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Solifugae (camel spider)

Xiphosura - Xiphosurida

Solifugae was named by Sundevall (1833). It is extant.

It was assigned to Haplocnemata by Shultz (2007); and to Poecilophysidea by Garwood and Dunlop (2014).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1833Solifugae Sundevall
2007Solifugae Shultz
2014Solifugae Garwood and Dunlop p. 21

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EubilateriaAx 1987
phylumArthropodaLatreille 1829
subphylumChelicerataHeymons 1901
EuchelicerataWeygoldt and Paulus 1979
orderXiphosuridaLatreille 1802
SclerophorataKamenz et al. 2011
classArachnidaLamarck 1801
PoecilophysideaPepato et al. 2010
orderSolifugaeSundevall 1833
orderSolifugaeSundevall 1833

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

No diagnoses are available
No measurements are available
Composition: chitinc
Grouping: solitaryc
Environment: terrestrialc
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: nektobenthicc
Diet: carnivorec
Vision: limitedo
Created: 2017-04-17 09:55:58
Modified: 2017-04-17 09:55:58
Source: o = order, c = class
References: Bambach et al. 2007, Jell and Adrain 2002, Bush and Bambach 2015

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Westphalian D to the top of the Late/Upper Miocene or 311.45000 to 5.33300 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 306.95 Ma

Collections (14 total)

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Westphalian D311.45 - 306.95USA (Illinois) Protosolpuga carbonaria (112630)
Late/Upper Aptian122.46 - 112.03Brazil (Ceara) Cratosolpuga wunderlichi (34897)
Late/Upper Aptian122.46 - 112.03Brazil (CearĂ¡) Cratosolpuga wunderlichi (122556 122557 122922)
Early/Lower Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Myanmar Cushingia ellenbergeri (123053 153583)
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0Romania Galeodes mimax (101878)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Poland Solifugae indet. (110737)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Russian Federation (Kaliningrad) Palaeoblossia groehni (110735)
Aquitanian23.03 - 20.44Turkey Galeodes lainei (74808)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Saudi Arabia Galeodes sp. (47069)
Burdigalian - Langhian20.44 - 13.82Dominican Republic Happlodontus proterus (146878)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal) Galeodes kehla (41473)