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Macronaria

Reptilia -

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1859Astrodon Johnston p. 341
1865Astrodon Leidy p. 119
1870Astrodon Cope p. 99
1875Bothriospondylus robustus Owen pp. 21-22 figs. Pl. 6
1876Bothriospondylus robustus Sauvage p. 439
1880Bothriospondylus robustus Sauvage p. 523
1884Dinodocus Owen p. ix
1884Dinodocus mackesoni Owen p. ix
1888Dinodocus Lydekker p. 136
1888Dinodocus mackesoni Lydekker p. 136
1888Bothriospondylus robustus Lydekker p. 171
1889Dinodocus Marsh p. 206
1890Bothriospondylus robustus Woodward and Sherborn p. 212
1890Dinodocus mackesoni Woodward and Sherborn p. 226
1890Dinodocus Zittel p. 716
1890Astrodon Zittel p. 717
1895Bothriospondylus robustus Lydekker p. 335
1896Astrodon Marsh p. 242
1898Astrodon Marsh p. 158
1900Bothriospondylus robustus Sauvage p. 504
1902Astrodon Hay p. 484
1908Astrodon Huene p. 348
1908Dinodocus Woodward p. 206
1909Astrodon Huene p. 15
1909Dinodocus Huene p. 15
1911Astrodon Lull p. 177
1911Astrodon von Zittel p. 288
1911Dinodocus von Zittel p. 288
1917Apatosaurus minimus Mook
1927Bothriospondylus robustus Huene p. 446
1927Pelorosaurus mackesoni Huene p. 456
1928Dinodocus Nopcsa p. 184
1936Astrodon Swinton p. 210
1956Astrodon Romer p. 621
1960Astrodon Lapparent p. 39
1961Astrodontonius Kuhn
1964Astrodon Tatarinov p. 549
1966Astrodon Romer p. 370
1970Astrodon Steel p. 67
1970Bothriospondylus robustus Steel p. 67
1970Pelorosaurus mackesoni Steel p. 70
1970Atlantosaurus minimus Steel p. 79
1973Bothriospondylus robustus Delair p. 4
1974Astrodon Langston p. 82
1984Astrodon Russell p. 23
1987Astrodon Buscalioni and Sanz p. 66
1987Astrodon Sanz et al. p. 48
1988Astrodon Carroll
1990Bothriospondylus robustus McIntosh p. 348
1990Pelorosaurus mackesoni McIntosh p. 348
1997Macronaria Sereno p. 444
1998Macronaria Sereno p. 63
1998Macronaria Wilson and Sereno p. 49
1999Macronaria Sereno p. 2138 fig. 2
1999Macronaria Sereno et al. p. 1346 fig. 4
2002Macronaria Wilson p. 240 fig. 13
2004Macronaria Upchurch et al. p. 265
2005Astrodon Carpenter and Tidwell p. 85
2005Macronaria Gallina and Apesteguía p. 159 fig. 5
2005Macronaria Taylor and Naish p. 2 fig. 1
2006Apatosaurus minimus Mateus p. 231
2006Macronaria Royo-Torres et al. p. 1926 fig. 3
2007Macronaria Sánchez-Hernández et al. p. 197
2008Macronaria Allain and Aquesbi p. 403
2010Macronaria Suteethorn et al.
2012Macronaria D'Emic
2015Macronaria Xing et al.
2019Macronaria Mannion et al.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
Eosuchia()
RankNameAuthor
Neodiapsida
SauriaGauthier 1984
Archosauromorpha(Huene 1946)
Crocopoda
ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
Eucrocopoda
Archosauria()
informalAvemetatarsalia
Ornithodira
Dinosauromorpha
Dinosauriformes
Dinosauria()
Saurischia()
Eusaurischia
Sauropodomorpha(Huene 1932)
Massopoda
Sauropodiformes
Sauropoda()
Eusauropoda
Neosauropoda
Macronaria
Macronaria

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: hydroxyapatiteinfrao
Entire body: yesinfrao
Adult length: 10 to < 100infrao
Adult width: 10 to < 100infrao
Adult height: 10 to < 100infrao
Maximum body mass: 100000 kgg
Minimum body mass: 300 kgg
Thickness: thickinfrao
Architecture: compact or denseinfrao
Form: sphericalinfrao
Ontogeny: accretion, modification of partsinfrao
Grouping: gregariousinfrao
Environment: terrestrialinfrao
Locomotion: actively mobileinfrao
Life habit: ground dwellinginfrao
Diet: herbivoreinfrao
Reproduction: oviparousinfrao
Dispersal: direct/internalinfrao
Dispersal 2: mobileinfrao
Created: 2004-12-14 12:49:10
Modified: 2004-12-14 14:49:10
Source: g = genus, infrao = infraorder
References: Kiessling 2004, Peczkis 1995, Marsh 1875

Age range: base of the Bajocian to the top of the Early/Lower Eocene or 170.30000 to 48.60000 Ma

Collections (920 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Late/Upper Toarcian - Early/Lower Bajocian180.1 - 168.4Argentina (Chubut) Titanosauriformes indet. (67434)
Late/Upper Bajocian - Early/Lower Bathonian171.6 - 164.7France Megaloolithus sp. (58416)
Bajocian170.3 - 168.3India (Gujarat) Camarasauromorpha indet. (61163)
Bajocian - Callovian170.3 - 163.5China (Sichuan) Dashanpusaurus dongi, Abrosaurus dongpoensis (24883)
Bathonian168.3 - 166.1Morocco (Azilal) Cetiosaurinae indet. (45941)
Late/Upper Bathonian167.7 - 164.7United Kingdom (England) Bothriospondylus robustus (52506)
Middle Bathonian - Late/Upper Bathonian167.7 - 164.7United Kingdom (England) Titanosauriformes indet. (53512)
Callovian166.1 - 163.5Kyrgyzstan (Jalal-Abad) Sauropoda indet. (37596)
Callovian166.1 - 163.5Uzbekistan (Farg'ona) Camarasauridae indet. (58184)
Callovian - Oxfordian166.1 - 157.3Portugal (Leiria) Pelorosaurus humerocristatus (49242)

Youngest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state PBDB collection number
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Brazil (Minas Gerais) Titanosauria indet., Megaloolithidae indet., Trigonosaurus pricei, Aeolosaurus indet. (64133) Titanosauridae indet. (51663 51958 51959 51960) Uberabatitan ribeiroi (82786)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (New Mexico) Alamosaurus sanjuanensis (179272)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0France (Bouches-du-Rhône) Megaloolithus mammilare, Megaloolithus mamillare (61624) Megaloolithus sp., Megaloolithus mammilare (178881) Megaloolithus sp., Megaloolithus petralta, Megaloolithus mammilare (65382) Titanosauridae indet., Megaloolithus mamillare (47893)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Russian Federation (Amur) Arkharavia heterocoelica (38134) Sauropoda indet. (47029)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Romania (Alba) Magyarosaurus sp. (115001)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0France (Haute-Garonne) Titanosauridae indet. (67195 67196 118194 148954)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Spain (Cataluña) Dinosauria indet. (55390 141188) Megaloolithus baghensis (167945 171098) Megaloolithus mamillare (183093) Megaloolithus mamillare, Hypselosaurus sp., Titanosauridae indet. (36381) Megaloolithus siruguei (13331) Megaloolithus sp. (167946 171103 171111 171123 171124) Megaloolithus trempii (36728 36731) Megaloolithus trempii, Hypselosaurus sp. nov. (36380) Sauropoda indet. (169298) Titanosauria indet. (169322 169450) Titanosauria indet., Megaloolithus baghensis (148950) Titanosauridae indet. (59090) Titanosauridae indet., Megaloolithus siruguei (38893) Titanosaurus indicus (141185)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Spain (Aragón) Megaloolithidae indet. (45437) Titanosauridae indet. (46437)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (Texas) Alamosaurus sanjuanensis (52087) Lithostrotia indet. (164702 164703)
Late/Upper Paleocene - Early/Lower Eocene58.7 - 48.6Peru (Puno) Ornithopoda indet. (28230)