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Ranellidae (triton shell)

Gastropoda - Ranellidae

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1854Ranellidae Gray
1923Ranellidae Clark and Arnold p. 162
1987Ranellidae Squires p. 40
1988Ranellidae Ponder and Warén p. 302
1998Ranellidae Beesley p. 799
2001Ranellidae Todd
2001Ranellidae Wienrich p. 438
2004Ranellidae Harzhauser p. 134
2004Ranellidae Stilwell et al. p. 35
2005Ranellidae Beu p. 60
2005Ranellidae Bouchet et al. p. 253
2007Ranellidae Harasewych and Beu p. 90
2010Ranellidae Beu
2017Ranellidae Bouchet et al. p. 348

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
superphylumLophotrochozoa
phylumMollusca
classGastropoda
RankNameAuthor
subclassCaenogastropoda(Cox 1959)
Sorbeoconcha(Ponder and Lindberg 1997)
Hypsogastropoda(Ponder and Lindberg 1997)
superorderLatrogastropodaRiedel 2000
superfamilyTonnoidea(Suter 1913)
familyRanellidaeGray 1854
familyRanellidaeGray 1854

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Fm. Ranellidae Gray 1854 [triton shell]
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G. Argobuccinum Bruguière 1792
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Subg. Argobuccinum (Argobuccinum) Bruguiére 1792
Argobuccinum arnoldi Martin 1914
Argobuccinum casus Kensley and Pether 1986
Argobuccinum mediocre Dall 1909
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Invalid names: Gyrineum lewisii Carson 1926 [synonym]
Argobuccinum pustulosum Solander and Lightfoot 1786
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Invalid names: Argobuccinum argus Gmelin 1791 [synonym], Argobuccinum vexillum Sowerby 1835 [synonym]
Argobuccinum scotiaensis Martin 1914
Invalid names: Gondwanula Finlay 1926 [synonym], Mediargo Terry 1968 [synonym]
G. Biplex Perry 1811
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Biplex pulchellum Sowerby 1825
G. †Cantharulus Meek 1876
Subfm. Cymatiinae Iredale 1913
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G. †Antarctiranella Stilwell et al. 2004
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Antarctiranella tessela Stilwell et al. 2004
G. Cabestana Röding 1798
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Cabestana cutacea Linnaeus 1767
G. Charonia Gistel 1848 [triton]
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Subg. Charonia (Charonia) Gistel 1848
Charonia guichemerri Lozouet 1998
Charonia lampas Linnaeus 1758
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Invalid names: Charonia rubicunda Perry 1811 [synonym], Murex gyrinoides Brocchi 1814 [synonym], Nyctilochus alfredensis Bartsch 1915 [synonym], Septa englishi Newton 1905 [synonym]
Charonia multinodosa Traub 1979
Charonia sauliae Reeve 1844
Charonia tritonis Linnaeus 1758
Charonia variegata Lamarck 1816
Charonia weisbordi Gibson-Smith 1976
Invalid names: Buccinatorium Mörch 1877 [synonym], Eutritonium Cossmann 1904 [synonym], Semiranella de Gregorio 1880 [synonym], Triton Montfort 1810 [synonym], Tritonium Röding 1798 [replaced]
G. Cymatiella Iredale 1924
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Cymatiella gemmulatus Tate 1888
Cymatiella pratti Tenison Woods 1879
Invalid names: Vernotriton Iredale 1936 [synonym]
G. Linatella Gray 1857
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Subg. Linatella (Linatella) Gray 1857
Linatella caudata Gmelin 1791
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Dolium losariense mekranica Vredenburg 1925
Invalid names: Cassidaria cingulata Lamarck 1822 [synonym], Cassis (Semicassis) tegalensis Martin 1899 [synonym], Cymatium (Linatella) floridanum Mansfield 1930 [synonym], Cymatium (Linatella) krenkeli Cox 1930 [synonym], Cymatium (Linatella) poulsenii Mörch 1853 [synonym], Dolium losariense Martin 1899 [synonym], Fusus cutaceus Lamarck 1816 [synonym], Linatella neptunia Garrard 1963 [synonym], Neptunea szukouensis Hu and Tao 1991 [synonym]
G. Sassia Bellardi 1872
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Charonia (Sassia) danica Schnetler 2001
Subg. †Sassia (Byramia) MacNeil and Dockery 1984
Subg. †Sassia (Personella) Conrad 1865
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Invalid names: Byramia MacNeil and Dockery 1984 [synonym]
Subg. †Sassia (Sassia) Bellardi 1872
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Sassia (Sassia) neozelanica Marshall and Murdoch 1923
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Invalid names: Sassia (Sassia) clifdenensis Finlay 1924 [synonym]
Invalid names: Sassia (Monocirsus) Cossmann 1889 [synonym]
Sassia africana Adegoke 1977
Sassia apenninica Sassi 1827
Sassia armata Hupé 1854
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Invalid names: Siphonalia matthewsi Ihering 1914 [synonym], Siphonalia nodosocincta Ihering 1907 [synonym], Tritonium bicegoi Ihering 1899 [synonym]
Sassia carlea Dockery 1993
Sassia carmenensis Clark and Durham 1946
Sassia indica Vredenburg 1925
Sassia kampyla Watson 1885
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Invalid names: Cymatium remotum Frassinetti and Covacevich 1995 [synonym], Lotorium nodocostatum Tate and May 1901 [synonym]
Sassia leucostomoides Sowerby 1846
Sassia lewisi Harasewych and Petuch 1980
Sassia melpangi Harasewych and Beu 2007
Sassia morgani Ortmann 1900
Sassia nigeriana Adegoke 1977
Sassia nucleoides Garvie 1996
Sassia parvula Michelotti 1847
Sassia philomelae Watson 1881
Sassia radialis Tate 1888
Sassia tatei Beu 2010
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Invalid names: Triton armatus Tate 1888 [replaced]
Sassia warreni Beu 2010
Invalid names: Austrosassia Finlay 1931 [synonym], Austrotriton Cossmann 1903 [synonym], Charoniella Powell and Bartrum 1929 [synonym], Cymatoma Iredale 1929 [synonym], Negyrina Iredale 1929 [synonym], Phanozesta Iredale 1936 [synonym], Proxicharonia Powell 1938 [synonym]
G. Cymatium Röding 1798
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Subg. Cymatium (Cymatium) Röding 1798
Subg. Cymatium (Gelagna) Schaufuss 1869
Subg. Cymatium (Gutturnium) Mörch 1853
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Gutturnium muricinum Röding 1798
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Invalid names: Triton tuberosum Lamarck 1822 [synonym], Tritonium nodulus Link 1807 [synonym]
Subg. Cymatium (Lotoria) Emerson 1963
Cymatium cecilianum Dall 1916
Cymatium femorale Linnaeus 1758
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Invalid names: Lotorium lotor Montfort 1810 [synonym], Septa triangularis Perry 1811 [synonym]
Cymatium praefemorale Maury 1917
Cymatium revolutum Finlay 1924
Invalid names: Lotorium Montfort 1810 [synonym], Nyctilochus Gistel 1848 [synonym], Tritocurrus Lesson 1842 [synonym]
G. Haurokoa Fleming 1955
G. Monoplex Perry 1811
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Monoplex amictus Reeve 1844
Monoplex aquatilis Reeve 1844
Monoplex cercadicus Maury 1917
Monoplex comptus Adams 1855
Monoplex exaratus Reeve 1844
Monoplex gatunicus Beu 2010
Monoplex gurabonicus Maury 1917
Monoplex infelix Maury 1924
Monoplex krebsii Mörch 1877
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Invalid names: Cymatium (Septa) henicum Woodring 1959 [synonym]
Monoplex lignarius Broderip 1833
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Invalid names: Cymatium (Ranularia) kugleri Rustch 1942 [synonym]
Monoplex longispira Beu 2010
Monoplex macrodon Valenciennes 1832
Monoplex mundus Gould 1849
Monoplex nicobaricus Röding 1798
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Invalid names: Cymatium chlorostomum Lamarck 1822 [synonym]
Monoplex panamensis Beu 2010
Monoplex parthenopeus von Salis Marschlins 1793
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Invalid names: Cymatium (Monoplex) valentinei Olsson and Petit 1964 [synonym], Monoplex australasiae Perry 1811 [synonym]
Monoplex pilearis Linnaeus 1758
Monoplex ritteri Schmelz 1989
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Invalid names: Triton chemnitzii Gray 1839 [synonym], Tritonium adansonii Dunker 1853 [synonym]
Monoplex trigonus Gmelin 1791
Monoplex turtoni Smith 1890
Monoplex vespaceus Lamarck 1822
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Invalid names: Cymatium (Turritriton) indomelanicum Garcia-Talavera 1997 [synonym]
Monoplex vestitus Hinds 1844
Monoplex wiegmanni Anton 1839
Monoplex williamsi Maury 1910
Invalid names: Cabestanimorpha Iredale 1936 [synonym], Cymatriton Clench and Turner 1957 [synonym], Lampusia Schumacher 1817 [synonym]
Subfm. †Ranellinae Gray 1854
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G. †Ameranella Beu 1988
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Ameranella kewi Dickerson 1915
Ameranella terrysmithae Hickman 1980
Ameranella verruculosa Sowerby 1846
G. †Crassicymatium Beu 2010
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G. †Cymatona Iredale 1929
G. †Fusitriton Cossmann 1903
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Invalid names: Triton cancellatum Lamarck 1816 [synonym]
Fusitriton oregonensis Redfield 1846
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Invalid names: Argobuccinum sylviaense Weaver 1912 [synonym], Ranella (Priene) pacifica Dall 1909 [synonym], Ranella (Priene) tugaruensis Nomura and Hatai 1935 [synonym]
G. Gutturinium Mörch 1853
G. Gyrineum Link 1807
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Subg. Gyrineum (Aspa) Adams and Adams 1853
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Aspa marginata Gmelin 1791
Subg. Gyrineum (Gyrineum) Link 1807
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Invalid names: Argobuccinum anjarense Martin 1884 [synonym], Ranella karikalensis Cossmann 1903 [synonym]
Gyrineum goodspeedi Tegland 1933
Gyrineum gwinae Dockery 1993
Gyrineum gwinae var Dockery 1993
Gyrineum gyrineum Linnaeus 1758
Gyrineum jeffersonensis Durham 1944
Gyrineum judithi Zinsmeister 1983
Gyrineum kincaidi Durham 1944
Gyrineum uvasalis Anderson and Hanna 1925
Invalid names: Apollon Montfort 1810 [synonym], Gyrinella Dall 1924 [synonym]
G. Halgyrineum Beu 1998
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Invalid names: Gyrineum atlanticum Fechter 1975 [synonym]
G. Priene Adams and Adams 1858
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Priene scabrum King 1832
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Invalid names: Priene dimidiata Coen 1947 [synonym], Priene rude Broderip 1833 [synonym]
Invalid names: Liohindsia Coen 1947 [synonym]
G. Ranularia Schumacher 1817
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Invalid names: Cymatium (Ranularia) maoritinctum Reeve 1844 [synonym], Cymatium caribbaeum Clench and Turner 1957 [synonym]
Ranularia dunkeri Lischke 1868
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Invalid names: Cymatium (Ranularia) aegrotum Reeve 1844 [synonym]
Ranularia gutturnia Röding 1798
Ranularia pyrum Linnaeus 1758
Ranularia rehderi Verrill 1950
Invalid names: Retusum Jousseaume 1892 [synonym], Tritonocauda Dall 1904 [synonym]
G. Reticutriton Habe 1966
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Reticutriton carlotate Ferreira and da Cunha 1957
Reticutriton elsmerensis English 1914
Reticutriton lineatus Broderip 1833
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Invalid names: Monoplex gracile Reeve 1844 [synonym]
G. Septa Perry 1810
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Cymatium (Septa) janetae Squires 1983
Septa landaui Beu 2010
Septa occidentalis Mörch 1877
Septa ogygia Woodring 1959
Septa rubecula Linnaeus 1758
Invalid names: Simpulum Fabricius 1823 [synonym]
G. Turritriton Dall 1904
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Turritriton gibbosus Broderip 1833
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Invalid names: Cymatium adairense Dall 1910 [synonym]
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Invalid names: Cymatium (Monoplex) pharcidum Dall 1889 [synonym]
Invalid names: Particymatium Iredale 1936 [synonym], Tritoniscus Dall 1904 [synonym]
G. †Trachytriton Meek 1864
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Invalid names: Neptunellininae Gray 1854 [empty], Personinae Gray 1854 [empty]
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: aragonitec
Locomotion: actively mobilef
Life habit: epifaunalf
Diet: carnivoref
Vision: limitedc
Comments: LIFE HISTORY: Predatory carnivore according to Todd (2001).f
Created: 2009-09-10 07:59:47
Modified: 2009-09-10 09:59:47
Source: f = family, c = class
References: Kiessling 2004, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Barremian to the top of the Holocene or 129.40000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 125.45 Ma

Collections (764 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Late/Upper Barremian130.0 - 125.45France (Drôme) Triton urgonense (177726)
Barremian129.4 - 125.0Germany Cantharulus brunsvicensis (67175)
Aptian125.0 - 113.0France Triton urgonense (2178)
Aptian - Albian125.0 - 100.5Germany Cantharulus zeisei (67184)
Late/Upper Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5USA (Arizona) Charonia kanabense (53401)
Late/Upper Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5USA (Montana) Trachytriton n. sp. (168055)
Early/Lower Turonian93.5 - 89.3USA (Arizona) Charonia soozi (55889)
Middle Turonian93.5 - 89.3USA (Arizona) Charonia soozi (53504)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1USA (North Carolina) Trachytriton sp. (7612)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1USA (Wyoming) Trachytriton vinculum (1656 1674 1677)
Early/Lower Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (Delaware) Cantharulus sp. (6135)
Early/Lower Campanian - Middle Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (Mississippi) Gyrineum gwinae, Sassia carlea (7456) Sassia carlea (32139 32141 32142)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (Tennessee) Tritonium univaricosum (88357)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (Wyoming) Trachytriton vinculum (1646)
Late/Upper Campanian - Early/Lower Maastrichtian83.5 - 66.0USA (Tennessee) Charonia univaricosum (7515)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0USA (Tennessee) Charonia univaricosum, Gyrineum sp., Sassia sp. (205445)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0Antarctica (Seymour Island) Trachytriton sp. (63518)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (Maryland) Trachytriton sp. (4367 4369)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (Alabama) Eutritonium sp. (4193 4197 4207)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Poland Biplex cretaceous, Charonia multicostata (27818) Biplex cretaceus, Charonia multicostata, Charonia tuberculosa (27819) Charonia multicostata, Charonia tuberculosa (27822) Charonia tuberculosa (28450)