Basic info Taxonomic history Classification Relationships
Morphology Ecology and taphonomy External Literature Search Age range and collections

Insecta (insect)

Insecta -

Taxonomy
Insecta was named by Linnaeus (1758). It is extant.

It was reranked as the unranked clade Insecta by Martens et al. (2005).

It was assigned to Animalia by Latreille (1802); to Mandibulata by Shoshani et al. (1989); to Hexapoda by Carpenter (1992); to Arthropoda by Zhang (1989) and Martens et al. (2005); and to Cercophora by Misof et al. (2014).

Subtaxa
Acera, Aetophlebiopsis, Agmatozoon, Anebos, Anisorhynchus lapideus, Anthophorites gaudryi, Anthracocorides, Aphis plana, Apterodicera, Apterygota, Archaeognatha (syn. Microcoryphia), Archegogryllus, Aspidothorax dubius, Atelopteron, Bittacus reticulatus, Blattaria, Blattaria dunckeri, Campeulites, Carabus winkleri, Caririephemera, Caririephemera marquesi, Cercopidium schaefferi, Cercopis prisca, Cercopyllis, Chauliodites minor, Cheilosia dubia, Chrysopa solenhofensis, Cicada proserpina, Corixa mortua, Corrodentia, Cricolia, Cyclocoris, Cyclocoris pinguis, Dicondylia, Dictyocicada, Dimeretes, Dytiscomorphus, Elasmoscolex, Eoblattida (syn. Protoblattoidea, Paraplecoptera), Ephemera deposita, Ephemera meyeri, Epimetrophora, Flata haidingeri, Forficularia problematica, Glossata, Griphoconion, Griphologus, Gymnopleurus eocaenicus, Gyrophlebia, Gyrophlebia longicollis, Hebeitermes, Hebeitermes weichangensis, Hemerobius fossilis, Hemerobius higginsi, Hukouscytina, Hydroporus petefractus, Ideloblatta, Ideloblattidae, Idomastotermes, Idomastotermes mysticus, Insectichnus, Kustia, Lepismatona, Leptura primigenia, Libellulium kaupii, Longipedia, Lygaeites priscus, Meganeura vischerae, Meloe bavaricus, Mesonotoperla, Mesorhagiophryne, Mesorhagiophryne incerta, Mesorhagiophryne robustus, Mesosialis, Microceratops, Mourloniella, Mourloniella solenhofensis, Myriapoda, Nematus cretaceus, Neuropteroidea, Neurostena, Oligometabola, Oocephalina, Orthophlebia minuta, Palaeodictyopteron anglicanum, Palaeodictyopteron latipenne, Palaeodictyopteron mazonum, Palaeodictyopteron virginianum, Palaeotermes, Palaeovelia, Paracridites, Paroryssus suspectus, Permarrhaphidae, Permetatoridae, Permodictyoptera, Phaneroptera striata, Phthanocoris, Phytophtirites, Planocephalus, Platycorion, Plecopterodea, Plecopteroidea, Pseudoacridites, Pseudochauliodites, Pseudotermes, Pterodicera, Pterygogenea, Rambouskia, Saperdites cristallosus, Seirolarva, Sinonemoura, Sypharopteroidea, Taotieichnus, Termes fossilis, Termes grandaevus, Termes peccanae, Termitidiopsis, Thomsonia, Thysanura, Tipularia teyleri, Tomeferusa, Triadosialis, Trimerocephalium, Ulonata, Velia bouatia, Xiphenax
Sister taxa
Glossata, Pterygogenea, Ulonata

View classification of included taxa

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1758Insecta Linnaeus p. 13
1775Ulonata Fabricius p. 269
1796Thysanoura Latreille p. 173
1798Ulonata Fabricius p. 183
1798Ulonata Illiger p. 498
1802Insecta Latreille p. 40
1802Thysanoura Latreille p. 69
1804Thysanoura Latreille p. 137
1845Aphis plana Brodie pp. 33, 120 figs. Pl 2, fig 10a-b
1845Termes grandaevus Brodie pp. 33, 119 figs. Pl 2, fig 5
1845Hemerobius higginsi Brodie pp. 71, 102 figs. Pl 9, fig 15
1849Bittacus reticulatus Heer p. 90 figs. Pl 5, fig 11
1854Libellulium kaupii Westwood pp. 387, 395 figs. Pl 17 fig 21
1854Cercopidium schaefferi Westwood pp. 389, 396 figs. Pl 18, fig 5
1856Orthophlebia minuta Giebel p. 260
1856Lygaeites priscus Giebel p. 360
1856Flata haidingeri Giebel p. 371
1856Termes peccanae Massalongo p. 19 figs. Pl 2, figs 5,6
1858Termes grandaevus Hagen p. 181
1865Cyclocoris Heer p. 91
1865Cyclocoris pinguis Heer p. 91 figs. Pl 8, fig 27
1869Tipularia teyleri Weyenbergh pp. 11-12 figs. Pl 1 fig 6
1869Cheilosia dubia Weyenbergh p. 13 figs. Pl 1 fig 3
1869Chrysopa solenhofensis Weyenbergh p. 18 figs. Pl I fig 11, 12
1869Hemerobius fossilis Weyenbergh p. 18 figs. Pl I fig 15
1869Corixa mortua Weyenbergh p. 22 fig. 18
1869Forficularia problematica Weyenbergh pp. 28-29 fig. 26
1869Phaneroptera striata Weyenbergh pp. 29-30 fig. 28
1869Carabus winkleri Weyenbergh pp. 32-33 fig. 56
1869Hydroporus petefractus Weyenbergh pp. 33-34 fig. 54
1869Anisorhynchus lapideus Weyenbergh pp. 39-40 fig. 40
1869Leptura primigenia Weyenbergh p. 40 fig. 33
1870Anthophorites gaudryi Oustalet p. 104 figs. Pl 2, figs 11,13
1874Saperdites cristallosus Weyenbergh p. 85 figs. Pl 3, fig 5
1874Blattaria Weyenbergh p. 86
1874Blattaria dunckeri Weyenbergh p. 86 figs. Pl 3, fig 12
1874Cercopis prisca Weyenbergh p. 86 figs. Pl 3, fig 10
1874Cicada proserpina Weyenbergh p. 86 figs. Pl 3, fig 9
1874Ephemera deposita Weyenbergh p. 86 figs. Pl 3, fig 14
1874Ephemera meyeri Weyenbergh p. 86 figs. Pl 3, fig 13
1874Meloe bavaricus Weyenbergh p. 86 figs. Pl 5, fig 6
1874Termes fossilis Weyenbergh p. 86 figs. Pl 3, fig 15
1876Chauliodites minor Blake p. 426 figs. Pl 16, fig 6
1882Nematus cretaceus Fritsch p. 6 figs. Pl II fig 4-6
1884Nematus cretaceus Frič p. 205 fig. 79.4
1886Termes peccanae Omboni p. 1426 fig. 7
1888Anisorhynchus lapideus Oppenheim p. 241 figs. Pl 31, fig 7
1890Palaeovelia Scudder p. 349
1897Carabus winkleri Meunier figs. Pl 9, fig 16
1897Corixa mortua Meunier figs. Pl 9, fig 15
1899Mourloniella Meunier p. 125
1899Mourloniella solenhofensis Meunier p. 125 fig. 1
1904Thysanura Börner p. 523
1906Palaeodictyopteron anglicanum Handlirsch p. 62 figs. Pl VIII fig 16
1906Palaeodictyopteron latipenne Handlirsch p. 63 figs. Pl VIII fig 18
1906Palaeodictyopteron mazonum Handlirsch p. 63 figs. Pl VIII fig 17
1906Palaeodictyopteron virginianum Handlirsch p. 63 figs. Pl VIII fig 19
1906Gyrophlebia Handlirsch p. 129
1906Gyrophlebia longicollis Handlirsch p. 129 figs. Pl XIII fig 13
1906Triadosialis Handlirsch p. 403
1906Palaeodictyopteron latipenne Handlirsch p. 688 fig. 15
1906Palaeodictyopteron mazonum Handlirsch p. 688 fig. 14
1906Palaeodictyopteron virginianum Handlirsch p. 688 fig. 16
1906Gyrophlebia Handlirsch p. 697
1906Gyrophlebia longicollis Handlirsch p. 697 fig. 26
1911Sypharopteroidea Handlirsch
1914Velia bouatia Meunier p. 191 figs. 3; Pl VI fig 3
1919Palaeodictyopteron anglicanum Handlirsch p. 536
1919Palaeodictyopteron latipenne Handlirsch p. 536
1919Palaeodictyopteron mazonum Handlirsch p. 536
1919Palaeodictyopteron virginianum Handlirsch p. 536
1919Gyrophlebia Handlirsch p. 538
1919Gyrophlebia longicollis Handlirsch p. 538
1919Aspidothorax dubius Handlirsch p. 580
1921Gymnopleurus eocaenicus Meunier p. 12 figs. 25-26
1922Gyrophlebia Handlirsch p. 73
1922Gyrophlebia longicollis Handlirsch p. 73
1929Ideloblattidae Zalessky
1932Ideloblattidae Zalessky p. 185
1950Meganeura vischerae Zalessky p. 104 figs. Fig 4; Pl II fig 2-5
1954Mesonotoperla Riek p. 167
1956Idomastotermes Haupt p. 23
1956Idomastotermes mysticus Haupt p. 24 fig. 16
1965Idomastotermes Emerson p. 13
1965Idomastotermes mysticus Emerson p. 13
1976Paroryssus suspectus Lin p. 115 figs. Pl 1 fig 1
1976Anthophorites gaudryi Zeuner and Manning p. 195
1980Paroryssus suspectus Wang p. 153 figs. Pl 70, fig 8
1982Hebeitermes Hong p. 70
1982Hebeitermes weichangensis Hong p. 71 figs. Pl 26, fig 5; text-fig 54
1984Hopeitermes Hong p. 143
1984Hopeitermes weichangensis Hong p. 144
1989Insecta Shoshani et al. p. 435
1989Insecta Zhang
1990Mesorhagiophryne Hong and Wang p. 152
1990Mesorhagiophryne incerta Hong and Wang p. 153 figs. Pl 26, fig 4; text-figs 6.5.153-154
1992Insecta Carpenter
1992Mesonotoperla Carpenter p. 97
1992Gyrophlebia Carpenter p. 132
1993Palaeovelia Nel and Paicheler p. 80
1998Mesorhagiophryne Nagatomi and Yang p. 141
1998Mesorhagiophryne incerta Nagatomi and Yang p. 144 figs. 102, 103
2001Caririephemera Zamboni p. 132
2001Caririephemera marquesi Zamboni p. 132 figs. Pl 2, figs G,H
2005Insecta Martens et al.
2014Insecta Misof et al.

Is something missing? Join the Paleobiology Database and enter the data

RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Ecdysozoa
Panarthropoda
phylumArthropodaLatreille 1829
RankNameAuthor
subphylumMandibulata
Pancrustacea
superclassHexapodaLatreille 1825
Cercofilata
classInsecta
classInsecta

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: chitinc
Environment: terrestrialc
Locomotion: actively mobilep
Created: 2017-04-17 09:56:18
Modified: 2017-04-17 09:56:18
Source: c = class, p = phylum
References: Kiessling 2004, Bush and Bambach 2015

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Early/Lower Emsian to the top of the Holocene or 409.10000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 402.5 Ma

Collections (5087 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Early/Lower Emsian409.1 - 402.5Canada (Quebec) Archaeognatha indet. (123190)
Famennian372.2 - 358.9Belgium Strudiella devonica (131916)
Carboniferous358.9 - 298.9Russian Federation Archimylacridae indet. (117186)
Arnsbergian326.4 - 318.1Germany (Bitterfeld) Delitzschala bitterfeldensis (132797)
Pendleian326.4 - 318.1Czech Republic Archaeorthoptera indet. (123212)
Bashkirian323.2 - 315.2China (Ningxia) Gulou carpenteri, Miamia maimai (179076 179077) Paragilsonia orientalis (140832) Sinonamuropteris ningxiaensis, Longzhua loculata, Sinopteron huangheense, Gulou carpenteri, Miamia maimai (179078) Sinonamuropteris ningxiaensis, Separatonerva longa, Separatonerva qilianshanensis, Combonerva granulata, Combonerva huangheensis, Tectonerva longovata, Shenzhousia qilianshanensis, Sinonamuropteris zhongweiensis, Sinonamuropteris rugoverrucosa, Sinonamuropteris xiaheyanensis, Qilianiblatta namurensis, Sinierasiptera jini (102981) Sinonamuropteris ningxiaensis, Shenzhousia qilianshanensis, Chenxiella liuae, Longzhua loculata, Sinopteron huangheense, Gulou carpenteri, Dictyoptera indet. 1, Dictyoptera indet. 2, Dictyoptera indet. 3, Namuroningxia elegans, Sinomeganeura huangheensis, Miamia maimai, Qilianiblatta namurensis, Tupus orientalis, Erasipterella jini, Aseripterella sinensis, Sylphalula laliquei, Heterologus duyiwuer, Sinodunbaria jarmilae, Kinklidoblatta youhei, Xixia huban, Brodioptera sinensis, Tytthospilaptera wangae, Sinopalaeopteryx splendens, Sinopalaeopteryx olivieri, Namuroptera minuta, Protomiamia yangi, Sinogerarus pectinatus (139576) Xiaheyanella orta (175803)
Bashkirian323.2 - 315.2Argentina (La Rioja) Eugeropteron lunatum, Geropteron arcuatum, Xenoptera riojaensis (108150)
Bashkirian323.2 - 315.2USA (Illinois) Mylacris anthracophila (122575)
Bashkirian323.2 - 315.2Argentina Tupacsala niunamenos, Kirchnerala treintamil, Eugeropteridae indet. (166808)
Bashkirian - Moscovian323.2 - 307.0Argentina (Chubut) Archangelskyblatta vishniakovae, Anthracoblattina archangelskyi (162148)
Bashkirian - Gzhelian323.2 - 298.9USA (Oklahoma) Metachorus striolatus (125738)
Alportian - Kinderscoutian318.1 - 314.6Netherlands Ampeliptera limburgica (137302)
Kinderscoutian318.1 - 314.6Poland Stygne roemeri (123954)
Kinderscoutian318.1 - 314.6USA (Utah) Brodioptera stricklani (122484)
Marsdenian318.1 - 314.6Belgium Protoprosbole straeleni (164479)
Marsdenian318.1 - 314.6Germany (Ruhr) Erasipteroides valentini, Rasnitsynala sigambrorum, Baryshnyala occulta, Archaemegaptilus schloesseri, Sylvohymen pintoi (152121) Jugobreyeria sippelorum (155262) Kochopteron hoffmannorum, Heterologopsis ruhrensis, Homaloneura ligeia (155261) Namurotypus sippeli, Namurodiapha sippelorum, Zessinella siope, Sylvohymen peckae (110939) Paoliidae indet., Namurotypus sippeli, Rhabdoptilus volmensis, Kemperala hagenensis, Holasicia rasnitsyni, Dictyoneuridae indet., Homaloneura berenice, Erasipterella valentini, Homoioptera vorhallensis, Lithomantis varius, Dictyoneura kemperi (155260)
Marsdenian318.1 - 314.6Germany Patteiskya bouckaerti, Schmidtopteron adictyon (133679)
Marsdenian318.1 - 314.6Netherlands Limburgina antiqua (157405)
Marsdenian - Yeadonian318.1 - 314.6Germany Kochopteron hoffmannorum, Homaloneura berenice, Bechala sommeri (118176)
Morrowan318.1 - 314.6USA (Arkansas) Archimastax americanus (126550)