus Haughton
1940Massospondylus carinatus Huene p. 263
1954Massospondylus carinatus Haughton and Brink p. 34
1961Massospondylus carinatus Anonymous p. 137
1970Massospondylus carinatus Ellenberger p. 347
1970Massospondylus carinatus Steel p. 49
1974Massospondylus carinatus Ellenberger p. 9
1975Massospondylus carinatus Thompson p. 19
1976Massospondylus carinatus Galton and Cluver p. 145
1981Massospondylus carinatus Cruickshank p. 307
1984Massospondylus carinatus Olsen and Galton p. 91
1997Massospondylus carinatus Erickson p. 5
2000Massospondylus carinatus Lingham-Soliar and Borderick p. 137
2003Massospondylus carinatus Yates pp. 320-321
2004Massospondylus carinatus Galton and Upchurch p. 235
2004Massospondylus carinatus Sues et al. p. 240
2005Massospondylus carinatus Barrett and Yates p. 123
2005Massospondylus carinatus Yates p. 108
2006Massospondylus carinatus Langer and Benton p. 339 fig. 11
2006Massospondylus carinatus Weems p. 371
2007Massospondylus carinatus Barrett et al. p. 321
2007Massospondylus carinatus Galton p. 518
2007Massospondylus carinatus Upchurch et al. p. 76
2009Massospondylus carinatus Barrett p. 1033
2010Massospondylus carinatus Langer et al. p. 90
2010Massospondylus carinatus Reisz et al. p. 1653
2011Massospondylus carinatus Apaldetti et al. p. 4
2011Massospondylus carinatus Yates et al. p. 610
2012Massospondylus carinatus Knoll et al. p. 2
2013Massospondylus carinatus Tschopp and Mateus p. 328

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
RankNameAuthor
Diapsida()
Eosuchia()
Neodiapsida
SauriaGauthier 1984
Archosauromorpha(Huene 1946)
Crocopoda
ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
Eucrocopoda
Archosauria()
informalAvemetatarsalia
Ornithodira
Dinosauromorpha
Dinosauriformes
Dinosauria()
Saurischia()
Eusaurischia
Sauropodomorpha(Huene 1932)
Massopoda
familyMassospondylidae
genusMassospondylus
speciescarinatus

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available