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Cylichnidae

Gastropoda - Opisthobranchia - Cylichnidae

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1850Cylichnidae Adams
1984Cylichnidae Squires p. 39
1987Cylichnidae Squires p. 53
1988Cylichnidae Squires p. 17
1998Cylichnidae Beesley p. 942
1999Cylichnidae Squires p. 22
2001Cylichnidae Harzhauser and Mandic p. 717
2001Cylichnidae Todd
2002Cylichnidae Harzhauser and Kowalke p. 74
2004Cylichnidae Stilwell et al. p. 51
2007Cylichnidae Harzhauser
2007Cylichnidae Wienrich and Janssen p. 774

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
superphylumLophotrochozoa
phylumMollusca
RankNameAuthor
classGastropoda
orderOpisthobranchia(Milne-Edwards 1848)
orderCephalaspideaFischer 1883
superfamilyPhilinoideaGray 1850
familyCylichnidaeAdams 1850
familyCylichnidaeAdams 1850

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Fm. Cylichnidae Adams 1850
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G. †Abderospira Dall 1896
+
Abderospira aldrichi Langdon 1886
Abderospira hornii Gabb 1864
Abderospira leblanci Harris and Palmer 1947
Abderospira meyeri Palmer 1937
Abderospira oviformis Meyer 1886
Abderospira sabina Palmer 1937
Abderospira stewarti Palmer 1937
G. Acteocina Gray 1847 [barrel-bubble]
+
Acteocina anetaspira Woodring 1928
Acteocina bidentata d'Orbigny 1841
+
Invalid names: Cylichnella mareana Weisbord 1962 [synonym]
Acteocina bullata Kiener 1834
+
Invalid names: Acteocina subbullata Pilsbry and Johnson 1917 [synonym]
Acteocina candei d'Orbigny 1841
Acteocina cederstromi Richards 1947
Acteocina cerealis Gould 1853
+
Invalid names: Tornatina eximia Baird 1863 [synonym]
Acteocina chowanensis Richards 1947
+
Invalid names: Acteocina pedroensis Oldroyd 1925 [synonym]
Acteocina harpa Dall 1871
Acteocina inculta Gould 1855
+
Invalid names: Acteocina smirna Dall 1919 [synonym], Coelophysis carinata Carpenter 1857 [synonym]
+
Invalid names: Acteocina anomala Willett 1945 [synonym], Acteocina magdalenensis Dall 1919 [synonym], Tornatina tumida Olrdoyd 1921 [synonym]
Acteocina kirkwoodiana Richards and Harbison 1944
Acteocina lajonkaireana Basterot 1825
Acteocina lepta Woodring 1928
Acteocina puruha Pilsbry and Olsson 1941
Acteocina recta d'Orbigny 1845
Acteocina sandwicensis Pease 1860
G. Bullaria Rafinesque 1815
+
Bullaria granosa Sowerby 1849
Bullaria jolla Hanna 1927
Bullaria paupercula Sowerby 1849
Bullaria tumida Packard 1922
G. †Bullichna Nordsieck 1972
G. Cylichna Lovén 1846
+
Subg. Cylichna (Acrostemma) Cossmann 1889
+
Subg. Cylichna (Cylichna) Lovén 1846
+
Subg. †Cylichna (Cylichnopsis) Cossmann 1904
+
Cylichna alba Brown 1827
Cylichna andersoni Murphy and Rodda 1960
Cylichna angustata Cossman and Cossman 1897
Cylichna angystoma Deshayes 1824
Cylichna attonsa Carpenter 1864
Cylichna aula Woodring 1928
Cylichna calvertensis Martin 1904
Cylichna discus Watson 1883
Cylichna elliptica Sowerby 1824
Cylichna faba Kner 1869
Cylichna fantasma Baker and Hanna 1927
Cylichna greensboroensis Martin 1904
Cylichna incisa Stephenson 1941
Cylichna intermissia Sohl 1964
Cylichna jacksonensis Meyer 1886
Cylichna loismartinae Keen 1943
Cylichna makanjuolai Adegoke 1977
Cylichna occulta Mighels and Adams 1842
Cylichna paupercula Nagao 1928
Cylichna pessumata Sohl 1964
Cylichna ramonensis Clark 1918
Cylichna salbriacensis Peyrot 1932
Cylichna secalina Shumard 1861
Cylichna solivaga Maury 1912
Cylichna subalpina Guembel 1861
Cylichna temblorensis Keen 1943
Cylichna tenuis Reuss 1845
Cylichna venusta Clark 1895
G. †Cylichnania Marwick 1931
+
Cylichnania impar Finlay and Marwick 1937
G. Cylichnella Gabb 1873
+
Cylichnella atacata Woodring 1928
Cylichnella bitruncata Meyer 1886
Cylichnella duqmensis Harzhauser 2007
Cylichnella stibara Woodring 1970
G. Philine Ascanius 1772
+
Philine aquila Van Der Linden and Janssen 1996
G. Scaphander Monfort 1810
+
Subg. †Scaphander (Mirascapha) Stewart 1927
+
Subg. †Scaphander (Scaphander) Montfort 1810
Scaphander brevicula Philippi 1887
Scaphander impunctatus Hickman 1980
Scaphander jacksonensis Harris and Palmer 1947
Scaphander javanus Martin 1879
Scaphander jugularis Conrad 1855
Scaphander nannus Woodring 1928
Scaphander polysarcus Cossmann and Pissarro 1913
Scaphander radii Abbass 1967
Scaphander rarus Wade 1926
Scaphander remondi Philippi 1887
Scaphander stewarti Durham 1944
G. †Suwannescapha Petuch 1997
+
Suwannescapha lindae Petuch 1997
G. †Taita Laws 1948
+
Taita callosa Laws 1948
Taita lawsi Maxwell 1988
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: aragonitec
Locomotion: actively mobilef
Life habit: epifaunalf
Diet: carnivoref
Vision: limitedc
Comments: LIFE HISTORY: Predatory carnivore according to Todd (2001).f
Created: 2009-09-10 07:31:23
Modified: 2009-09-10 09:31:23
Source: f = family, c = class
References: Kiessling 2004, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Bathonian to the top of the Holocene or 168.30000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 166.1 Ma

Collections (1019 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Bathonian168.3 - 166.1Saudi Arabia Cylichna sp. (48447)
Late/Upper Barremian130.0 - 125.45France (Drôme) Acteocina tenuistriata, Cylichna urgonensis (177726)
Late/Upper Albian105.3 - 99.6United Kingdom (England) Cylichna urgonensis (6280)
Cenomanian100.5 - 93.9USA (California) Scaphander sp. (167602)
Cenomanian100.5 - 93.9USA (Texas) Cylichna sp. (2120 6595)
Early/Lower Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5USA (California) Cylichna andersoni (1794 1804)
Late/Upper Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5USA (Utah) Cylichna sp. (3325)
Late/Upper Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5USA (Arizona) Cylichna sp. (54165)
Middle Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Australia (Northern Territory) Cylichna intermissia (13946)
Turonian - Santonian93.9 - 83.6USA (California) Bullaria nortonensis (80942)
Early/Lower Turonian93.5 - 89.3Gabon Cylichna sp. (209538)
Late/Upper Turonian93.5 - 89.3USA (California) Bullaria tumida (194023 215284) Cylichnina costata (220931)
Late/Upper Turonian - Late/Upper Campanian93.5 - 70.6USA (California) Bullaria tumida (207825)
Coniacian89.8 - 86.3USA (California) Scaphander costatus (44232)
Coniacian - Santonian89.8 - 83.6USA (California) Cylichna sp. (185441 185448)
Santonian86.3 - 83.6Austria Cylichna sp. (74489)
Santonian86.3 - 83.6South Africa (Eastern Cape) Cylichna incisa (47109)
Piripauan85.8 - 83.5New Zealand Cylichna thomsoniana (78368 78369 78374 83520 83521)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1USA (California) Scaphander costatus (44274)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1USA (North Carolina) Cylichna sp. (7612)