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Pulmonata (pulmonate)

Gastropoda -

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1817Pulmonata Cuvier
1987Pulmonata Gingerich p. 293
1989Pulmonata Shoshani et al. p. 435
1998Pulmonata Beesley p. 1061
2005Pulmonata Bouchet et al. p. 263
2010Pulmonata Miquel and Bellosi p. 65

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
RankNameAuthor
superphylumLophotrochozoa
phylumMollusca
classGastropodaCuvier 1797
subclassPulmonataCuvier 1817
subclassPulmonataCuvier 1817

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: aragonitesubc
Environment: terrestrialsubc
Locomotion: actively mobilesubc
Life habit: epifaunalc
Vision: limitedc
Created: 2007-10-12 05:39:25
Modified: 2007-10-12 07:39:25
Source: subc = subclass, c = class
Reference: Kiessling 2004

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Frasnian to the top of the Holocene or 382.70000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 372.2 Ma

Collections (640 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Frasnian382.7 - 372.2Australia (Western Australia) Planorbis sp. (39059)
Brigantian336.0 - 326.4United Kingdom (England) Bernicia praecursor (184475)
Westphalian C314.6 - 311.45United Kingdom (England) Ancylus vinti (122564)
Spathian - Anisian251.3 - 242.0South Africa (Eastern Cape) Dilatata kitchingii (20692)
Late/Upper Bajocian - Early/Lower Bathonian171.6 - 164.7France Gyraulus balmensis, Gyraulus sp. (58416)
Bajocian170.3 - 168.3China (Yunnan) Galba lufengensis, Galba yunnanensis (165476)
Bajocian - Bathonian170.3 - 166.1China (Yunnan) Galba yunnanensis (165466) Gyraulus sp. 3 (165455)
Bathonian168.3 - 166.1Morocco (Figuig) Planorbidae indet., Lymnaeidae indet. (176120)
Oxfordian - Kimmeridgian163.5 - 152.1China (Yunnan) Gyraulus sp. 2 (165469)
Kimmeridgian - Tithonian157.3 - 145.0USA (Wyoming) Planorbis sp. (12816)
Early/Lower Tithonian150.8 - 145.0France (Poitou-Charentes) Planorbidae indet., Gyraulus loryi (164377)
Middle Berriasian145.0 - 140.2United Kingdom (England) Physa sp. (45330) Planorbis fisheri (52254)
Berriasian145.0 - 139.8United Kingdom (England) Planorbis sp., Physa sp. (77058)
Late/Upper Berriasian - Valanginian145.0 - 132.9Germany Ptychogyra canalifera (95087)
Valanginian139.8 - 132.9Poland Anisomyon sp. (63065)
Valanginian139.8 - 132.9Japan (Ishikawa) Physidae indet. A, Physidae indet. B, Pupilloidea sp. (32324)
Late/Upper Hauterivian - Early/Lower Barremian136.4 - 125.45Spain (Aragón) Basommatophora indet. (53921)
Barremian129.4 - 125.0France (Drôme) Lychnus pangymna (177726)
Korangan - Urutawan125.45 - 103.3New Zealand Anisomyon sp. (37268)
Aptian125.0 - 113.0New Zealand Anisomyon sp. (83426)