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Raphitomidae

Gastropoda - Neogastropoda - Raphitomidae

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1863Daphnellinae Deshayes
1875Raphitomidae Bellardi
1928Daphnellinae Woodring p. 198
1960Daphnellinae MacNeil p. 117
1970Daphnellinae Woodring p. 402
1988Daphnellinae Ponder and Warén p. 307
1990Daphnellinae Beu et al. pp. 417, 420
1994Daphnellinae Wilson p. 183
2011Raphitomidae Bouchet et al. pp. 281 - 283

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
Schizocoela
phylumMollusca
RankNameAuthor
classGastropodaCuvier 1797
subclassProsobranchiaMilne-Edwards 1848
superorderCaenogastropodaCox 1959
orderNeogastropodaThiele 1929
superfamilyConoidea(Rafinesque 1815)
familyRaphitomidaeBellardi 1875
familyRaphitomidaeBellardi 1875

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
P. Bouchet et al. 2011Shell very variable in shape and size, from buccinoid to ovate or to elongate-fusiform or high-cylindrical and from about 2 to over 140 mm high. Sculpture variously developed: from nearly smooth shell to well-developed spiral and axial elements, subsutural ramp, when separated from rest of the whorl, usually smooth or with traces of anal sinus growth. Apertural armature rarely well expressed, inner lip usually smooth. Anal sinus either subsutural, shaped as a ‘reversed-L’, or on subsutural ramp, asymmetric, very shallow to rather deep, typically not constrained but sometimes even almost tubular. Siphon short to rather long. Protoconch typically planktotrophic, multispiral, of 2.5–6.5 whorls, protoconch I often spirally striated, protoconch II with diagonally cancellated sculpture. There are many variations of the basic pattern of the protoconch II sculpture, though a combination of spiral and axial elements is retained, with the latter usually more pronounced, but protoconchs with a spiral keel and axial pillars (Fig. 23) depart from this pattern. Paucispiral protoconch with predominantly spiral striation. No operculum.