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Phacopina

Trilobita - Phacopida

Taxonomy
Phacopina was named by Struve (1959) [in R.C. Moore 1959].

It was assigned to Phacopida by Reijers (1972), Sandford (2004) and Adrain (2011).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1959Phacopina Struve pp. O461-O462
1972Phacopina Reijers
2004Phacopina Sandford
2011Phacopina Adrain p. 105

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Ecdysozoa
Panarthropoda
RankNameAuthor
phylumArthropodaLatreille 1829
subphylumArtiopoda(Hou and Bergstrom)
classTrilobitaWalch 1771
orderPhacopidaSalter 1864
suborderPhacopinaStruve 1959
suborderPhacopinaStruve 1959

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Subor. †Phacopina Struve 1959
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Superfm. †Acastoidea Reijers 1972
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Fm. †Acastidae Delo 1935
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G. †Acastava Richter 1954
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Acastava lerougei van Viersen 2013
G. †Acaste Goldfuss 1843
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Acaste andersoni Edgecombe 2007
Acaste downingiae Murchison 1839
Invalid names: Acastina Reed 1927 [objective synonym]
G. †Acastella Reed 1925
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Acastella artesia Richter and Richter 1954
Acastella granulosa Hollard 1963
Acastella heberti Gosselet 1880
Acastella heberti elsana Richter and Richter 1954
Acastella hollardi Gandl 1972
Acastella jacquemonti Hollard 1963
Acastella patula Hollard 1963
Acastella rouaulti Tromelin and Lebesconte 1876
Acastella spinosa Salter 1864
Acastella tiro Richter and Richter 1954
G. †Acastellina Richter and Richter 1975
G. †Acastoides Delo 1935
+
Subg. †Acastoides (Acastoides) Delo 1935
Acastoides haddadi Chatterton et al. 2006
Acastoides hollardi Alberti 1966
Acastoides maurus Alberti 1970
Acastoides paeckelmanni Richter and Richter 1939
Acastoides zguilmensis Chatterton et al. 2006
G. †Acastopyge Tomczykowa and Tomczyk 1970
G. †Armorigreenops Lieberman and Kloc 1997
Subfm. †Asteropyginae Delo 1935
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G. †Alcaldops Arbizu 1979
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Alcaldops alcaldei Arbizu 1977
Alcaldops camfroutensis Morzadec 1983
Alcaldops renaudae Morzadec 1983
Alcaldops troaonensis Morzadec 1983
G. †Asteropyge Hawle and Corda 1847
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Subg. †Asteropyge (Asteropyge) Hawle and Corda 1847
Subg. †Asteropyge (Comura) Richter 1926
Asteropyge comes Basse 2003
Asteropyge lauchensis Basse 2003
Asteropyge perforata Morzadec 1969
Asteropyge plana Basse 2003
Asteropyge punctata Steininger 1831
G. †Bradocryphaeus Haas and Mensink 1970
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Bradocryphaeus briceae Morzadec 1988
Bradocryphaeus echinatus Van Viersen and Vanherle 2018
Bradocryphaeus feisti Morzadec 1992
Bradocryphaeus fiacrensis Morzadec 1976
Bradocryphaeus kermanensis Morzadec et al. 2002
Bradocryphaeus maillieuxi Richter and Richter 1926
Bradocryphaeus mosanus Richter and Richter 1926
Bradocryphaeus neptuni Van Viersen and Bignon 2011
Bradocryphaeus nodosa Morzadec 1983
Bradocryphaeus vanherlei Van Viersen and Bignon 2011
Bradocryphaeus zornensis Morzadec 1983
G. †Destombesina Morzadec 1997
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Destombesina schumacherorum Basse and Mueller 2016
G. †Dunopyge Struve 1998
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Dunopyge drevermanni Richter 1909
Dunopyge lebanzaensis Smeenk 1983
G. †Gandlops Bignon and Crônier 2013
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Gandlops brevispinosus Gandl 1972
Gandlops ogivalis Morzadec 1976
Gandlops tamnrherta Chatterton et al. 2006
G. †Ganetops Bignon et al. 2014
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Ganetops djemelensis Morzadec 1997
Ganetops ebbae Richter and Richter 1954
Ganetops gerrinensis Timm 1978
Ganetops lata Timm 1978
G. †Heliopyge Haas and Mensink 1970
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Heliopyge helios Richter and Richter 1926
Heliopyge sharudensis Pillet 1974
G. †Jaylopygiella Basse 2003
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Jaylopygiella debruni van Viersen 2013
Jaylopygiella medusa Basse 2003
G. †Metacanthina Pillet 1954
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Metacanthina asnoensis Gandl 1972
Metacanthina barrandei de Tromelin and Lebesconte 1876
Metacanthina issoumourensis Morzadec 2001
G. †Minicryphaeus Bignon and Crônier 2014
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Minicryphaeus giganteus Bignon et al. 2014
Minicryphaeus minimus Morzadec 2001
Minicryphaeus sarirus Morzadec 2001
G. †Morzadecops Bignon and Crônier 2014
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Morzadecops matutina Gandl 1972
Morzadecops zguidensis Morzadec 2001
G. †Pennarbedops Bignon and Crônier 2014
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Pennarbedops babini Morzadec 1983
G. †Platykardiapyge Van Viersen and Kloc 2022
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Platykardiapyge maderensis Morzadec 2001
Platykardiapyge wallacei Termier and Termier 1950
G. †Quadratispina Gandl 1972
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Quadratispina excelsa Van Viersen and Vanherle 2018
Quadratispina hispanica Richter and Richter 1926
G. †Radiopyge Farsan 1981
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Radiopyge hamedii Morzadec et al. 2002
Radiopyge heratensis Farsan 1981
G. †Rhenops Richter and Richter 1943
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Rhenops hammerschmidti Richter and Richter 1939
Rhenops odremani Carvalho and Moody 2000
G. †Baniaspis Destombes 1972
G. †Bellacartwrightia Lieberman and Kloc 1997
G. †Braunops Lieberman and Kloc 1997
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Braunops champagnensis Morzadec 1971
Braunops djazairensis Morzadec 1997
Braunops obsoletus Gandl 1972
G. †Breizhops Morzadec 1983
G. †Centauropyge Haas 1968
G. †Chimaerastella Gandl 1972
G. †Coltraneia Lieberman and Kloc 1997
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Coltraneia celtica Morzadec 1969
Coltraneia effelesa Chatterton et al. 2006
G. †Cryphina Oehlert 1889
G. †Delocare Struve 1958
G. †Deloops Lieberman and Kloc 1997
G. †Echinopyge Haas 1968
G. †Feruminops Haas 1986
G. †Gourdonia Pillet 1954
G. †Greenops Delo 1935
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Subg. †Greenops (Neometacanthus) Richter 1984
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Greenops boothi Green 1837
Greenops perijaensis Carvalho and Moody 2000
Invalid names: Cryphaeus Green 1837 [replaced]
G. †Gudralisium Basse 1998
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Gudralisium viator Basse 1998
G. †Hallandclarkeops Lieberman and Kloc 1997
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Hallandclarkeops cantarmoricus Morzadec and Arbizu 1978
Hallandclarkeops renaudae Morzadec 1969
G. †Harringtonacaste Baldis and Blasco 1976
G. †Hexacosta Farsan 1981
G. †Hollardops Morzadec 1997
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Hollardops aithassainorum Chatterton et al. 2006
Hollardops mesocristata Le Maitre 1952
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Invalid names: Hollardops hyfinkeli Lieberman and Kloc 1997 [synonym]
Invalid names: Modellops Lieberman and Kloc 1997 [synonym], Philipsmithiana Lieberman and Kloc 1997 [synonym]
G. †Kayserops Delo 1935
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Kayserops kochi Kayser 1883
G. †Kennacryphaeus Lieberman and Kloc 1997
G. †Kloucekia Delo 1935
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Subg. †Kloucekia (Kloucekia) Delo 1935
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Kloucekia phillipsi Barrande 1846
Subg. †Kloucekia (Phacopidina) Bancroft 1949
Kloucekia apiculata McCoy 1851
G. †Llandovacaste Edgecombe 1993
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G. †Mimocryphaeus Gandl 1972
G. †Morocconites Boucot and McClure 1989
G. †Neocalmonia Pillet 1969
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Subg. †Neocalmonia (Radiopyge) Farsan 1981
Neocalmonia batillifera Haas and Mensink 1969
Neocalmonia chitralensis Feist et al. 2001
Neocalmonia lutensis Morzadec 2002
Neocalmonia quadricosta Pillet 1969
Neocalmonia yazdii Morzadec 2002
G. †Paracryphaeus Gandl 1972
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Paracryphaeus jonesi Oehlert 1877
G. †Pelitlina Haas 1968
G. †Phacopidina Bancroft and Lamont 1949
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Phacopidina harnagensis Bancroft 1949
Phacopidina micheli Tromelin 1877
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Phacopidina micheli micheli Tromelin 1877
G. †Pilletina Haas 1970
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Pilletina oehlerti Pillet 1953
Pilletina primitiae Gandl 1972
G. †Protacanthina Gandl 1972
G. †Pseudocryphaeus Pillet 1954
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Pseudocryphaeus michelini Rouault 1851
Pseudocryphaeus munieri Oehlert 1877
G. †Psychopyge Termier and Termier 1950
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Psychopyge elegans Termier and Termier 1950
Psychopyge hammerorum Chatterton et al. 2006
Psychopyge praestans Morzadec 2001
G. †Rheicops Basse 1998
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G. †Sanidopyge Haas 1968
G. †Scotiella Delo 1935
G. †Sokhretia Hupe 1956
G. †Stummiana Lieberman and Kloc 1997
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Stummiana osismorum Morzadec 1983
G. †Tolkienia Lieberman and Kloc 1997
G. †Treveropyge Struve 1958
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Treveropyge acrifrons Gandl 1972
Treveropyge iberica Gandl 1972
Treveropyge lips Richter and Richter 1943
Treveropyge prorotundifrons Richter and Richter 1943
Treveropyge wiltziana Basse 2003
G. †Turcopyge Richter 1939
G. †Walliserops Morzadec 2001
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Walliserops hammii Chatterton et al. 2006
Walliserops lindoei Chatterton and Gibb 2010
Walliserops tridens Chatterton et al. 2006
Walliserops trifurcatus Morzadec 2001
Fm. †Calmoniidae Delo 1935
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G. †Anchiopella Reed 1907
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Invalid names: Bainella Rennie 1930 [synonym]
G. †Andinacaste Eldredge and Ormiston 1979
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Andinacaste talebensis Hollard 1963
G. †Australoacaste Benedetto and Martel 1976
G. †Australops Baldis 1972
G. †Bouleia Kozlowski 1923
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Invalid names: Dereimsia Kozlowski 1923 [synonym]
G. †Calmonia Clarke 1913
G. †Chiarumanipyge Branisa and Vanek 1973
G. †Clarkeaspis Lieberman 1993
G. †Colombianaspis Morzadec et al. 2015
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Colombianaspis carvalhoae Morzadec et al. 2015
G. †Cryphaeoides Delo 1935
G. †Deltacephalaspis Eldredge and Ormiston 1979
G. †Eldredgeia Lieberman 1993
G. †Hadrorachus Delo 1935
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Hadrorachus australis Clarke 1913
Invalid names: Hadrorakos Delo 1940 [objective synonym]
G. †Jujuyops Baldis and Blasco 1976
G. †Kozlowskiaspis Branisa and Vanek 1973
G. †Malvinella Wolart 1968
G. †Malvinocooperella Lieberman 1993
G. †Metacryphaeus Reed 1907
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Metacryphaeus kegeli Carvalho et al. 1997
Metacryphaeus meloi Carvalho et al. 1997
Metacryphaeus tuberculatus Kozlowski 1923
G. †Oosthuizenella Cooper 1982
G. †Palpebrops Lieberman and Edgecombe 1991
G. †Parabouleia Eldredge 1972
G. †Paracalmonia Struve 1958
G. †Pennaia Clarke 1913
G. †Phacopina Clarke 1913
G. †Plesioconvexa Lieberman 1993
G. †Plesiomalvinella Lieberman and Edgecombe 1991
G. †Probolops Delo 1935
G. †Punillaspis Baldis and Longobucco 1979
G. †Renniella Cooper 1982
G. †Schizostylus Delo 1935
G. †Tarijactinoides Suárez-Soruco 1971
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Invalid names: Bolivianaspis Branisa and Vanek 1973 [synonym]
G. †Tibagya Struve 1958
G. †Typhloniscus Salter 1856
G. †Vogesina Wolfart 1968
G. †Wolfartaspis Cooper 1982
Superfm. †Dalmanitoidea Vogdes 1890
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Fm. †Dalmanitidae Vogdes 1890
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Subfm. †Acastavinae Struve 1958
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G. †Acastocephala Shergold 1966
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Acastocephala macrops Salter 1864
G. †Anchiopsis Delo 1935
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Anchiopsis anchiops Green 1832
G. †Andreaspis Struve 1962
G. †Argentopyge Baldis 1972
G. †Bessazoon Curtis and Lane 1998
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Bessazoon gibbae Chatterton and Ludvigsen 2004
G. †Blanodalmanites Kobayashi and Hamada 1972
G. †Chattiaspis Struve 1958
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Chattiaspis almadenensis Hammann 1972
G. †Coronura Hall and Clarke 1888
G. †Corycephalus Hall and Clarke 1888
G. †Crozonaspis Henry 1968
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Crozonaspis armata Hammann 1972
Crozonaspis chauveli Henry 1980
Crozonaspis dujardini Rouault 1847
Crozonaspis incerta Deslongchamps 1825
Crozonaspis kerfornei Clarkson and Henry 1969
Crozonaspis mayensis Clarkson and Henry 1972
Crozonaspis morenensis Hammann 1972
Crozonaspis morenensis mayensis Clarkson and Henry 1973
Crozonaspis struvei Henry 1968
G. †Dalmanites Barrande 1852
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Subg. †Dalmanites (Synphoria) Clarke 1900
Dalmanites caudatus Brünnich 1781
Dalmanites jupiterensis Twenhofel 1928
Dalmanites meeki Walcott 1884
Dalmanites oriens Barrande 1852
Dalmanites socialis Barrande 1852
Dalmanites townsendae Raymond 1931
Invalid names: Hausmannia Etheridge and Mitchell 1895 [synonym], Heliocephalus Delo 1935 [synonym], Ommokris Holloway 1981 [synonym]
G. †Dalmanitina Reed 1905
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Subg. †Dalmanitina (Eodalmanitina) Henry 1965
Subg. †Dalmanitina (Struveria) Rickards 1964
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Struveria simrica Hede 1915
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Invalid names: Struveria howgillensis Rickards 1965 [synonym]
Dalmanitina socialis Barrande 1846
G. †Dalmaniturus Chernysheva 1937
G. †Daytonia Holloway 1981
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Daytonia jollieti Chatterton and Ludvigsen 2004
G. †Delops Rickards 1965
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Delops obtusicaudatus Salter 1849
G. †Dreyfussina Hupé 1956
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Dreyfussina exophtalma Dreyfuss 1948
Dreyfussina struvei Destombes 1963
G. †Duftonia Dean 1959
G. †Fenestraspis Branisa and Vanek 1973
G. †Forillonaria Lesperance 1975
G. †Francovichia Branisa 1960
G. †Furacopyge Aribazu 1978
G. †Gamonedaspis Branisa and Vanek 1973
G. †Glyptambon Holloway 1981
G. †Huntoniatonia Campbell
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Invalid names: Huntonia Vandel 1973 [replaced]
G. †Kazachstania Maksimova 1972
G. †Lygdozoon Holloway 1981
G. †Malladaia Oehlert 1896
G. †Morgatia Hammann 1972
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Morgatia hupei Nion and Henry 1966
Morgatia primitiva Hammann 1972
G. †Mucronaspis Destombes 1963
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Subg. †Mucronaspis (Songxites) Lin 1981
+
+
Invalid names: Mucronaspis malayensis Kobayashi and Hamada 1964 [synonym]
Mucronaspis chillonensis Hammann 1972
Mucronaspis destombesi Henry 1965
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Mucronaspis ganabina Snajdr 1987
Mucronaspis grandis Barrande 1852
Mucronaspis macrophtalma Brongniart 1822
Mucronaspis olini Temple 1952
Invalid names: Eodalmanitina Henry 1965 [synonym]
G. †Neoprobolium Struve 1985
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Invalid names: Probolium Oehlert 1889 [replaced]
G. †Odontocephalus Conrad 1840
G. †Odontochile Hawle and Corda 1847
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Subg. †Odontochile (Erbenochile) Alberti 1981
Odontochile hausmanni Brongniart 1822
Invalid names: Hausmannia Hall and Clark 1888 [objective synonym]
G. †Ormathops Delo 1935
+
Ormathops hupei Destombes 1972
Ormathops inflatus Zelzko 1922
Ormathops nicholsoni Salter 1866
G. †Phalangocephalus Campbell 1977
G. †Preodontochile Degardin and Pillet 1984
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Preodontochile camprodonensis Degardin and Pillet 1984
Preodontochile springfieldensis Sanford and Holloway 2008
G. †Prodontochile Kobayashi and Hamada 1971
G. †Reussiana Snajdr 1987
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Reussiana brevispicula Hörbinger 2000
Reussiana reussi Barrande 1846
Invalid names: Reussia Maksimova 1972 [replaced]
G. †Roncellia Lesperance and Bourque 1971
G. †Schoharia Lesperance 1975
G. †Synphoria Clarke 1900
+
Synphoria stemmata Clarke 1900
Invalid names: Eocorycephalus Reed 1925 [objective synonym], Neosynphoria Pillet 1954 [objective synonym]
Subfm. †Synphoriinae Delo 1935
+
G. †Rickardsia Storey et al. 2016
+
Rickardsia mobergi Hede 1915
Rickardsia nobilis Thomas 1900
G. †Synphoroides Delo 1940
G. †Toletanaspis Rabano 1989
G. †Trypaulites Delo 1935
+
Trypaulites calypso Hall 1861
Subfm. †Zeliszkellinae Delo 1935
+
G. †Eudolatites Delo 1935
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Subg. †Eudolatites (Deloites) Destombes 1972
Eudolatites angelini Barrande 1852
Eudolatites dubia Barrande 1846
Eudolatites inflatus Destombes 1972
Invalid names: Banilatites Destombes 1972 [synonym], Destombesites Snadjr 1987 [synonym]
G. †Guichenia Henry 1968
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Guichenia dufouri Tromelin and Lebesconte 1876
G. †Retamaspis Hammann 1972
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Retamaspis melendezi Hammann 1972
G. †Zeliszkella Delo 1935
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Subg. †Zeliszkella (Mytocephala) Struve 1958
Subg. †Zeliszkella (Zeliszkella) Delo 1935
Zeliszkella deshayesi Barrande 1846
G. †Zlichovaspis Pribyl and Vanek 1971
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Subg. †Zlichovaspis (Zlichovaspis) Pribyl and Vanek 1971
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Zlichovaspis (Zlichovaspis) rugosa Hawle and Corda 1847
Invalid names: Devonodontochile Snajdr 1985 [synonym], Spinodontochile Snajdr 1985 [synonym]
Invalid names: Acastinae Delo 1935 [empty], Dalmanitininae Destombes 1972 [empty]
Fm. †Diaphanometopidae Jaanusson 1959 [trilobite]
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G. †Diaphanometopus Schmidt 1881
G. †Gyrometopus Jaanusson 1975
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Gyrometopus lineatus Angelin 1854
G. †Prodalmanitina Chugaeva 1968
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Prodalmanitina nikolayevi Chugaeva 1968
Superfm. †Phacopoidea Hupe 1953
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Fm. †Phacopidae Hawle and Corda 1847
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G. †Acernaspis Campbell 1967
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Subg. †Acernaspis (Eskaspis) Clarkson et al. 1977
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Acernaspis (Eskaspis) woodburnensis Clarkson et al. 1977
Acernaspis copperi Chatterton and Ludvigsen 2004
Acernaspis elliptifrons Esmark 1833
Acernaspis nanus Maksimova 1962
Acernaspis orestes Billings 1860
Acernaspis xynon Howells 1982
Invalid names: Murphycops Lespérance 1968 [synonym]
G. †Acuticryphops Cronier and Feist 2000
+
Acuticryphops acuticeps Kayser 1889
Acuticryphops klapperi Feist et al. 2009
Acuticryphops prorotundus Feist and Klapper 2022
G. †Adastocephalum Mitchell 1919
G. †Afrops Alberti 1983
G. †Altaesajania Maksimova 1978
G. †Ananaspis Campbell 1967
+
Ananaspis crossleii Etheridge and Mitchell 1895
Ananaspis fecunda Barrande 1852
Ananaspis macdonaldi Fletcher 1950
G. †Babinops Feist and Becker 1997
+
Babinops minor Feist et al. 2009
Babinops planiventer Feist and Becker 1997
G. †Boeckops Chlupac 1972
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Boeckops boecki Hawle and Corda 1847
Boeckops delphinoides Chlupac 1972
Boeckops slimanensis Alberti 1981
Boeckops zenonis Chlupac 1977
Boeckops zinkeni Roemer 1843
G. †Burtonops Struve 1990
G. †Denckmannites Wedekind 1911
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Denckmannites miser Barrande 1852
G. †Dianops Richter 1923
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Dianops algeriensis Cronier et al. 2013
Dianops anophthalmus Frech 1894
Dianops kaufmannii Basse and Lemke 2023
Dianops limbatus Richter 1848
Dianops quizhouensis Xiang 1981
Dianops typhlops Gürich 1896
Dianops vicarius Chlupac 1961
G. †Dienstina Richter 1931
+
Dienstina diensti Richter and Richter 1923
G. †Ductina Richter 1931
Subfm. †Echinophacopinae Zhou and Campbell 1990
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G. †Echinophacops Zhou 1983
G. †Toxophacops Zhiquiang and Campbell 1990
+
Subg. †Toxophacops (Atopophacops) Zhou and Campbell 1990
G. †Eldredgeops Struve 1990
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Eldredgeops rana Green 1832
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Phacops rana bellensis Stumm 1953
Phacops rana milleri Stewart 1927
G. †Enigmapyge Feist et al. 2016
G. †Eophacops Delo 1935
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Invalid names: Bullicephalus Pribyl and Vanek 1971 [synonym]
G. †Illaenula Chlupac 1977
G. †Inexpectatops Basse 2003
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G. †Kainops Ramskold and Werdelin 1991
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Kainops veles Chlupác 1972
G. †Liolophops Struve 1972
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Liolophops sublevatus Struve 1970
Liolophops syringis Struve 1992
G. †Lochkovella Chlupac 1972
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Lochkovella deckeri Delo 1935
G. †Nephranomma Erben 1952
+
Nephranomma drepanomma Erben 1952
Nephranomma modestus Barrande 1872
G. †Nyterops Struve 1972
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Nyterops hollandi Van Viersen 2007
Nyterops nyter Struve 1970
G. †Paciphacops Maksimova 1971
+
Subg. †Paciphacops (Paciphacops) Maksimova 1972
+
Paciphacops (Paciphacops) microps Chatterton et al. 1979
Paciphacops altaicus Tschernyschev 1893
Paciphacops argentinus Thomas 1905
Paciphacops claviger Haas 1969
Paciphacops edgecombei Sandford 2005
Paciphacops latigenalis Etheridge and Mitchell 1896
Paciphacops logani Hall 1860
Paciphacops mansfieldensis Etheridge and Mitchell 1896
Paciphacops waisfeldae Edgecombe and Ramsköld 1994
G. †Phacopidella Reed 1905
+
Subg. †Phacopidella (Prephacopidella) Destombes 1963
+
Phacopidella (Prephacopidella) hupei Nion and Henry 1966
Subg. †Phacopidella (Struveaspis) Alberti 1966
+
Struveaspis fugitiva Barrande 1872
Struveaspis maroccanica Alberti 1970
Struveaspis micromma Roemer 1852
Struveaspis prantli Ruzicka 1946
Phacopidella glockeri Barrande 1846
Invalid names: Glockeria Wedekind 1914 [objective synonym]
Subfm. †Phacopinae Hawle and Corda 1847
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G. †Austerops McKellar and Chatterton 2009
+
Austerops kermiti McKellar and Chatterton 2009
Austerops salamandaroides Crônier et al. 2018
Austerops speculator Alberti 1970
G. †Chlupacops Feist et al. 2016
+
Chlupacops cryphoides Richter and Richter 1926
Chlupacops koeneni Holzapfel 1895
Chlupacops reichi Kegel 1931
Chlupacops spectabilis Meischner 1965
G. †Chotecops Chlupac 1971
+
Chotecops auspex Chlupác 1971
Chotecops breviceps Barrande 1846
Chotecops chlupaci Sandford 2005
Chotecops ferdinandi Kayser 1880
Chotecops glabrens Chlupác 1977
Chotecops hoseri Hawle and Corda 1847
Chotecops zizensis Alberti 1983
Invalid names: Cordapeltis Pribyl and Vanek 1971 [synonym]
G. †Cronierella Feist and Klapper 2022
+
Cronierella expansa Feist and Klapper 2022
Cronierella postera Feist and Klapper 2022
Cronierella zofiae Chlupáč 1993
G. †Cryphops Richter and Richter 1926
+
Cryphops cryptophthalmus Richter and Richter 1926
G. †Echidnops Sandford 2002 [trilobite]
+
Echidnops serratus Foerste 1888
Echidnops taphomimus Rustan and Balseiro 2016 [trilobite]
Echidnops wrighti Sandford 2002
G. †Eocryphops Richter 1931
+
Eocryphops kayseri Hermann 1911
Eocryphops termieri Richter and Richter 1943
G. †Feistops Crônier et al. 2021
+
Feistops mongoliensis Crônier et al. 2021
Tr. †Geesopini Struve 1984
+
G. †Arduennops Struve 1972
G. †Drotops Struve 1990
G. †Hypsipariops Struve 1982
G. †Geesops Struve 1972
+
Geesops brunopauli Struve 1982
Geesops sparsinodosus Struve 1970
G. †Girardina Feist and Klapper 2022
+
Girardina consimilis Feist and Klapper 2022
Girardina konradbartzschi Feist and Klapper 2022
Girardina liopyga Richter 1863
G. †Houseops Feist et al. 2009
+
Houseops canningensis Feist et al. 2009
Houseops miserrimus Drevermann 1901
Houseops nalivkini Maksimova 1955
Houseops ocellatus Perna 1915
Houseops olonbulagensis Crônier et al. 2021
G. †Magreanops Van Viersen and Vanherle 2018
+
Magreanops monachus Van Viersen and Vanherle 2018
Magreanops renateae Van Viersen and Vanherle 2018
G. †Morocops Basse 2006
+
Morocops struvei Schraut 2000
Invalid names: Barrandeops McKellar and Chatterton 2009 [synonym]
G. †Occitanella Feist and Klapper 2022
+
Occitanella hexagonalis Feist and Klapper 2022
Occitanella linguiformis Feist et al. 2009
Occitanella postinflexa Feist and Klapper 2022
G. †Omegops Struve 1976
+
Omegops accipitrinus Phillips 1841
Omegops cornelius Richter and Richter 1933
Omegops junggariensis Crônier and Waters 2023
Omegops maretiolensis Richter and Richter 1933
Omegops tilabadensis Ghobadi Pour et al. 2018
Omegops xiangi Zong 2023
Invalid names: Clarksonops Crônier and Waters 2023 [synonym]
G. †Pedinopariops Struve 1972
+
Pedinopariops brongniarti Steininger 1831
Pedinopariops degener Barrande 1852
Pedinopariops hoelleri Van Viersen et al. 2009
Pedinopariops insequens Chlupác 1983
Pedinopariops lentigifer Struve 1970
Pedinopariops major Barrande 1852
Pedinopariops proniceps Struve 1970
Pedinopariops regius Chlupáč 1971
Pedinopariops superstes Barrande 1852
G. †Prokops Chlupac 1971
+
Prokops benziregensis Alberti 1983
Prokops hoeninghausi Barrande 1846
Prokops moorei Sandford 2004
Prokops prokopi Chlupáč 1971
G. †Reedops Richter and Richter 1925
+
Reedops albertii Sandford 2005
Reedops bronni Barrande 1846
Reedops cephalotes Hawle and Corda 1847
Reedops decorus Hawle and Corda 1847
Reedops intermedius Barrande 1846
Reedops limespragensis Chlupác 1986
Reedops maurulus Alberti 1969
Reedops platilegnotor Alberti 1970
Reedops prospicens Chlupác 1977
Reedops sternbergi Hawle and Corda 1847
Reedops struveianus Alberti 1983
G. †Spinicryphops Crônier and Feist 2000
+
Spinicryphops wocklumeriae Richter and Richter 1926
+
Invalid names: Spinicryphops lemkei Crônier and Feist 2000 [synonym]
G. †Trimerocephaloides Feist et al. 2009
+
Trimerocephaloides sinevisus Feist et al. 2009
G. †Viaphacops Maximova 1972
+
Viaphacops canadensis Stumm 1954
Viaphacops cristatus Hall 1861
Viaphacops hanusi Chlupáč 1977
Viaphacops nasutus Stumm 1954
Viaphacops pipa Hall and Clarke 1888
Viaphacops salteri Kozlowski 1923
Viaphacops venezuelensis Carvalho and Moody 2000
G. †Weyerites Crônier and Feist 2000
+
Weyerites ensae Richter and Richter 1926
G. †Phacops Emmrich 1839
+
Subg. †Phacops (Boeckops) Chlupac 1972
+
Subg. †Phacops (Chasmops) M'Coy 1849
Subg. †Phacops (Chotecops) Chlupac 1971
Subg. †Phacops (Dalmania) Emmrich 1844
+
Dalmania caudatus Brünnich 1781
Subg. †Phacops (Nephranops) Richter 1926
+
Subg. †Nephranops (Maternia) Feist 2019
Subg. †Nephranops (Nephranops) Richter and Richter 1926
Nephranops dillanus Richter and Richter 1926
Subg. †Phacops (Omegops) Struve 1976
+
Subg. †Phacops (Phacops) Emmrich 1839
+
Phacops (Phacops) brocki Feist and Talent 2000
Phacops (Phacops) nyter Struve 1970
Phacops (Phacops) oehlerti Morzadec 1969
Phacops (Phacops) papulatus Richter and Richter 1943
Subg. †Phacops (Portlockia) M'Coy 1849
Subg. †Phacops (Prokops) Chlupac 1971
+
Subg. †Phacops (Pterygometopus) Schmidt 1881
Phacops alifrons McCoy 1851
Phacops breviceps Angelin 1854
Phacops circumspectans Paeckelmann 1913
Phacops fragosus Struve 1970
Phacops granulatus Munster 1840
+
Invalid names: Phacops posidoniae Gürich 1896 [synonym]
Phacops guranensis Maksimova 1969
Phacops iowensis Delo 1935
Phacops latifrons Bronn 1825
Phacops maurusius Alberti 1983
Phacops maximus Törnquist 1884
Phacops natlensis Perry and Chatterton 1976
Phacops ouarouroutensis Crônier et al. 2018
Phacops papulatus Richter and Richter 1943
Phacops postaltaicus Maksimova 1960
Phacops pronini Maksimova 1955
Phacops smoothops Chatterton et al. 2006
Phacops spedeni Chatterton 1971
Phacops tafilaltensis Crônier and Clarkson 2001
Phacops tamtertensis Cronier et al. 2013
Phacops transversalis Yi and Xiang 1975
Phacops turco Richter and Richter 1939
Phacops zeregensis Cronier et al. 2013
G. †Plagiolaria Kegel 1952
+
Plagiolaria kockeli Alberti 1968
G. †Rabienops Struve 1989
+
Rabienops evae Struve 1989
Rabienops horni Struve 1989
Rabienops wedekindi Richter and Richter 1926
G. †Rhinophacops Kaneko 1990
G. †Rhinoreedops Maksimova 1978
G. †Sambremeusaspis Lespérance and Sheehan 1987
+
Sambremeusaspis fossesensis Lespérance and Sheehan 1987
G. †Signatops Pribyl and Vanek 1971
G. †Teichertops Struve 1992
G. †Trifoliops Crônier 2003
+
Trifoliops cronierae Feist et al. 2016
Trifoliops trifolius Osmólska 1958
G. †Trimerocephalus M'Coy 1849
+
Trimerocephalus brevissimus Drevermann 1901
Trimerocephalus caecus Gürich 1896
Trimerocephalus chopini Kin and Blazejowski 2013
Trimerocephalus lelievrei Crônier and Feist 1997
Trimerocephalus lotzi Drevermann 1901
Trimerocephalus mimbi Feist et al. 2009
Trimerocephalus nigritus Crônier 2003
Trimerocephalus shotoriensis Feist et al. 2003
Trimerocephalus sulcatus Drevermann 1901
Trimerocephalus tardispinosus Feist and Becker 1997
Invalid names: Eutrimerocephalus Gortani 1907 [objective synonym]
G. †Zaplaops Baldis and Blasco 1976
Fm. †Pterygometopidae Reed 1905
+
G. †Calliops Delo 1935
+
Calliops annulatus Raymond 1905
Calliops armatus Ulrich and Delo 1940
Calliops brevipostica Cooper 1953
Calliops brevis Roy 1941
+
Invalid names: Eomonorachus deloi Roy 1941 [synonym]
Calliops mesleri Cooper 1953
Calliops troosti Safford and Vogdes 1889
Subfm. †Chasmopinae Pillet 1954
+
G. †Bolbochasmops McNamara 1980
G. †Chasmops M'Coy 1849
+
Chasmops extensa Boeck 1838
Chasmops inge Roomusoks 1953
Chasmops marginatus Schmidt 1881
Chasmops odini Eichwald 1860
Chasmops wesenbergensis Schmidt 1881
G. †Oculichasmops Rõõmusoks 1986
G. †Rollmops McNamara 1980
G. †Scopelochasmops McNamara 1980
+
Scopelochasmops cambrensis Whittington 1962
G. †Toxochasmops McNamara 1979
+
Subg. †Toxochasmops (Schmidtops) Roomusoks 1998
Subg. †Toxochasmops (Toxochasmops) McNamara 1979
G. †Uralops Antsygin 1970
G. †Valdariops Rõõmusoks 2000
+
Valdariops aliquantulus Rõõmusoks 2000
Valdariops angustus Rõõmusoks 2000
Valdariops eichwaldi Schmidt 1881
Valdariops kernuensis Rõõmusoks 2000
Subfm. †Eomonorachinae Pillet 1954
+
G. †Calyptaulax Cooper 1930
+
Calyptaulax angusta Cooper 1953
Calyptaulax annulata Raymond 1905
+
Invalid names: Calliops strasburgensis Ulrich and Delo 1940 [synonym], Pterygometopus gracilens Raymond 1925 [synonym]
Calyptaulax brongniartii Portlock 1843
Calyptaulax callirachis Cooper 1953
+
Invalid names: Calliops loxorachis Cooper 1953 [synonym]
Calyptaulax cornwalli Ross and Barnes 1967
Calyptaulax glabella Cooper 1930
Calyptaulax holstonensis Raymond 1925
Calyptaulax hunteri Reed 1914
Calyptaulax incepta Whittington 1965
Calyptaulax norvegicus Stormer 1945
G. †Denella Ludvigsen and Chatterton 1982
+
Denella cumera Ludvigsen and Chatterton 1982
Denella goodridgii Schuchert 1900
G. †Eomonorachus Delo 1935
+
Eomonorachus buttsi Cooper 1953
Eomonorachus divaricatus Frederickson 1964
Eomonorachus goodridgii Schuchert 1900
Eomonorachus intermedius Walcott 1879
G. †Liocnemis Kielan 1960
G. †Podowrinella Clarkson et al. 1977
+
G. †Sceptaspis Ludvigsen and Chatterton 1982
+
Sceptaspis lincolnensis Branson 1909
+
Invalid names: Calliops huronensis Okulitch 1942 [synonym], Calyptaulax calderi Wilson 1947 [synonym], Calyptaulax conjuens Foerste 1919 [synonym], Calyptaulax ottawanus Okulitch 1942 [synonym]
G. †Tricopelta Ludvigsen and Chatterton 1982
+
Tricopelta breviceps Hall 1872
Tricopelta mackenziensis Ludvigsen and Chatterton 1982
Subfm. †Monorakinae Kramarenko 1952
+
G. †Carinopyge Maksimova 1955
+
Carinopyge abscisa Maksimova 1955
Carinopyge fracta Masimova 1955
G. †Ceratevenkaspis Kramarenko 1952
+
Ceratevenkaspis armata Kramaranko 1952
Ceratevenkaspis parnaica Balashova 1960
Ceratevenkaspis pentagona Balashova 1960
Ceratevenkaspis taimyrica Balashova 1960
G. †Elasmaspis Kramarenko 1956
+
Elasmaspis speciosa Kramarenko 1956
G. †Evenkaspis Kramarenko 1952
+
Subg. †Evenkaspis (Evenkaspis) Kramarenko 1952
Subg. †Evenkaspis (Parevenkaspis) Kramarenko 1952
G. †Monorakos Schmidt 1886
+
Monorakos consimilis Semenova 1978
Monorakos kledos Ormiston 1978
Monorakos lopatini Schmidt 1886
Monorakos magnus Kramarenko 1952
Monorakos morkokensis Maksimova 1962
Monorakos mutabilis Kramarenko 1952
Monorakos ossacrum Kramarenko 1962
Monorakos planiusculus Kramarenko 1957
Monorakos planus Kramarenko 1957
Monorakos tunguskaensis Kramarenko 1952
G. †Parevenkaspis Kramarenko 1952
Subfm. †Pterygometopinae Reed 1905
+
G. †Achatella Delo 1935
+
Subg. †Achatella (Achatella) Delo 1935
Achatella achates Billings 1860
+
Invalid names: Pterygometopus billingsi Wilson 1947 [synonym]
Achatella katharina Bradley 1930
Achatella kuckersianus Schmidt 1881
Achatella schmidti Warburg 1925
Achatella truncatocaudata Portlock 1843
Invalid names: Vironiaspis Jaanusson and Ramsköld 1993 [synonym]
G. †Estoniops Mannil 1958
+
Estoniops alifrons McCoy 1851
Estoniops bekkeri Mannil 1958
Estoniops exilis Eichwald 1858
Estoniops fjaeckensis Jaanusson and Ramsköld 1993
Estoniops maennili Jaanusson and Ramsköld 1993
Estoniops oculeus Antsygin 1970
Estoniops panderi Schmidt 1881
Estoniops sandbyensis Olin 1906
G. †Ingriops Jaanusson and Ramskold 1993
+
Ingriops intermedius Schmidt 1881
Ingriops trigonocephala Schmidt 1881
G. †Isalaux Frederickson and Pollack 1952
+
Isalaux canyonensis Frederickson and Pollack 1952
G. †Keilapyge Jaanusson and Ramsköld 1993
+
Keilapyge laevigatus Schmidt 1881
Keilapyge latus Antsygin 1970
G. †Oelandiops Jaanusson and Ramsköld 1993
+
Oelandiops mirificus Jaanusson and Ramsköld 1993
G. †Pterygometopus Schmidt 1881
+
Subg. †Pterygometopus (Pterygometopus) Schmidt 1881
Pterygometopus recurvus Brogger 1887
Pterygometopus schmidti Warburg 1925
Pterygometopus sclerops Dalman 1827
G. †Upplandiops Jaanusson and Ramsköld 1993
+
Upplandiops calvus Jaanusson and Ramsköld 1993
G. †Yanhaoia Zhou et al. 1998
+
G. †Truncatometopus Pillet 1960
G. †Volkops Struve 1959
+
Volkops volki Struve 1959
G. †Yankaoia Zhou et al. 1998
Invalid names: Creatarginae Tripp 1957 [empty]
Fm. †Prosopiscidae Fortey and Shergold 1984
hide
G. †Prosopiscus Salter 1865
+
Prosopiscus praecox Fortey and Shergold 1984
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: low Mg calcitec
Composition 2: chitinc
Ontogeny: molting, addition of partsc
Environment: marinec
Locomotion: fast-movingc
Life habit: low-level epifaunalc
Diet: carnivoresubo
Created: 2012-08-27 22:18:01
Modified: 2012-08-27 07:18:01
Source: subo = suborder, c = class
References: Aberhan et al. 2004, Fortey and Owens 1999

Age range: base of the Paibian to the top of the Hastarian or 497.00000 to 353.80000 Ma

Collections (2711 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Paibian497.0 - 494.0China (Hunan) Olenus punctatus (126142 126145)
Ibexian487.5 - 470.0USA (Nevada) Calyptaulax sp. (104439)
Tremadocian485.4 - 477.7Morocco (Anti-Atlas) Toletanaspis sp. (166727)
Arenig478.6 - 466.0United Kingdom (England) Ormathops sp. (3704 3706)
Arenig478.6 - 466.0Australia (Queensland) Prosopiscus sp., Prosopiscus praecox (157053)
Arenig478.6 - 466.0China (Xinjiang) Yanhaoia huayinshanensis (170839)
Arenig478.6 - 466.0China (GanSu) Dalmanitina sp. (8575)
Arenig478.6 - 466.0Morocco Pterygometopus sp. (20979)
Arenig478.6 - 466.0Australia (Northern Territory) Prosopiscus praecox (157079) Prosopiscus sp. (157077) Prosopiscus sp., Prosopiscus praecox (157076)
Arenig478.6 - 466.0China (YunNan) Prosopiscus sp. (7734)

Youngest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state PBDB collection number
Late/Upper Famennian364.7 - 360.7Poland (Swietokrzyskie) Phacops granulatus (223416)
Late/Upper Famennian364.7 - 360.7China (Guizhou) Dianops guizhouensis (3954) Phacops granulatus (218957 218958) Phacops guilinensis (234696)
Late/Upper Famennian364.7 - 360.7Belgium (Namur) Phacops accipitrinus (223663)
Late/Upper Famennian364.7 - 360.7Czech Republic Phacops granulatus, Phacops accipitrinus, Phacops wedekindi (218975) Phacops granulatus, Phacops wedekindi (234673)
Late/Upper Famennian364.7 - 360.7China (Xinjiang) Omegops honggulelengensis (234672)
Late/Upper Famennian364.7 - 360.7Morocco Phacops tafilaltensis, Dianops sp. (223413 223414)
Late/Upper Famennian364.7 - 360.7Poland Dianops anophthalmus (134803)
Late/Upper Famennian364.7 - 360.7Iran (Alborz) Omegops tilabadensis (234970 234971 234973 234974)
Late/Upper Famennian364.7 - 360.7Germany (Thuringia) Phacops ensae (234938)
Hastarian358.9 - 353.8France Phacops sp. (38642)