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Parabrontops lunanensis

Mammalia - Perissodactyla - Brontotheriidae

Taxonomy
Parabrontops lunanensis was named by Chow and Hu (1959) [A complete skull slightly crushed, but very well preserved with nearly complete upper teeth]. It is a 3D body fossil. Its type locality is Lunan beds, Anren village, Lunan, which is in an Eocene terrestrial horizon in the Lumeiyi Formation of China.

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1959Parabrontops lunanensis Chow and Hu

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
OlfactoresJefferies 1991
subphylumVertebrata
Gnathostomata()
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Synapsida()
RankNameAuthor
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
subclassTribosphenida()
infraclassEutheria()
Placentalia
orderPerissodactyla()
familyBrontotheriidae()
subfamilyBrontotheriinaeMarsh 1873
tribeBrontotheriiniMarsh 1873
subtribeBrontotheriinaMarsh 1873
BrontotheriitaMarsh 1873
genusParabrontops
specieslunanensis

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
M. Chow and C. C. Hu 1959A titanothere of moderate size; skull highly brachycephalic, with strongly expanded zygomatic arches; naso-frontal horns well developed, blunt-topped and subcircular in cross section; nasal bones short and narrow anteriorly, cranial region of skull broad and sharply constricted posteriorly: upper dentition - 2.1.4.3; upper incisors much reduced, post-canine diastema short, premolars relatively small.