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Borsoniinae

Gastropoda - Neogastropoda - Turridae

Taxonomy
Borsoniinae was named by Bellardi (1875) [m. kosnik taxon no: 8259]. It is extant.

It was reranked as the family Borsoniidae by Bouchet et al. (2011) and Bouchet (2015).

It was assigned to Turridae by Woodring (1928), MacNeil (1960), Olsson (1964), Woodring (1970), Ponder and Warén (1988), Beu et al. (1990) and Wilson (1994); and to Conoidea by Bouchet et al. (2011) and Bouchet (2015).

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1875Borsoniinae Bellardi
1928Borsoniinae Woodring p. 199
1960Borsoniinae MacNeil p. 114
1964Borsoniinae Olsson p. 114
1970Borsoniinae Woodring p. 372
1988Borsoniinae Ponder and Warén p. 307
1990Borsoniinae Beu et al. p. 417
1994Borsoniinae Wilson p. 182
2003Zemaciinae Sysoev
2005Zemaciinae Bouchet et al. p. 257
2011Borsoniidae Bouchet et al. pp. 276 - 278
2015Borsoniidae Bouchet

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
Schizocoela
phylumMollusca
classGastropodaCuvier 1797
RankNameAuthor
subclassProsobranchiaMilne-Edwards 1848
superorderCaenogastropodaCox 1959
orderNeogastropodaThiele 1929
superfamilyConoidea(Rafinesque 1815)
familyTurridaeSwainson 1840
subfamilyBorsoniinaeBellardi 1875
subfamilyBorsoniinaeBellardi 1875

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
P. Bouchet et al. 2011Shell small to large (5–80 mm), fusiform to biconic, sometimes with strong to obsolete columellar pleats. Sculpture usually well developed, axial ribs sometimes obsolete to absent. Siphonal canal short to moderately long. Anal sinus on subsutural ramp, deep. Protoconch when multispiral with up to five whorls, initially smooth and then with arcuate axial riblets, when paucispiral up to two smooth whorls. Operculum with terminal nucleus, fully developed to missing. Radula of hypodermic marginal teeth that usually have a weakly developed solid basal part, often attached to the ligament (marked by an arrow on Fig. 3C). Tooth canal opening (sub)terminally or, sometimes, laterally. At their tip teeth can have weak to rather strong barb(s) (Genota, Fig. 3A). Overlapping of the tooth edges is weak (Fig. 3C). In Zemacies, the radula is completely absent.