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Paraves

Reptilia - Avetheropoda

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1997Paraves Sereno p. 444
1998Paraves Sereno p. 65
1999Paraves Sereno p. 2139 fig. 2
2000Paraves Holtz, Jr. p. 33 fig. 5
2004Paraves Senter et al. p. 2 fig. 2
2011Paraves Zanno et al. p. 3
2017Paraves Lefèvre et al.
2018Paraves Hu et al.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
Eosuchia()
RankNameAuthor
Neodiapsida
SauriaGauthier 1984
Archosauromorpha(Huene 1946)
Crocopoda
ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
Eucrocopoda
Archosauria()
informalAvemetatarsalia
Ornithodira
Dinosauromorpha
Dinosauriformes
Dinosauria()
Saurischia()
Theropoda()
Neotheropoda
AverostraPaul 2002
Tetanurae
orderAvetheropoda
suborderCoelurosauria
Maniraptora
Paraves
Paraves

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: hydroxyapatiteo
Entire body: yeso
Adult length: 10 to < 100o
Adult width: 1.0 to < 10o
Adult height: 1.0 to < 10o
Architecture: compact or denseo
Ontogeny: accretion, modification of partso
Grouping: solitaryo
Environment: terrestrialo
Locomotion: actively mobileo
Life habit: ground dwellingo
Diet: carnivoresubo
Reproduction: oviparouso
Dispersal: direct/internalo
Dispersal 2: mobileo
Created: 2009-01-03 20:39:15
Modified: 2009-01-03 22:39:15
Source: subo = suborder, o = order
References: Kiessling 2004, Benton 1983, Marsh 1875

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Norian to the top of the Holocene or 228.00000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 201.3 Ma

Collections (2976 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Norian - Rhaetian228.0 - 201.3Lesotho (Mohale's Hoek) Anomoepus sp. (56020)
Hettangian - Sinemurian201.3 - 190.8Lesotho (Mohale's Hoek) Anomoepus sp. (56010)
Hettangian - Sinemurian201.3 - 190.8Lesotho (Quthing) Trisauropodiscus superavipes (84072)
Late/Upper Bathonian - Early/Lower Kimmeridgian167.7 - 150.8China (Liaoning) Anchiornis huxleyi, Eosinopteryx brevipenna (106306) Anchiornis huxleyi, Xiaotingia zhengi (92421)
Callovian166.1 - 163.5China (Xinjiang) Paraves indet. (106181)
Early/Lower Callovian164.7 - 161.2China (Nei Mongol) Epidendrosaurus ningchengensis, Pedopenna daohugouensis, Epidexipteryx hui (27891)
Oxfordian163.5 - 157.3China (Liaoning) Anchiornis huxleyi, Serikornis sungei (91487)
Oxfordian163.5 - 157.3China (Hebei) Caihong juji (194581)
Late/Upper Jurassic163.5 - 145.0China (Hebei) Aquatilavipes sp. (52850)
Late/Upper Jurassic - Barremian163.5 - 125.0China (Hebei) Shenqiornis mengi (96195)
Late/Upper Jurassic - Early/Lower Cretaceous163.5 - 100.5Spain (Castilla y León) Archaeornithipus meijidei (68446)
Kimmeridgian157.3 - 152.1USA (Colorado) Aves indet. (53021)
Kimmeridgian157.3 - 152.1Portugal (Leiria) Paronychodon sp., Archaeopteryx sp. (24563)
Late/Upper Kimmeridgian155.7 - 150.8USA (Wyoming) Deinonychosauria indet. (22650)
Late/Upper Tithonian - Valanginian150.8 - 132.9China (Liaoning) Aquatilavipes sp., Pullornipes aureus (59253)
Late/Upper Tithonian - Valanginian150.8 - 132.9China (Hebei) Menglongipus sinensis (97752)
Middle Berriasian145.0 - 140.2United Kingdom (England) Paraves indet. (72142)
Berriasian145.0 - 139.8Romania (Judetul Bihor) Hesperornithiformes indet., Palaeocursornis biharicus (13335)
Berriasian145.0 - 139.8Japan (Fukui) Aves indet. (166017)
Late/Upper Berriasian - Valanginian145.0 - 132.9Argentina (Neuquén) Deinonychosauria indet. (156241)