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Mangeliidae

Gastropoda - Neogastropoda - Mangeliidae

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1884Mangeliinae Fischer
1928Mangeliinae Woodring p. 168
1929Cytharinae Thiele
1952Cytharinae Eames p. 133
1960Mangeliinae MacNeil p. 114
1964Mangeliinae Olsson p. 104
1970Mangeliinae Woodring p. 391
1974Mangeliinae Abbott pp. 262, 278
1988Mangeliinae Ponder and Warén p. 307
1990Mangeliinae Beu et al. pp. 417, 420
1992Mangeliinae Perrilliat p. 28
2005Mangeliinae Bouchet et al. p. 256
2010Mangeliinae Landau and Marques da Silva p. 112
2011Mangeliidae Bouchet et al. p. 281

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
Schizocoela
phylumMollusca
RankNameAuthor
classGastropodaCuvier 1797
subclassProsobranchiaMilne-Edwards 1848
superorderCaenogastropodaCox 1959
orderNeogastropodaThiele 1929
superfamilyConoidea(Rafinesque 1815)
familyMangeliidae(Fischer 1884)
familyMangeliidae(Fischer 1884)

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
P. Bouchet et al. 2011Shell small to medium size, 3–30 mm, usually 6–12 mm, oval to low- or high-fusiform, usually with comparatively low spire, often with a shoulder angulation. Spiral and axial sculpture both well developed. Shell surface often bearing microsculpture of spirally aligned granules. Subsutural ramp usually not separated sculpturally. Anal sinus on subsutural ramp, shallow to rather deep, rarely tubular. Aperture normally not constrained with strong outgrowths or callus pads, rarely denticulate. Siphon rather short to moderately long. Protoconch typically multispiral, of up to five whorls, with axially ribbed protoconch II; spiral cords on protoconch II present or absent. When paucispiral, protoconch usually spirally lirate. Operculum present, with terminal nucleus (Oenopotinae), or normally absent. Radula of marginal teeth of very variable morphology. Teeth can be from semi-enrolled (Fig. 8F, G) to true hypodermic. Frequently side projections around the base are present and there is large irregularly shaped ‘root’ projecting from the base. Barbs may be present, from small to very large (Fig. 8C) or absent (Fig. 8B). Tooth canal opening laterally.