|Basic info||Taxonomic history||Classification||Relationships|
|Morphology||Ecology and taphonomy||External Literature Search||Age range and collections|
Gastropoda - Neogastropoda - Turridae
It was reranked as the family Borsoniidae by Bouchet et al. (2011) and Bouchet (2015).
It was assigned to Turridae by Woodring (1928), MacNeil (1960), Olsson (1964), Woodring (1970), Ponder and Warén (1988), Beu et al. (1990) and Wilson (1994); and to Conoidea by Bouchet et al. (2011) and Bouchet (2015).
|Year||Name and author|
|1928||Borsoniinae Woodring p. 199|
|1960||Borsoniinae MacNeil p. 114|
|1964||Borsoniinae Olsson p. 114|
|1970||Borsoniinae Woodring p. 372|
|1988||Borsoniinae Ponder and Warén p. 307|
|1990||Borsoniinae Beu et al. p. 417|
|1994||Borsoniinae Wilson p. 182|
|2005||Zemaciinae Bouchet et al. p. 257|
|2011||Borsoniidae Bouchet et al. pp. 276 - 278|
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If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.
|P. Bouchet et al. 2011||Shell small to large (5–80 mm), fusiform to biconic, sometimes with strong to obsolete columellar pleats. Sculpture usually well developed, axial ribs sometimes obsolete to absent. Siphonal canal short to moderately long. Anal sinus on subsutural ramp, deep. Protoconch when multispiral with up to five whorls, initially smooth and then with arcuate axial riblets, when paucispiral up to two smooth whorls. Operculum with terminal nucleus, fully developed to missing. Radula of hypodermic marginal teeth that usually have a weakly developed solid basal part, often attached to the ligament (marked by an arrow on Fig. 3C). Tooth canal opening (sub)terminally or, sometimes, laterally. At their tip teeth can have weak to rather strong barb(s) (Genota, Fig. 3A). Overlapping of the tooth edges is weak (Fig. 3C). In Zemacies, the radula is completely absent.|