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Murchisonioidea

Gastropoda - Murchisoniina

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1896Murchisoniacea Koken
1960Murchisoniacea Knight et al. p. 291
1988Murchisonioidea Ponder and Warén p. 293
1999Murchisonioidea Wagner
2003Murchisonioidea Jeffery
2005Murchisonioidea Bouchet et al. p. 244

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
superphylumLophotrochozoa
RankNameAuthor
phylumMollusca
classGastropoda
subclassOrthogastropoda
orderMurchisoniina
superfamilyMurchisonioidea()
superfamilyMurchisonioidea()

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Superfm. †Murchisonioidea Koken 1896
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Fm. †Cheeneetnukiidae Blodgett and Cook 2002
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G. †Cheeneetnukia Blodgett and Cook 2002
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Cheeneetnukia australis Blodgett and Cook 2002
Cheeneetnukia frydai Blodgett and Cook 2002
Cheeneetnukia seminodosa Grüneberg 1927
Cheeneetnukia spinosa Phillips 1841
+
Murchisonia spinosa spinosa Phillips 1841
Wuxuanella spinosa turboides Winterfeld 1894
G. †Pingtianispira Cook and Pan 2004
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Pingtianispira tuberculata Cook and Pan 2004
G. †Ulungaratoconcha Blodgett and Cook 2002
+
Ulungaratoconcha bicoronata Paeckelmann 1922
Ulungaratoconcha bigranulosa d’Archiac and de Verneuil 1842
Ulungaratoconcha binodosa d’Archiac and de Verneuil 1842
Ulungaratoconcha bononi Tassell 1982
Ulungaratoconcha coronata d’Archiac and de Verneuil 1842
Ulungaratoconcha heidelbergeri Blodgett and Cook 2002
Ulungaratoconcha intermedia d’Archiac and de Verneuil 1842
Ulungaratoconcha lennensis Heidelberger and Koch 2005
Fm. †Hormotomidae Wenz 1938
+
G. †Catazone Perner 1907
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Catazone apate Perner 1907
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Invalid names: Murchisonia (Catazone) fraterna Perner 1907 [synonym]
Catazone argolis Perner 1907
Catazone boylei Nicholson 1875
Catazone changningensis Xi and Yu 1990
Catazone cingulata Hisinger 1829
Catazone compressa Lindström 1884
Catazone cuneus Perner 1907
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Invalid names: Murchisonia (Catazone) simulans Perner 1907 [synonym]
Catazone demidoffi Murchison et al. 1845
Catazone egregium Billings 1874
Catazone eversolensis Stauffer 1909
Catazone latona Perner 1907
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Invalid names: Catazone coarctata Perner 1907 [synonym]
Catazone nevadana Blodgett and Johnson 1992
Catazone podolica Wenjukov 1899
Catazone robustula Perner 1907
Catazone styloidea Perner 1907
G. †Coelocaulus Oehlert and Oehlert 1888
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Coelocaulus alceste Perner 1907
Coelocaulus chlupaci Horný 1953
Coelocaulus clavata Perner 1907
Coelocaulus columna Perner 1907
Coelocaulus cybele Perner 1907
+
Invalid names: Coelocaulus considerata Perner 1907 [synonym], Coelocaulus crispa Perner 1907 [synonym], Coelocaulus mamillaris Perner 1907 [synonym]
Coelocaulus davidsoni Oehlert 1877
Coelocaulus decipiens Perner 1907
Coelocaulus estella Billings 1865
Coelocaulus fugitiva Perner 1903
Coelocaulus karlae Rohr et al. 2003
Coelocaulus lebescontei Oehlert and Oehlert 1888
Coelocaulus linearis Billings 1859
Coelocaulus perlonga Perner 1907
Coelocaulus pollens Perner 1907
Coelocaulus sana Perner 1907
Coelocaulus strebloceras Clarke 1907
Coelocaulus zonaria Perner 1907
Invalid names: Coelidium Clarke and Ruedemann 1903 [objective synonym]
G. †Diplozone Perner 1907
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Diplozone attava Perner 1907
Diplozone innocens Perner 1907
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Invalid names: Diplozone redux Perner 1907 [synonym]
Diplozone retusa Perner 1907
Diplozone zeuneri Roemer 1852
Invalid names: Branzovya Horný 1994 [synonym]
G. †Gyrodoma Etheridge 1898
+
Gyrodoma etheridgei Cresswell 1893
Gyrodoma marylandica Clarke and Swartz 1913
G. †Hormotoma Salter 1859
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Hormotoma aculeata Billings 1866
Hormotoma acuminata Parks 1915
Hormotoma agilis Billings 1865
Hormotoma altesinuata Koken and Perner 1925
Hormotoma amii McLearn 1924
Hormotoma anna Billings 1859
Hormotoma antiqua Peel 1977
Hormotoma artemesia Billings 1865
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Invalid names: Hormotoma powellensis Cullison 1944 [synonym]
Hormotoma articulata Murchison 1839
Hormotoma bilineata Flower 1968
Hormotoma bistriata Clarke and Swartz 1913
Hormotoma cassina Whitfield 1897
Hormotoma centervillensis Foerste 1923
Hormotoma concinnus Horný 1952
Hormotoma confusa Whitfield 1889
Hormotoma cotterensis Cullison 1944
Hormotoma doquieri Grabau 1922
Hormotoma dubia Donald 1899
Hormotoma dubia Cullison 1944
Hormotoma exilis d'Eichwald 1860
Hormotoma fascinata Ulrich and Scofield 1897
Hormotoma funata Billings 1866
Hormotoma gigantea Billings 1857
Hormotoma gracilens Whitfield 1889
Hormotoma gracilis Hall 1847
+
Hormotoma gracilis goodhuensis Ulrich and Scofield 1897
Hormotoma gracilis sublaxa Ulrich and Scofield 1897
Hormotoma gracilis multivolvis Ulrich and Scofield 1897
Hormotoma gracillima Murchison 1859
Hormotoma grayiana Donald 1899
Hormotoma hyale Billings 1865
Hormotoma inceptor Longstaff 1909
Hormotoma insignis d'Eichwald 1860
Hormotoma latifasciatum Etheridge 1878
Hormotoma lutiensis Cullison 1944
Hormotoma meryenorfi Koken 1897
Hormotoma meyendorfi Koken 1897
Hormotoma minnesotensis Ulrich and Scofield 1897
Hormotoma moderata Flower 1968
Hormotoma multivolvis Billings 1857
Hormotoma neglecta Ulrich and Scofield 1897
Hormotoma nigra Longstaff 1924
Hormotoma oehlerti Ulrich and Scofield 1897
Hormotoma ordovix Donald 1902
Hormotoma piperi Donald 1899
Hormotoma polita Donald 1902
+
Invalid names: Turritoma pinguis Donald 1902 [synonym]
Hormotoma prava Whitfield 1886
Hormotoma robusta Donald 1902
Hormotoma rudis d'Eichwald 1860
Hormotoma scrobiculata Koken 1897
Hormotoma simplex Wilson 1932
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Invalid names: Hormotoma infrequens Billings 1859 [synonym]
Hormotoma striatula Longstaff 1924
Hormotoma subangulata Ulrich and Scofield 1897
Hormotoma tenuifilosa Donald 1906
Hormotoma teretiformis Billings 1857
Hormotoma vesta Billings 1865
Hormotoma wilsoni Okulitch 1935
Hormotoma winnipegensis Whiteaves 1897
G. †Hormotomina Grabau and Shimer 1909
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Hormotomina fiacrensis Blodgett et al. 1999
Hormotomina linsleyi Fagerstrom 1961
Hormotomina maia Hall 1861
Hormotomina penduliobesa Linsley 1968
G. †Medfracaulus Rohr et al. 2003
+
Medfracaulus contracta Perner 1907
Medfracaulus cooki Rohr et al. 2003
Medfracaulus turriformis Chernyshev 1893
G. †Plethospira Ulrich and Scofield 1897
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Plethospira arenaria Billings 1859
Plethospira caledoniensis Longstaff 1924
Plethospira cannonensis Stauffer 1937
Plethospira cassina Whitfield 1886
+
Invalid names: Plethospira subangulata Flower 1968 [synonym]
Plethospira difficilis Whitfield 1890
Plethospira extensa Heller 1954
Plethospira floweri Fortey and Peel 1990
Plethospira rotunda Flower 1968
Invalid names: Seelya Ulrich and Scofield 1897 [synonym]
G. †Ptychocaulus Perner 1907
+
Ptychocaulus crumena Perner 1907
Ptychocaulus magna Karczewski 1980
Ptychocaulus rodneyi Rohr 1980
Ptychocaulus verneuili Koken 1889
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Invalid names: Ptychocaulus approximans Perner 1907 [synonym], Ptychocaulus brevicona Perner 1907 [synonym]
G. †Kosovoconcha Frýda 1998
G. †Mendelia Frýda 1998
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Mendelia lata Frýda 1998
Fm. †Murchisoniidae Koken 1896
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G. †Anarconcha Horný 1964
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Anarconcha pulchra Perner 1903
G. †Barroisocaulus Gubanov et al. 1995
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Barroisocaulus asiatica Gubanov et al. 1995
Barroisocaulus davyi Barrois 1889
Barroisocaulus kayseri Spitz 1907
Barroisocaulus oliveri Gubanov et al. 1995
G. †Bellazona Gordon and Yochelson 1987
+
Bellazona acuta Mazaev 2019
Bellazona bella Walcott 1884
Bellazona polita Gordon and Yochelson 1987
G. †Biangularia Spitz 1907
+
Biangularia frechi Spitz 1907
G. †Brilonella Kayser 1873
+
Brilonella serpens Kayser 1872
G. †Cyrtostropha Donald 1902
+
Cyrtostropha bicincta M'Coy 1844
Cyrtostropha cava Lindström 1884
Cyrtostropha coralli de Sowerby and Murchison 1839
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Invalid names: Cyrtostropha loganii Hall 1852 [synonym]
Cyrtostropha monoliniformis Lindström 1884
Cyrtostropha morinensis Horný 1952
Cyrtostropha obscura Portlock 1843
Cyrtostropha pacifica Perner 1907
Cyrtostropha salteri Ulrich and Scofield 1897
+
Hormotoma salteri nitida Ulrich and Scofield 1897
Hormotoma salteri tennesseensis Ulrich and Scofield 1897
Invalid names: Cyrtostropha fasciata Branson 1909 [synonym], Hormotoma groenlandica Troedsson 1928 [synonym]
Cyrtostropha salteri canadensis Ulrich and Scofield 1897
Cyrtostropha scitula Donald 1902
Cyrtostropha sculpta Perner 1907
Cyrtostropha subplicata Lindström 1884
Cyrtostropha torquata M'Coy 1851
G. †Devonocerithioides Heidelberger 2001
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Devonocerithioides gracilis Heidelberger 2001
G. †Domiporta Mawson et al. 2002
+
Domiporta laxa Mawson et al. 2002
G. †Eohormotomina Frey et al. 2014
+
Eohormotomina restisevoluta Frey et al. 2014
G. †Farewellia Frýda and Blodgett 2004
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Farewellia heidelbergerae Frýda and Blodgett 2004
G. †Glyphodeta Donald 1895
+
Glyphodeta zonata Donald 1887
Murchisonia (Glyphodeta) fimbricarinata Young and Armstrong 1874
G. †Helicospira Girty 1915
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Helicospira buttersi Girty 1912
G. †Kaseiella Frýda 1998
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Kaseiella laudabilis Perner 1907
G. †Leptorima Perner 1907
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Leptorima oehlerti Perner 1903
Leptorima townsendii Whiteaves 1895
G. †Lodanaria Dahmer 1925
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Lodanaria ecclesiae Clarke and Swartz 1913
Lodanaria floryi Blodgett and Johnson 1992
Lodanaria munda Dahmer 1925
Lodanaria quadricarinata Stauffer 1909
G. †Mesocoelia Perner 1907
+
Mesocoelia delicata Perner 1907
Mesocoelia discrepans Perner 1907
Mesocoelia gregaria Ruedemann 1916
Mesocoelia iners Perner 1907
Mesocoelia janus Perner 1907
Mesocoelia libera Perner 1907
Mesocoelia obstipisutura Linsley 1968
Mesocoelia priscum Münster 1840
Mesocoelia quarki Tassell 1982
Mesocoelia suspecta Perner 1907
Mesocoelia terebrans Perner 1907
G. †Michelia Roemer 1855
+
Michelia compacta Hall 1859
Michelia cylindrica Roemer 1855
Michelia darwini de Koninck 1876
Michelia persimilis Poulsen 1974
Michelia planogyrata Hall 1859
Michelia tenera Perner 1907
Michelia tenue Clarke 1907
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Invalid names: Michelia tenuella Williams and Breger 1916 [synonym]
Michelia whiteavesi Clarke and Ruedemann 1903
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Invalid names: Michelia attenuata Lindström 1884 [replaced]
Invalid names: Melissosoa Clarke 1909 [synonym], Sinuspira Perner 1907 [synonym]
G. †Micheliopsis Termier and Termier 1977
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Micheliopsis lapparenti Termier and Termier 1977
G. †Micrentoma Donald 1898
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Micrentoma nana de Koninck 1881
Micrentoma yunnanensis Mansuy 1919
G. †Morania Horný 1953
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Morania altevittata Spitz 1907
Morania attenuatum Lindström 1884
Morania boltoni Peel 1975
Morania declivis Perner 1903
Morania griffithi Donald 1899
Morania nixonforkensis Rohr et al. 2008
Morania paradoxa Lindström 1884
Morania vsinuata Horný 1953
Morania wagneri Rohr et al. 2008
Invalid names: Wenziella Frýda 1998 [synonym]
G. †Murchisonia d'Archiac and de Verneuil 1841
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Subg. †Murchisonia (Goniospira) Donald 1902
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Subg. †Murchisonia (Ostioma) Tassell 1980
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Ostioma albanica Tassell 1980
Ostioma bloomfieldia Tassell 1980
Murchisonia aciculata Hall 1860
Murchisonia akidota Linsley 1968
Murchisonia allevata Perner 1907
Murchisonia anderdoniae Linsley 1968
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Invalid names: Murchisonia tricarinata Sherzer and Grabau 1910 [replaced]
Murchisonia anglica d'Orbigny 1850
Murchisonia angulata von Schlotheim 1820
Murchisonia angustetaeniata Paeckelmann 1922
Murchisonia archiaci Paeckelmann 1922
Murchisonia arctica Tolmachoff 1930
Murchisonia auctor Mawson et al. 2002
Murchisonia basalestriata Heidelberger 2001
Murchisonia bassensis Tassell 1978
Murchisonia biarmica Kutorga 1842
Murchisonia bilineata Dechen 1832
Murchisonia brevis Roemer 1856
+
Invalid names: Pleurotomaria bilineata Sandberger and Sandberger 1853 [replaced]
Murchisonia cambria Donald 1905
Murchisonia cicela Billings 1865
Murchisonia concava Spitz 1907
Murchisonia conradi Hall 1868
Murchisonia convexa Spitz 1907
Murchisonia declivisdiot Perner 1903
Murchisonia deflexa Lindström 1884
Murchisonia defrancei d’Archiac and de Verneuil 1842
Murchisonia delagei Munier-Chalmas 1876
Murchisonia deludisubzona Linsley 1968
Murchisonia dornapica Heidelberger and Amler 2002
Murchisonia dowlingii Whiteaves 1892
Murchisonia dublinensis Stauffer 1909
Murchisonia dudleyensis Donald 1902
Murchisonia eichwaldi Koken 1889
Murchisonia elegans Sollas 1879
Murchisonia fornicata Spitz 1907
Murchisonia fusiformis Phillips 1836
+
Invalid names: Murchisonia humboldtiana de Koninck 1844 [synonym], Murchisonia josepha Goldfuss 1844 [synonym]
Murchisonia gourvenneci Blodgett et al. 2003
Murchisonia gracilicrista Linsley 1968
Murchisonia gracilis Goldfuss 1844
Murchisonia gubleri Delpey 1941
Murchisonia hebe Billings 1874
Murchisonia hercynica Römer 1843
Murchisonia holynensis Frýda and Manda 1997
Murchisonia intermedia Stauffer 1909
Murchisonia jackjelli Cook 1997
Murchisonia kanekoi Kase and Nishida 1986
Murchisonia kirchnera Heidelberger 2001
Murchisonia laphami Hall 1860
Murchisonia lawlessi Cook and Camilleri 1997
Murchisonia leda Hall 1861
Murchisonia liufengshanensis Cook and Pan 2004
Murchisonia lochkoviensis Frýda and Manda 1997
Murchisonia lohrheimi Heidelberger 2001
Murchisonia marri Donald 1895
Murchisonia megathanae Blodgett and Johnson 1992
Murchisonia micula Miller 1877
Murchisonia minuta Grabau and Sherzer 1910
Murchisonia mylitta Billings 1865
Murchisonia nerinea Sandberger and Sandberger 1855
Murchisonia obesa Whidborne 1892
Murchisonia obtusangula Lindström 1884
Murchisonia oegensis Heidelberger and Koch 2005
Murchisonia oehlerti Blodgett et al. 1999
Murchisonia padangensis Fliegel 1901
Murchisonia paeckelmanni Heidelberger and Koch 2005
Murchisonia pagodeformis Kirchner 1915
Murchisonia petila Hall and Whitfield 1872
Murchisonia placida Billings 1865
Murchisonia plumleyi Blodgett 1992
Murchisonia pragensis Frýda and Manda 1997
Murchisonia pritchardi Etheridge 1898
Murchisonia pygmaea Rowley 1895
Murchisonia reverdyi Oehlert 1877
Murchisonia rotundata Spitz 1907
Murchisonia sandbergeri Paeckelmann 1922
Murchisonia sandbergi Paeckelmann 1922
Murchisonia selenalta Heidelberger 2001
Murchisonia sera Böhm 1895
Murchisonia sibleyensis Linsley 1968
Murchisonia similis Trenkner 1868
Murchisonia sphaerulata Donald 1887
Murchisonia steltenbergensis Heidelberger and Koch 2005
Murchisonia steltenbergensis monocincta Heidelberger and Koch 2005
Murchisonia subcarinata Sherzer and Grabau 1910
Murchisonia subeuglypha Krumbeck 1924
Murchisonia subornata de Koninck 1883
Murchisonia subulata Conrad 1842
Murchisonia taltiensis Tschernischeff 1893
Murchisonia tenuissima Donald 1887
Murchisonia tillesae Blodgett and Johnson 1992
Murchisonia timorensis Krumbeck 1924
Murchisonia tricincta d’Archiac and de Verneuil 1842
Murchisonia trilineata Sandberger and Sandberger 1854
Murchisonia turbinata Bronn 1856
Murchisonia turriformis Grünberg 1927
Murchisonia turris de Koninck 1876
Murchisonia vicariana Whidborne 1892
Murchisonia vincta Hall 1856
Murchisonia wandovalensis Cook and Camilleri 1997
Murchisonia xanthippe Billings 1865
Murchisonia zimmermanni Heidelberger and Koch 2005
Invalid names: Goniostropha Oehlert and Oehlert 1888 [synonym]
G. †Parahormotomina Blodgett et al. 1999
+
Parahormotomina sibertae Blodgett et al. 1999
G. †Predazzella Monari and Dellantonio 2024
+
Predazzella avisii Böhm 1895
Predazzella elongata Monari and Dellantonio 2024
G. †Protospira Ruedemann 1916
G. †Pseudoaclisina Yoo 1994
+
G. †Vladanella Horný 1992
+
Vladanella avia Horný 1992
Vladanella enigma Horný 1992
Vladanella lirata Tyler 1965
Vladanella mariannae Horný 1992
G. †Wuxuanella Cook and Pan 2004
+
Wuxuanella hibernia Heidelberger 2001
Wuxuanella liufengshanensis Cook and Pan 2004
Wuxuanella nodusa Cook and Pan 2004
Wuxuanella pseudobinodosa Heidelberger 2001
Wuxuanella spinacavus Heidelberger 2001
Fm. †Plethospiridae Wenz 1938
+
G. †Kirkospira Rohr and Blodgett 2001
+
Kirkospira glacialis Rohr and Blodgett 2001
Kirkospira lindstroemi Oehlert and Oehlert 1888
Kirkospira tongassensis Rohr and Blodgett 2008
Kirkospira vitellia Billings 1865
Invalid names: Baichtalia Rohr and Blodgett 2008 [synonym]
G. †Moenaspira Monari and Dellantonio 2024
+
Moenaspira crassa Monari and Dellantonio 2024
Moenaspira magna Böhm 1895
+
Invalid names: Worthenia picardi Assmann 1937 [synonym]
G. †Wortheniopsis Böhm 1895
+
Wortheniopsis acuta Nützel et al. 2018
Wortheniopsis quirinii Stoppani 1858
+
Invalid names: Turbo funiculatus Stoppani 1858 [synonym]
Invalid names: Murchisonietta Nützel et al. 2018 [synonym]
Invalid names: Plethospirinae Wenz 1938 [empty]
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
partNmeanminimummaximummedians.d.
shell height263.630.0135.082.574.2
shell diameter225.014.543.028.820.2

Composition: aragoniteo
Locomotion: facultatively mobilesuperf
Life habit: epifaunalsuperf
Diet: suspension feedersuperf
Vision: limitedo
Created: 2009-09-21 10:43:51
Modified: 2009-09-21 12:43:51
Source: superf = superfamily, o = order
Reference: Bambach et al. 2007

Age range: base of the Tulean to the top of the Hauterivian or 480.80000 to 129.40000 Ma

Collections (919 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Tremadoc486.5 - 477.7USA (Montana) Plethospira sp. (275)
Tremadoc486.5 - 477.7China (Hebei) Hormotoma doquieri (222590)
Tremadoc486.5 - 477.7China (HeBei) Murchisonia sp. (7983)
Tremadoc - Floian486.5 - 470.0USA (Utah) Plethospira sp. (154882)
Migneintian485.4 - 478.6USA (Missouri) Hormotoma gracilis (50204) Plethospira extensa (50202)
Stairsian485.4 - 478.6USA (Vermont) Murchisonia confusa (154943) Murchisonia gracilens (154942)
Stairsian485.4 - 478.6USA (New York) Plethospira bilineata, Plethospira subangulata (289)
Tremadocian485.4 - 477.7Greenland Hormotoma sp. (181518)
Stairsian - Tulean485.4 - 474.9United Kingdom (Scotland) Murchisonia gracillima (188696)
Early/Lower Ordovician485.4 - 470.0Svalbard and Jan Mayen Hormotoma sp. (212592 212593)

Youngest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state PBDB collection number
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Bosnia and Herzegovina Murchisonia sp. (206730)
Bithynian247.2 - 242.0Romania Murchisonietta acuta (197722) Wortheniopsis sp. (197724)
Illyrian247.2 - 242.0Italy Moenaspira crassa (233845) Moenaspira magna (233833 233843 233846) Moenaspira magna, Moenaspira crassa (233835 233836 233837 233840 233841 233842) Wortheniopsis margarethae (233850 233854 233855 233858) Wortheniopsis margarethae, Moenaspira crassa, Predazzella elongata (233832) Wortheniopsis margarethae, Moenaspira magna (233844 233860) Wortheniopsis margarethae, Moenaspira magna, Moenaspira crassa (233838) Wortheniopsis margarethae, Predazzella sp., Predazzella elongata (233859)
Pelsonian247.2 - 242.0Hungary (Bakony) Murchisonia hungarica (203218)
Pelsonian - Illyrian247.2 - 242.0China (Guizhou) Murchisoniidae indet. (31618 31619 31620 31621 31623 31624 31625)
Ladinian242.0 - 237.0Italy Worthenia magna (138257) Wortheniopsis margarethae, Murchisonia sera (138256) Wortheniopsis margarethae, Murchisonia sera, Cheilotoma avisii (138255)
Carnian - Norian237.0 - 208.5Indonesia (Timor) Murchisonia timorensis (205174) Murchisonia timorensis, Murchisonia subeuglypha (205303)
Julian235.0 - 232.0Italy Cerithium acutum, Trochus tristriatus, Trochus bipunctatus, Pleurotoma blumi (137429) Murchisonia acuta, Murchisonia subgranulata, Murchisonia calosoma, Murchisonia tristriata (144631) Pleurotomaria obtusa (145649)
Norian228.0 - 208.5Hungary Wortheniopsis budensis (73279)
Hauterivian132.9 - 129.4Switzerland Pleurotomaria defrancii (2198)