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Xanthidae (stone crab)

Decapoda - Xanthidae

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1838Xanthidae MacLeay
1926Xanthidae Rathbun p. 47
1935Xanthidae Stenzel p. 382
1980Xanthidae Squires p. 473
1992Xanthidae Feldmann and Keys p. 10
1997Xanthidae Tiwari et al. p. 131
2000Xanthidae Schweitzer et al. p. 37
2001Xanthidae Vega et al. p. 940
2002Xanthidae Schweitzer and Feldmann p. 961
2003Xanthidae Feldmann et al. p. 152
2005Xanthidae Schweitzer p. 277
2006Xanthidae Karasawa and Schweitzer p. 50

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Ecdysozoa
Panarthropoda
phylumArthropodaLatreille 1829
subphylumMandibulata
Pancrustacea
RankNameAuthor
subphylumCrustaceaBrünnich 1772
subclassMalacostraca
orderDecapoda
infraorderBrachyura()
Eubrachyurade Saint Laurent 1980
superfamilyXanthoidea
familyXanthidae
familyXanthidae

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Locomotion: actively mobilep
Diet: carnivoreo
Created: 2008-01-28 11:51:24
Modified: 2008-01-28 13:51:24
Source: o = order, p = phylum
References: Kiessling 2004, Turnsek 1997

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Early/Lower Cretaceous to the top of the Holocene or 145.00000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 100.5 Ma

Collections (128 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Early/Lower Cretaceous145.0 - 100.5USA (Texas) Actaea cretacea (141174)
Cretaceous145.0 - 66.0USA (New Jersey) Xanthias lenolensis (136026)
Cretaceous145.0 - 66.0Mexico (Baja California) Xandaros sternbergi (45700 133568)
Late/Upper Cretaceous100.5 - 66.0France (Saint Sauver en Puisaye) Xantho agassizi (146256)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0Brazil (Paraíba) Xanthopsis cretacea, Xanthopsis brasiliana (88070)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (Alabama) Xanthidae sp. B, Xanthidae sp. A (83238)
Danian66.0 - 61.6USA (Alabama) Xanthidae sp. (83297) Xanthidae sp. A (83261)
Paleocene66.0 - 56.0USA (Alabama) Xanthidae sp. (142896)
Paleogene66.0 - 23.03Hungary (Budapest) Phlyctenodes krenneri, Phlyctenodes steinmanni, Sculptoplax rigida (138811)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8Italy Chlorodiella indet., Etisus arduinoi, Phlyctenodes multituberculatus, Neoliomera paleogenica, Haydnella maladensis (140158)
Ypresian56.0 - 47.8France Xanthopsis dufouri (94693)
Eocene56.0 - 33.9Italy (Livorno) Xantho incisus (140154)
Eocene56.0 - 33.9Russian Federation (Volgograd) Xanthopsis sp. (200978)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3Pakistan Xanthidae indet. (45621)
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0Colombia Xanthopsis sp. (88278)
Bartonian41.3 - 38.0Egypt Xanthopsis sp. (97545)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Italy Xanthopsis kressenbergensis (81043)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Germany (Bavaria) Xantho sp. (10703)
Priabonian38.0 - 33.9Tonga Xanthidae indet. (43006)
Priabonian - Rupelian38.0 - 28.1USA (Washington) Pilodius vulgaris (139188)
Late/Upper Eocene37.2 - 33.9USA (New Jersey) Xanthidae indet. (92770)
Early/Lower Oligocene33.9 - 28.4Oman (Dhofar) Atergatis sp. (175334)
Early/Lower Oligocene33.9 - 28.4Canada (British Columbia) Pilodius vulgaris (139174)
Early/Lower Oligocene33.9 - 28.4Italy (Vicenza) Xantho sp. (147005)
Early/Lower Oligocene33.9 - 28.4USA (Washington) Pilodius vulgaris (139187 139453)
Oligocene33.9 - 23.03USA (Washington) Pilodius vulgaris (139186 139190 139441 139442 139444 139445 139446 139447 139450 139452 139455 139456 139457 139458 139459 139460 139462 139463 139466 139468 139524 139527)
Oligocene33.9 - 23.03USA (Oregon) Pilodius vulgaris (139022 139528 139529 139530 139532 139533 139534 139535 139536 139537)
Oligocene33.9 - 23.03Canada (British Columbia) Pilodius vulgaris (139011 139173 139175 139178 139184)
Late/Upper Oligocene28.4 - 23.03USA (Washington) Pilodius vulgaris (139525 139526)
Chattian28.1 - 23.03Canada (British Columbia) Pilodius vulgaris (139172)
Aquitanian23.03 - 20.44Mexico (Chiapas) Haydnella steininbergi (133885)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97India Xantho sp. (78641)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97India (Mizoram) Xantho sp. (42760)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Fiji Medaeus mbalavuensis (136573) Xanthodius kambaraensis (136574)
Early/Lower Miocene - Middle Miocene23.03 - 11.608Japan (Shizuoka) Pilodius parvus, Medaeops megamiensis, Liomera sp., Leptodius crosnieri, Leptodius morrisi, Megamia anaglypta, Palaeoxanthops minutus, Palaeoxanthops okumurai, Paraxanthias fujiyamai, Lybia sp. (202476)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333Dominican Republic Archaeopilumnus caelatus (135462)
Neogene23.03 - 2.588Poland Chlorodiella mediterranea, Pilodius sp., Haydnella steiningeri (139754) Xantho moldavicus (139755)
Neogene23.03 - 2.588Fiji Chlorodiella junghuhni (136001)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Fiji Medaeus mbalavuensis (68330)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Ukraine Chlorodiella mediterranea, Xantho moldavicus (66971)
Serravallian13.82 - 11.62Hungary Chlorodiella juglans, Chlorodiella mediterranea, Xantho moldavicus, Haydnella steiningeri (34739)
Badenian13.65 - 12.7Poland Chlorodiella mediterranea (32515 32516)
Badenian13.65 - 12.7Moldova Medaeus moldavica (78643 78648)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Malaysia (Sabah) Xanthias miocenicus (185833 185834 185835 185836 185837 185845 185846 185847 185848 185850 185852 185854 185856)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Indonesia Medaeus granulosus (70099)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333Italy Actaea sp. (69922)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333Malta Xantho moldavicus (131977) Xantho sp. (140979)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333Algeria Actaea calzadai (70882 70885) Lachnopodus murdjadjensis (70786)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Costa Rica (Limon) Heteractaea lunata (135452)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Fiji Cycloxanthops eous, Medaeus mbalavuensis (68180 136139) Lipaesthesius quadratus, Atergatis laddi, Medaeus mbalavuensis, Medaeus variabilis, Xantho acutispinis (136142) Medaeus nbalavuensis, Xantho acutispinus, Lipaesthesius quadratus, Atergatis laddi, Medaeus variabilis (68181)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Italy Monodaeus bortolotti (127462)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Malaysia (Sarawak) Cyclodius ungulatus (175180)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Barbados Actaea rufopunctata (185890)
Pleistocene - Holocene2.588 - 0.0USA (California) Cycloxanthops novemdentatus (138722)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117Jamaica Actaea bifrons, Actaea acantha, Micropanope truncatiformis (185031)
Late/Upper Pleistocene (interglacial)0.126 - 0.0117Mexico (Baja California) Cycloxanthops novemdentatus (194405 194407) Xanthidae indet. (194429)
Late/Upper Pleistocene - Holocene0.126 - 0.0Fiji Etisus laevimanus (136023)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0USA (Florida) Xanthodius americanus, Actaea nodosa (147239)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Australia (South Australia) Actaea calculosa, Actaea carcharias, Actaea peronii, Atergatis floridus, Etisus electra, Actaeodes tomentosus, Forestia abrolhensis, Chlorodiella laevissima, Chlorodiella nigra, Cyclodius obscurus, Pilodius areolatus, Euxanthus exsculptus, Liomera pallida, Liomera cinctimana, Lachnopodus bidentatus, Leptodius exaratus, Nanocassiope sp., Paraxanthias notatus, Xanthias elegans, Xanthias lamarcki, Xanthias pachydactylus, Banareia villosa, Cyclodius ungulatus, Lybia australiensis, Cymo andreossyi, Cymo cerasma, Paraxanthodes cumatodes, Paraxanthodes obtusidens, Zalasius australis (149178)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0USA (Califormia) Xantho belia (146589)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0USA (Flrida) Actaea erosa, Xanthodius sternberghii (146568)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Mexico Actaea sulcata, Atergatis rotundatus, Xantho lamellipes, Xantho viltata, Xantho denticulata, Xanthodius hebes (147227)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0USA (Washington) Xantho bella (146593)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Panama Actaea labyrinthica, Atergatis lobatus, Xantho vittata (147250)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Barbados Xanthodius americanus (146587)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0USA (South Carolina) Speocarcinus carolinensis (146572)