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Scleractinia (stony coral)

Xiphosura - Sessilia - Scalpellidae

Taxonomy
Scleractinia was named by Bourne (1900) [spelt "Scleractina" by Sepkoski]. It is extant.

It was assigned to Zoantharia by Squires (1984), Squires (1987), Squires (1999) and Ezaki (2000); and to Anthozoa by Wells (1953), Squires (1988), Sepkoski (2002) and López-Pérez (2005).

Subtaxa
Adekoheastrea, Agathiphylliidae, Amphiastraeina, Anisastraea, Annotocyathus, Anomopora, Apelismilia, Aplocyathus, Archaeocoeniina, Archaeofungiina, Archaeolasmogyra, Astraeoina, Astrocoeniina, Aulastraeoporidae, Bavarosmilia, Budiopsis, Calameastolia, Carantophyllum, Carcicocaenia, Caryophylliina, Chorisastraea, Clausastraeopsis, Clonosmilia, Coelomeandra, Cyclastraeidae, Cyclindrocyathus, Cylindrosmilia, Cynaria, Decaheliocoenia, Dendrophylliina, Desmocoenia, Dichotomosmilia, Diploastraeidae, Diplothecangia, Distichophylliina, Ebocotrochus, Eburneotrochus, Eckastraeidae, Edwardsomeandra, Epitrochus, Etalloniopsis, Euphyllidae, Eupsammidae, Eusmiliopsis, Fasciatiphyllia, Fasciseris, Faviina, Favitopsis, Felixaraeoidea, Fungiina, Furcophyllia, Gallitellia, Gardineroseris, Gombertiphyllia, Haplareidae, Hedeliastraea, Heliostylina, Helladophyllia, Heterocoeniina, Houchangocyathus, Isastraeidae, Isphyllastrea, Karatchastraea, Kobycoenia, Lamellomeandra, Lepiconus, Lithodendron, Lupitschia, Mareastraea, Meandriina, Microsolenina, Miophora, Mioscapophyllia, Misistelloidea, Montastraeidae, Morchellastraea, Ondadiplocteniopsis, Pachysmilia, Pachythecaliina, Palaeophyllia, Palaeoseris, Palaeosmilia, Paracoryphyllia, Phylloseriopsis, Phyllosmilioidea, Pleuropodia, Psammocyathus, Pyramisasteria, Reisocyathus, Reussiphyllia, Rhabdofavia, Rhipidogyrina, Rhopalophyllia, Saeptiphyllia, Sakalavastraeopsis, Saltastraea, Sclydolithus, Siderocoenia, Sinasteria, Siniastraea, Smilostyliidae, Solenocoeniidae, Streptocyathopsis, Streptocyathus, Stylinina, Stylophyllina, Thamnasteria cycloides, Thamnasteria komagataensis, Thamnasteria maxima, Thamnasteria protoserioides, Thamnasteria rikuzenica, Thamnasteriidae, Thamnasterites, Thecoseriopsis, Thigmastrea, Trachyphylliidae, Tropiastraea, Tropiastraeidae, Variabilifavia

View classification of included taxa

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1900Scleractinia Bourne
1951Thamnasteria cycloides Eguchi
1951Thamnasteria komagataensis Eguchi
1951Thamnasteria maxima Eguchi
1951Thamnasteria protoserioides Eguchi
1951Thamnasteria rikuzenica Eguchi
1952Cyclindrocyathus Alloiteau
1953Scleractinia Wells
1984Scleractinia Squires p. 14
1987Scleractinia Squires p. 19
1988Scleractinia Squires p. 6
1994Paracoryphyllia Dronov
1999Scleractinia Squires p. 10
2000Scleractinia Ezaki p. 202
2002Cyclindrocyathus Sepkoski, Jr.
2002Eusmiliopsis Sepkoski, Jr.
2002Saltastraea Sepkoski, Jr.
2002Scleractinia Sepkoski, Jr.
2002Thecoseriopsis Sepkoski, Jr.
2003Paracoryphyllia Kiessling
2005Scleractinia López-Pérez p. 80

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Phosphatothoracica
Calamida
familyScalpellidaePilsbry 1907
familyCalanticidaeZevina 1978
suborderLepadomorphaGruvel 1905
Unilatera
familyNeolepadidae(Yamaguchi et al. 2004)
familyBrachylepadidaeWoodward 1901
orderSessiliaLamarck 1818
PoecilophysideaPepato et al. 2010
orderAcariformes(Zakhvatkin 1952)
subphylumChelicerataHeymons 1901
EuchelicerataWeygoldt and Paulus 1979
Prosomapoda
classXiphosura()
orderXiphosuridaLatreille 1802
Planaterga
Dekatriata
SclerophorataKamenz et al. 2011
classArachnidaLamarck 1801
orderParasitiformes(Reuter 1909)
suborderMesostigmataCanestrini 1891
suborderSarcoptiformesReuter 1909
infraorderOribatidaDugès 1834
ParhyposomataGrandjean 1969
Osteichthyes()
subclassSarcopterygii()
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Spiralia
superphylumLophotrochozoa
Lophophorata
phylumBrachiopodaCuvier 1805
subphylumRhynchonelliformeaWilliams et al. 1996
RankNameAuthor
classStrophomenataWilliams et al 1996
orderProductidaSarycheva and Sokolskaya 1959
suborderLyttoniidina
superfamilyLyttonioidea
phylumMollusca
classBivalvia
subclassSynapsida
suborderEupelycosauria
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1874
subclassTribosphenida()
infraclassEutheria()
Placentalia
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
classChondrichthyes
subclassElasmobranchiiBonaparte 1838
orderProtobranchiaPelseneer 1889
Laurasiatheria
Scrotifera
orderChiropteraBlumenbach 1779
familyPhyllostomidaeGray 1825
superorderNuculaniformiiCarter et al. 2000
orderNuculanida(Carter et al. 2000)
superfamilyMalletioideaAdams and Adams 1857
subfamilyCarolliinaeMiller 1924
phylumCnidariaHatschek 1888
classAnthozoaEhrenberg 1834
subclassZoanthariade Blainville 1830
orderScleractiniaBourne 1900
orderScleractiniaBourne 1900

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available