Basic info Taxonomic history Classification Included Taxa
Morphology Ecology and taphonomy External Literature Search Age range and collections

Cladotheria

Mammalia

Sister taxa
Dryolestoidea, Zatheria

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1975Cladotheria McKenna p. 40
1981Cladotheria Prothero p. 286
1982Cladotheria Chow and Rich p. 129
1998Cladotheria Wang et al.
2002Cladotheria Martin p. 333
2011Cladotheria Averianov and Lopatin p. 34
2011Cladotheria Luo et al. p. 444
2011Cladotheria Rougier et al. p. 98
2024Cladotheria Connelly et al.

Is something missing? Join the Paleobiology Database and enter the data

RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1874
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
subclassSarcopterygii()
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda
Reptiliomorpha
RankNameAuthor
Anthracosauria
subclassAmphibiosauriaKuhn 1967
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
subclassSynapsida
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
Cladotheria
Cladotheria

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Unr. Cladotheria McKenna 1975
show all | hide all
Fm. †Amphitheriidae Owen 1846
hide
G. †Amphibetulimus Lopatin and Averianov 2007
+
Amphibetulimus krasnolutskii Lopatin and Averianov 2007
G. †Amphitherium de Blainville 1838
+
Amphitherium prevostii von Meyer 1832
+
Invalid names: Amphitylus oweni Osborn 1888 [synonym]
Amphitherium rixoni Butler and Clemens 2001
Invalid names: Amphigonus Agassiz 1835 [synonym], Thylacotherium Valenciennes 1838 [synonym]
Unr. †Dryolestoidea Butler 1939
hide
G. †Barberenia Bonaparte 1990
+
Barberenia araujoae Bonaparte 1990
G. †Brandonia Bonaparte 1990
+
Brandonia intermedia Bonaparte 1990
Or. †Dryolestida Prothero 1981
+
Fm. †Casamiquelidae Bonaparte 2002
+
G. †Alamitherium Bonaparte 2002
+
Alamitherium bishopi Bonaparte 2002
G. †Casamiquelia Bonaparte 1990
+
Casamiquelia rionegrina Bonaparte 1990
G. †Rougietherium Bonaparte 2002
+
Rougietherium tricuspes Bonaparte 2002
G. †Crusafontia Henkel and Krebs 1969
+
Crusafontia amoae Cuenca-Bescos et al. 2011
Crusafontia cuencana Henkel and Krebs 1969
+
Invalid names: Pocamus pepelui Canudo and Cuenca-Bescós 1996 [synonym]
Invalid names: Pocamus Canudo and Cuenca-Bescós 1996 [synonym]
Fm. †Donodontidae Sigogneau-Russell 1991
+
G. †Donodon Sigogneau-Russell 1991
+
Donodon prescriptoris Sigogneau-Russell 1991
G. †Paraungulatum Bonaparte 2002
+
Paraungulatum rectangularis Bonaparte 2002
Invalid names: Brandoniidae Bonaparte 1992 [empty]
Fm. †Dryolestidae Marsh 1879
+
G. †Amblotherium Owen 1871
+
Amblotherium debilis Marsh 1881
+
Invalid names: Dryolestes gracilis Marsh 1881 [replaced]
Amblotherium gracilis Marsh 1879
+
Invalid names: Laodon venustus Marsh 1887 [synonym]
Amblotherium megistodon Foster et al. 2020
Amblotherium nanum Owen 1871
Amblotherium pusillum Owen 1866
+
Invalid names: Achyrodon pusillus Owen 1871 [synonym], Stylodon robustus Owen 1866 [synonym]
Invalid names: Achyrodon Owen 1871 [synonym], Kurtodon Osborn 1887 [synonym], Laodon Marsh 1887 [synonym], Stylacodon Marsh 1879 [synonym], Stylodon Owen 1866 [replaced]
G. †Anthracolestes Averianov et al. 2014
+
Anthracolestes sergeii Averianov et al. 2014
G. †Beckumia Martin et al. 2022
+
Beckumia sinemeckelia Martin et al. 2022
G. †Comotherium Prothero 1981
+
Comotherium richi Prothero 1981
G. †Dryolestes Marsh 1878
+
Dryolestes leirensis Martin 1999
Dryolestes obtusus Marsh 1880
Dryolestes priscus Marsh 1878
+
Invalid names: Asthenodon segnis Marsh 1887 [synonym], Herpetairus humilis Simpson 1929 [synonym], Laolestes grandis Simpson 1929 [synonym], Stylacodon validus Marsh 1880 [synonym]
Dryolestes tenax Marsh 1889
Dryolestes vorax Marsh 1879
Invalid names: Asthenodon Marsh 1887 [synonym]
G. †Euthlastus Simpson 1927
+
Euthlastus cordiformis Simpson 1927
G. †Groebertherium Bonaparte 1986
+
Groebertherium allenensis Rougier et al. 2009
Groebertherium novasi Bonaparte 1986
Groebertherium stipanicici Bonaparte 1986
G. †Guimarotodus Martin 1999
+
Guimarotodus inflatus Martin 1999
G. †Henkelotherium Krebs 1991
+
G. †Herpetairus Simpson 1927
+
Herpetairus arcuatus Marsh 1879
G. †Herpetarius Simpson 1927
G. †Kepolestes Simpson 1927
+
Kepolestes coloradensis Simpson 1927
G. †Krebsotherium Martin 1999
+
G. †Lakotalestes Cifelli et al. 2014
+
Lakotalestes luoi Cifelli et al. 2014
G. †Laolestes Simpson 1927
+
Laolestes andresi Martin 1999
Laolestes eminens Simpson 1927
Laolestes goodrichi Simpson 1929
Laolestes hodsoni Clemens and Lees 1971
G. †Malthacolestes Simpson 1927
+
Malthacolestes osborni Simpson 1927
G. †Melanodon Simpson 1927
+
Melanodon oweni Simpson 1927
G. †Miccylotyrans Simpson 1927
+
Miccylotyrans minimus Simpson 1927
G. †Minutolestes Martin et al. 2022
+
Minutolestes submersus Martin et al. 2022
G. †Pelicopsis Simpson 1927
+
Pelicopsis dubius Simpson 1927
G. †Peraspalax Owen 1871
+
Peraspalax talpoides Owen 1871
G. †Phascolestes Owen 1871
+
Phascolestes dubius Osborn 1888
+
Invalid names: Phascolestes longirostris Owen 1871 [synonym]
G. †Portopinheirodon Martin 1999
+
Or. †Meridiolestida Rougier et al. 2011
+
G. †Austrotriconodon Bonaparte 1986
+
Austrotriconodon mckennai Bonaparte 1986
Austrotriconodon sepulvedai Bonaparte 1992
G. †Cronopio Rougier et al. 2011
+
Cronopio dentiacutus Rougier et al. 2011
G. †Leonardus Bonaparte 1990
+
Leonardus cuspidatus Bonaparte 1990
Unr. †Mesungulatoidea Rougier et al. 2011
+
Fm. †Mesungulatidae Bonaparte 1986
+
G. †Coloniatherium Rougier et al. 2009
G. †Mesungulatum Bonaparte and Soria 1985
+
Invalid names: Quirogatherium Bonaparte 1990 [synonym]
G. †Orretherium Martinelli et al. 2021
G. †Peligrotherium Bonaparte et al. 1993
G. †Reigitherium Bonaparte 1990
+
Reigitherium bunodontum Bonaparte 1990
Invalid names: Peligrotheriidae Bonaparte et al. 1993 [empty], Reigitheriidae Bonaparte 1990 [empty]
G. †Necrolestes Ameghino 1891
+
Necrolestes mirabilis Goin et al. 2007
Necrolestes patagonensis Ameghino 1891
G. †Solanutherium Connelly et al. 2024
+
Solanutherium walshi Connelly et al. 2024
Fm. †Paurodontidae Marsh 1887
+
G. †Araeodon Simpson 1937
+
Araeodon intermissus Simpson 1937
G. †Archaeotrigon Simpson 1927
+
Archaeotrigon distagmus Simpson 1929
G. †Dorsetodon Ensom and Sigogneau-Russell 1998
+
Dorsetodon haysomi Ensom and Sigogneau-Russell 1998
G. †Drescheratherium Krebs 1998
+
G. †Foxraptor Bakker and Carpenter 1990
+
Foxraptor atrox Bakker and Carpenter 1990
G. †Paurodon Marsh 1887
+
Paurodon valens Marsh 1887
G. †Tathiodon Simpson 1927
+
Tathiodon agilis Simpson 1927
Invalid names: Tanaodon Simpson 1927 [replaced]
Invalid names: Amphitheriida Prothero 1981 [empty]
Fm. †Vincelestidae Bonaparte 1986
hide
G. †Vincelestes Bonaparte 1986
+
Vincelestes neuquenianus Bonaparte 1986
Unr. Zatheria McKenna 1975
hide
G. †Abelodon Brunet 1990
+
Abelodon abeli Brunet 1990
G. †Arguimus Dashzeveg 1979
+
Arguimus khosbajari Dashzeveg 1979
+
Invalid names: Arguitherium cromptoni Dashzeveg 1994 [synonym]
Invalid names: Arguitherium Dashzeveg 1994 [synonym]
G. †Chunnelodon Ensom and Sigogneau-Russell 1998
+
Chunnelodon alopekodes Ensom and Sigogneau-Russell 1998
G. †Magnimus Sigogneau-Russell 1999
+
Magnimus ensomi Sigogneau-Russell 1999
G. †Minimus Sigogneau-Russell 1999
+
Minimus richardfoxi Sigogneau-Russell 1999
Fm. †Mozomuridae Li et al. 2005
+
G. †Mozomus Li et al. 2005
+
Mozomus shikamai Li et al. 2005
G. †Nanolestes Martin 2002
+
Nanolestes drescherae Martin 2002
Nanolestes krusati Martin 2002
Nanolestes mackennai Martin et al. 2010
G. †Palaeoxonodon Freeman 1976
+
Palaeoxonodon ooliticus Freeman 1976
Or. †Peramura McKenna 1975
+
Fm. †Peramuridae Kretzoi 1946
+
G. †Afriquiamus Sigogneau-Russell 1999
+
Afriquiamus nessovi Sigogneau-Russell 1999
G. †Kouriogenys Davis 2012
+
Kouriogenys minor Owen 1871
G. †Peramuroides Davis 2012
+
Peramuroides tenuiscus Davis 2012
G. †Peramus Owen 1871
+
Peramus dubius Owen 1871
Peramus minor Owen 1871
Peramus tenuirostris Owen 1871
G. †Tendagurutherium Heinrich 1998
+
Tendagurutherium dietrichi Heinrich 1998
Unr. †Prototheria Gill 1872
+
Or. †Prototribosphenida Wible 1995
+
Subor. †Amphitheria Kermack et al. 1968
+
Fm. †Arguimuridae Dashzeveg 1994
+
Invalid names: Arguitheriidae Dashzeveg 1994 [synonym]
Subcl. Tribosphenida McKenna 1975
+
G. †Argaliatherium Cifelli and Davis 2015
+
Argaliatherium robustum Cifelli and Davis 2015
G. †Brasilestes Castro et al. 2018
+
Brasilestes stardusti Castro et al. 2018
G. †Carinalestes Cifelli and Davis 2015
+
Carinalestes murensis Cifelli and Davis 2015
G. †Culicolestes Cifelli et al. 2016
+
Culicolestes kielanae Cifelli et al. 2016
G. †Idiogenomys Ostrander 1983
+
Idiogenomys ozziei Ostrander 1983
Fm. †Kermackiidae Butler 1978
+
G. †Kermackia Slaughter 1971
+
Kermackia texana Slaughter 1971
+
Invalid names: Trinititherium slaughteri Butler 1978 [synonym]
Invalid names: Trinititherium Butler 1978 [synonym]
G. †Kielantherium Dashzeveg 1975
+
Kielantherium gobiensis Dashzeveg 1975
G. †Potamotelses Fox 1972
+
Invalid names: Boreosphenida Luo et al. 2001 [objective synonym]
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Maximum body mass: 1374.7 kgs
Minimum body mass: 3 gg
Environment: terrestrialc
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: scansorialuc
Diet: insectivoreuc
Created: 2005-09-06 19:53:51
Modified: 2005-09-07 19:44:02
Source: s = species, g = genus, c = class, subp = subphylum, uc = unranked clade
References: Luo et al. 2011, Uhen and Gingerich 1995, Johnson and Madden 1997, Legendre 1988, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009, Luo et al. 2003, Hopson 1973

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Longobardian to the top of the Holocene or 242.00000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 235.0 Ma

Collections (22269 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Longobardian242.0 - 235.0Spain (Alicante) Theria sp. (202238)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3Germany (Baden-Württemberg) Pantotheria indet. G2 (194663)
Bathonian168.3 - 166.1Russian Federation (Krasnoyarsk) Amphibetulimus krasnolutskii, Dryolestidae indet. (61891)
Bathonian168.3 - 166.1United Kingdom (Scotland) Eupantotheria indet. (139746)
Bathonian168.3 - 166.1Morocco (Figuig) Dryolestida indet., Amphitheriidae indet. (176120)
Early/Lower Bathonian167.7 - 164.7United Kingdom (England) Eupantotheria indet. (31054)
Late/Upper Bathonian167.7 - 164.7United Kingdom (England) Amphitheriidae indet. (224639) Dryolestidae indet., Eupantotheria indet., Amphitheria indet., Palaeoxonodon ooliticus, Amphitherium sp. (39075) Peramuridae indet., Eupantotheria indet., Palaeoxonodon sp., Amphitheriidae indet., Amphitherium sp. (57124)
Middle Bathonian167.7 - 164.7United Kingdom (England) Amphitherium prevostii, Amphitherium rixoni (59357)
Late/Upper Bathonian - Early/Lower Kimmeridgian167.7 - 150.8China (Liaoning) Juramaia sp. (92421)
Callovian166.1 - 163.5Kyrgyzstan (Jalal-Abad) Paurodontidae indet., Amphitheriidae indet. (46545)
Oxfordian163.5 - 157.3China (Liaoning) Juramaia sinensis (114842)
Late/Upper Oxfordian - Kimmeridgian161.2 - 152.1China (Xinjiang) Zatheria indet., Nanolestes mackennai (47056)
Kimmeridgian157.3 - 152.1Portugal (Leiria) Paurodontidae indet., Drescheratherium acutum, Dryolestidae indet., Henkelotherium guimarotae, Guimarotodus inflatus, Krebsotherium lusitanicum, Dryolestes leirensis, Nanolestes drescherae (24563)
Kimmeridgian157.3 - 152.1Turkey Labes atramentosa (173369)
Kimmeridgian - Early/Lower Tithonian157.3 - 145.0Romania Labes atramentosa (201710 201711)
Kimmeridgian - Tithonian157.3 - 145.0USA (Wyoming) Archaeotrigon sp., Archaeotrigon brevimaxillus, Tanaodon agilis, Paurodon valens, Euthlastus cordiformis, Melanodon oweni, Pelicopsis dubius, Dryolestes arcuatus, Laolestes sp., Laolestes eminens, Melanodon goodrichi, Comotherium richi, Stylacodon gracilis, Laodon venustus, Dryolestes gracilis, Dryolestes vorax, Dryolestes priscus, Herpetairus humilis, Asthenodon segnis, Stylacodon validus, Laolestes grandis, Malthacolestes osborni, Miccylotyrans minimus, Enneodon crassus, Enneodon affinis, Dryolestes obtusus (12816) Dryolestes sp. (13212) Dryolestidae indet., Amblotherium megistodon (49636) Eupantotheria indet. (55333) Laolestes eminens, Comotherium richi, Amblotherium gracilis (39431)
Kimmeridgian - Tithonian157.3 - 145.0USA (Utah) Araeodon intermissus, Dryolestidae indet., Euthlastus cordiformis, Herpetairus arcuatus, Amblotherium sp., Amblotherium gracilis, Amblotherium debilis, Dryolestes priscus (53035)
Late/Upper Kimmeridgian155.7 - 150.8Tanzania (Lindi) Tendagurutherium dietrichi (47146)
Late/Upper Kimmeridgian155.7 - 150.8Portugal (Lourinha) Dryolestidae indet. (154213)
Late/Upper Kimmeridgian155.7 - 150.8Portugal (Centro) Dryolestidae indet., Zatheria indet. (49304) Portopinheirodon asymmetricus, Laolestes andresi, Pantotheria indet. (69708)