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Anthracobune pinfoldi

Mammalia - Perissodactyla - Anthracobunidae

Taxonomy
Anthracobune pinfoldi was named by Pilgrim (1940). Its type specimen is British Museum M15792, a mandible (left m2-3 and right m3), and it is a 3D body fossil. Its type locality is Lammidhan, which is in an Eocene/Eocene terrestrial siliciclastic in the Kuldana Formation of Pakistan. It is the type species of Anthracobune.

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1940Anthracobune pinfoldi Pilgrim pp. 129-135 figs. 4, 4a, 5, 5a, 6, 6a, 7
1958Pilgrimella pilgrimi Dehm and Oettingen-Spielberg p. 33
1958Anthracobune pinfoldi Dehm and Oettingen-Spielberg p. 36
1996Anthracobune pinfoldi Shoshani and Tassy p. 355 figs. Appendix C.1
2014Anthracobune pinfoldi Cooper et al. p. 5

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
RankNameAuthor
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
subclassTribosphenida()
infraclassEutheria()
Placentalia
orderPerissodactyla()
familyAnthracobunidaeWells and Gingerich 1983
genusAnthracobune
speciespinfoldi

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
G.E. Pilgrim 1940Large species of Anthracobune.
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: terrestrialsubc
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: ground dwellingo
Diet: browsero
Diet 2: grazero
Created: 2005-08-26 13:57:26
Modified: 2005-08-26 15:57:26
Source: o = order, subc = subclass, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009, Ji et al. 2002, Nowak 1999

Age range: Lutetian or 47.80000 to 41.30000 Ma

Collections (9 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Early/Lower Eocene - Middle Eocene55.8 - 37.2Pakistan (Punjab) Anthracobune pinfoldi (type locality: 53001)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3Pakistan (North-West Frontier) Pilgrimella pilgrimi, Anthracobune pinfoldi (28978)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3India (Jammu and Kasmir) Pilgrimella pilgrimi (93702)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3Pakistan (Punjab) Anthracobune pinfoldi (45529 87973 180693)
Lutetian47.8 - 41.3Pakistan Anthracobune pinfoldi (95141 125084) Pilgrimella pilgrimi (45587)