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Equini (horse)

Mammalia - Perissodactyla - Equidae

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1950Equini Lance
1955Equini Quinn p. 42
1957Equini Quinn p. 10
1988Equini Hulbert, Jr.
1989Equini Prothero and Schoch p. 532
1991Equini Baskin p. 999
1995Equini Kelly p. 3
1996Equini Prado and Alberdi p. 676
1998Equini MacFadden p. 549
2014Equini Ferrusquía-Villafranca et al. p. 204
2015Equini Dos Santos Avilla et al. pp. 925909-3

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
RankNameAuthor
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
subclassTribosphenida()
infraclassEutheria()
Placentalia
orderPerissodactyla()
suborderLophodontomorpha
infraorderEuperissodactyla
Hippomorpha
superfamilyEquoidea
familyEquidae
subfamilyEquinaeSteinmann and Döderlein 1890
tribeEquini
tribeEquini

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
J. H. Quinn 1955Upper teeth with heavy styles and deep valleys; pli protoloph usually present; protocones elongate, usually grooved and heeled, connected to protoselene throughout in late forms, partly unconnected in early forms; hypo- conal groove open or nearly so; lower teeth flattened transverse! y; parastylid present in early forms, lost in late forms; pli caballinid on any or all lower cheek teeth when present.