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Gastropoda -

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1815Cypraeacea Rafinesque
1983Cypraeacea Gliozzi and Malatesta p. 103
1987Cypraeacea Ward and Blackwelder p. 132
1988Cypraeoidea Ponder and Warén p. 300
1998Cypraeoidea Beesley p. 780
2001Cypraeoidea Todd
2003Cypraeoidea Groves and Nielsen p. 351
2003Cypraeoidea Jeffery
2004Cypraeoidea Harzhauser p. 131
2005Cypraeoidea Bouchet et al. p. 249
2007Cypraeoidea Harzhauser p. 99

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EubilateriaAx 1987
classGastropodaCuvier 1797
superorderHypsogastropoda(Ponder and Lindberg 1997)
infraorderLittorinimorphaGolikov and Starobogtov 1975
superfamilyCypraeoidea(Rafinesque 1815)
superfamilyCypraeoidea(Rafinesque 1815)

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

No diagnoses are available
No measurements are available
Composition: aragonitec
Locomotion: actively mobilesuperf
Life habit: epifaunalsuperf
Diet: omnivoresuperf
Diet 2: grazersuperf
Vision: limitedc
Created: 2009-09-10 07:50:44
Modified: 2009-09-10 09:50:44
Source: superf = superfamily, c = class
References: Kiessling 2004, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Tithonian to the top of the Holocene or 152.10000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 145.0 Ma

Collections (1149 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Tithonian152.1 - 145.0Czech Republic Cypraea tithonica (189840)
Tithonian152.1 - 145.0Italy (Palermo) Cypraea gemmellaroi, Cypraea titonica (179803)
Barremian129.4 - 125.0France (Barcelonne) Cypraea antiqua, Zittelia drumensis, Pseudocassis helveticus (179817)
Early/Lower Albian112.03 - 109.0USA (California) Cypraea fontana (176021)
Middle Albian109.0 - 105.3Brazil (Sergipe) Cypraea riachuelana (87867)
Cenomanian - Turonian100.5 - 89.8USA (California) Cypraea argonautica (176025)
Early/Lower Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Italy Cypraea pustulifera, Ovula striata, Cypraea retusa (180658)
Late/Upper Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5USA (New Jersey) Palaeocypraea burlingtonensis (180662)
Late/Upper Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Czech Republic Cypraea korycanensis (179026)
Late/Upper Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Czech Republic (Praha) Cypraea korycanensis (179027)
Turonian93.9 - 89.8France (Var) Palaeocypraea vayssierei (180659)
Turonian93.9 - 89.8USA (California) Bernaya argonautica (176024) Cypraea berryessae (44200 176026) Eocypraea louellae (178509)
Turonian93.9 - 89.8USA (Oregon) Cypraea argonautica (86814)
Turonian - Santonian93.9 - 83.6India (Kerala) Cypraea newboldi (178986)
Late/Upper Turonian93.5 - 89.3France (Provence-Alpes-Cote d'Azur) Bernaya depereti (87462)
Coniacian89.8 - 86.3USA (California) Cypraea kayei (44233)
Coniacian89.8 - 86.3India (Tamil Nadu) Cypraea kayei (180663)
Santonian86.3 - 83.6South Africa (Eastern Cape) Cypraea chubbi, Bernaya caffrarica (177883)
Late/Upper Santonian - Early/Lower Campanian85.8 - 70.6Canada (British Columbia) Bernaya beardi (176395)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1Brazil (Pernambuco) Cypraea azevedoi (179815 180661)