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Manicina

Anthozoa - Scleractinia - Faviidae

Taxonomy
Manicina was named by Ehrenberg (1834) [Sepkoski's age data: T Mi-u-l R Sepkoski's reference number: 1102]. It is extant.

It was assigned to Faviidae by Johnson (1998) and Veron (2000); and to Scleractinia by Sepkoski (2002).

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1834Manicina Ehrenberg
1864Teleiophyllia Duncan
1956Teleiophyllia Wells
1998Manicina Johnson p. 1268
2000Manicina Veron p. 99
2002Manicina Sepkoski, Jr.
2002Teleiophyllia Sepkoski, Jr.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
phylumCnidariaHatschek 1888
classAnthozoaEhrenberg 1834
subclassZoanthariade Blainville 1830
orderScleractiniaBourne 1900
RankNameAuthor
suborderFaviinaVaughan and Wells 1943
superfamilyFaviicaeGregory 1900
familyFaviidaeGregory 1900
genusManicinaEhrenberg 1834

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: aragonitef
Grouping: colonialsubo
Clonal: yessubo
Environment: marineo
Locomotion: facultatively mobileg
Attached: yessubo
Life habit: low-level epifaunalg
Diet: microcarnivoreg
Vision: blindc
Reproduction: alternatingo
Asexual: yeso
Dispersal: watero
Dispersal 2: planktonico
Comments: ECOSPACE CODE: 331.g
Created: 2009-10-10 08:28:12
Modified: 2009-10-10 10:28:12
Source: g = genus, f = family, subo = suborder, o = order, c = class
References: Kiessling 2004, Kiessling 2008, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Early/Lower Paleocene to the top of the Holocene or 66.00000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 61.7 Ma

Collections (165 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Early/Lower Paleocene66.0 - 61.7Egypt Leptoria pauca, Leptoria laxa (34684)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3Slovenia M. flexuosa (71666)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333Colombia Teleiophyllia sp. (73800)
Middle Miocene15.97 - 11.608Dominican Republic Teleiophyllia magnifica (124722)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Dominican Republic M. geisteri, M. grandis (93686) M. grandis (84953 90618 94141) M. jungi, M. grandis (41112)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Dominican Republic M. grandis (93772)
Late/Upper Miocene - Early/Lower Pliocene11.608 - 3.6Dominican Republic M. geisteri, M. puntagordensis, M. mayori, M. grandis (84985) M. grandis (93719) M. gyrosa, Teleiophyllia grandis (124780)
Late/Upper Miocene - Zanclean11.608 - 3.6Dominican Republic M. geisteri, M. grandis (84999)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333Dominican Republic M. geisteri (90619) M. geisteri, M. grandis (94099) M. geisteri, M. jungi (84965) M. geisteri, M. jungi, M. grandis (84983 93996) M. geisteri, M. puntagordensis, M. grandis (84990) M. grandis (84956 84966 89557 93652 93731 93797 94005 94006 94136) M. jungi (84986 93716) M. jungi, M. grandis (41113 84952 84989 93687 93717) M. puntagordensis, M. grandis (90593 94101)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333Panama M. geisteri (120389 120392 120394 120396) M. geisteri, M. puntagordensis, M. grandis (120360) M. puntagordensis (120356) M. sp., M. geisteri (120362)
Messinian - Zanclean7.246 - 3.6Dominican Republic M. grandis (85000)
Early/Lower Pliocene5.333 - 3.6USA (Florida) M. puntagordensis, M. areolata (35026)
Early/Lower Pliocene5.333 - 3.6Dominican Republic M. grandis (84987)
Zanclean5.333 - 3.6Dominican Republic M. geisteri, M. jungi (90620) M. grandis (93714 93795 94004 94102) M. jungi (84998 94003) M. jungi, M. grandis (41114 93733) M. pliocenica (93792) M. pliocenica, M. grandis (93737) Teleiophyllia sp. (93642)
Early/Lower Pliocene - Late/Upper Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Costa Rica M. areolata (71395 71398 124267 124271) M. mayori (71374 71396) M. puntagordensis, M. mayori, M. areolata (71409)
Pliocene5.333 - 2.588Jamaica M. sp., M. puntagordensis, M. areolata (34540) M. sp., M. puntagordensis, M. areolata, M. grandis (34539)
Pliocene - Pleistocene5.333 - 0.0117Jamaica M. sp., M. mayori (34543)
Late/Upper Pliocene3.6 - 2.588USA (Florida) M. pliocenica (79958)
Late/Upper Pliocene3.6 - 2.588Bahamas M. areolata (73661)
Late/Upper Pliocene - Early/Lower Pleistocene3.6 - 0.781Costa Rica M. areolata (71411 71412 71414 71419) M. mayori (71417 71421)
Late/Upper Pliocene - Early/Lower Pleistocene3.6 - 0.781USA (Florida) M. areolata, M. gyrosa (85449)
Gelasian2.588 - 1.806Jamaica M. mayori (34541)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Jamaica M. mayori (34542)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Panama M. areolata (73630 80304 120201 120289)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Bahamas M. areolata (73667)
Early/Lower Pleistocene2.588 - 0.781Costa Rica M. areolata (71726 71745 71760 71762 71770) M. mayori (71422 71729 71735 71741 71777 71778 71779 73621 73624 73625) M. mayori, M. areolata (71764) M. puntagordensis (71751 71767) M. puntagordensis, M. areolata (71722 71731 71758 71763) M. puntagordensis, M. mayori (71765) M. puntagordensis, M. mayori, M. areolata (71725)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Haiti Maeandra areolata (60880 60881) M. sp. (66813 66818)
Pleistocene2.588 - 0.0117Dominican Republic Maeandra areolata (75419 75424) Maeandra areolata, M. gyrosa (75422 75423) M. gyrosa (75418)
Middle Pleistocene0.781 - 0.126USA (Florida) M. areolata (85455 88642) M. sp. (79747)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117USA (Florida) M. areolata (85457)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117Jamaica (Saint Thomas) M. areolata (82858)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117Belize M. areolata (80912 88826 88828)
Late/Upper Pleistocene0.126 - 0.0117Cayman Islands (Grand Cayman) M. areolata (80857 103503 103504 103507 103508 103510 103511 103513 103514 103515 103516 103517 103518 103519 103520 103521 103523 103524 103525 103526 103527 103528 103529 103534 103535 103724 103725 103726 103727 103728 103729 103730)
Late/Upper Pleistocene (interglacial)0.126 - 0.0117Bahamas M. areolata (102633 102645)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0USA (Florida) M. areolata (97610)
Holocene0.0117 - 0.0Dominican Republic M. areolata (97552 97553 97554)