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Praenuculidae

Bivalvia - Nuculida - Praenuculidae

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1968Praenuculidae McAlester
1969Praenuculidae Cox et al. p. N229
1975Praenuculidae Harrison and Harrison p. 209
1976Praenuculidae Morris and Fortey p. 701
1977Praenuculidae Hayami and Kase
1980Praenuculidae Vokes p. 1
1990Praenuculidae Bengtson et al. p. 256
2004Praenuculidae Fang and Cope p. 1124
2006Praenuculidae Fang
2009Praenuculidae Nevesskaja
2010Praenuculidae Bouchet et al. p. 115
2011Praenuculidae Carter et al. p. 5

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
superphylumLophotrochozoa
phylumMollusca
classBivalvia
RankNameAuthor
Eubivalvia
subclassProtobranchia(Pelseneer 1889)
superorderNuculiformiiDall 1889
orderNuculida(Dall 1889)
superfamilyNuculoidea(Gray 1824)
familyPraenuculidaeMcAlester 1968
familyPraenuculidaeMcAlester 1968

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Fm. †Praenuculidae McAlester 1968
show all | hide all
G. †Arcodonta Cope 1999
+
Arcodonta regularis Cope 1999
G. †Bicrenucula Zhang 1984
+
Bicrenucula elegans Zhang 1984
Subfm. †Concavodontinae Sanchez 1999
+
G. †Concavodonta Babin 1972
+
Concavodonta ovalis Sanchez 1999
G. †Emiliodonta Sánchez 2010
+
Emiliodonta cuerdai Sanchez 1999
Invalid names: Emiliania Sanchez 1999 [replaced]
G. †Hemiconcavodonta Sanchez 1999
+
Hemiconcavodonta minuta Sanchez 1999
G. †Costaledopsis Sanchez 1990
G. †Fidera Pojeta and Gilbert-Tomlinson 1977
+
Fidera maryae Pojeta and Gilbert-Tomlinson 1977
G. †Habonucula Singh and Kanjilal 1977
G. †Homilodonta Cope 1997
+
Homilodonta filistriata Ulrich 1894
Homilodonta subtruncata Portlock 1843
G. †Ledopsis Beushausen 1884
+
Ledopsis robusta Beushausen 1895
G. †Nuculodonta Liljedahl 1983
+
Nuculodonta gotlandica Liljedahl 1983
G. †Palaeoconcha Miller 1889
+
Palaeoconcha faberi Miller 1889
Palaeoconcha ohioensis Bassler 1915
Palaeoconcha samenoha Kobayashi 1934
Palaeoconcha subsymmetrica Kobayashi 1934
G. †Palaeoconchiella Vologdin 1955
G. †Paulinea Cope 1996
G. †Pensarnia Cope 1996
G. †Praenucula Pfab 1934
+
Praenucula abrupta Kříž and Steinová 2009
Praenucula albertina Ulrich 1894
Praenucula applanans Barrande 1881
+
Invalid names: Praenucula sharpei Babin and Gutiérrez-Marco 1991 [synonym]
Praenucula bohemica Barrande 1881
+
Invalid names: Ctenodonta protensa Pfab 1934 [synonym]
Praenucula costae Sharpe 1853
Praenucula dispar Barrande 1881
+
Invalid names: Praenucula expansa Pfab 1934 [synonym]
Praenucula faba Liljedahl 1994
Praenucula menapiensis Hicks 1873
Subfm. †Praenuculinae McAlister 1969
+
G. †Cuyopsis Sanchez 1999
+
Cuyopsis symmetricus Sanchez 1999
G. †Trigonoconcha Sanchez 1999
+
Trigonoconcha acuta Sanchez 1999
G. †Villicumia Sanchez 1999
+
Villicumia canteraensis Sanchez 1999
G. †Pseudoledopsis Maillieux 1937
G. †Pseudonucula Dickins 1989
+
G. †Similodonta Soot-Ryen 1964
+
Similodonta similis Ulrich 1892
Similodonta spjeldnaesi Soot-Ryen and Soot-Ryen 1960
G. †Smilodonta Soot-Ryen 1964
G. †Synek Barrande 1881
+
Synek antiquus Barrande 1881
G. †Tironucula Morris and Fortey 1976
+
Tironucula jugata Morris and Fortey 1976
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: aragonitec
Locomotion: facultatively mobilef
Attached: yesf
Life habit: shallow infaunalf
Diet: deposit feederf
Vision: blindc
Comments: ECOSPACE CODE: 543. LIFE HISTORY: Data from Meyer et al (2009); appears to have byssal attachment.f
Created: 2009-07-20 12:59:23
Modified: 2009-10-10 17:23:16
Source: f = family, c = class
References: Aberhan et al. 2004, Meyer et al. 2009

Age range: base of the Arenig to the top of the Gelasian or 478.60000 to 1.80600 Ma

Collections (175 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Tremadoc486.5 - 477.7France (Montagne Noire) Synek thorali (174460)
Tremadocian485.4 - 477.7France (Languedoc-Roussillon) Synek antiquus (101706) Synek thorali (167672)
Arenig478.6 - 466.0France (Ille-et-Vilaine) Synek antiquus (20852 20860)
Arenig478.6 - 466.0United Kingdom (Wales) Praenucula sp. (426)
Arenig478.6 - 466.0France (Montagne Noire) Synek sp. (20826 20828)
Arenig478.6 - 466.0Morocco Praenucula sp. (20979 56608)
Moridunian477.7 - 473.8United Kingdom (Wales) Ctenodonta menapiensis (89324) Paulinea parva, Pensarnia laeviformis (87601)
Floian477.7 - 470.0France (Montagne Noire) Synek sp. (20820 20827)
Floian477.7 - 470.0Morocco Praenucula sp. (235491)
Whitlandian473.8 - 470.7United Kingdom (Wales) Praenucula menapiensis (3713 3714 166752)

Youngest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state PBDB collection number
Ludlow427.4 - 423.0United Kingdom (England) Praenucula sp. (482) Similodonta sp. (479)
Ludfordian425.6 - 423.0Sweden (Gotland) Ledopsis burgsvikensis (13647)
Elton423.0 - 421.3United Kingdom (Wales) Praenucula sp. (75052)
Pridoli423.0 - 419.2United Kingdom (England) Ledopsis sp. (23104)
Devonian - Eifelian419.2 - 387.7Czech Republic Palaeoconcha indet. (10470)
Emsian407.6 - 393.3New Zealand Nuculodonta sp. (40520)
Late/Upper Emsian402.5 - 391.9Germany Ledopsis robusta (233197)
Wuchiapingian259.9 - 254.17Australia (Queensland) Pseudonucula bradshawensis (85054 107356)
Early/Lower Callovian164.7 - 161.2India (Gujarat) Habonucula agrawali (46390)
Gelasian2.588 - 1.806Ireland Emiliania huxleyi (152368)