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Morphology Ecology and taphonomy   Age range and collections

Venerinae

Bivalvia - Cardiida - Veneridae

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1815Venerinae Rafinesque
1904Venerinae Glenn p. 304
1936Chioninae Frizzell
1943Venerinae Gardner p. 127
1947Venerinae Gardner pp. 152, 166
1969Venerinae da Silva Forti p. 86
1973Venerinae Iqbal p. 19
1980Venerinae Vokes p. 166
1980Chioninae Vokes p. 177
1982Chioninae Woodring p. 701
1984Chioninae Gazdzicki and Pugaczewska p. 104
1984Venerinae Gazdzicki and Pugaczewska p. 104
1984Venerinae Pugaczewska p. 54
1988Venerinae Freneix et al. p. 432
1990Venerinae Beu et al. p. 400
1992Venerinae Perrilliat p. 14
1992Chioninae Perrilliat p. 17
1992Venerinae Ward p. 100
1992Chioninae Ward p. 102
2006Chioninae Beu pp. 270, 277
2006Venerinae Beu pp. 270, 277
2011Chionina Carter et al. p. 16
2011Venerinae Carter et al. p. 16
2012Venerinae Coan and Valentich-Scott p. 750

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
Schizocoela
phylumMollusca
classBivalvia
Eubivalvia
subclassAutobranchia(Groblen 1894)
infraclassHeteroconchia(Cox 1960)
CardiomorphiFerussac 1822
RankNameAuthor
CardioniFerussac 1822
CardiidiaFerussac 1822
CardiataFerussac 1822
superorderCardiiformiiFerussac 1822
orderCardiidaFerussac 1822
suborderCardiidinaFerussac 1822
Veneroidei(Gray 1854)
VeneroiteiGray 1854
superfamilyVeneroidea(Rafinesque 1815)
familyVeneridaeRafinesque 1815
subfamilyVenerinaeRafinesque 1815
subfamilyVenerinaeRafinesque 1815

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available