Basic info Taxonomic history Classification Relationships
Morphology Ecology and taphonomy External Literature Search Age range and collections

Saltasaurus loricatus

Reptilia - Titanosauridae

Taxonomy
Saltasaurus loricatus was named by Bonaparte and Powell (1980). Its type specimen is PVL 4017-92, a partial skeleton, and it is a 3D body fossil. Its type locality is Estancia "El Brete" (PVL), which is in a Maastrichtian fluvial-lacustrine sandstone in the Lecho Formation of Argentina. It is the type species of Saltasaurus.

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1980Saltasaurus loricatus Bonaparte and Powell pp. 20-23 figs. 3-6
1981Saltasaurus loricatus Olshevsky p. 41
1984Saltasaurus loricatus Bonaparte p. 119
1990Saltasaurus loricatus McIntosh p. 351
1992Saltasaurus loricatus Powell p. 171
1993Saltasaurus loricatus Salgado and Coria p. 127
1995Saltasaurus loricatus Le Loeuff et al. p. 156
1996Saltasaurus loricatus Bonaparte p. 105 fig. 38
1996Saltasaurus loricatus Jacobs et al. p. 600
1997Saltasaurus loricatus Novas p. 681
1997Saltasaurus loricatus Salgado and Calvo pp. 37-38
1997Saltasaurus loricatus Salgado et al. p. 5
1999Saltasaurus loricatus Prasad and Sahni p. 382
2000Saltasaurus loricatus Salgado and Azpilicueta p. 259
2003Saltasaurus loricatus Calvo and González Riga
2003Saltasaurus loricatus Powell p. 29
2003Saltasaurus loricatus Salgado p. 442
2004Saltasaurus loricatus Franco-Rosas et al. p. 332
2004Saltasaurus loricatus Upchurch et al. p. 270
2004Saltasaurus loricatus You et al. p. 908
2005Saltasaurus loricatus Apesteguía p. 253 fig. 12.2
2005Saltasaurus loricatus Campos et al. p. 569
2005Saltasaurus loricatus Curry Rogers p. 66
2005Saltasaurus loricatus Kellner et al. p. 536
2005Saltasaurus loricatus Salgado and Coria p. 441
2006Saltasaurus loricatus Kellner et al. p. 3
2006Saltasaurus loricatus Malkani p. 193
2006Saltasaurus loricatus Santucci and Bertini p. 355
2007Saltasaurus loricatus Molnar and Wiffen p. 508
2008Saltasaurus loricatus Filippi and Garrido p. 581
2008Saltasaurus loricatus Malkani p. 56
2009Saltasaurus loricatus González Riga et al. p. 141
2009Saltasaurus loricatus Salgado and Coria p. 11
2011Saltasaurus loricatus Díez Díaz et al. p. 522
2011Saltasaurus loricatus Filippi et al. p. 5
2011Saltasaurus loricatus González Riga p. 282
2011Saltasaurus loricatus Navarrete et al. p. 9
2011Saltasaurus loricatus Taylor et al. p. 86
2012Saltasaurus loricatus Mannion and Otero p. 634
2012Saltasaurus loricatus Vila et al. p. 29
2013Saltasaurus loricatus Otero and Reguero p. 11

Is something missing? Join the Paleobiology Database and enter the data

RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
OlfactoresJefferies 1991
subphylumVertebrata
Gnathostomata()
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
Eosuchia()
Neodiapsida
SauriaGauthier 1984
Archosauromorpha(Huene 1946)
Crocopoda
RankNameAuthor
ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
Eucrocopoda
Archosauria()
informalAvemetatarsalia
Ornithodira
Dinosauromorpha
Dinosauriformes
Dinosauria()
Saurischia()
Eusaurischia
Sauropodomorpha(Huene 1932)
Massopoda
Sauropodiformes
Sauropoda()
Eusauropoda
Neosauropoda
Macronaria
Titanosauriformes
Somphospondyli
Titanosauria
familyTitanosauridae
EutitanosauriaSanz et al. 1999
Lithostrotia
familySaltasauridae
subfamilySaltasaurinae
genusSaltasaurus
speciesloricatus

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
J. E. Powell 1992Skull with supratemporal fenestra more reduced than in Antarctosaurus, closed dorsally by fusion of the parietal and frontal: basisphenoid complex of triangular shape in ventral view, with a transversely narrow base and a pronounced sagittal crest; fenestra ovalis open to the passage of nerves IX-XI, basipterygoids joined proximally; basal tubera of the basioccipital are fused.
The cervical vertebrae are relatively shorter and broader than those of the known titanosaurs. Dorsal vertebrae centra lack ventral keels. The neural spines are very thick and round. Dorsal surface of the diapophysis is flat distally.
The sacrum has six fused vertebrae with the articular surfaces convex anteriorly and posteriorly. The first caudal is procoelous. The broad neural spine is compressed anteroposteriorly, and also is somewhat inclined toward the back in the anterior caudals.
The scapula shows a medial prominence close to the anterodorsal edge. The long bones are relatively short and sturdy. The metacarpals are shorter than in Antarctosaurus, Argyrosaurus and the titanosaurs.