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Entactinaria

Radiolaria - Entactinaria

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1975Helioentactinia Nazarov
1982Entactinaria Kozur and Mostler
1991Cyclocarpus Li and Wang
1996Entactinaria Kozur et al. p. 250
2001Entactinaria De Wever et al.
2002Helioentactinia Sepkoski, Jr.
2002Paleoxiphosphaera Sepkoski, Jr.
2003Helioentactinia Wang et al. p. 131
2008Entactinaria Maletz and Bruton p. 1186
2014Entactinaria Takahashi and Miyake p. 278
2017Entactinaria Noble et al. p. 438

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RankNameAuthor
Life
Eukaryota()
Rhizaria
phylumRetariaCavalier-Smith 1999
RankNameAuthor
classRadiolariaMüller 1858
superorderPolycystina(Ehrenberg 1867)
orderEntactinariaKozur and Mostler 1982
orderEntactinariaKozur and Mostler 1982

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: silicac
Environment: marinec
Locomotion: passively mobilec
Life habit: planktonicc
Diet: omnivorec
Created: 2005-01-28 01:13:47
Modified: 2005-01-28 03:13:47
Source: c = class
Reference: Kiessling 1999

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Moridunian to the top of the Zanclean or 478.60000 to 3.60000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 471.8 Ma

Collections (1351 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Moridunian478.6 - 471.8Kazakhstan Inanihella bakanasensis, Inanihella akzhala, Proventocitum procerulum (38015)
Llanvirn466.0 - 460.9Norway Inanigutta penrosei, Inanigutta sp. A, Inanigutta sp. B, Inaniguttidae indet., Haplentactinia armillata, Proventocitum procerulum, Inanigutta magnifica (90922) Inanigutta penrosei, Inanigutta sp. B, Inaniguttidae indet., Haplentactinia armillata, Proventocitum procerulum (90921)
Llandeilo466.0 - 449.5China (Xinjiang) Inaniguttidae indet. (90914)
Llandeilo - Caradoc466.0 - 449.5Kazakhstan Entactinia dasysa, Entactinosphaera verrucula (37829)
Caradocian460.9 - 449.5USA (Nevada) Entactinia sublata, Entactinia spongia, Palaeotripus sexabrachiatus, Palaeotrifidus ballator, Palaeotrifidus imbifurcus (13498)
Katian - Hirnantian453.0 - 443.4Russian Federation (Siberia) Borisella subulata (205665)
Llandovery443.4 - 433.4Sweden Palaeoephippium echinatum, Insolitignum dissimile (90958)
Pragian410.8 - 407.6Australia (Queensland) Stigmosphaerostylus sp. A, Stigmosphaerostylus sp. B, Stigmosphaerostylus horrida (90987)
Emsian407.6 - 393.3Australia (Queensland) Entactiniidae indet., Trilonche elegans (90985) Stigmosphaerostylus sp., Trilonche echinata, Trilonche elegans (90986)
Eifelian393.3 - 387.7Australia (Queensland) Stigmosphaerostylus sp. (90989) Stigmosphaerostylus sp. B, Trilonche sp. B, Trilonche sp. A, Trilonche echinata, Entactiniidae indet., Trilonche vetusta, Trilonche davidi, Stigmosphaerostylus hystricuosa, Stigmosphaerostylus profundisculus (90991) Trilonche echinata, Entactiniidae indet., Trilonche robusta (90988) Trilonche echinata, Entactiniidae indet., Trilonche vetusta, Trilonche minax (90990)
Givetian387.7 - 382.7China (Yunnan) Helioentactinia yunnaensis, Stigmosphaerostylus dissora, Stigmosphaerostylus sp. A, Trilonche inusitata, Trilonche parapalimbola, Trilonche sp. A., Spongentactinella corynacantha, Spongentactinia shaijingpoensis, Polyentactinia miopora (90904) Stigmosphaerostylus sp. (90907)
Givetian387.7 - 382.7Australia (Queensland) Helioentactinia sp., Spongentactinia sp., Stigmosphaerostylus sp. B, Trilonche sp., Trilonche echinata, Trilonche sp. B, Entactiniidae indet., Trilonche vetusta, Trilonche elegans, Trilonche minax, Trilonche davidi, Palaeoscenidium cladophorum, Trilonche robusta, Stigmosphaerostylus gogoensis (90992)
Frasnian382.7 - 372.2Russian Federation (Northern Urals) Entactinia sp., Entactinisphaera cancellicula (12330)
Frasnian382.7 - 372.2Australia (Queensland) Trilonche echinata, Palaeoscenidium cladophorum (90993)
Late/Upper Devonian382.7 - 358.9USA (Ohio) Entactinia cometes, Entactinia crustescens, Entactinia exilispina, Entactinia herculea, Entactinia monalloea, Entactinia pantosompha, Entactinia paula, Entactinia spongites, Entactinia additiva, Entactinia sychnacanthina, Entactinosphaera dystactotata, Entactinosphaera echinata, Entactinosphaera euthlasta, Entactinosphaera fredericki, Entactinosphaera inusitata, Entactinosphaera symphypora, Entactinosphaera tretactinia, Entactinosphaera variacanthina, Entactinosphaera diplostraca, Entactinosphaera erebenna, Entactinosphaera hapala, Entactinosphaera polyacanthina, Haplentactinia arrhinia, Palaeoscenidium quadriramosum, Polyentactinia leptosphaera, Polyentactinia plecta, Staurodruppa prolata, Tetrentactinia barysphaera, Tetrentactinia gracilispinosa, Tetrentactinia quadrispinosa, Tetrentactinia somphosphaera, Tetrentactinia somphozona, Tetrentactinia spongacea, Tetrentactinia teuchestes, Entactinosphaera esostrongyla, Polyentactinia polygonia, Tetrentactinia veles, Haplentactinia rhinophyusa, Palaeoscenidium cladophorum (142363) Entactinia cometes, Entactinia crustescens, Entactinia exilispina, Entactinia herculea, Entactinia spongites, Entactinosphaera dystactotata, Entactinosphaera echinata, Entactinosphaera euthlasta, Entactinosphaera fredericki, Entactinosphaera inusitata, Entactinosphaera riedeli, Entactinosphaera symphypora, Entactinosphaera tretactinia, Entactinosphaera variacanthina, Entactinosphaera diplostraca, Entactinosphaera erebenna, Entactinosphaera hapala, Entactinosphaera polyacanthina, Haplentactinia arrhinia, Palaeoscenidium quadriramosum, Polyentactinia leptosphaera, Staurodruppa prolata, Tetrentactinia barysphaera, Tetrentactinia gracilispinosa, Tetrentactinia quadrispinosa, Tetrentactinia somphosphaera, Tetrentactinia somphozona, Tetrentactinia spongacea, Entactinosphaera esostrongyla, Polyentactinia polygonia, Tetrentactinia veles, Haplentactinia rhinophyusa, Palaeoscenidium cladophorum (142361) Entactinia herculea, Entactinia micula, Entactinia pantosompha, Entactinia quantilla, Entactinia somphorhips, Entactinia spongites, Entactinosphaera dystactotata, Entactinosphaera fredericki, Entactinosphaera hystricosa, Entactinosphaera riedeli, Entactinosphaera symphypora, Entactinosphaera tretactinia, Entactinosphaera diplostraca, Haplentactinia arrhinia, Polyentactinia leptosphaera, Staurodruppa prolata, Tetrentactinia barysphaera, Tetrentactinia gracilispinosa, Tetrentactinia quadrispinosa, Entactinosphaera esostrongyla, Polyentactinia craticulata, Polyentactinia polygonia, Entactinosphaera cancellicula, Haplentactinia rhinophyusa, Palaeoscenidium cladophorum (142358)
Late/Upper Frasnian379.5 - 376.1China (Guangxi) Spongentactinella corynacantha (90910)
Late/Upper Frasnian379.5 - 376.1China (Yunnan) Spongentactinella corynacantha, Stigmosphaerostylus variospina, Palaeoscenidium cladophorum (90906) Stigmosphaerostylus sp. B, Stigmosphaerostylus dimidiata, Trilonche minax, Trilonche davidi (90908)
Late/Upper Frasnian379.5 - 376.1China (Guizhou) Astroentactinia sp., Stigmosphaerostylus variospina, Trilonche minax, Trilonche davidi, Palaeoscenidium cladophorum (90909)
Early/Lower Famennian376.1 - 370.6Russian Federation (Northern Urals) Entactinia grandis (12333) Entactinia sp., Polyentactinia sp. (12335)
Famennian372.2 - 358.9China (Guangxi) Astroentactinia sp., Stigmosphaerostylus sp., Trilonche sp. (90911)