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Dipnoi (lungfish)

Taxonomy
Dipnoi was named by Müller (1884). It is extant.

It was reranked as the superorder Dipnoi by Hay (1902) and Vorobyeva and Obruchev (1964); it was reranked as the order Dipnoi by Daly (1973), Schultze (1993), Long et al. (1994), Dineley and Metcalf (1999), Kemp (2000), Schultze (2001), Schultze (2004) and Young and Schultze (2005); it was reranked as the infraclass Dipnoi by Miles (1977); it was reranked as the unranked clade Dipnoi by Säve-Söderbergh (1934), Gardiner (1982), Long (1987), Long (1992), Chang and Wang (1995), Johanson and Ritchie (2000), Friedman and Daeschler (2006), Qiao and Zhu (2009), Clement (2012) and Smithson et al. (2016).

It was assigned to Ichthyes by Gadow (1898); to Azygostei by Hay (1902); to Teleostomi by Bryant (1932); to Choanata by Säve-Söderbergh (1934); to Choanata by Gardiner (1982); to Osteichthyes by Long (1987) and Long et al. (1994); to Actinopterygii by Kemp (2000); to Sarcopterygii by Miles (1977) and Schultze (2001); to Sarcopterygii by Vorobyeva and Obruchev (1964), Daly (1973), Heckert (2004) and Irmis (2005); to Dipnoiformes by Schultze (1993), Dineley and Metcalf (1999), Schultze (2004) and Young and Schultze (2005); to Osteichthyes by Long and Campbell (1985), Cuny and Ramboer (1991), Long (1992), Goodwin et al. (1999), Reisz et al. (2004) and Pardo et al. (2010); to Sarcopterygii by Chang and Wang (1995) and Louys and Price (2015); and to Dipnomorpha by Johanson and Ritchie (2000), Friedman and Daeschler (2006), Qiao and Zhu (2009), Clement (2009), Clement and Long (2010), Clement (2012), Qiao and Zhu (2015) and Smithson et al. (2016).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1884Dipnoi Müller
1898Dipnoi Gadow p. 11
1902Dipnoi Hay p. 350
1932Dipnoi Bryant p. 232
1934Dipnoi Säve-Söderbergh p. 17
1964Dipnoi Vorobyeva and Obruchev p. 467
1973Dipnoi Daly p. 568
1977Dipnoi Miles
1982Dipnoi Gardiner p. 228
1985Dipnoi Long and Campbell
1987Dipnoi Long
1991Dipnoi Cuny and Ramboer p. 70
1992Dipnoi Long
1993Dipnoi Schultze
1994Dipnoi Long et al.
1995Dipnoi Chang and Wang
1999Dipnoi Dineley and Metcalf p. 11
1999Dipnoi Goodwin et al. p. 733
2000Dipnoi Johanson and Ritchie
2000Dipnoi Kemp
2001Dipnoi Schultze
2004Dipnoi Heckert p. 42
2004Dipnoi Reisz et al.
2004Dipnoi Schultze p. 474
2005Dipnoi Irmis p. 67
2005Dipnoi Young and Schultze
2006Dipnoi Friedman and Daeschler
2009Dipnoi Clement
2009Dipnoi Qiao and Zhu
2010Dipnoi Clement and Long
2010Dipnoi Pardo et al.
2012Dipnoi Clement
2015Dipnoi Louys and Price p. 553
2015Dipnoi Qiao and Zhu
2016Dipnoi Smithson et al.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
RankNameAuthor
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnoiMüller 1884
subclassDipnoiMüller 1884

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available