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Turridae (turrid)

Gastropoda - Neogastropoda - Turridae

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Synonymy list
YearName and author
1840Turridae Swainson
1931Turridae Olsson p. 118
1941Turritidae Stephenson p. 369
1957Turridae Rivera p. 186
1964Turridae Sohl p. 274
1987Turridae Ward and Blackwelder p. 132
1988Turridae Ponder and Warén p. 307
1994Turridae Wilson p. 181
1996Turridae Sysoev p. 22
1998Turridae Beesley p. 847
2001Turridae Harzhauser and Mandic p. 714
2001Turridae Todd
2004Turridae Stilwell et al. p. 48
2005Turridae Bouchet et al. p. 256
2007Turridae Harzhauser p. 109
2007Turridae Wienrich and Janssen p. 654
2011Turridae Bouchet et al. pp. 296 - 297

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
Schizocoela
phylumMollusca
RankNameAuthor
classGastropodaCuvier 1797
subclassProsobranchiaMilne-Edwards 1848
superorderCaenogastropodaCox 1959
orderNeogastropodaThiele 1929
superfamilyConoidea(Rafinesque 1815)
familyTurridaeSwainson 1840
familyTurridaeSwainson 1840

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
P. Bouchet et al. 2011Shell of medium to large size (usually 20–30 mm, up to 110 mm high), short- to high-fusiform, usually with a high spire and a long (rarely short and truncated) siphonal canal. Axial sculpture weak or absent. Anal sinus on whorl periphery. Protoconch typically multispiral, up to six whorls, protoconch I smooth, protoconch II with arcuate axial riblets; reduced paucispiral protoconch usually smooth, may have arcuate axial riblets. Operculum fully developed, with terminal nucleus. Radular formula typically 1-(1:R:1)-1. Small and narrow rachidian and plate-like laterals are fused together, together constituting a central formation of different development (Kantor, 2006), varying from a well-defined broad central tooth (Fig. 21B) to a tooth clearly formed of three elements (Fig. 21A) through a gradual reduction of rachidian and/or laterals to complete absence (Fig. 21D). Marginals duplex, of variable morphology, from broadly oval and flattened (Fig. 21E, F) with nearly equally developed limbs to awl-shaped and divided only in basal part (Fig. 21A). In most cases, the major limb is large and knife-shaped, while the accessory limb is dorsal and more weakly developed (Fig. 21). In Iotyrris, marginal teeth have equally developed limbs that form a shallow broad trough (Fig. 21D).