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Plateosauridae (plateosaurid)

Reptilia - Plateosauridae

Taxonomy
Plateosauridae was named by Marsh (1895). Its type is Plateosaurus.

It was synonymized subjectively with Anchisauridae by Galton (1971), Galton (1973), Cooper (1981), Olsen and Galton (1984) and Galton (1985).

It was assigned to Saurischia by Arldt (1909) and Huene (1909); to Allophagi by Jaekel (1914); to Theropoda by Marsh (1895), Marsh (1896), Huene (1908), von Zittel (1911) and Van Hoepen (1920); to Pachypodosauria by Huene (1914), Huene (1914), Huene (1914), Huene (1914), Huene (1914), Matthew (1915) and Nopcsa (1923); to Theropoda by Lull (1924); to Pachypodosauroidea by Nopcsa (1928); to Carnosauria by Roxo (1937); to Prosauropoda by Kuhn (1946) and Parsch (1963); to Palaeopoda by Reig (1970); to Palaeopoda by Van Heerden (1978); to Prosauropoda by Tatarinov (1964) and McIntosh (1981); to Prosauropoda by Huene (1926), Huene (1929), Young (1941), Huene (1948), Haughton and Brink (1954), Romer (1956), Huene (1959), Romer (1966), Steel (1970), Swinton (1970), Bonaparte (1971), Benedetto (1973), Galton (1976), Galton and Cluver (1976), Bonaparte (1978), Anderson and Cruickshank (1978), Bonaparte (1978), Benton (1979), Ostrom (1980), Dong et al. (1983), Russell (1984), Attridge et al. (1985), Battail (1986), Zhang and Yang (1994) and Galton and Van Heerden (1998); to Sauropodomorpha by Leal et al. (2004); to Plateosauria by Tornier (1913), Colbert (1964), Colbert (1970), Sereno (1997), Sereno (1998), Sereno (1999), Galton (2001) and Galton and Upchurch (2004); to Plateosauria by Upchurch et al. (2007), Smith and Pol (2007), Martínez (2009), Apaldetti et al. (2011), Novas et al. (2011) and Apaldetti et al. (2013); and to Sauropodomorpha by McPhee et al. (2015).

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1895Plateosauridae Marsh
1896Plateosauridae Marsh p. 239
1908Plateosauridae Huene p. 306
1909Plateosauridae Arldt p. 262
1909Plateosauridae Huene p. 14
1911Plateosauridae von Zittel p. 279
1913Plateosauridae Tornier p. 367
1914Ammosauridae Huene p. 13
1914Plateosauridae Huene p. 13
1914Ammosauridae Huene p. 156
1914Plateosauridae Huene p. 156
1914Plateosauridae Jaekel p. 197
1915Plateosauridae Matthew p. 32
1920Plateosauridae Van Hoepen p. 140
1923Plataeosauridae Nopcsa p. 125
1924Plateosauridae Lull p. 229
1926Plateosauridae Huene p. 474
1928Plateosauridae Nopcsa p. 182
1929Ammosauridae Huene p. 270
1929Plateosauridae Huene p. 271
1937Plateosauridae Roxo p. 65
1941Plateosauridae Young p. 3
1946Ammosauridae Kuhn p. 65
1946Plateosauridae Kuhn p. 65
1948Ammosauridae Huene p. 88
1948Plateosauridae Huene p. 90
1953Ammosauridae Lull p. 123
1954Plateosauridae Haughton and Brink p. 4
1956Plateosauridae Romer p. 617
1959Plateosauridae Huene p. 120
1963Ammosauridae Parsch p. 4
1963Plateosauridae Parsch p. 4
1964Ammosauridae Colbert p. 20 fig. 6
1964Plateosauridae Colbert p. 20 fig. 6
1964Ammosauridae Tatarinov p. 530
1964Plateosauridae Tatarinov p. 542
1966Plateosauridae Romer p. 370
1968Ammosauridae Maleev p. 95
1970Ammosauridae Colbert p. 26
1970Plateosauridae Colbert p. 26
1970Plateosauridae Reig p. 276
1970Ammosauridae Reig p. 279
1970Plateosauridae Steel p. 53
1970Plateosauridae Swinton pp. 161-162
1971Plateosauridae Bonaparte p. 161
1973Plateosauridae Benedetto
1976Plateosauridae Galton p. 89
1976Plateosauridae Galton and Cluver p. 143
1978Plateosauridae Anderson and Cruickshank p. 31
1978Plateosauridae Bonaparte p. 316–317
1978Plateosauridae Van Heerden p. 188–189
1979Plateosauridae Benton p. 143
1980Plateosauridae Ostrom p. 22
1981Plateosauridae McIntosh p. 11
1983Plateosauridae Dong et al. p. 16
1984Plateosauridae Russell p. 28
1985Plateosauridae Attridge et al. p. 128
1986Plateosauridae Battail pp. 48-49
1994Plateosauridae Zhang and Yang p. 79
1997Plateosauridae Sereno p. 444
1998Plateosauridae Galton and Van Heerden pp. 174-175
1998Plateosauridae Sereno p. 63
1999Plateosauridae Sereno p. 2138 fig. 2
2001Plateosauridae Galton p. 490
2004Plateosauridae Galton and Upchurch p. 252 fig. 12.11
2004Plateosauridae Leal et al. p. 3 fig. 9
2007Plateosauridae Smith and Pol p. 670 fig. 7
2007Plateosauridae Upchurch et al. p. 62 fig. 3
2009Plateosauridae Martínez p. 162 fig. 22
2011Plateosauridae Apaldetti et al. p. 16 fig. 13
2011Plateosauridae Novas et al. p. 341 fig. 4
2013Plateosauridae Apaldetti et al.
2015Plateosauridae McPhee et al. p. 19 fig. 12

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
OlfactoresJefferies 1991
subphylumVertebrata
Gnathostomata()
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
RankNameAuthor
Romeriida
Diapsida()
Eosuchia()
Neodiapsida
SauriaGauthier 1984
Archosauromorpha(Huene 1946)
Crocopoda
ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
Eucrocopoda
Archosauria()
informalAvemetatarsalia
Ornithodira
Dinosauromorpha
Dinosauriformes
Dinosauria()
Saurischia()
Eusaurischia
Sauropodomorpha(Huene 1932)
familyPlateosauridae
familyPlateosauridae

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
R. S. Lull 1924Triassic forms of medium to large size; bones generally hollow, with abdominal ribs; pubis broad, elongated, distally coössified, but without expanded foot-like symphysis; femur S-shaped and longer than tibia; astragalus without ascending process; manus with backwardly directed digits iv and v; pes with first and fifth digits reduced; Trias, Keuper, and Rhaetic.
B. F. Nopcsa 1928condyle directed obliquely backwards; heavily huilt semi-bipedal animals
F. v. Huene 1948Larger, bipedal; leg bones with thick walls; 5 fingers and toes, 5th toe decreased in size.