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Ornithodira (ornithodiran)

Reptilia

Sister taxa
Dinosauromorpha, Pterosauromorpha

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1986Ornithodira Gauthier p. 54 fig. 8
1990Ornithodira Benton p. 13
1990Ornithodira Sereno and Arcucci p. 39 fig. 7
1991Ornithodira Sereno p. 27
1993Ornithodira Parrish p. 290 fig. 1
1995Ornithodira Long and Murry p. 171
2010Ornithodira Nesbitt et al. p. 95
2011Ornithodira Nesbitt p. 206 fig. 52
2011Ornithodira Novas et al. p. 335

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1874
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
subclassSarcopterygii()
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
subclassAmphibiosauriaKuhn 1967
RankNameAuthor
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
Archosauromorpha(Huene 1946)
Crocopoda
ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
Eucrocopoda
Archosauria()
informalAvemetatarsalia
Ornithodira
Ornithodira

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Unr. Ornithodira Gauthier 1986 [ornithodiran]
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Unr. Dinosauromorpha Benton 1985
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Unr. Dinosauriformes Novas 1992
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Unr. Dinosauria Owen 1842 [dinosaur]
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G. †Ancistrodon Huxley 1865 [cottonmouth]
Fm. †Dictyoolithidae Zhao 1994
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G. †Dictyoolithus Zhao 1994
G. †Paradictyoolithus Wang et al. 2012
G. †Protodictyoolithus Wang et al. 2012
Fm. †Dongyangoolithidae Zhang et al. 2019
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G. †Dongyangoolithus Jin 2008
G. †Multifissoolithus Zhang et al. 2019
Fm. †Fusioolithidae Fernández and Khosla 2015
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G. †Fusioolithus Fernández and Khosla 2015
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Invalid names: Patagoolithus Simón 2006 [synonym]
G. †Lagunculapes Hitchcock 1858
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Lagunculapes latus Hitchcock 1858
G. †Mosaicoolithus Wang et al. 2011
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Mosaicoolithus zhangtoucaoensis Fang et al. 2000
G. †Nyasasaurus Charig 1967
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Nyasasaurus cromptoni Charig 1967
Nyasasaurus parringtoni Nesbitt et al. 2013
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Invalid names: Thecodontosaurus alophos Haughton 1932 [synonym]
Superor. †Paleodinosauria Paul 1988
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Invalid names: Staurikosauria Paul 1988 [empty]
G. †Plectropterna Hitchcock 1845
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Plectropterna angusta Hitchcock 1858
Plectropterna elegans Hitchcock 1889
Plectropterna gracilis Hitchcock 1858
Plectropterna lineans Hitchcock 1858
Plectropterna minitans Hitchcock 1837
Invalid names: Tarsoplectrus Lull 1904 [synonym]
Fm. †Polyclonoolithidae Xie et al. 2016
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G. †Polyclonoolithus Xie et al. 2016
Subor. †Praepubici Jaekel 1910
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Invalid names: Gresslyosauridae Arldt 1909 [empty]
Fm. †Prismatoolithidae Hirsch 1994
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G. †Laiyangoolithus Wang et al. 2018
G. †Preprismatoolithus Zelenitsky and Hills 1996
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Invalid names: Prismatoolithus Hirsch 1994 [replaced]
G. †Prismatoolithus Zhao and Li 1993
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Invalid names: Prismatoolithus Vianey-Liaud and Crochet 1994 [synonym]
G. †Protoceratopsidovum Mikhailov 1994
G. †Sankofa López-Martínez and Vicens 2012
G. †Spheruprismatoolithus Bray 1999
G. †Trigonoolithus Moreno-Azanza et al. 2014
Unr. Saurischia Seeley 1888 [saurischian]
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G. †Alwalkeria Chatterjee and Creisler 1994
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Invalid names: Walkeria Chatterjee 1987 [replaced]
G. †Anatopus Lapparent and Montenat 1967
G. †Anticheiropus Hitchcock 1865
G. †Argoides Hitchcock 1845
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Invalid names: Argozoum Hitchcock 1848 [synonym]
G. †Avalonianus Kuhn 1961
G. †Coelurosaurichnus Huene 1941
G. †Deuterotetrapous Nopcsa 1923
Unr. Eusaurischia Padian et al. 1999
G. †Nhandumirim Marsola et al. 2019
Subor. †Palaeopoda Colbert 1964
G. †Parachirotherium Kuhn 1958
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Invalid names: Dinosaurichnium Rehnelt 1950 [synonym]
G. †Platypterna Hitchcock 1845
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Invalid names: Calopus Hitchcock 1845 [synonym], Harpedactylus Hitchcock 1845 [synonym]
G. †Plesiornis Hitchcock 1858
G. †Saurichnium Gürich 1926
G. †Saurischichnus Huene 1941
Unr. †Sauropoda Marsh 1878 [sauropod]
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Invalid names: Allophagi Jaekel 1914 [synonym], Cetiosauria Seeley 1874 [synonym], Opisthocoelia Owen 1859 [synonym]
G. †Trihamus Hitchcock 1862
G. †Trimabus Hitchcock 1865
Invalid names: Aristosuchia Seeley 1892 [empty], Pachypodes Meyer 1845 [synonym], Pachypodosauria Huene 1914 [empty], Pachypodosauroidea Nopcsa 1928 [empty], Streptospondylus recentior Owen 1851 [nomen dubium], Thecospondylus Seeley 1882 [nomen dubium]
Fm. †Similifaveoloolithidae Wang et al. 2011
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G. †Similifaveoloolithus Wang et al. 2011
Fm. †Stalicoolithidae Wang et al. 2012
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G. †Coralloidoolithus Wang et al. 2012
G. †Shixingoolithus Zhao et al. 1991
G. †Stalicoolithus Wang et al. 2012
Or. Theropoda Marsh 1881 [theropod]
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G. †Ageroolithus Vianey-Liaud and López-Martínez 1997
G. †Altispinax Huene 1923
Fm. †Anchisauripodidae Lull 1904
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Invalid names: Otouphepodidae Lull 1915 [synonym]
G. †Boutakioutichnium Nouri et al. 2011
G. †Byakudansauropus Azuma and Takeyama 1991
G. †Carmelopodus Lockley et al. 1998
Subor. †Ceratosauria Marsh 1884 [ceratosaur]
G. †Chindesaurus Long and Murry 1995
G. †Corpulentapus Li et al. 2011
G. †Daemonosaurus Sues et al. 2011
G. †Dispersituberoolithus Zelenitsky et al. 1996
Fm. †Elongatoolithidae Zhao 1975
G. †Eodromaeus Martinez et al. 2011
G. †Erythrovenator Müller 2020
Fm. †Eubrontidae Lull 1904
G. †Eutynichnium Nopcsa 1923
G. †Fenestrosaurus Osborn 1924
G. †Filichnites Moratalla 2015
G. †Fuscinapedis Lee 1997
Fm. †Grallatoridae Lull 1904
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Invalid names: Anchisauropodidae Lull 1904 [synonym]
G. †Gypsichnites Sternberg 1932
G. †Hadrosaurichnus Alonso 1980
Fm. †Herrerasauridae Benedetto 1973 [herrerasaurid]
G. †Himeoolithus Tanaka et al. 2020
G. †Hispanosauropus Mensink and Mertmann 1984
G. †Hunanpus Zeng 1982
G. †Iberosauripus Cobos et al. 2014
G. †Iranosauripus Lapparent and Nowgol Sadat 1975
G. †Irenesauripus Sternberg 1932
G. †Itsukisauropus Azuma and Takeyama 1991
G. †Jialingpus Zhen et al. 1983
G. †Kalohipus Fuentes Vidarte and Meijide Calvo 1998
G. †Kayentapus Welles 1971
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Invalid names: Schizograllator Zhen et al. 1986 [synonym]
G. †Kuwajimasauropus Azuma and Takeyama 1991
Fm. †Laevisoolithidae Mikhailov 1991
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Invalid names: Subtiliolithidae Mikhailov 1991 [synonym]
G. †Megalosauropus Colbert and Merrilees 1967
G. †Moraesichnium Leonardi 1979
Unr. Neotheropoda Bakker 1986 [neotheropod]
G. †Nipponoolithus Tanaka et al. 2016
Fm. †Oblongoolithidae Mikhailov 1996
G. †Ordexallopus Lockley et al. 2018
G. †Ostendichnus Lockley et al. 2016
G. †Ovoraptor Osborn 1924
Or. †Paleotheropoda Paul 1988
G. †Paracorpulentapus Xing et al. 2014
G. †Paragrallator Lii and Zhang 2000
G. †Picunichnus Calvo 1991
G. †Plectropus Hitchcock 1845
G. †Protoavis Chatterjee 1991
G. †Prototrisauropodiscus Ellenberger 1972
G. †Reticuloolithus Zelenitsky and Sloboda 2005
G. †Salfitichnus Alonso and Marquillas 1986
G. †Sarmientichnus Casamiquela 1964
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Invalid names: Casamiquelichnus Coria and Paulina Carabajal 2004 [synonym]
Fm. †Sauropodidae Haubold 1969
G. †Selenichnus Hitchcock 1858
G. †Shuangbaisaurus Wang et al. 2017
G. †Siamopodus Lockley et al. 2006
G. †Sinosaurus Young 1940 [China lizard]
G. †Stillatuberoolithus Oser et al. 2021
Subor. †Symphypoda Cope 1867
G. †Tawa Nesbitt et al. 2009
G. †Therangospodus Lockley et al. 2000
G. †Triprismatoolithus Jackson and Varricchio 2010
G. †Tristraguloolithus Zelenitsky et al. 1996
G. †Tubercuoolithus Jackson and Varricchio 2010
G. †Wakinyantanka Lockley et al. 2014
G. †Wildeichnus Casamiquela 1964
G. †Xiangxipus Zeng 1982
G. †Yangtzepus Young 1960
G. †Yaverlandia Galton 1971
G. †Zhengichnus Zhen et al. 1986
Invalid names: Allosaurus sibiricus Riabinin 1915 [nomen dubium], Archaeornithoididae Elzanowski and Wellnhofer 1992 [empty], Avalonia Seeley 1898 [nomen dubium], Avipoda Novas 1992 [empty], Bradycnemidae Harrison and Walker 1975 [empty], Calamospondylus Lydekker 1889 [nomen dubium], Coeluroidae Hay 1930 [empty], Coeluroidea Nopcsa 1928 [empty], Compsognatha Huxley 1869 [empty], Deinocheirosauria Barsbold 1976 [empty], Deinodontia Flower 1929 [empty], Elaphrosaurus iguidiensis Lapparent 1957 [nomen dubium], Embasaurus Riabinin 1931 [nomen dubium], Eubrontes titanopelobatidus Shuler 1917 [nomen dubium], Gigandipodidae Lull 1904 [empty], Goniopoda Cope 1866 [synonym], Halticosaurus Huene 1908 [nomen dubium], Iliosuchidae Paul 1988 [empty], Kakuru Molnar and Pledge 1980 [nomen dubium], Kakuru kujani Molnar and Pledge 1980 [nomen dubium], Massospondylus rawesi Lydekker 1890 [nomen dubium], Megalosaurus cloacinus Quenstedt 1858 [nomen dubium], Megalosaurus hungaricus Nopcsa 1901 [nomen dubium], Megalosaurus insignis Eudes-Deslongchamps and Lennier 1870 [nomen dubium], Megalosaurus lydekkeri Huene 1926 [nomen dubium], Megalosaurus obtusus Henry 1876 [nomen dubium], Megalosaurus pombali Lapparent et al. 1951 [nomen dubium], Orcauichnites Llompart et al. 1984 [nomen dubium], Ornithoides Osborn 1924 [nomen nudum], Ornithopodichnites Llompart et al. 1984 [nomen dubium], Ostafrikasaurus Buffetaut 2013 [nomen dubium], Ozraptor Long and Molnar 1998 [nomen dubium], Parachirotheriidae Haubold 1969 [empty], Poekilopleuron schmidti Kiprianow 1883 [nomen dubium], Saurocephalus monasterii Münster 1846 [nomen dubium], Segisauridae Camp 1936 [empty], Selenichnidae Lull 1915 [empty], Sigilmassasauridae Russell 1996 [empty], Spinosauria Olshevsky 1991 [empty], Szechuanosaurus Young 1942 [nomen dubium], Trisauropodiscidae Lockley et al. 1992 [empty], Unenlagiidae Bonaparte 1999 [empty], Vitakrisauria Malkani 2010 [empty], Wakinosaurus Okazaki 1992 [nomen dubium], Walgettosuchus Huene 1932 [nomen dubium], Zanclodon cambrensis Newton 1899 [nomen dubium], Zanclodon silesiacus Jaekel 1910 [nomen dubium], Zanclodontoidae Hay 1930 [empty], Zhengichnus jinningensis Zhen et al. 1986 [nomen dubium]
G. †Toyamasauripus Matsukawa et al. 1997
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Toyamasauripus masuiae Matsukawa et al. 1997
G. †Xiphopeza Hitchcock 1848
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Xiphopeza triplex Hitchcock 1848
Fm. †Youngoolithidae Zhang 2010
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G. †Youngoolithus Zhao 1979
Invalid names: Astrodon pusillus Lapparent and Zbyszewski 1957 [nomen dubium], Carnosauriformes Cooper 1985 [empty], Diplodocia Tornier 1913 [empty], Dystrophaeidae Huene 1904 [empty], Eudinosauria Novas 1992 [synonym], Gigantosauropus Mensink and Mertmann 1984 [nomen dubium], Harpagosauria Haeckel 1866 [empty], Herreravia Paul 1988 [empty], Huanglongpus Yang and Yang 1987 [nomen dubium], Iguanodonichnus Casamiquela and Fasola 1968 [nomen dubium], Megalosauridae Fitzinger 1843 [empty], Mirsosauropus Dzhailov and Novikov 1993 [nomen dubium], Neosauropus Antunes 1976 [nomen dubium], Omosaurus phillipsi Seeley 1869 [nomen dubium], Ornithischiformes Cooper 1985 [empty], Ornithoscelida Huxley 1870 [synonym], Phytodinosauria Bakker 1986 [empty], Phytophagi Jaekel 1914 [empty], Postpubici Jaekel 1910 [empty], Sauropodichnus Calvo 1991 [nomen dubium], Sinoichnites Kuhn 1958 [nomen dubium], Therophagi Jaekel 1914 [empty], Therosauria Haeckel 1866 [empty], Tretospondylia Owen 1876 [empty], Yunnanpus Chen and Huang 1993 [nomen dubium]
G. †Ignotosaurus Martínez et al. 2013
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Ignotosaurus fragilis Martínez et al. 2013
G. †Marasuchus Sereno and Arcucci 1994
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Marasuchus lilloensis Romer 1972
G. †Saltopus Huene 1910
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Saltopus elginensis Huene 1910
Unr. †Silesauridae Langer et al. 2010
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G. †Amanasaurus Müller and Garcia 2023
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Amanasaurus nesbitti Müller and Garcia 2023
G. †Asilisaurus Nesbitt et al. 2010
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Asilisaurus kongwe Nesbitt et al. 2010
G. †Gamatavus Pretto et al. 2022
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Gamatavus antiquus Pretto et al. 2022
G. †Lewisuchus Romer 1972
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Lewisuchus admixtus Romer 1972
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Invalid names: Pseudolagosuchus major Arcucci 1987 [synonym]
Invalid names: Pseudolagosuchus Arcucci 1987 [synonym]
G. †Soumyasaurus Sarigul et al. 2018
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Soumyasaurus aenigmaticus Sarigul et al. 2018
Unr. †Sulcimentisauria Martz and Small 2019
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G. †Diodorus Kammerer et al. 2012
G. †Eucoelophysis Sullivan and Lucas 1999
G. †Kwanasaurus Martz and Small 2019
G. †Lutungutali Peecook et al. 2013
G. †Sacisaurus Ferigolo and Langer 2007
G. †Silesaurus Dzik 2003
G. †Technosaurus Chatterjee 1984
Invalid names: Lewisuchinae Paul 1988 [invalid subgroup]
Invalid names: Lagosuchus Romer 1971 [nomen dubium], Lagosuchus talampayensis Romer 1971 [nomen dubium]
G. †Prorotodactylus Ptaszynski 2000
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Prorotodactylus lutevensis Demathieu 1984
Prorotodactylus mirus Ptaszynski 2000
Unr. †Pterosauromorpha Padian 1997
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Unr. †Lagerpetidae Arcucci 1986
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G. †Dromomeron Irmis et al. 2007
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Dromomeron gigas Martínez et al. 2016
Dromomeron gregorii Nesbitt et al. 2009
Dromomeron romeri Irmis et al. 2007
G. †Faxinalipterus Bonaparte et al. 2010
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Faxinalipterus minima Bonaparte et al. 2010
G. †Ixalerpeton Cabreira et al. 2016
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Ixalerpeton polesinensis Cabreira et al. 2016
G. †Kongonaphon Kammerer et al. 2020
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Kongonaphon kely Kammerer et al. 2020
G. †Lagerpeton Romer 1971
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Lagerpeton chanarensis Romer 1971
G. †Scleromochlus Woodward 1907
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Scleromochlus taylori Woodward 1907
G. †Venetoraptor Müller et al. 2023
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Venetoraptor gassenae Müller et al. 2023
Or. †Pterosauria Kaup 1834 [pterosaur]
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G. †Anmolpakhi Malkani 2019
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Anmolpakhi alleni Malkani 2019
G. †Antipus Hitchcock 1858
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Antipus bifidus Hitchcock 1858
G. †Arcticodactylus Kellner 2015
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Arcticodactylus cromptonellus Jenkins et al. 2001
G. †Austriadactylus Dalla Vecchia et al. 2002
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Austriadactylus cristatus Dalla Vecchia et al. 2002
G. †Austriadraco Kellner 2015
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+
G. †Bergamodactylus Kellner 2015
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Bergamodactylus wildi Kellner 2015
G. †Campylognathoides Strand 1928
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Campylognathoides liasicus Quendtedt 1858
Campylognathoides zitteli Plieninger 1894
G. †Eudimorphodon Zambelli 1973
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Eudimorphodon ranzii Zambelli 1973
Eudimorphodon rosenfeldi Dalla Vecchia 1995
G. †Raeticodactylus Stecher 2008
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G. †Carniadactylus Dalla Vecchia 2009
G. †Caviramus Fröbisch and Fröbisch 2006
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Caviramus schesaplanensis Fröbisch and Fröbisch 2006
G. †Daohugoupterus Cheng et al. 2015
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Daohugoupterus delicatus Cheng et al. 2015
Unr. †Eopterosauria Andres et al. 2014
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Unr. †Raeticodactylidae Andres et al. 2014
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G. †Yelaphomte Martínez et al. 2022
G. †Laopteryx Marsh 1881
Unr. †Macronychoptera Unwin 2003
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Fm. †Dimorphodontidae Seeley 1870
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G. †Caelestiventus Britt et al. 2018
G. †Dimorphodon Owen 1859
G. †Peteinosaurus Wild 1978
Unr. †Novialoidea Kellner 2003
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Unr. †Breviquartossa Unwin 2003
Unr. †Lonchognatha Unwin 2003
G. †Parapsicephalus Arthaber 1919
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Parapsicephalus purdoni Newton 1888
Subor. †Ornithocephaliformes Hay 1930
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Fm. †Ornithocephalidae Hay 1902
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Subfm. †Ornithocephalinae Hay 1930
G. †Ornithochirus Cope 1872
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G. †Palaeocursornis Kessler and Jurcsák 1986
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Invalid names: Eurolimnornis Kessler 1987 [replaced], Limnornis Kessler and Jurcsák 1984 [replaced], Palaeocursornis biharicus Kessler and Jurcsák 1986 [nomen dubium], Palaeolimnornis Jurcsák and Kessler 1985 [replaced]
G. †Preondactylus Wild 1984
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Fm. †Pteraichnidae Lockley et al. 1995
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G. †Pteraichnus Stokes 1957
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Pteraichnus dongyangensis Chen et al. 2013
Pteraichnus koreanensis Lee et al. 2008
Pteraichnus longipodus Fuentes Vidarte et al. 2004
Pteraichnus nipponensis Lee et al. 2010
Pteraichnus parvus Meijide Calvo 2001
Pteraichnus stokesi Lockley et al. 1995
Pteraichnus yanguoxiaensis Peng et al. 2004
Invalid names: Pteraichnus cidacoi Fuentes Vidarte 2001 [nomen dubium], Pteraichnus manueli Meijide Calvo 2001 [nomen dubium], Pteraichnus palacieisaenzi Pascual Arribas and Sanz Pérez 2000 [nomen dubium], Pteraichnus vetustior Meijide Fuentes 2001 [nomen dubium]
G. †Purbeckopus Delair 1963
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Subor. †Pterodactyloidea Plieninger 1901
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Fm. †Agadirichnidae Masrour et al. 2018
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G. †Agadirichnus Ambroggi and Lapparent 1954
Superfm. †Archaeopterodactyloidea Kellner 1996
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Unr. †Boreopteridae Lü et al. 2006
G. †Ardeadactylus Bennett 2013
+
+
Invalid names: Pterodactylus vulturinus Wagner 1858 [synonym]
Fm. †Aurorazhdarchidae Vidovic and Martill 2014
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G. †Aerodactylus Vidovic and Martill 2014
Superfm. †Azhdarchoidea Unwin 1992
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Fm. †Azhdarchidae Nessov 1984
G. †Cretornis Fritsch 1881
Fm. †Dsungaripteridae Young 1964
G. †Eopteranodon Lü and Zhang 2005
G. †Europejara Vullo et al. 2012
G. †Leptostomia Smith et al. 2020
G. †Microtuban Elgin and Frey 2011
G. †Nemicolopterus Wang et al. 2008 [forest dweller wing]
Unr. †Neoazhdarchia Unwin 2003
G. †Ornithostoma Seeley 1871
Fm. †Protazhdarchidae Frey et al. 2011
Unr. †Tapejaromorpha Andres et al. 2014
G. †Vectidraco Naish et al. 2013
Invalid names: Palaeornis cliftii Mantell 1844 [nomen dubium]
Superfm. †Dsungaripteroidea Young 1964
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G. †Puntanipterus Bonaparte and Sánchez 1975
Invalid names: Germanodactylidae Young 1964 [invalid subgroup], Nyctosauridae Hay 1902 [empty]
G. †Haenamichnus Hwang et al. 2002
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Haenamichnus uhangriensis Hwang et al. 2002
G. †Herbstosaurus Casamiquela 1975 [Herbst lizard]
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Herbstosaurus pigmaeus Casamiquela 1975
G. †Kryptodrakon Andres et al. 2014
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Kryptodrakon progenitor Andres et al. 2014
Fm. †Lonchodraconidae Rodrigues and Kellner 2013
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G. †Lonchodraco Rodrigues and Kellner 2013
Unr. †Lophocratia Unwin 2003
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G. †Beipiaopterus Lü 2003
G. †Ctenochasma Meyer 1851
Superfm. †Ctenochasmatoidea Unwin 1995
G. †Cycnorhamphus Seeley 1870
G. †Elanodactylus Andres and Ji 2008
G. †Eosipterus Ji and Ji 1997
G. †Feilongus Wang et al. 2005
G. †Gallodactylus Fabre 1976
G. †Gegepterus Wang et al. 2007
G. †Germanodactylus Young 1964
G. †Gnathosaurus Meyer 1833
G. †Huanhepterus Dong 1982
G. †Kepodactylus Harris and Carpenter 1996
G. †Normannognathus Buffetaut et al. 1998
G. †Plataleorhynchus Howse and Milner 1995
G. †Pterodaustro Bonaparte 1970
G. †Mesadactylus Jensen and Padian 1989
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Mesadactylus ornithosphyos Jensen and Padian 1989
G. †Ningchengopterus Lü 2009
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G. †Nyctosaurus Marsh 1876
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Nyctosaurus bonneri Miller 1971
Nyctosaurus gracilis Marsh 1876
Nyctosaurus lamegoi Price 1953
Nyctosaurus nanus Marsh 1881
Invalid names: Nyctodactylus Marsh 1881 [synonym]
Fm. †Ornithocheiridae Seeley 1870
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G. †Aetodactylus Myers 2010
G. †Araripesaurus Price 1971
G. †Arthurdactylus Frey and Martill 1994
G. †Barbosania Elgin and Frey 2011
G. †Caulkicephalus Steel et al. 2005
Invalid names: Criorhynchidae Hooley 1914 [synonym], Ornithocheirinae Williston 1897 [empty], Pteranodontinae Williston 1892 [empty]
Unr. †Pteranodontia Marsh 1876
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G. †Alamodactylus Andres and Myers 2013
Unr. †Aponyctosauria Fernandes et al. 2022
Superfm. †Ornithocheiroidea Seeley 1870
G. †Pteranodon Marsh 1876
Fm. †Pteranodontidae Marsh 1876
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Invalid names: Ornithostomatidae Williston 1893 [synonym], Ornithostomatinae Williston 1897 [synonym]
Superfm. †Pteranodontoidea Kellner 1996
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Unr. †Anhangueria Rodrigues and Kellner 2013
G. †Aussiedraco Kellner et al. 2011
G. †Cimoliopterus Rodrigues and Kellner 2013
G. †Hamipterus Wang et al. 2014
G. †Ikrandraco Wang et al. 2014
G. †Linlongopterus Rodrigues et al. 2015
Fm. †Saraikisauridae Malkani 2014
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Subfm. †Saraikisaurinae Malkani 2014
Fm. †Tendaguripteridae Kellner et al. 2007
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G. †Tendaguripterus Unwin and Heinrich 1999
G. †Wenupteryx Codorniú and Gasparini 2013
+
Wenupteryx uzi Codorniú and Gasparini 2013
Invalid names: Araripedactylus Wellnhofer 1977 [nomen dubium], Araripedactylus dehmi Wellnhofer 1977 [nomen dubium], Araripesaurus castilhoi Price 1971 [nomen dubium], Belonochasmatidae [empty], Cearadactylidae Wellnhofer 1991 [empty], Dermodactylus montanus Marsh 1878 [nomen dubium], Doratorhynchus validus Owen 1870 [nomen vanum], Eupterodactyloidea Bennett 1994 [empty], Ornithocheirus brachyrhinus Seeley 1870 [nomen dubium], Ornithocheirus bunzeli Seeley 1881 [nomen dubium], Ornithocheirus carteri Seeley 1870 [nomen dubium], Ornithocheirus crassidens Seeley 1870 [nomen dubium], Ornithocheirus dentatus Seeley 1870 [nomen dubium], Ornithocheirus enchorhynchus Seeley 1870 [nomen dubium], Ornithocheirus eurygnathus Seeley 1870 [nomen dubium], Ornithocheirus oxyrhinus Seeley 1870 [nomen dubium], Ornithocheirus scaphorhynchus Seeley 1870 [nomen dubium], Ornithocheirus tenuirostris Seeley 1870 [nomen dubium], Ornithocheirus xyphorhynchus Seeley 1870 [nomen dubium], Ornithodesmidae Hooley 1913 [empty], Osteornis Rodrigues and Kellner 2013 [nomen dubium], Pterodactylus grandipelvis Meyer 1860 [nomen dubium], Pterodactylus grandis Cuvier 1824 [nomen dubium], Pterodactylus longipes Münster 1859 [nomen dubium], Pterodactylus woodwardi Owen 1861 [nomen dubium], Santanadactylus pricei Wellnhofer 1985 [nomen dubium], Titanopterygiidae Padian 1984 [empty]
Subor. †Rhamphorhynchoidea Plieninger 1901
+
G. †Rhamphinion Padian 1984
+
Rhamphinion jenkinsi Padian 1984
Fm. †Scaphognathidae Hooley 1913
+
G. †Fenghuangopterus Lü et al. 2010
G. †Jianchangnathus Cheng et al. 2012
Invalid names: Comodactylus Galton 1981 [nomen dubium], Comodactylus ostromi Galton 1981 [nomen dubium], Eudimorphodontidae Wellnhofer 1978 [empty]
G. †Samrukia Naish et al. 2012
+
Samrukia nessovi Naish et al. 2012
G. †Seazzadactylus Dalla Vecchia 2019
+
Seazzadactylus venieri Dalla Vecchia 2019
Fm. †Wukongopteridae Wang et al. 2009
+
G. †Kunpengopterus Wang et al. 2010
+
Kunpengopterus antipollicatus Zhou et al. 2021
Kunpengopterus sinensis Wang et al. 2010
Invalid names: Aidacharidae Nessov 1981 [empty], Archaeopteryx vicensensis Lambrecht 1933 [nomen vanum], Austriadraconidae Kellner 2015 [empty], Campylognathoides indicus Jain 1974 [nomen dubium], Eurolimnornis Kessler and Jurcsák 1986 [nomen dubium], Eurolimnornis corneti Kessler and Jurcsák 1984 [nomen dubium], Laopteryx priscus Marsh 1881 [nomen dubium], Ornithocheirus hilsensis Koken 1883 [nomen dubium], Ornithocheirus nobilis Owen 1870 [nomen dubium], Ornithosaurii Bonaparte 1838 [synonym], Ptenodactylus brachyrhinus Seeley 1869 [nomen nudum], Ptenodactylus capito Seeley 1869 [nomen nudum], Ptenodactylus crassidens Seeley 1869 [nomen nudum], Ptenodactylus dentatus Seeley 1869 [nomen nudum], Ptenodactylus enchorhynchus Seeley 1869 [nomen dubium], Ptenodactylus eurygnathus Seeley 1869 [nomen nudum], Ptenodactylus macrorhinus Seeley 1869 [nomen nudum], Ptenodactylus oxyrhinus Seeley 1869 [nomen nudum], Ptenodactylus platystomus Seeley 1869 [nomen nudum], Ptenodactylus polyodon Seeley 1869 [nomen nudum], Ptenodactylus scaphorhynchus Seeley 1869 [nomen nudum], Ptenodactylus tenuirostris Seeley 1869 [nomen nudum], Pteranodontes Gadow 1898 [empty], Pterodactyli Meyer 1830 [empty], Pterodactylus curtus Owen 1870 [nomen dubium], Pterodactylus hopkinsi Seeley 1864 [nomen nudum], Pterodactylus huxleyi Seeley 1865 [nomen nudum], Pterodactylus oweni Seeley 1864 [nomen nudum], Pterodactylus primus Deffner and Fraas 1859 [nomen nudum], Pterodactylus suprajurensis Sauvage 1873 [nomen dubium], Rhamphorhynchus jessoni Lydekker 1890 [nomen dubium], Rhamphorhynchus manselii Owen 1874 [nomen dubium], Rhamphorhynchus pleydellii Owen 1874 [nomen dubium], Scaphognathoidea Hooley 1913 [empty], Sharivopterygia Olshevsky 1991 [empty], Tribelesodontoidea Nopcsa 1928 [empty]
Invalid names: Prorotodactylidae Ptaszynski 2000 [empty]
Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
S. J. Nesbitt 2011The least inclusive clade containing Pterodactylus antiquus Soemmerring, 1812, and Passer domesticus Linnaeus, 1758
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Maximum body mass: 100000 kgg
Minimum body mass: 300 gg
Environment: terrestrialsubc
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Created: 2017-04-17 15:16:03
Modified: 2017-04-17 15:16:03
Source: g = genus, subc = subclass, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Hendy et al. 2009, Peczkis 1995, Carroll 1988

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Olenekian to the top of the Holocene or 251.20000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 247.2 Ma

Collections (14221 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Early/Lower Triassic252.17 - 247.2United Kingdom (England) Deuterotetrapous triassicus (164930)
Smithian251.3 - 247.2USA (Utah) Eubrontes sp., Grallator sp. (105542)
Smithian251.3 - 247.2Poland (Swietoryzskie) Prorotodactylus sp. (175800)
Spathian251.3 - 247.2Poland (Swietoryzskie) Prorotodactylus mirus (118063)
Olenekian251.2 - 247.2United Kingdom (England) Coelurosaurichnus ziegelangernensis, Coelurosaurichnus sp. A, Coelurosaurichnus sp. B (184045)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Germany Thecodontosaurus latespinatus (137641)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Spain (Castilla-La Mancha) Coelurosaurichnus perriauxi (74513)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Netherlands (Gelderland) Coelurosaurichnus ratumensis (96875)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Italy (Trentino-Alto Adige) Dinosauromorpha indet. (194584)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Morocco (Marrakech-Safi) Atreipus sp. (199901)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0United Kingdom (England) Deuterotetrapous plancus (186039)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0France (Languedoc-Rousillon) Rhynchosauroides lutevensis (199936)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Tanzania (Ruvuma) Asilisaurus kongwe (94651 181056 181057 181058) Prestosuchidae indet. (136890) Silesauridae indet. (159740) Thecodontosaurus alophos (136891)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Germany (Sachsen-Anhalt) Theropoda indet. (138123)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Poland (Opolskie) Zanclodon silesiacus (96435)
Anisian - Ladinian247.2 - 237.0France (Saône-et-Loire) Coelurosaurichnus palyssii, Coelurosaurichnus sp. (36226)
Anisian - Ladinian247.2 - 237.0France (Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes) Anchisauripus sp., Coelurosaurichnus sp. (31310) Coelurosaurichnus largentierensis (192151)
Anisian - Ladinian247.2 - 237.0France (Bourgogne-Franche-Comté) Anchisauripus bibractensis (62183 199909) Coelurosaurichnus largentierensis, Coelurosaurichnus sp., Anchisauripus bibractensis, Anchisauripus sp. (68226) Coelurosaurichnus palissyi (31312) Coelurosaurichnus palissyi, Anchisauripus bibractensis (68222) Coelurosaurichnus palissyi, Coelurosaurichnus perriauxi (68223) Coelurosaurichnus perriauxi, Anchisauripus bibractensis (68906) Coelurosaurichnus perriauxi, Anchisauripus bibractensis, Anchisauripus sp. (62182) Coelurosaurichnus perriauxi, Coelurosaurichnus sp., Anchisauripus sp. (28462) Coelurosaurichnus sp., Anchisauripus bibractensis (199928) Dinosauria indet. (199911) Dinosauria indet., Dinosauria indet. (24834)
Anisian - Ladinian247.2 - 237.0France (Rhône-Alpes) Grallator sp., Dinosauria indet. (199929)
Middle Triassic247.2 - 237.0Argentina (Mendoza) Tetrasauropus sp., Dinosauria indet. (59670)