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Gallimimus bullatus

Reptilia - Avetheropoda - Ornithomimidae

Taxonomy
Gallimimus bullatus was named by Osmólska et al. (1972). Its type specimen is G.I.No.DPS 100/10, a skull, and it is a 3D body fossil. Its type locality is Tsagan Hushu, site 3 [PMPE], which is in a Campanian/Maastrichtian terrestrial sandstone in the Nemegt Formation of Mongolia. It was considered monophyletic by Currie (2000).

It was recombined as Ornithomimus bullatus by Paul (1988).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1972Gallimimus bullatus Osmólska et al. p. 105 figs. 1-18
1977Gallimimus bullatus Gradzinski et al. p. 302
1977Gallimimus bullatus Perle p. 107
1977Gallimimus bullatus Rozhdestvensky p. 111
1980Gallimimus bullatus Molnar p. 134
1980Gallimimus bullatus Molnar and Pledge p. 286
1981Gallimimus bullatus Nicholls and Russell p. 524
1981Gallimimus bullatus Olshevsky p. 39
1983Gallimimus bullatus Barsbold p. 97
1984Gallimimus bullatus Kielan-Jaworowska p. 100
1985Gallimimus bullatus DeCourten and Russell p. 1097
1986Gallimimus bullatus Gauthier p. 10
1988Ornithomimus bullatus Paul p. 393
1992Gallimimus bullatus Currie p. 246
1995Gallimimus bullatus Pérez-Moreno and Sanz p. 115
1996Gallimimus bullatus Osmólska p. 29
1997Gallimimus bullatus Barsbold p. 447
1997Gallimimus bullatus Osmólska p. 472
1998Gallimimus bullatus Makovicky and Norell p. 2
2000Gallimimus bullatus Currie p. 446
2001Gallimimus bullatus Hurum p. 34
2001Gallimimus bullatus Matsuoka et al. p. 41
2003Gallimimus bullatus Ji et al. p. 16 fig. 12
2003Gallimimus bullatus Rauhut p. 38
2004Gallimimus bullatus Makovicky et al. p. 138
2005Gallimimus bullatus Kobayashi and Barsbold p. 120
2006Gallimimus bullatus Kobayashi and Barsbold p. 197
2007Gallimimus bullatus Turner et al. p. 24
2008Gallimimus bullatus Longrich p. 992
2009Gallimimus bullatus Bever and Norell p. 24
2009Gallimimus bullatus Buffetaut et al. p. 230
2009Gallimimus bullatus Makovicky et al.
2009Gallimimus bullatus Turner et al. p. 11
2010Gallimimus bullatus Chiappe and Göhlich p. 285 fig. 21
2011Gallimimus bullatus Xu et al. p. 213
2016Gallimimus bullatus Claessens and Loewen p. 11 fig. 10
2016Gallimimus bullatus Serrano-Brañas et al. p. 49
2017Gallimimus bullatus Chinzorig et al. p. 5

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
OlfactoresJefferies 1991
subphylumVertebrata
Gnathostomata()
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
Eosuchia()
Neodiapsida
RankNameAuthor
SauriaGauthier 1984
Archosauromorpha(Huene 1946)
Crocopoda
ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
Eucrocopoda
Archosauria()
informalAvemetatarsalia
Ornithodira
Dinosauromorpha
Dinosauriformes
Dinosauria()
Saurischia()
Theropoda()
Neotheropoda
AverostraPaul 2002
Tetanurae
orderAvetheropoda
suborderCoelurosauria
Maniraptoriformes
Arctometatarsalia
infraorderOrnithomimosauria
familyOrnithomimidae
genusGallimimus
speciesbullatus

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
H. Osmólska et al. 1972Species of large size, with very long snout, broad and flattened dorso- ventrally at the tip. Infratemporal fossa subtriangular, jugal being excluded from its borders. Common exit for third and fourth nerves merges with the optic fissure. Lower jaw shovel-like anteriorly, with elongated external mandibular fenestra. Length of presacral vertebral column equal combined length of femur, tibia-astragalus and thi rd metatarsal. Posterior width of anteriormost fifteen caudal centra greater than half of central length. Transition point I between caudals 15 and 16. Humerus longer than scapula. Manus equal about a quarter of total fore- limb length. Ungual of digit III shorter than the penultimate phalanx of digit I1I. Metatarsus more than 70 %of crural length ; metatarsal 11 equal 97 %of length of metatarsal IV. Pedal digit III equal a third of crural length.