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Cypraeidae (cowry)

Gastropoda - Cypraeidae

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1815Cypraeidae Rafinesque
1947Cypraeidae Harris and Palmer p. 315
1983Cypraeidae Gliozzi and Malatesta p. 103
1984Cypraeidae Squires p. 23
1987Cypraeidae Squires p. 35
1988Cypraeidae Ponder and Warén p. 300
1988Cypraeidae Squires p. 12
1996Cypraeidae Petuch p. 17
1998Cypraeidae Beesley p. 780
2001Cypraeidae Harzhauser and Mandic p. 703
2001Cypraeidae Todd
2002Cypraeidae Harzhauser p. 87
2003Cypraeidae Groves and Nielsen p. 352
2004Cypraeidae Dolin and Lozouet p. 10
2004Cypraeidae Harzhauser p. 131
2005Cypraeidae Bouchet et al. p. 250
2006Cypraeidae DeVries et al. p. 102
2010Cypraeidae Landau and Marques da Silva p. 34
2011Cypraeidae Groves p. 47
2011Cypraeidae Landau and Groves p. 2
2017Cypraeidae Bouchet et al. p. 347
2018Cypraeidae Dolin and Aguerre p. 88
2023Cypraeidae Groves and Squires p. 5

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
superphylumLophotrochozoa
phylumMollusca
classGastropoda
RankNameAuthor
subclassCaenogastropoda(Cox 1959)
Sorbeoconcha(Ponder and Lindberg 1997)
Hypsogastropoda(Ponder and Lindberg 1997)
superorderLatrogastropodaRiedel 2000
superfamilyCypraeoidea(Rafinesque 1815)
familyCypraeidaeRafinesque 1815
familyCypraeidaeRafinesque 1815

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Fm. Cypraeidae Rafinesque 1815 [cowry]
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G. Afrozoila Fehse 2016
+
Afrozoila fultoni Sowerby 1903
Afrozoila gendinganensis Martin 1899
Afrozoila kendengensis Schilder 1941
Afrozoila schilderi Dey 1961
Afrozoila teulerei Cazenavette 1845
Afrozoila zietsmani Liltved and Leroux 1988
G. †Akleistostoma Gardner 1948
+
Akleistostoma bairdi Petuch 2004
Akleistostoma crocodila Petuch 1994
Akleistostoma diegelae Petuch 1991
Akleistostoma erici Petuch 1998
Akleistostoma floridana Mansfield 1931
Akleistostoma hughesi Olsson and Petit 1964
Akleistostoma jenniferae Petuch 1998
Akleistostoma macbrideae Petuch 1996
Akleistostoma pilsbryi Ingram 1939
Akleistostoma rilkoi Petuch 1999
Subfm. †Archicypraeinae Schilder 1927
+
G. †Archicypraea Schilder 1927
+
Archicypraea ancillaria Dolin and Pacaud 2009
Archicypraea bellardiana Schilder 1932
Archicypraea exerta Deshayes 1835
Archicypraea lioyi Bayan 1870
Archicypraea prisca Deshayes 1865
Archicypraea superba de Gregorio 1880
Invalid names: Archicypreini Schilder 1927 [empty]
Subfm. †Bernayinae Schilder 1927
+
G. †Afrocypraea Schilder 1932
+
Afrocypraea chubbi Rennie 1930
Tr. †Archicypraeini Schilder 1927
+
G. †Palaeocypraea Schilder 1928
+
Subg. †Palaeocypraea (Palaeocypraea) Schilder 1928
+
+
Invalid names: Palaeocypraea striata Zekeli 1852 [replaced]
+
Invalid names: Palaeocypraea (Palaeocypraea) antiqua Sayn 1932 [replaced]
Subg. Palaeocypraea (Pustulariopsis) Schilder 1941
+
+
Invalid names: Palaeocypraea (Pustulariopsis) retusa Parona and Prever 1909 [synonym]
Palaeocypraea corsicanana Stephenson 1941
Palaeocypraea eripnides Darragh 2002
Palaeocypraea fontana Anderson 1958
Palaeocypraea grooti Richards and Shapiro 1963
Palaeocypraea nuciformis Stephenson 1941
Palaeocypraea spirata von Schlotheim 1820
Palaeocypraea squyeri Campbell 1893
Palaeocypraea suciensis Whiteaves 1895
Palaeocypraea suecica Schilder 1928
Palaeocypraea wilfredi Groves 2004
G. †Barycypraea Schilder 1927
+
Barycypraea bensoni Finlay 1927
+
Invalid names: Barycypraea burialensis Martin 1928 [synonym], Cypraea ovata Martin 1879 [replaced]
Barycypraea caputviperae Martin 1899
Barycypraea humerosa Sowerby 1839
Barycypraea murisimilis Martin 1879
+
Invalid names: Barycypraea junghuhni Martin 1899 [synonym]
Barycypraea orangensis Beets 1942
Barycypraea saltoensis Clark and Durham 1946
Barycypraea singuensis Vredenburg 1921
Barycypraea subtetragona Martin 1879
Barycypraea suryai Beets 1942
G. †Bernaya Jousseaume 1884
+
Subg. †Bernaya (Bernaya) Jousseaume 1884
+
Bernaya (Bernaya) azevedoi Oliveira 1957
Bernaya (Bernaya) beardi Groves 2004
Bernaya (Bernaya) depereti Roman and Mazeran 1920
Bernaya (Bernaya) ellipsoides d'Archiac and Haime 1853
Bernaya (Bernaya) jeanae Groves 2004
Bernaya (Bernaya) obesa Deshayes 1866
Bernaya grovesi Squires and Demetrion 1992
Bernaya kaylinae Groves and Squires 2023
Bernaya media Deshayes 1835
Bernaya quarunensis Abbass 1967
Bernaya squiresi Groves 2011
G. †Gisortia Jousseaume 1884
+
Subg. †Gisortia (Megalocypraea) Schilder 1927
Subg. †Gisortia (Vicetia) Fabiani 1905
+
Gisortia (Vicetia) hantkeni Lefèvre 1878
Vicetia sowerbyi Schilder 1930
+
Invalid names: Vicetia depressa Sowerby 1839 [replaced]
Vicetia vredenburgi Schilder 1930
Gisortia brevis Douvillé 1920
Gisortia clarki Ingram 1940
Gisortia colombiana Clark and Durham 1946
Gisortia coombii Sowerby 1850
+
Invalid names: Gisortia gisortiana Passy 1859 [synonym]
Gisortia gigantea Munster 1828
Gisortia harrisi Palmer 1957
Gisortia ibrahimi Abbass 1967
Gisortia mahgoobi Abbass 1967
Gisortia murchisoni d'Archaic and Haime 1854
Gisortia tuberculosa Duclos 1825
Invalid names: Aricia Gray 1837 [replaced]
G. Protocypraea Schilder 1927
+
Protocypraea simiensis Nelson 1925
Invalid names: Bernayini Schilder 1927 [empty]
Subfm. Bistolidinae Meyer 2003
+
G. Bistolida Cossmann 1920
+
Bistolida hirundo Linnaeus 1758
Bistolida kieneri Hidalgo 1906
Invalid names: Derstolida Iredale 1935 [synonym]
G. Ovatipsa Iredale 1931
+
Ovatipsa chinensis Gmelin 1791
G. Palmadusta Schilder 1939
+
Palmadusta clandestina Linnaeus 1758
Subfm. Cypraeinae Rafinesque 1815
+
G. Cypraea Linnaeus 1758 [cowry]
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Subg. †Cypraea (Austrocypraea) Cossmann 1903
Subg. †Cypraea (Bernayia) Jousseaume 1884
Subg. †Cypraea (Conocypraea) Oppenheim 1901
Subg. Cypraea (Cribrarula) Strand 1929
Subg. Cypraea (Cypraea) Linnaeus 1758
Subg. †Cypraea (Cypropterina) De Gregorio 1880
Subg. †Cypraea (Luponia) Gray 1837
+
Subg. Cypraea (Notocypraea) Schilder 1927
Cypraea boucheti Dolin and Lozouet 2004
Cypraea fenestratis Conrad 1854
Cypraea ohiroi Masuda 1967
Cypraea pantherina Solander 1786
Cypraea pediculus Lamarck 1802
Cypraea pennae White 1887
Cypraea problematica Heilprin 1886
Cypraea sulcosa Lamarck 1802
Cypraea tigris Linnaeus 1758
Eratotrivia crenata Deshayes 1835
+
Invalid names: Eratotrivia crenularis Oppenheim 1901 [synonym]
Invalid names: Cypraea flaveola Linnaeus 1758 [nomen dubium], Pantherinaria Sacco 1890 [synonym], Vulgusella Jousseaume 1884 [objective synonym]
G. †Jousseaumea Sacco 1894
+
Jousseaumea diluviana Gray 1824
Jousseaumea grateloupi d'Orbigny 1852
Jousseaumea joossi Schilder 1939
Jousseaumea sublyncoides d'Orbigny 1852
+
Invalid names: Cypraea lyncoides Grateloup 1845 [replaced]
G. Leporicypraea Iredale 1930
G. Macrocypraea Woodring 1957
+
Macrocypraea cervus Linnaeus 1771
Macrocypraea joanneae Petuch 2004
Macrocypraea veintensis Perrilliat et al. 2003
Macrocypraea zebra Linnaeus 1758
+
Invalid names: Cypraea exanthema Linnaeus 1767 [synonym]
G. Mauritia Troschel 1863
+
Subg. †Mauritia (Mauritia) Troschel 1863
+
Mauritia (Mauritia) uzestensis Dolin and Lozouet 2004
Mauritia arabica Linnaeus 1758
Mauritia eglantina Duclos 1833
Mauritia grayana Schilder 1930
Mauritia maculifera Schilder 1932
Mauritia mauritiana Linnaeus 1758
Mauritia scurra Gmelin 1791
Invalid names: Arabica Jousseaume 1884 [synonym]
G. †Muracypraea Woodring 1957
+
Muracypraea andersoni Ingram 1947
Muracypraea angustirima Spieker 1922
Muracypraea cayapa Pilsbry and Olsson 1941
Muracypraea grahami Ingram 1947
+
Invalid names: Cypraea rugosa Ingram 1947 [synonym]
Muracypraea henekeni Sowerby 1850
+
Invalid names: Siphocypraea quagga Schilder 1939 [synonym]
Muracypraea hyaena Schilder 1939
Muracypraea isthmica Schilder 1927
Muracypraea mus Linnaeus 1758
+
Invalid names: Barycypraea ovum Roding 1798 [synonym]
Muracypraea ormenoi DeVries et al. 2006
Muracypraea projecta Ingram 1947
Muracypraea tuberae Ingram 1947
Muracypraea woodringi Landau and Groves 2011
G. †Plaziatia Dolin and Lozouet 2004
+
Plaziatia amandula Dolin and Lozouet 2004
Plaziatia estotiensis Dolin and Lozouet 2004
Plaziatia parasigmapertura Dolin and Lozouet 2004
Plaziatia subglobosa Grateloup 1846
G. †Praerosaria Dolin and Lozouet 2004
+
Praerosaria amoenacea Dolin and Lozouet 2004
Praerosaria biacuta Dolin and Lozouet 2004
Praerosaria charlenae Dolin and Lozouet 2004
Praerosaria espibosensis Dolin and Lozouet 2004
Praerosaria exflaveola Sacco 1894
Praerosaria herosae Dolin and Lozouet 2004
Praerosaria herosae Dolin and Lozouet 2004
Praerosaria herosae Dolin and Lozouet 2004
Praerosaria paulonaria Dolin and Lozouet 2004
Praerosaria perlacea Dolin and Lozouet 2004
Praerosaria pseudorugosa Dolin and Lozouet 2004
Praerosaria tabulata Dolin and Lozouet 2004
Invalid names: Cypraeacites Schlotheim 1820 [replaced]
G. †Prozonarina Schilder 1941
+
Prozonarina barcamorpha Dolin and Lozouet 2004
Prozonarina brocchii Deshayes 1844
Prozonarina expansa Grateloup 1847
Prozonarina fabagina Lamarck 1810
Prozonarina haueriana Dolin and Lozouet 2004
Prozonarina maxima Grateloup 1847
Prozonarina regalis Dolin and Lozouet 2004
G. Schilderia Tomlin 1930
+
Schilderia amygdalum Brocchi 1814
+
Invalid names: Apiocypraea subamygdalum d'Orbigny 1852 [synonym], Apiocypraea voeslauensis Sacco 1894 [synonym]
Schilderia andegavensis Defrance 1826
Schilderia brebioni Dolin and Lozouet 2004
Schilderia columbaria Lamarck 1810
Schilderia decorticata Defrance 1826
Schilderia fasciolaria Dolin and Lozouet 2004
Schilderia flavicula Lamarck 1810
+
Invalid names: Schilderia elongata Brocchi 1814 [synonym]
Schilderia garonettii Fehse 2004
Schilderia incognita Dolin and Lozouet 2004
Schilderia infernoi Cerulli-Irelli 1911
Schilderia lauriatae Dolin and Lozouet 2004
Schilderia longiscata Mayer 1875
Schilderia subannularia d'Orbigny 1852
Schilderia taurovalis Sacco 1894
Schilderia utricolata Lamarck 1810
Schilderia veronicata Dolin and Lozouet 2004
G. Talparia Troschel 1863
+
Subg. Talparia (Talparia) Moretzsohn 2014
+
Talparia talpa Linnaeus 1758
G. †Zonarina Sacco 1894
+
Subg. †Zonarina (Zonarina) Sacco 1894
Zonarina abbessensis Dolin and Lozouet 2004
Zonarina annularia Brongniart 1823
Zonarina aturensis Dolin and Lozouet 2004
Zonarina brogniarti Schilder 1932
Zonarina exglobosa Sacco 1894
Zonarina haueri Michelotti 1847
Zonarina liviae Fehse and Vicián 2004
Zonarina maynotensis Dolin and Lozouet 2004
Zonarina pinguis Grateloup 1846
Zonarina provincialis Matheron 1842
Zonarina subelongata d'Orbigny 1852
Invalid names: Cypraeini Rafinesque 1815 [empty]
Tr. †Cypraeorbini Schilder 1927
+
G. †Cypraeorbis Conrad 1865
+
Subg. †Cypraeorbis (Cypraeorbis) Conrad 1865
Cypraeorbis alabamensis de Gregorio 1890
Cypraeorbis arlettae Dolin 1991
Cypraeorbis boggsi Olsson 1928
Cypraeorbis bulbus Garvie 1996
Cypraeorbis gaasensis Dolin and Lozouet 2004
Cypraeorbis kendrewi Petuch 1997
Cypraeorbis lineata Conrad 1848
Cypraeorbis noveli Maury 1917
Cypraeorbis nuculoides Aldrich 1903
Cypraeorbis sphaeroides Conrad 1848
Cypraeorbis splendens Grateloup 1840
Cypraeorbis vaughani Maury 1912
Cypraeorbis ventripotens Cossmann 1903
+
Invalid names: Cypraea (Luponia) pinguis Conrad 1854 [replaced]
Cypraeorbis vesicularis Dolin and Lozouet 2004
Cypraeorbis willcoxi Dall 1890
+
Invalid names: Cypraea hertleini Ingram 1948 [synonym]
Invalid names: Cypraeorbis perplexa Schilder 1939 [nomen dubium], Loxacypraea Petuch 2004 [synonym]
G. Zoila Jousseaume 1884
+
Subg. †Zoila (Zoila) Jousseaume 1884
Zoila campestris Darragh 2011
Zoila chathamensis Cernohorsky 1971
Zoila didymorhyncha Darragh 2011
Zoila dolichorhyncha Darragh 2011
Zoila fodinata Darragh 2011
Zoila gigas McCoy 1867
+
Invalid names: Zoila dorsata Tate 1890 [synonym], Zoila gabrieli Chapman 1912 [synonym]
Zoila glomerabilis Darragh 2011
Zoila mulderi Tate 1892
Zoila platypyga McCoy 1876
+
Invalid names: Zoila consobrina McCoy 1877 [synonym], Zoila toxorhyncha Tate 1890 [synonym]
Zoila viathomsoni Darragh 2011
Invalid names: Gigantocypraea Schilder 1927 [synonym]
Invalid names: Zoilinae Iredale 1963 [synonym]
Subfm. Cypraeovulinae Schilder 1927
+
G. Cypraeovula Gray 1824
+
G. Notocypraea Schilder 1927
+
Subg. †Notocypraea (Notocypraea) Schilder 1941
+
Notocypraea darraghi Fehse 2010
Notocypraea eryma Cotton 1947
Notocypraea goudeyi Fehse 2011
Notocypraea hartsmithi Schilder 1967
Notocypraea jonesiana Tate 1890
Invalid names: Thelxinovum Iredale 1931 [synonym]
G. †Notoluponia Schilder 1935
+
Notoluponia pyrulata Tate 1890
Subfm. Erosariinae Schilder 1924
+
G. Erosaria Troschel 1863
+
Cypraea (Erosaria) sindiensis Vredenburg 1925
Subg. Erosaria (Paulonaria) Iredale 1930
Subg. Erosaria (Ravitrona) Iredale 1930
Erosaria acicularis Gmelin 1791
Erosaria aliena Schilder 1939
Erosaria americana Schilder 1939
Erosaria cernica Sowerby 1870
Erosaria citrina Gray 1850
Erosaria eburnea Barnes 1824 [Ivory Cowry]
Erosaria erosa Linnaeus 1758
Erosaria everwijni Martin 1887
+
Invalid names: Cypraea (Pustularia) agassizi Ladd 1934 [synonym]
Erosaria helvola Linnaeus 1758
Erosaria labrolineata Gaskoin 1849
Erosaria miliaris Gmelin 1791
Erosaria ocellata Linnaeus 1758
Erosaria poraria Linnaeus 1758
Erosaria spurca Linnaeus 1758
+
Invalid names: Erosaria minima Tenison Woods 1879 [synonym]
Erosaria turdus Lamarck 1810
G. Monetaria Troschel 1863
+
Subg. Monetaria (Ornamentaria) Schilder and Schilder 1936
Monetaria annulus Linnaeus 1758
Monetaria moneta Linnaeus 1758
G. †Naria Gray 1837
+
Naria erosa Linnaeus 1758
Invalid names: Ocellaria Weinkauff 1881 [replaced]
G. Nucleolaria Oyama 1959
+
Nucleolaria bezoyensis Dolin and Lozouet 2004
Nucleolaria cowlitziana Groves 1994
G. Propustularia Schilder 1927
+
Propustularia bartschi Ingram 1939
Propustularia caribaea Schilder 1939
Propustularia gurabonis Ingram 1939
Propustularia kemperae Nelson 1925
Propustularia longidentata Landau and Groves 2011
Propustularia paraguanensis Landau and Groves 2011
Propustularia parisimina Olsson 1922
Invalid names: Propustularia mejasensis Schilder 1939 [nomen dubium]
G. Staphylaea Jousseaume 1884
+
Subg. Staphylaea (Nuclearia) Jousseaume 1884
+
Staphylaea limacina Lamarck 1810
G. †Subepona Dolin and Lozouet 2004
+
Subepona antiqua Lamarck 1810
Subepona goedertorum Groves and Squires 1995
Subepona herrerensis Dolin and Lozouet 2004
Subepona leahae Groves and Squires 2023
Subepona promeces Pacaud and Ledon 2012
Invalid names: Erosariini Schilder 1924 [empty]
Subfm. †Erroneinae Schilder 1927
+
Tr. Bistolidini Meyer 2003
+
G. Cribrarula Strand 1929
+
Cribrarula cribraria Linnaeus 1758
G. Talostolida Iredale 1931
+
Talostolida teres Gmelin 1791
+
Invalid names: Bistolida (Blasicrura) punctulata Hidalgo 1907 [synonym]
G. Contradusta Meyer 2003
+
Contradusta walkeri Sowerby 1832 [Walker's Cowry]
G. Eclogavena Iredale 1930
+
G. Erronea Troschel 1863
+
Subg. Erronea (Cribraria) Jousseaume 1884
+
Subg. †Cribraria (Thalostolida) Iredale 1930
Subg. †Erronea (Gratiadusta) Iredale 1930
+
Erronea caurica Linnaeus 1758
Erronea errones Linnaeus 1758
Erronea subviridis Reeve 1835
Tr. Erroneini Schilder and Schilder 1971
+
G. Adusta Jousseaume 1884
+
Adusta adusta Lamark 1810
Adusta pisiformis Schilder 1932
Adusta pulchella Swainson 1823
Erronea (Adusta) jungens Schilder 1937
Erronea (Adusta) onyx Linnaeus 1758
Erronea (Adusta) proxima Schilder 1937
Erronea (Adusta) rembangensis Wanner and Hahn 1935
Invalid names: Stolida Jousseaume 1884 [synonym]
G. Blasicrura Iredale 1934
+
Blasicrura rhinoceros Souverbi 1865
G. Melicerona Iredale 1930
+
+
Invalid names: Erronea (Melicerona) listeri Gray 1824 [synonym]
G. Notopulonia Schilder 1935
G. Palmulacypraea Meyer 2003
G. Purpuradusta Schilder 1939
+
Purpuradusta gracilis Gaskoin 1848
G. †Eucypraea Cossmann 1903
+
Eucypraea ahmadi Abbass 1972
G. †Fossacypraea Schilder 1939
+
Fossacypraea apiceproducta Cossmann and Peyrot 1923
Fossacypraea eburnina Grateloup 1847
+
Invalid names: Fossacypraea pseudoscarabaeus Grateloup 1847 [synonym]
Fossacypraea hieroglyphica Schilder 1923
Subfm. †Luriinae Schilder 1832
+
Tr. †Austrocypraeini Iredale 1935
+
G. Annepona Schilder 1930
+
Annepona mariae Schilder 1927
+
Invalid names: Pustularia annulata Gray 1828 [replaced]
G. †Austrocypraea Cossmann 1903
+
Austrocypraea amae Fehse and Kendrick 2000
Austrocypraea contusa McCoy 1877
Austrocypraea reevei Sowerby 1832
Austrocypraea rumballi Fehse 2003
+
Invalid names: Austrocypraea cadella Yates 2008 [synonym]
Lyncina (Austrocypraea) archeri Tenison-Woods 1876
Invalid names: Prolyncina Schilder 1925 [synonym]
G. Chelycypraea Schilder 1927
Subg. Lyncina (Arestorides) Iredale 1930
+
Arestorides argus Linnaeus 1758
G. †Miolyncina Schilder 1932
+
+
Invalid names: Lyncina minor Grateloup 1845 [replaced]
Miolyncina cocconii Mayer-Eymar 1875
Miolyncina conjungens Sacco 1894
Miolyncina prevostina Grateloup 1847
G. †Protoponda Dolin and Pacaud 2009
+
Protoponda vinassai Schilder 1932
G. Luria Jousseaume 1884
+
Luria campbelliana Pilsbry 1922
Luria cantaurana Landau and Groves 2011
Luria dominicensis Gabb 1873
Luria isabella Linnaeus 1758 [Isabell cowry]
+
Luria isabellaprimitiva Landau and Groves 2011
Luria lurida Linnaeus 1758
Luria mariaelisabethae Dolin 1991
Luria tessellata Swainson 1822
Luria voleki Petuch 2003
Invalid names: Basilitrona Iredale 1930 [synonym], Tessellata Jousseaume 1884 [synonym]
G. Lyncina Troschel 1863
+
Cypraea (Lyncina) lynx Linnaeus 1758
+
Invalid names: Cypraea (Lyncina) arenosa Gray 1824 [synonym]
Subg. Lyncina (Callistocypraea) Schilder 1927
+
Lyncina amygdalina Deshayes 1835
Lyncina carneola Linnaeus 1758 [purple-mouthed cowry]
Lyncina cingulata Dolin and Lozouet 2004
Lyncina eristicos Dolin and Lozouet 2004
Lyncina imperialis Dolin and Lozouet 2004
Lyncina leviathan Schilder and Schilder 1937
Lyncina maestratii Dolin and Lozouet 2004
Lyncina magnifica Dolin and Lozouet 2004
Lyncina miopropinqua Dolin and Lozouet 2004
Lyncina peyroti Schilder 1932
Lyncina praecedens Sacco 1894
Lyncina tumida Grateloup 1834
Invalid names: Bernaya media meunieri Cossmann 1923 [synonym]
G. Trona Jousseaume 1884
+
Subg. Trona (Trona) Jousseaume 1884
Trona apenninensis Sacco 1894
Trona calhounensis Dolin 1991
Trona carcarensis Schilder 1932
Trona ingrami Landau and Groves 2011
Trona leporina Lamarck 1810
Trona lyncoides Brongniart 1823
Trona stercoraria Linnaeus 1758
Trona subporcellus d'Orbigny 1852
Trona trinitatensis Mansfield 1925
+
Invalid names: Luira (Tessellata) fossula Ingram 1947 [synonym]
Invalid names: Cavicypraea Cossmann 1896 [synonym]
G. †Mandolina Jousseaume 1884
+
Subg. †Mandolina (Mandolina) Jousseaume 1884
Mandolina pergibba Sacco 1894
+
Invalid names: Mandolina gibbosa Borson 1820 [replaced]
Mandolina rhomboidalis Grateloup 1847
G. †Megalocypraea Schilder 1927
+
Megalocypraea thomasi Olsson 1930
G. Nesiocypraea Azuma and Kurohara 1967
+
Nesiocypraea midwayensis Azuma and Kurohara 1967
G. Notadusta Schilder 1935
+
Notadusta egregia Schilder 1937
Notadusta punctata Linneaus 1771
Notadusta spolongensis Schilder 1937
Notadusta victoriana Schilder 1935
Invalid names: Ransoniella Dolin and Lozouet 2005 [synonym]
G. Ovulum Linnaeus 1758
G. †Proadusta Sacco 1894
+
Proadusta bitruncata Fehse 2010
Proadusta camiadorum Dolin and Lozouet 2004
Proadusta distorta Dolin and Lozouet 2004
Proadusta elliptica Dolin and Lozouet 2004
Proadusta gemmosa Dolin and Lozouet 2004
Proadusta parvissima Dolin and Lozouet 2004
Proadusta parvitala Sacco 1894
Proadusta rostralina Dolin and Lozouet 2004
G. †Pseudadusta Petuch 2004
+
Pseudadusta hertweckorum Petuch 1991
Pseudadusta kalafuti Petuch 1994
Pseudadusta ketteri Petuch 1994
Pseudadusta lindae Petuch 1986
Pseudadusta marilynae Petuch 1994
Subfm. Pseudocypraeinae Steadman and Cotton 1943
+
G. †Eotrivia Schilder 1924
+
Subg. †Eotrivia (Eotrivia) Schilder 1924
+
Eotrivia (Eotrivia) bouryi Cossmann 1889
Eotrivia baronensis Dolin et al. 1980
Eotrivia faracii De Gregorio 1880
Eotrivia palumbella De Gregorio 1880
Eotrivia pedicularis Deshayes 1865
Eotrivia procera Fehse 2011
Eotrivia recluzi Cossmann 1897
+
Invalid names: Eotrivia aequipartita Cossmann 1902 [synonym]
Tr. †Pediculariini Gray 1853
+
G. †Cypraeopsis Schilder 1936
+
Subg. †Cypraeopsis (Cypraeopsis) Schilder 1936
+
Cypraeopsis (Cypraeopsis) aquensis Dolin and Lozouet 2004
Cypraeopsis vandervlerki Schilder 1936
G. Lunovula Rosenberg 1990
G. Pedicularia Swainson 1840
+
Subg. Pedicularia (Pedicularia) Swainson 1840
+
+
Invalid names: Pedicularia paradoxus Philippi 1844 [synonym]
Pedicularia cimbrica Sorgenfrei 1958
Pedicularia deshayesiana Seguenza 1865
+
Invalid names: Pedicularia stylasteris Iredale 1935 [synonym]
Invalid names: Mioseguenzia Nordsieck 1973 [synonym], Pediculariella Thiele 1925 [synonym], Pediculariona Iredale 1935 [synonym], Thyreus Philippi 1844 [synonym]
G. Pedicypraedia Lorenz 2009
Subfm. Pseudozonariinae López 2006
+
G. Pseudozonaria Schilder 1927
+
Pseudozonaria cathyae Groves 1997
Pseudozonaria falconensis Landau and Groves 2011
Pseudozonaria fehsei Landau and Marques da Silva 2010
Pseudozonaria frassinetti Groves and Nielsen 2003
Pseudozonaria frassinettii Groves and Nielsen 2003
Pseudozonaria portelli Petuch 1990
Pseudozonaria praeaequinoctialis Landau and Groves 2011
Pseudozonaria primarobertsi Landau and Groves 2011
Subfm. Pustulariinae Gill 1871
+
G. †Eopustularia Fehse 2010
+
Eopustularia acyensis Raincourt 1876
Eopustularia balinka Fehse 2010
Eopustularia bartonensis Edwards 1854
Eopustularia chevallieri Cossman 1896
Eopustularia compacta Schilder 1925
Eopustularia gregorioi Schilder 1929
Eopustularia mejasensis Schilder 1939
Eopustularia moloni Bayan 1870
G. Neobernaya Schilder 1927
+
Neobernaya porcellus Brocchi 1814
Neobernaya spadicea Swainson 1823
+
Invalid names: Cypraea fernandoensis Arnold 1907 [synonym]
G. Pustularia Swainson 1840
+
Subg. Pustularia (Ipsa) Jousseaume 1884
+
Ipsa childreni Gray 1825
Subg. Pustularia (Pustularia) Swainson 1840
+
Pustularia cicercula Linnaeus 1758
Pustularia globulus Linnaeus 1758
Pustularia kamai Beets 1941
Pustularia lodanensis Schilder 1937
Pustularia margarita Dillwyn 1817
Invalid names: Epona Adams and Adams 1854 [synonym]
G. Pustulariopsis Schilder 1941
G. †Semicypraea Schilder 1936
+
Semicypraea koninckii Rouault 1850
G. Siphocypraea Heilprin 1897
+
Subg. †Siphocypraea (Okeechobea) Petuch 2003
+
Subg. †Siphocypraea (Siphocypraea) Heilprin 1897
Siphocypraea amandusi Hertlein and Jordan 1927
Siphocypraea dimasi Petuch 1998
Siphocypraea duerri Petuch 1996
Siphocypraea griffini Petuch 1991
Siphocypraea grovesi Petuch 1998
Siphocypraea macrovoluta Ferreira and Cunha 1957
Siphocypraea merriami Ingram 1939
Siphocypraea metae Petuch 1994
Siphocypraea pennai White 1887
Siphocypraea philemoni Fehse 1997
Siphocypraea posei Figueiras 1985
Siphocypraea problematica Heilprin 1886
Siphocypraea transitoria Olsson and Petit 1964
Siphocypraea trippeana Parodiz 1988
Invalid names: Calusacypraea Petuch 1996 [synonym], Cypraeactaeon White 1887 [synonym], Myakkacypraea Petuch 2004 [synonym], Pahayokea Petuch 2003 [synonym]
Subfm. Zonariinae Schilder 1932
+
G. Zonaria Jousseaume 1884
+
Subg. Zonaria (Zonaria) Jousseaume 1884
+
Zonaria (Zonaria) frassinetti Groves and Nielsen 2003
Zonaria annettae Dall 1909
+
Invalid names: Schilderia badensis Schilder 1927 [synonym]
Zonaria dujardini Schilder 1932
+
Invalid names: Schilderia globosa Dujardin 1835 [synonym]
Zonaria globosa Dujardin 1835
Zonaria heilprinii Dall 1890
Zonaria pingata Landau and Groves 2011
Zonaria pittorum Groves 1997
Zonaria porcellus Brocchi 1814
Zonaria praelatior Dolin 1991
Zonaria pseudotumulus Landau and Groves 2011
Zonaria shirleyae Dolin 1991
Zonaria simonnei Dey 1961
Zonaria theresae Dolin 1991
Zonaria tumulus Heilprin 1886
Zonaria zonaria Gmelin 1791
+
Invalid names: Cypraea zonata Lamarck 1810 [synonym]
Zonaria zonata Chemnitz 1788
Invalid names: Cyproglobininae Dolin and Aguerre 2018 [empty], Gisortiinae Schiler 1927 [empty], Nariinae Schilder 1932 [empty]
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: aragonitec
Locomotion: actively mobilef
Life habit: epifaunalf
Diet: omnivoref
Diet 2: grazerf
Vision: limitedc
Comments: LIFE HISTORY: Herbivorous omnivores according to Todd (2001).f
Created: 2009-09-10 07:50:11
Modified: 2009-09-10 09:50:11
Source: f = family, c = class
References: Kiessling 2004, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Tithonian to the top of the Holocene or 152.10000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 145.0 Ma

Collections (1028 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Tithonian152.1 - 145.0Czech Republic Cypraea tithonica (189840)
Tithonian152.1 - 145.0Italy (Palermo) Cypraea gemmellaroi, Cypraea titonica (179803)
Late/Upper Barremian130.0 - 125.45France (Barcelonne) Cypraea antiqua, Zittelia drumensis, Pseudocassis helveticus (179817)
Albian113.0 - 100.5USA (California) Cypraea fontana (176021)
Middle Albian109.0 - 105.3Brazil (Sergipe) Cypraea riachuelana (87867)
Cenomanian - Turonian100.5 - 89.8USA (California) Cypraea argonautica (176025)
Early/Lower Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Italy Ovula striata, Cypraea pustulifera, Cypraea retusa (180658)
Late/Upper Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Czech Republic (Praha) Cypraea korycanensis (179027)
Late/Upper Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Czech Republic Cypraea korycanensis (179026)
Turonian93.9 - 89.8USA (Oregon) Cypraea argonautica (86814)
Turonian93.9 - 89.8France (Var) Palaeocypraea vayssierei (180659)
Turonian93.9 - 89.8USA (California) Bernaya argonautica (176024) Cypraea berryessae (176026)
Late/Upper Turonian93.5 - 89.3France (Provence-Alpes-Cote d'Azur) Bernaya depereti (87462)
Coniacian89.8 - 86.3India (Tamil Nadu) Cypraea kayei (180663)
Coniacian89.8 - 86.3USA (California) Cypraea kayei (44233)
Santonian86.3 - 83.6South Africa (Eastern Cape) Cypraea chubbi, Bernaya caffrarica (177883)
Late/Upper Santonian - Early/Lower Campanian85.8 - 70.6Canada (British Columbia) Bernaya beardi (176395)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1India Cypraea anomala (180639)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1India (Tamil Nadu) Cypraea cunliffei, Erato veraghoorensis (179034)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1Brazil (Pernambuco) Cypraea azevedoi (179815 180661)