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Lophospira milleri

Gastropoda - Murchisoniina - Lophospiridae

Taxonomy
Murchisonia milleri was named by Miller (1877) [name courtesy of J. Hall; replaces Murchison bicincta. J. Hall in; Replacement name for Murchisonia bicincta Hall 1847 non M. bicincta M’Coy 1846.]. It is a 3D body fossil.

It was recombined as Loxoplocus (Lophospira) milleri by Knight and Bridge (1944); it was recombined as Lophospira milleri by Whitfield (1886), Knight (1941), Wilson (1951), Liberty (1969), Steele and Sinclair (1971), Tofel and Bretsky (1987), Wagner (1995), Wagner (1999) and Wagner (2023).

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1847Murchisonia bicincta Hall p. 177 figs. pl. 38 f. 5a-f, ?g-h
1859Murchisonia asper Billings p. 458
1868Murchisonia bicincta Meek and Worthen
1877Murchisonia milleri Miller p. 244
1884Murchisonia milleri Walcott p. 79 figs. Plate i, figs. 12, 12 a, b
1886Lophospira milleri Whitfield
1886Lophospira bicincta Whitfield p. 312
1889Murchisonia milleri Lesley
1892Murchisonia milleri Whiteaves
1897Worthenia initialis Koken
1897Lophospira medialis Ulrich and Scofield
1897Lophospira procera Ulrich and Scofield
1897Lophospira aspera Ulrich and Scofield p. 963
1897Lophospira procera Ulrich and Scofield p. 968 figs. pl. 72 f. 9
1897Lophospira medialis Ulrich and Scofield pp. 973-974 figs. not pl. 73 f. 23-29
1906Lophospira excavata Donald pp. 558 – 559 figs. pl. 43 f. 6; txt. f. 1
1908Lophospira seelyi Raymond
1908Murchisonia asper Raymond pp. 189 - 190 figs. pl. 50 f. 2
1908Lophospira seelyi Raymond pp. 190 - 191 figs. pl. 50 f. 3
1919Lophospira bicincta Bassler
1925Worthenia perfecta Koken and Perner p. 161 figs. pl. 28 f 18
1932Lophospira initialis Teichert
1932Lophospira perfecta Teichert
1935Lophospira compressa Endo
1937Lophospira oweni kentlandensis Shrock and Raasch p. 562 figs. Plate 8, Figs. 10-11
1938Lophospira aspera Twenhofel p. 60 figs. pl. 9 f. 4-5
1938Lophospira minuta Wilson p. 29 figs. pl. 2 f. 1
1941Lophospira milleri Knight pp. 179-180 figs. pl. 39 f. 4a-b
1944Loxoplocus (Lophospira) milleri Knight and Bridge
1951Lophospira milleri Wilson p. 36 figs. pl. 5 f. 4
1961Eunema ventricosa
1961Lophospira tienshanensis
1961Eunema ventricosa pp. 381 - 382 figs. pl. 8 f. 3-4
1969Lophospira milleri Liberty
1971Lophospira milleri Steele and Sinclair pp. 14 - 15 figs. pl. 8 f. 6-12
1987Lophospira milleri Tofel and Bretsky pp. 715 - 717 figs. 5.4-5.5
1995Lophospira milleri Wagner p. 177
1999Lophospira milleri Wagner
2023Lophospira milleri Wagner p. S1672

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
superphylumLophotrochozoa
phylumMollusca
RankNameAuthor
classGastropoda
subclassOrthogastropoda
orderMurchisoniina
superfamilyTrochonematoidea()
familyLophospiridae
genusLophospira
speciesmilleri()

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Lophospira milleri Miller 1877
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Invalid names: Eunema ventricosa Yü 1961 [synonym], Lophospira aspera Billings 1859 [synonym], Lophospira bicincta Hall 1847 [synonym], Lophospira compressa Endo 1935 [synonym], Lophospira curvistriata Koken and Perner 1925 [synonym], Lophospira excavata Donald 1906 [synonym], Lophospira initialis Koken 1897 [synonym], Lophospira kentlandensis Shrock and Raasch 1937 [synonym], Lophospira medialis Ulrich and Scofield 1897 [synonym], Lophospira minuta Wilson 1938 [synonym], Lophospira perfecta Koken and Perner 1925 [synonym], Lophospira procera Ulrich and Scofield 1897 [synonym], Lophospira seelyi Raymond 1908 [synonym], Lophospira tienshanensis Yü 1961 [synonym]
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: aragoniteo
Entire body: yesg
Adult length: 10 to < 100g
Adult width: 10 to < 100g
Adult height: 10 to < 100g
Folds: noneg
Ribbing: minorg
Spines: noneg
Internal reinforcement: noneg
Locomotion: actively mobileg
Life habit: epifaunalg
Diet: herbivoreg
Vision: limitedo
Created: 2004-10-20 02:00:22
Modified: 2009-06-06 09:50:23
Source: g = genus, o = order
References: Bambach et al. 2007, Aberhan et al. 2004

Age range: base of the Darriwilian to the top of the Late/Upper Ordovician or 467.30000 to 443.80000 Ma

Collections (60 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Chazyan470.0 - 457.3USA (Vermont) Lophospira seelyi (63297)
Chazyan470.0 - 457.3Canada (Quebec) Lophospira aspera (56182)
Whiterockian470.0 - 457.3USA (Virginia) Loxoplocus bicincta (6984 7103)
Kunda469.2 - 464.3Estonia (Harjumaa) Lophospira curvistriata (154576)
Kunda469.2 - 464.3Estonia Loxoplocus curvistriata (56202)
Kunda469.2 - 464.3Russian Federation (City of St. Petersburg) Worthenia initialis (89463)
Darriwilian467.3 - 458.4China (Liaoning) Lophospira compressa (119294)
Aseri463.5 - 460.9Estonia Loxoplocus curvistriata (56200)
Lasnamagi463.5 - 460.9Estonia Loxoplocus curvistriata (56205)
Lasnamagi - Kukruse463.5 - 456.8Estonia (Harjumaa) Lophospira curvistriata (155410)
Aurelucian458.4 - 456.6United Kingdom (Scotland) Lophospira excavata (171721)
Soudleyan - Longvillian458.4 - 455.0United Kingdom (Wales) Lophospira excavata (192427)
Caradoc458.4 - 449.5USA (California) Loxoplocus medialis (69221 69235) Loxoplocus medialis, Loxoplocus procera (69224) Loxoplocus procera (69215 69228 69233)
Late/Upper Ordovician458.4 - 443.8Canada (Manitoba) Murchisonia milleri (28184)
Turinian457.3 - 453.8Canada (Ontario) Lophospira milleri (184671 185429 185476) Lophospira milleri, Lophospira bicincta (185475)
Turinian457.3 - 453.8USA (Indiana) Lophospira milleri (194135) Lophospira oweni (104277)
Turinian457.3 - 453.8USA (Kentucky) Lophospira milleri (99339 100176)
Ashbyan457.3 - 449.6USA (Tennessee) Lophospira procera (5327)
Ashbyan457.3 - 449.6USA (Virginia) Lophospira bicincta, Lophospira procera (33544 33545 33546 33547)
Blackriveran457.3 - 449.6Canada (Quebec) Lophospira milleri, Lophospira medialis (63816)
Blackriveran457.3 - 449.6Canada (Ontario) Lophospira milleri (26172 55999 100354 156592)
Kirkfieldian457.3 - 449.6USA (Kentucky) Lophospira milleri (87821 87823)
Rocklandian457.3 - 449.6Canada (Quebec) Lophospira milleri (154703)
Shermanian457.3 - 449.6USA (Minnesota) Lophospira bicincta (23579)
Shermanian457.3 - 449.6USA (Kentucky) Lophospira medialis (99569 154460 155385) Lophospira milleri (101381)
Keila - Oandu453.9 - 451.8Sweden (Dalarna) Worthenia perfecta (155566)
Chatfieldian453.8 - 451.0USA (Minnesota) Lophospira medialis (194137)
Chatfieldian453.8 - 451.0USA (Kentucky) Loxoplocus medialis (34547)
Katian453.0 - 445.2USA (Kentucky) Lophospira milleri (100858)
Edenian - Maysvillian451.0 - 449.6Canada (Ontario) Lophospira milleri (26293)
Richmondian449.6 - 445.5Canada (Northwest Territories) Lophospira minuta (27193 104999)
Richmondian449.6 - 445.5USA (Michigan) Lophospira bicincta (26313 26317 26333)
Richmondian449.6 - 445.5USA (Ohio) Lophospira bicincta (5326)
Ashgill449.5 - 443.7USA (California) Loxoplocus medialis (69218)
Gamachian449.5 - 443.7Canada (Manitoba) Lophospira bicincta (26359)
Hirnantian445.2 - 443.4USA (Maine) Lophospira milleri (13606)