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Hipparionini (hipparionine horse)

Mammalia - Perissodactyla - Equidae

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1882Hippotherium sinclairi Wortman p. 73
1889Hippotherium sinclairii Cope p. 434
1889Hipparion sinclairi Matthew
1896Hipparion sinclairi Roger
1898Hipparion sinclairi Trouessart
1902Hipparion sinclairii Hay p. 621
1905Neohipparion sinclairi Trouessart
1907Neohipparion sinclairi Gidley p. 900
1907Neohipparion sinclairi Merriam and Stock
1909Neohipparion sinclairi Matthew
1916Hipparion anthonyi Merriam
1918Hipparion anthonyi Osborn p. 190 figs. Text Fig. 153
1918Hipparion sinclairi Osborn p. 196 figs. Text Fig. 159
1924Hipparion sinclairi Matthew
1925Hipparion sinclairi Merriam et al. p. 76
1928Hipparion sinclairi Merriam and Stock p. 13
1930Hipparion sinclairi Hay
1930Hipparion sinclairi Matthew and Stirton
1940Hipparion anthonyi Stirton p. 184
1940Neohipparion sinclairi Stirton p. 1834
1952Neohipparion sinclairi Stirton
1955Hipparionini Quinn p. 58
1963Hipparionini Mooser p. 393
1991Hipparionini Baskin p. 999
1995Hipparionini Kelly p. 24
1998Hipparionini MacFadden p. 547
2006Hipparionini Bravo-Cuevas and Ferrusquía-Villafranca p. 780
2006Hipparionini Hulbert and Whitmore p. 13
2008Hipparionini Bravo-Cuevas and Ferrusquia-Villafranca

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
RankNameAuthor
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
subclassTribosphenida()
infraclassEutheria()
Placentalia
orderPerissodactyla()
suborderLophodontomorpha
infraorderEuperissodactyla
Hippomorpha
superfamilyEquoidea
familyEquidae
subfamilyEquinaeSteinmann and Döderlein 1890
tribeHipparionini
tribeHipparionini

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
J. H. Quinn 1955pper teeth with pli proto-
loph and pli hypoloph; protocone discon- nected; hypoconal groove open to base of crowns; metaconid and metastylid elon- gate antero-posteriorly and not strongly divergent; parastylid present on all genera except in late stages; pli caballinid con- fined to premolars ( except N. eurystyle and related species) ; protostylid present on milk teeth.