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Trochidae (top snail)

Gastropoda - Trochidae

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1815Trochidae Rafinesque
1868Stomatiidae Stoliczka
1904Trochidae Martin p. 255
1947Trochidae Harris and Palmer p. 230
1955Trochidae Allison p. 410
1960Trochidae Knight et al. p. 247
1970Trochidae Addicott p. 41
1980Trochidae Hickman p. 16
1987Trochidae Squires p. 22
1987Trochidae Ward and Blackwelder p. 131
1990Trochidae Beu et al. p. 403
1991Trochidae Gordillo p. 129
1991Trochidae Squires and Goedert p. 412
1998Trochidae Beesley p. 679
2001Trochidae Harzhauser and Mandic p. 691
2001Trochidae Lozouet et al. p. 18
2001Trochidae Todd
2001Trochidae Wienrich p. 395
2002Trochidae Harzhauser p. 69
2002Trochidae Harzhauser and Kowalke p. 62
2002Trochidae Kosnik p. 247
2002Trochidae van den Hoek Ostende et al. p. 4
2003Stomatiidae Jeffery
2004Trochidae DeVries and Hess p. 7
2004Trochidae Harzhauser p. 107
2005Trochidae Bouchet et al. p. 245
2007Trochidae DeVries p. 164
2007Trochidae Harzhauser p. 83
2016Trochidae Nützel and Ketwetsuriya p. 500
2017Trochidae Bouchet et al. p. 337
2024Trochidae Schnetler et al. p. 14

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
superphylumLophotrochozoa
RankNameAuthor
phylumMollusca
classGastropoda
subclassVetigastropoda(Salvini-Plawen 1980)
superfamilyTrochoidea(Rafinesque 1815)
familyTrochidaeRafinesque 1815
familyTrochidaeRafinesque 1815

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Fm. Trochidae Rafinesque 1815 [top snail]
show all | hide all
G. †Aaleniella Conti and Fischer 1981
G. †Anticonulus Cossmann 1918
+
Anticonulus jaegeri Gründel 2007
Anticonulus lateumbilicatus d'Orbigny 1852
G. Antisolarium Finlay 1927
+
Antisolarium vixincisum Marwick 1929
G. †Buckmanina Cossmann 1920
Subfm. Calliostomatinae Thiele 1924
+
G. Astele Swainson 1855
+
Subg. †Astele (Astelena) Iredale 1924
Subg. Astele (Callistele) Cotton and Godfrey 1935
+
Subg. †Astele (Coralastele) Iredale 1930
Astele bularra Garrard 1961
Astele subcarinata Swainson 1855
G. †Benthastelena Iredale 1936
G. Calliostoma Swainson 1840
+
Subg. Calliostoma (Elmerlinia) Clench and Turner 1960
+
Calliostoma (Elmerlinia) bullisi Clench and Turner 1960
Calliostoma (Elmerlinia) macsotayi Landau and Marques da Silva 2010
Calliostoma (Elmerlinia) pascaleae Landau and Marques da Silva 2010
Subg. Calliostoma (Eutrochus) Adams 1864
+
Eutrochus chiemiensis Guembel 1861
Subg. Calliostoma (Fautor) Iredale 1924
+
Calliostoma (Fautor) numapum Darragh and Kendrick 2000
Subg. Calliostoma (Pulchrastele) Iredale 1929
Subg. †Calliostoma (Salsipotens) Iredale 1924
Subg. †Calliostoma (Sinutor) Cotton 1935
Subg. Calliostoma (Ziziphinus) Gray 1847
+
Ziziphinus joannis Kittl 1899
Ziziphinus ogilviae Kittl 1894
Calliostoma annulatum Lightfoot 1786
+
Invalid names: Calliostoma virgineus Chemnitz 1789 [synonym]
Calliostoma aphelium Dall 1892
Calliostoma arnoldi Dickerson 1913
Calliostoma attrina Mansfield 1925
Calliostoma augustinensis Hertlein 1928
Calliostoma bellicosum Ihering 1907
Calliostoma bellum Conrad 1834
Calliostoma blanfordi Noetling 1895
Calliostoma boscianum Brongniart 1823
Calliostoma calvertanum Martin 1904
Calliostoma cammani Dall 1909
+
Invalid names: Trochus doliarius Chemnitz 1788 [synonym]
Calliostoma carsoni Addicott 1970
Calliostoma castilla Olsson 1922
Calliostoma ceramicum Dall 1892
Calliostoma cirrus White 1887
Calliostoma coalingensis Arnold 1909
Calliostoma contextum Seguenza 1885
Calliostoma conuliforme Seguenza 1885
Calliostoma cragini Stanton 1947
Calliostoma decamposi Maury 1924
Calliostoma delazinensis Weaver 1912
Calliostoma derbyi Maury 1924
Calliostoma eboreus Wagner 1839
Calliostoma exile Dall 1892
Calliostoma flumenvadum Gardner 1947
Calliostoma gemmulatum Carpenter 1864
Calliostoma grabaui Maury 1917
Calliostoma grantianum Berry 1940
Calliostoma granulata Perrilliat et al. 2006
Calliostoma hannibali Hertlein and Jordan 1927
Calliostoma humile Conrad 1830
Calliostoma irerense Harzhauser et al. 2017
Calliostoma kempiana Cooper 1894
Calliostoma kerri Arnold 1909
Calliostoma lawsoni Clark 1918
+
Invalid names: Calliostoma costatum Martyn 1784 [synonym]
Calliostoma lignitica Cooper 1896
Calliostoma limonensis Olsson 1922
Calliostoma mea Tegland 1933
Calliostoma metrium Dall 1892
Calliostoma mirificum Jung 1971
Calliostoma mohtatae Harzhauser et al. 2017
Calliostoma monile Reeve 1863
Calliostoma negroensis Rossi de Garcia and Levy 1959
Calliostoma noduliferum Nelson 1870
Calliostoma nonurum Pilsbry and Olsson 1941
Calliostoma parkeri Durham 1944
Calliostoma peralveatum Conrad 1841
Calliostoma pirabicum Maury 1924
Calliostoma promense Vredenburg 1921
Calliostoma puelchanum Borchert 1901
Calliostoma radiatum Gabb 1869
Calliostoma reclusus Conrad 1830
Calliostoma retectum Maury 1924
Calliostoma rhombotoide Gardner 1947
Calliostoma rhombotum Mansfield 1925
Calliostoma rugabasis Gardner 1947
Calliostoma salvatoris Gemmellaro 1911
Calliostoma sartoriusi Gemmellaro 1911
Calliostoma singuense Vredenburg 1921
Calliostoma speciosa Adams 1854
+
Invalid names: Calliostoma splendens Carpenter 1864 [synonym]
Calliostoma tegulum Olsson 1964
Calliostoma tropica Anderson 1929
Calliostoma virginicum Conrad 1875
Calliostoma wagneri Dall 1892
Calliostoma zizyphinum Linnaeus 1758
Invalid names: Venustas [synonym]
G. Dentistyla Dall 1889
G. Fautrix Marshall 1995
G. †Metaconulus Cossmann 1918
G. †Ozodochilus Cossmann 1918
Invalid names: Ziziphininae Gray 1847 [synonym]
Subfm. †Canthardinae Gray 1857
+
G. Calliotrochus Fischer 1879
+
G. Gibbula Risso 1826
+
Subg. †Gibbula (Amonilea) Cossrnann 1920
Subg. Gibbula (Colliculus) Monterosato 1888
+
Colliculus adansoni Payraudeau 1827
Colliculus aquitanicus Cossmann and Peyrot 1917
Subg. Gibbula (Gibbula) Risso 1826
+
Subg. Gibbula (Steromphala) Gray 1848
Gibbula affinis Sacco 1896
Gibbula buchi Dubois 1831
Gibbula cineraria Linnaeus 1758
+
Invalid names: Trochus strigosus Gmelin 1791 [synonym]
Gibbula dalli Ihering 1897
Gibbula danieli Crosse 1862
Gibbula dertosulcata Sacco 1896
Gibbula glandula Conrad 1866
Gibbula maccullochi Hedley 1907
Gibbula monterosatoi Sacco 1896
Gibbula podolica Dubois 1831
Gibbula zonata Wood 1828
Gibbula zonata patula Kensley and Pether 1986
G. Jujubinus Monterosato 1884
+
Jujubinus bucklandi Basterot 1825
Jujubinus exasperatus Pennant 1777
Jujubinus matoni Payraudeau 1827
Jujubinus multicingulatus Sandberger 1860
Jujubinus striatus Linnaeus 1767
Jujubinus subcarinatus Lamarck 1804
Jujubinus subturgidulum d'Orbigny 1852
+
Oxystele dorni Durham 1944
Oxystele rotellaris Michelotti 1847
Oxystele tigrina Anton 1839
G. Priotrochus Fischer 1879
G. Chlorostoma Swainson 1840
+
Chlorostoma arnoldi Weaver 1912
Chlorostoma atrum Lesson 1830
+
Invalid names: Chlorostoma minor Mörch 1850 [synonym], Tegula moesta Jonas 1844 [synonym]
+
Invalid names: Turbo cateniferus Kiener 1847 [replaced]
Chlorostoma austropacifica Nielsen et al. 2004
Chlorostoma brunnea Philippi 1849
+
Invalid names: Trochus striatulus Kiener 1850 [synonym]
Chlorostoma chilena Nielsen et al. 2004
+
Invalid names: Trochus kieneri Hupé 1854 [synonym]
Chlorostoma gallina Forbes 1850
+
Invalid names: Chlorostoma gallina multifilosum Stearns 1893 [invalid subgroup], Chlorostoma gallina tincta Pilsbry 1889 [invalid subgroup], Trochus (Monodonta) pyriformis Gould 1853 [synonym]
Chlorostoma ignota Ramirez-Böhme 1976
Chlorostoma luctuosum d'Orbigny 1841
Chlorostoma matanzensis Nielsen et al. 2004
Chlorostoma nautiloides Aldrich 1911
Chlorostoma pacificum Anderson and Martin 1914
Chlorostoma quipua DeVries 2007
Tegula (Chlorostoma) malibuensis Loel and Corey 1932
Invalid names: Chlorostoma brunneum fluctuatum Dall 1871 [invalid subgroup], Chlorostoma funebrale subapertum Carpenter 1864 [invalid subgroup], Chlorostoma gallina umbilicatum Dall 1919 [invalid subgroup]
G. †Chuelskia Kaim et al. 2004
G. †Cirsostylus Cossmann 1918
+
Cirsostylus euomphalus Quenstedt 1856
G. Cittarium Philippi 1847
+
Cittarium pica Linnaeus 1758
G. †Coeloconulus Nützel and Nakazawa 2012
+
Coeloconulus panae Nützel and Nakazawa 2012
+
Coralastele allenae Iredale 1929
G. Enida Adams 1860
G. †Eocalliostoma Haas 1953
Subfm. Eucyclinae Koken 1897
+
Tr. Calliotropini Hickman and McLean 1990
+
G. Ginebis Taki and Otuka 1942
G. Putzeysia Sulliotti 1889
G. Callumbonella Thiele 1924
Tr. †Eucyclini Koken 1897
+
G. †Parvitomella Gründel 2000
+
Parvitomella gofasi Kaim 2004
G. †Granata Cotton 1957
+
Granata imbricata Lamarck 1816
G. †Risselloidea Cossmann 1909
G. †Tallorbis Nevill and H. 1869
G. †Falsotectus Gruendel et al. 2017
+
Falsotectus parvus Gruendel et al. 2017
G. †Francisciconcha Little et al. 2004
+
Francisciconcha maslennikovi Little et al. 2004
G. †Gena
+
Gena impertusa Burrows 1815
G. †Granulifera Anistratenko 2000
Subfm. Halistylinae Keen 1958
+
G. †Botelloides Strand 1928
G. †Charisma Hedley 1915
+
Subg. †Charisma (Cavostella) Laseron 1954
Subg. †Charisma (Cavotera) Laseron 1954
Subg. †Charisma (Charisma) Hedley 1915
G. Halistylus Dall 1890
+
Halistylus pupoideus Carpenter 1864
+
Invalid names: Halistylus subpupoideus Tryon 1887 [synonym]
G. Hybochelus Pilsbry 1890
+
Hybochelus kavoricus Ladd 1945
G. †Karabolkia Licharev 1975
Subfm. Lirulariinae Hickman and McLean 1990
+
G. Lirularia Dall 1909
+
Lirularia acuticostata Carpenter 1864
Lirularia aresta Berry 1941
Lirularia knechti Arnold 1903
Lirularia lirulata Carpenter 1864
Lirularia magna Oldroyd 1925
Lirularia optabilis Carpenter 1864
Lirularia parcipicta Carpenter 1864
Lirularia pedroana Arnold 1903
Lirularia succincta Carpenter 1864
Invalid names: Margarita optabilis nodosa Arnold 1903 [synonym]
G. †Lithotrochus Conrad 1855
+
Lithotrochus humboldtii von Buch 1839
+
Invalid names: Turritella andii d'Orbigny 1842 [synonym]
Lithotrochus rothi Damborenea and Ferrari 2008
G. Livona Gray 1847
+
Subg. †Margarella (Promargarita) Strebel 1908
+
Margarella (Promargarita) spiraloides Kiel and Bandel 2004
Margarella (Promargarita) trochoides Kiel and Bandel 2004
Invalid names: Margaritella Thiele 1891 [replaced]
G. Microgaza Dall 1881
+
Subg. Microgaza (Microgaza) Dall 1881
+
Subfm. Monodontinae Cossman 1916
+
G. Chrysostoma Swainson 1840
+
Chrysostoma paradoxum Born 1778
Chrysostoma seguenzai Gemmellaro 1911
Chrysostoma tornatum Gemmellaro 1889
G. †Michaletia Cossmann 1903
+
Subg. †Micrelenchus (Plumbelenchus) Finlay 1926
+
Micrelenchus (Plumbelenchus) armulatus Darragh and Kendrick 2000
G. †Pachydontella Marwick 1948
G. Phorcus Risso 1826
+
Prothalotia suturalis Adams 1853
G. †Solariconulus Cossmann 1918
+
Solariconulus lemkei Wittenburg 1908
G. †Stelzneria Geinitz 1874
+
Stelzneria cepaceum Geinitz 1874
Subfm. †Stomatellinae
+
G. †Microtis Adams 1850
G. Pseudostomatella Thiele 1921
+
+
Invalid names: Stomatella elegans Gray 1847 [synonym]
G. Stomatella Lamarck 1816
+
Stomatella varia Adams 1850
G. Stomatia Helbling 1779
+
Stomatia phymotis Helbling 1779
Stomatia trotti Stoppani 1865
G. Suavotrochus Dall 1924
G. Synaptocochlea Pilsbry 1890
+
G. Thalotia Gray 1847
+
Subg. †Thalotia (Odontotrochus) Fischer 1880
Subg. Thalotia (Thalotia) Gray 1847
+
Thalotia attenuata Jonas 1844
+
Invalid names: Trochus elongatus Wood 1828 [synonym]
Thalotia conica Gray 1827
Thalotia marginata Tenison-Woods 1880
+
Invalid names: Prothalotia comtessei Iredale 1931 [synonym], Trochus arruensis Watson 1880 [synonym]
Trochus (Thalotia) martinsi d'Archaic 1850
G. †Trochaclis Thiele 1912
Subfm. Trochinae Rafinesque 1815
+
G. †Alcyna Adams 1860
G. Calthalotia Iredale 1929
+
Calthalotia arruensis Watson 1880
G. Cantharidella Pilsbry 1889
G. Cantharidus Monfort 1810
+
Subg. †Cantharidus (Beraua) Beets 1941
+
Cantharidus (Beraua) elkeae Harzhauser 2007
Subg. Cantharidus (Cantharidus) Montfort 1810
Cantharidus fumosus Dillwyn 1817
G. Clanculus Monfort 1810
+
Subg. Clanculus (Clanculopsis) Monterosato 1879
+
Clanculus cerberi Brongniart 1823
+
Invalid names: Leptothyra prosanguinea Sacco 1896 [synonym]
Clanculus comarilis Hedley 1912
Clanculus granosus Brazier 1877
Clanculus johnstoni Hedley 1917
Clanculus limbatus Quoy 1834
Clanculus lutosus Kensley and Pether 1986
Clanculus maugeri Wood 1828
Clanculus maxillatus Menke 1843
Clanculus pascoei Dey 1961
Clanculus pseudaraonis Strausz 1966
Clanculus submorum Abrard 1942
Clanculus tricarinata Lamarck 1822
G. †Discotectus Favre 1913
G. †Eurytrochus Fischer 1880
G. †Fagnastesia Nielsen et al. 2004
G. Infundibulum Montfort 1810
+
Infundibulum carinatum Conrad 1848
G. Monodonta Lamarck 1799
+
Subg. Monodonta (Neomonodonta) Kuroda and Habe 1971
Monodonta cincta Klipstein 1843
Monodonta diminuta Hedley 1912
Monodonta hardi Martin 1879
Monodonta labio Linnaeus 1758
Monodonta marcaisi d'Orbigny 1842
G. †Nanula Thiele 1921
G. †Notogibbula Iredale 1924
G. Phasianotrochus Fischer 1885
+
Phasianotrochus bellulus Dunker 1845
G. †Plectotrochus Szabo 2009
G. Pyramis Schumacher 1817
G. Tectus Monfort 1810
+
+
Tectus (Rochia) niloticus Linnaeus 1767
Subg. Tectus (Tectus) Montfort 1810
+
Tectus (Tectus) texanus Roemer 1888
Tectus cognatus Sowerby 1840
Tectus fenestratus Gmelin 1791
Tectus guerangeri d'Orbigny 1842
Tectus insignis Michelotti 1861
Tectus japonicus Horikoshi 1958
Tectus loryi d'Archaic and Haime 1853
Tectus lucasianus Brongniart 1823
Tectus plicatoides Sacco 1896
Tectus pyramis Born 1778
Tectus thalmanni Allison 1955
Tectus tjilonganensis Martin 1905
Tectus vulgatus Reuss 1854
Trochus (Tectus) marshalli Trechmann 1917
G. Thoristella Iredale 1915
G. Tosatrochus MacNeil 1960
+
Tr. Trochini Rafinesque 1815
+
G. †Piscoacritia DeVries and Hess 2004
+
Piscoacritia collapsa DeVries and Hess 2004
Invalid names: Cantharidini Gray 1857 [empty], Gibbulinae Stoliczka 1868 [synonym], Pyramidinae Gray 1847 [synonym]
G. Trochus Linnaeus 1758
+
Subg. †Trochus (Anadema) Adams and Adams 1854
+
Subg. †Trochus (Carinidea) Uhlig 1881
Subg. Trochus (Coelotrochus) Fischer 1879
Subg. †Trochus (Flemingia) De Koninck 1881
+
Subg. Trochus (Margarita) Leach 1819
Subg. Trochus (Praecia) Gray 1857
+
+
Solarium ammonites Lamarck 1804
Solarium amphitermum Dall 1892
Solarium arnense Chandler 1962
Solarium bicornatum Traub 1938
Solarium canaliculatum Lamarck 1804
Solarium compressum Traub 1938
Solarium costulatum Ponzi 1876
Solarium cotswoldiae Lycett 1850
Solarium elaboratum Conrad 1833
Solarium javanum Martin 1879
Solarium lartetianum Leymerie 1851
Solarium lorenzoensis Arnold 1908
Solarium nelsoni Woods 1922
Solarium ornatum Lea 1833
Solarium patellatum Lamarck 1804
Solarium patulum Lamarck 1804
Solarium plicatum Lamarck 1804
Solarium rugosum Ponzi 1876
Solarium sulcatum Lamarck 1804
Solarium trilineatum Conrad 1841
Solarium triliraium Conrad 1847
Solarium wallalense White 1885
Subg. Trochus (Thorista) Iredale 1915
Subg. †Trochus (Turcicula) Koken 1900
+
Subg. Trochus (Ziziphinus) Gray 1847
Trochus adrianensis Gemmellaro 1889
Trochus agglutinans Lamarck 1804
Trochus alligatus Lamarck 1804
Trochus alpis Winckler 1861
Trochus ambalensis Weir 1925
Trochus angulatoplicatus Muenster 1844
Trochus anthracophilus Roemer 1880
Trochus arcotensis Forbes 1846
Trochus asper Gmelin 1791
Trochus avernus Stoliczka 1861
+
Invalid names: Trochus (Gibbula) subavernus Seguenza 1885 [synonym]
Trochus bicarinatus Lamarck 1804
Trochus binodulosus Klipstein 1843
Trochus bisertus Münster 1841
Trochus caumontii Klipstein 1843
Trochus crenularis Lamarck 1804
Trochus delaunayi Cossmann 1907
Trochus dentatus Forskal 1775
Trochus deslongchampsi Klipstein 1843
Trochus ellipticus Goldfuss 1844
Trochus erythraeus Brocchi 1823
Trochus fastigiatus Adams 1853
Trochus funiculosus Kittl 1891
Trochus glandulus Laube 1869
Trochus gubleri Delpey 1941
Trochus hanleyanus Reeve 1843
Trochus hierlatzensis von Ammon 1892
Trochus hinchmanensis Crickmay 1933
Trochus imperitus Perner 1903
Trochus laevis Sowerby 1846
Trochus lissochilus Kittl 1891
Trochus maculatus Linnaeus 1758
Trochus margaritifer Böhm 1891
Trochus maximiliani Klipstein 1843
Trochus monilifer Lamarck 1804
Trochus nessigii Römer 1843
Trochus ornatus Klipstein 1843
Trochus ornatus Lamarck 1804
Trochus pfeifferi Philippi 1846
Trochus poeppigii Philippi 1887
Trochus quadrangulonodulosus Klipstein 1843
Trochus quadrilineatus Klipstein 1843
Trochus radiatulus Forbes 1846
Trochus radiatus Gmelin 1792
Trochus rajah Forbes 1846
Trochus rapidus Stoppani 1857
Trochus rauenorum Kiel and Bandel 2004
Trochus rotelloides Forbes 1846
Trochus sandwichensis Souleyet 1852
Trochus sarthinus d'Orbigny 1842
Trochus stefaninii Nardini 1934
Trochus stellatus Gmelin 1791
Trochus strigillatus Klipstein 1843
Trochus subglaber Münster 1841
Trochus sulcatus Lamarck 1804
Trochus tectum Gmelin 1791
Trochus tihensis Abbass 1967
Trochus toulai Kittl 1891
Trochus tricarinatus Klipstein 1843
Trochus varius Linnaeus 1758
Trochus verrucosus Münster 1841
Trochus virgatus Gmelin 1792
Trochus woodwardi Martin 1882
Trochus zinkeni Klipstein 1843
Invalid names: Lamprostoma Swainson 1840 [synonym]
G. †Turcicula Koken 1900
+
Turcicula kendacensis Jung 1971
Subfm. Umboniinae Adams and Adams 1854
+
G. †Archiminolia Iredale 1929
G. Bankivia Krauss 1848
G. †Conotalopia Iredale 1929
G. Ethalia Adams and A. 1854
G. †Ethminolia Iredale 1924
G. Isanda Adams and A. 1854
+
Subg. †Isanda (Parminolia) Iredale 1929
+
Isanda coronata Adams 1853
G. Leiopyrga Adams 1863
G. Monilea Swainson 1840
+
Subg. Monilea (Rossiteria) Brazier 1895
Monilea belcheri Philippi 1849
Monilea callifera Lamarck 1822
+
Invalid names: Talopia dividua Iredale 1929 [synonym], Talopia morti Iredale 1929 [synonym]
Monilea nucleus Philippi 1849
G. †Pchelinsevia Lisenko and Aliyev 1987
G. †Protorotella Makiyama 1925
G. †Rinaldomphalus Bandel 1993
G. Rotella Lamarck 1822
+
Rotella goldfussi Münster 1841
G. Talopena Iredale 1918
+
Talopena lifuana Fischer 1878
G. Talopia Gray 1842
Tr. Umboniini Adams and Adams 1854
+
G. Umbonium Link 1807
+
Subg. Umbonium (Suchium) Makiyama 1924
+
Umbonium vestiarium Linnaeus 1758
G. Vanitrochus Iredale 1929
G. Zethalia Finlay 1927
Invalid names: Rotellinae Swainson 1840 [synonym]
G. †Vacekia Conti and Szabó 1989
+
Vacekia gardana Vacek 1886
Invalid names: Stomatiidae Stoliczka 1868 [synonym], Trochaclididae Thiele 1928 [empty]
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
partNmeanminimummaximummedians.d.
shell height338.212.767.265.531.0

Composition: aragonitec
Locomotion: actively mobilef
Life habit: epifaunalf
Diet: grazerf
Vision: limitedc
Comments: LIFE HISTORY: Grazer on varied substrates according to Todd (2001).f
Created: 2009-09-10 08:47:02
Modified: 2009-09-10 10:47:02
Source: f = family, c = class
References: Hendy et al. 2009, Kiessling 2004

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Famennian to the top of the Holocene or 372.20000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 358.9 Ma

Collections (1423 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Famennian372.2 - 358.9Germany Trochus nessigii (156553)
Roadian - Wordian272.3 - 264.28Indonesia (Sumatra) Trochus anthracophilus (121984)
Wordian266.9 - 264.28Italy Chrysostoma tornatum (108566 108675 233340) Trochus adrianensis, Chrysostoma tornatum (108672)
Wordian266.9 - 264.28Thailand Eocalliostoma sp., Coeloconulus panae (181783) Pleurotomarioidea indet. (167689)
Wordian266.9 - 264.28Thailand (Ratchaburi) Coeloconulus panae (40954)
Capitanian264.28 - 259.51Cambodia Trochus gubleri (107275)
Capitanian264.28 - 259.51USA (Texas) Trochus sp. (108812)
Capitanian264.28 - 259.51Japan Coeloconulus panae (109667)
Spathian251.3 - 247.2China (Qinghai) Solariconulus hantaishanensis (122299)
Olenekian251.2 - 247.2Italy (South Tyrol) Turbo lemkei (205016 205031)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Indonesia (Timor) Trochus peracutaeformis (205308)
Pelsonian - Illyrian247.2 - 242.0China (Guizhou) Trochidae indet. (31618 31620 31627 31631 31632) Trochus sp., Trochidae indet. (31619 31621)
Ladinian242.0 - 237.0Germany Trochidae indet. (67652)
Ladinian242.0 - 237.0Hungary (Bakony) Turcicula katrabocensis (203348)
Ladinian242.0 - 237.0Slovakia Umbonium vinassai (23867)
Ladinian242.0 - 237.0Italy Calliostoma semipunctatus, Calliostoma sp. (138255) Umbonium sp. (202030 202041)
Longobardian242.0 - 235.0Italy (Trentino) Anticonulus sp. (44953)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0Thailand Anticonulus sp. (34566)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0Italy (South Tyrol) Trochus pseudoniso (205157)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0New Zealand Trochidae indet. (61462) Trochus marshalli (201932)