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Epicynodontia

Synonymy list
YearName and author
2001Epicynodontia Hopson and Kitching p. 6
2001Epicynodontia Rubidge and Sidor

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1874
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
subclassSarcopterygii()
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
RankNameAuthor
Tetrapoda
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
subclassAmphibiosauriaKuhn 1967
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
subclassSynapsida
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
Epicynodontia

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Unr. Epicynodontia Hopson and Kitching 2001
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Infraor. †Cynognathia Tatarinov 2008
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G. †Cynognathus Seeley 1895
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Cynognathus crateronotus Seeley 1895
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Invalid names: Cynidiognathus longiceps Haughton 1924 [synonym], Cynognathus berryi Seeley 1895 [synonym], Cynognathus merenskyi Broili and Schroder 1935 [synonym], Cynognathus minor Bonaparte 1969 [synonym], Cynognathus platyceps Seeley 1895 [synonym], Karoomys browni Broom 1903 [synonym], Lycognathus ferox Broom 1913 [synonym]
Cynognathus seeleyi Broom 1913
Invalid names: Cynidiognathus Haughton 1922 [synonym], Karoomys Broom 1903 [synonym]
Unr. †Gomphodontia Seeley 1895
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G. †Boreogomphodon Sues and Olsen 1990
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Boreogomphodon jeffersoni Sues and Olsen 1990
G. †Diademodon Seeley 1895
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Diademodon browni Seeley 1894
Diademodon tetragonus Seeley 1894
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Invalid names: Cragievarus kitchingi Brink 1965 [synonym], Diademodon laticeps Brink 1955 [synonym], Diademodon ontomophonus Seeley 1908 [synonym], Diademodon parringtoni Brink 1955 [synonym], Diademodon rhodesiensis Brink 1963 [synonym]
Invalid names: Protacmon Watson 1920 [synonym]
Fm. †Diademodontidae Haughton 1925
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G. †Titanogomphodon Keyser 1973
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Titanogomphodon crassus Keyser 1973
Invalid names: Cynochampsa Owen 1860 [nomen vanum], Cynochampsa laniaria Owen [nomen vanum], Gomphognathidae [synonym]
G. †Impidens Tolchard et al. 2021
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Impidens hancoxi Tolchard et al. 2021
Fm. †Traversodontidae Huene 1936
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G. †Andescynodon Bonaparte 1969
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Andescynodon mendozensis Bonaparte 1969
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Invalid names: Rusconiodon mignonei Bonaparte 1970 [synonym]
Invalid names: Rusconiodon Bonaparte 1970 [synonym]
G. †Arctotraversodon Sues et al. 1992
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G. †Colbertosaurus Minoprio 1957
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Colbertosaurus muralis Minoprio 1954
Invalid names: Colbertia Minoprio 1954 [replaced]
G. †Dadadon Flynn et al. 2000
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Dadadon isaloi Flynn et al. 2000
G. †Etjoia Hendrickx et al. 2020
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Etjoia dentitransitus Hendrickx et al. 2020
G. †Exaeretodon Cabrera 1943
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Exaeretodon argentinus Bonaparte 1962
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Invalid names: Belesodon argentinus Cabrera 1943 [replaced], Exaeretodon frenguellii Cabrera 1954 [synonym], Ischignathus sudamericanus Bonaparte 1963 [synonym], Proexaeretodon vincei Bonaparte 1963 [synonym]
Exaeretodon major Huene 1936
Exaeretodon riograndensis Abdala et al. 2002
Exaeretodon statisticae Chatterjee 1982
Invalid names: Ischignathus Bonaparte 1963 [synonym], Proexaeretodon Bonaparte 1963 [synonym]
Subfm. †Gomphodontosuchinae Watson and Romer 1956
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G. †Gomphodontosuchus Huene 1928
G. †Megagomphodon Romer 1972
G. †Habayia Godefroit 1999
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Habayia halbardieri Godefroit 1999
G. †Luangwa Brink 1963
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Luangwa drysdalli Brink 1963
Luangwa sudamericana Abdala and Sa-Teixeira 2004
G. †Mandagomphodon Hopson 2013
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Mandagomphodon hirschsoni Crompton 1972
G. †Massetognathus Romer 1967
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Massetognathus ochagaviae Barbarena 1974
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Invalid names: Massetognathus major Romer 1972 [synonym], Massetognathus teruggii Romer 1967 [synonym], Megagomphodon oligodens Romer 1972 [synonym]
G. †Maubeugia Godefroit and Battail 1997
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Maubeugia lotharingica Godefroit and Battail 1997
G. †Menadon Flynn et al. 2000
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Menadon besairiei Flynn et al. 2000
G. †Microscalenodon Hahn et al. 1988
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Microscalenodon nanus Hahn et al. 1988
G. †Nanogomphodon Hopson and Sues 2006
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Nanogomphodon wildi Hopson and Sues 2006
G. †Paratraversodon Kerber et al. 2024
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Paratraversodon franciscaensis Kerber et al. 2024
G. †Pascualgnathus Bonaparte 1965
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Pascualgnathus polanskii Bonaparte 1965
G. †Plinthogomphodon Sues et al. 1999
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Plinthogomphodon herpetairus Sues et al. 1999
G. †Protuberum Reichel et al. 2009
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Protuberum cabralensis Reichel et al. 2009
G. †Rosieria Godefroit and Battail 1997
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Rosieria delsatei Godefroit and Battail 1997
G. †Ruberodon Ray 2015
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G. †Santacruzodon Abdala and Ribeiro 2003
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Santacruzodon hopsoni Abdala and Ribeiro 2003
G. †Scalenodon Crompton 1955
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Scalenodon angustifrons Parrington 1946
Scalenodon attridgei Crompton 1972
Scalenodon charigi Crompton 1972
Scalenodon ribeiroae Melo et al. 2017
G. †Scalenodontoides Crompton and Ellenberger 1957
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Scalenodontoides macrodontes Crompton and Ellenberger 1957
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Invalid names: Belesodon leribeensis Ellenberger 1970 [synonym]
Invalid names: Belesodon Huene 1936 [synonym]
Subfm. †Sinognathinae Gao et al. 2010
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G. †Beishanodon Gao et al. 2010
G. †Sinognathus Young 1959
G. †Siriusgnathus Pavanatto et al. 2018
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Siriusgnathus niemeyerorum Pavanatto et al. 2018
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G. †Traversodon Huene 1936
Invalid names: Scalenodontinae Tatarinov 1973 [empty], Theropsodon njalilus Huene 1950 [nomen dubium]
Fm. †Trirachodontidae Romer 1967
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G. †Cricodon Crompton 1955
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Cricodon metabolus Crompton 1955
G. †Langbergia Abdala et al. 2006
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Langbergia modisei Abdala et al. 2006
G. †Redondagnathus Spielmann and Lucas 2012
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Redondagnathus hunti Spielmann and Lucas 2012
G. †Trirachodon Seeley 1895
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Trirachodon berryi Seeley 1895
Trirachodon minor Broom 1905
Invalid names: Gomphognathoidea Broom 1903 [empty]
Infraor. Eucynodontia Kemp 1982
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G. †Candelariodon de Oliveira et al. 2011
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Candelariodon barberenai de Oliveira et al. 2011
Fm. †Cistecynodontidae Abdala 1996
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G. †Cistecynodon Brink and Kitching 1953
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Cistecynodon parvus Brink and Kitching 1953
Fm. †Dromatheriidae Gill 1872
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G. †Polonodon Sulej et al. 2018
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Polonodon wozniekiensis Sulej et al. 2018
G. †Pseudotriconodon Hahn et al. 1984
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Pseudotriconodon chatterjeei Lucas and Oakes 1988
Pseudotriconodon wildi Hahn et al. 1984
G. †Rewaconodon Datta et al. 2004
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Rewaconodon tikiensis Datta et al. 2004
Fm. †Ecteniniidae Martinez et al. 2013
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G. †Diegocanis Martinez et al. 2013
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Diegocanis elegans Martinez et al. 2013
G. †Kataigidodon Kligman et al. 2020
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Kataigidodon venetus Kligman et al. 2020
G. †Microconodon Osborn 1886
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Unr. Probainognathia Hopson 1990
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G. †Aleodon Crompton 1955
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Aleodon brachyrhamphus Crompton 1955
Aleodon cromptoni Martinelli et al. 2017
Fm. †Chiniquodontidae Huene 1936
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Unr. †Aleodontinae Martinelli et al. 2024
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G. †Riojanodon Martinelli et al. 2024
G. †Chiniquodon Huene 1936
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Chiniquodon kalanoro Kammerer et al. 2010
Chiniquodon sanjuanensis Martinez and Forster 1996
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Invalid names: Belesodon magnificus Huene 1936 [synonym], Probelesodon kitchingi Teixeira 1982 [synonym], Probelesodon lewisi Romer 1969 [synonym], Probelesodon minor Romer 1973 [synonym]
G. †Deccanodon Nath and Yadagiri 2007
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Deccanodon maleriensis Nath and Yadagiri 2007
G. †Lepagia Hahn et al. 1987
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Lepagia gaumensis Hahn et al. 1987
G. †Ecteninion Martinez et al. 1996
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Ecteninion lunensis Martinez et al. 1996
Unr. †Ictidosauria Broom 1929
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G. †Trithelodon Broom 1930
Invalid names: Ictidosauridae [empty]
Fm. †Lumkuiidae Hopson and Kitching 2001
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G. †Lumkuia Hopson and Kitching 2001
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Lumkuia fuzzi Hopson and Kitching 2001
Fm. †Probainognathidae Romer 1973
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G. †Bonacynodon Martinelli et al. 2016
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Bonacynodon schultzi Martinelli et al. 2016
G. †Probainognathus Romer 1970
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Unr. †Prozostrodontia Liu and Olsen 2010
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G. †Alemoatherium Martinelli et al. 2017
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Alemoatherium huebneri Martinelli et al. 2017
G. †Botucaraitherium Soares et al. 2014
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Botucaraitherium belarminoi Soares et al. 2014
G. †Prozostrodon Bonaparte and Barberena 2001
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Prozostrodon brasiliensis Barberena et al. 1987
G. †Therioherpeton Bonaparte and Barberena 1975
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Therioherpeton cargnini Bonaparte and Barberena 1975
G. †Pseudotherium Wallace et al. 2019
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Pseudotherium argentinus Wallace et al. 2019
G. †Santacruzgnathus Martinelli et al. 2016
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Santacruzgnathus abdalai Martinelli et al. 2016
G. †Tessellatia Gaetano et al. 2022
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Tessellatia bonapartei Gaetano et al. 2022
G. †Trucidocynodon Oliveira et al. 2010
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Trucidocynodon riograndensis Oliveira et al. 2010
Invalid names: Chiniquodontoidea [empty]
Fm. †Galesauridae Lydekker 1890
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G. †Bolotridon Coad 1977
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Bolotridon frerensis Seeley 1895
Invalid names: Tribolodon Seeley 1895 [replaced]
G. †Cynosaurus Schmidt 1927
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Cynosaurus suppostus Owen 1876
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Invalid names: Baurocynodon gracilis Brink 1951 [synonym], Cynosuchus whaitsi Haughton 1918 [synonym], Mygalesuchus peggyae Broom 1942 [synonym]
Invalid names: Baurocynodon Brink 1951 [synonym], Cynosuchoides Broom 1931 [synonym], Cynosuchus Owen 1876 [replaced], Mygalesuchus Broom 1942 [synonym]
G. †Nanictosaurus Broom 1936
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Invalid names: Nanictosaurus robustus Broom 1940 [synonym], Nanictosaurus rubidgei Broom 1940 [synonym]
G. †Progalesaurus Sidor and Smith 2004
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Progalesaurus lootbergensis Sidor and Smith 2004
G. †Sysphinctostoma Broili and Schröder 1936
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Sysphinctostoma smithi Broili and Schröder 1936
Invalid names: Cynosauridae Haughton and Brink 1954 [synonym], Cynosuchidae Broom 1915 [synonym], Nythosauridae Watson 1917 [synonym]
G. †Platycraniellus van Hoepen 1917
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Platycraniellus elegans van Hoepen 1916
Infraor. †Procynosuchia
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Unr. †Galesauria Bonaparte 2012
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G. †Galesaurus Owen 1860
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Galesaurus planiceps Owen 1860
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Invalid names: Glochinodon detinens van Hoepen 1916 [synonym], Glochinodontoides gracilis Haughton 1924 [synonym], Notictosaurus gracilis Broom and Robinson 1948 [synonym]
G. †Probelesodon Romer 1969
G. †Thrinaxodon Seeley 1894
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Thrinaxodon liorhinus Seeley 1894
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Invalid names: Ictidopsis elegans Broom 1912 [synonym], Ictidopsis formosa van Hoepen 1916 [synonym], Micrictodon marionae Broom 1937 [synonym], Notictosaurus luckhoffi Broom 1936 [synonym], Nythosaurus larvatus Owen 1876 [synonym], Thrinaxodon putterilli Broom 1932 [synonym]
Invalid names: Ictidopsis Broom 1912 [synonym], Micrictodon Broom 1937 [synonym], Notictosaurus Broom 1936 [synonym]
G. †Vetusodon Abdala et al. 2019
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Vetusodon elikhulu Abdala et al. 2019
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: terrestrialuc
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Created: 2017-04-17 15:15:35
Modified: 2017-04-17 15:15:35
Source: c = class, subp = subphylum, uc = unranked clade
References: Hendy et al. 2009, Carroll 1988

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Wuchiapingian to the top of the Sinemurian or 259.90000 to 190.80000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 254.17 Ma

Collections (183 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Wuchiapingian259.9 - 254.17South Africa (Western Cape) Cynosaurus longiceps (86298)
Wuchiapingian259.9 - 254.17South Africa (Eastern Cape) Cynosuchus suppostus (177606)
Wuchiapingian - Changhsingian259.9 - 252.17South Africa (Western Cape) Cynosaurus suppostus (80176) Nanictosaurus robustus (174623)
Wuchiapingian - Changhsingian259.9 - 252.17South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal) Vetusodon elikhulu (179618)
Wuchiapingian - Changhsingian259.9 - 252.17South Africa (Eastern Cape) Baurocynodon gracilis (179646) Nanictosaurus kitchingi (177604) Nanictosaurus rubidgei, Mygalesuchus peggyae (80226)
Induan252.17 - 251.2South Africa (Free State) Glochinodontoides gracilis (80140)
Induan252.17 - 251.2South Africa (Eastern Cape) Galesaurus planiceps (144320) Progalesaurus lootbergensis (98601)
Early/Lower Triassic252.17 - 247.2South Africa (Eastern Cape) Galesaurus planiceps, Thrinaxodon liorhinus (105606)
Early/Lower Triassic252.17 - 247.2South Africa (Free State) Galesaurus planiceps (105609)
Early/Lower Triassic252.17 - 247.2South Africa Thrinaxodon liorhinus (190133) Trirachodon sp. (190129)
Early/Lower Triassic252.17 - 247.2South Africa (Venterstad) Thrinaxodon liorhinus (196395)
Early/Lower Triassic252.17 - 247.2Antarctica Thrinaxodon liorhinus (27266 87420)
Early/Lower Triassic252.17 - 247.2South Africa (Estcourt) Galesaurus planiceps (196394)
Induan - Olenekian252.17 - 247.2South Africa (Eastern Cape) Galesaurus paniceps, Thrinaxodon liorhinus (181691) Galesaurus planiceps, Thrinaxodon liorhinus (105610) Thrinaxodon liorhinus, Notictosaurus luckhoffi (177605)
Induan - Olenekian252.17 - 247.2South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal) Thrinaxodon liorhinus (34815)
Induan - Olenekian252.17 - 247.2South Africa (Free State) Galesaurus planiceps, Thrinaxodon liorhinus (98602) Galesaurus planiceps, Thrinaxodon liorhinus, Platycranion elegans, Platycraniellus elegans, Thrinaxodon putterilli, Micrictodon marionae (88282) Nythosaurus larvatus (181689) Thrinaxodon liorhinus (88300 105607 181690)
Olenekian251.2 - 247.2Russian Federation (Orenburg) Galesauridae indet. (93205)
Olenekian251.2 - 247.2China (Gansu) Beishanodon youngi (105775)
Olenekian251.2 - 247.2South Africa (Free State) Eucynodontia indet., Langbergia modisei (98617) Langbergia modisei (98611 98612 98613 98614 98615 98616 98618 98619)
Olenekian251.2 - 247.2South Africa (Eastern Cape) Langbergia modisei (98620)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0South Africa (Eastern Cape) Cistecynodon parvus (145499) Cynognathus crateronotus (101963) Cynognathus crateronotus, Diademodon tetragonus (101957) Cynognathus crateronotus, Diademodon tetragonus, Silphedocynodon gymnotemporalis (92312) Cynognathus crateronotus, Protacmon reubsameni, Sysphinctostoma gracilis, Diademodon browni (179589) Cynognathus sp., Diademodon sp. (144319) Cynognathus sp., Diademodon sp., Cricodon metabolus (105293) Diademodon kannemeyeri, Cynognathus crateronotus, Trirachodon kannemeyeri, Trirachodon berryi, Diademodon tetragonus (177025) Diademodon sp. (101962 144122) Diademodon sp., Cricodon metabolus (105294) Diademodon sp., Cynognathus crateronotus, Cynognathus berryi, Cynognathus platyceps, Trirachodon berryi, Tribolodon frerensis, Sysphinctostoma smithi (105295) Diademodon tetragonus (197000) Impidens hancoxi (221535) Karoomys browni (144344) Lumkuia fuzzi (69697) Trirachodon minor (80060)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Namibia (Omingonde Basin) Etjoia dentitransitus (214295)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Zambia Diademodon rhodesiensis (99436)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Antarctica Cynognathus sp., Diademodontidae indet. (105296)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Zambia (Eastern) Cynognathus crateronotus (192617) Trirachodon sp., Scalenodon sp. (99437)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Tanzania (Iringa) Cricodon metabolus (55756)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0China (Shanxi) Sinognathus gracilis (101061)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Tanzania (Ruvuma) Cricodon metabolus (181057 192618) Cynognathus crateronotus (192598) Diademodontidae indet., Trirachodon angustifrons, Aleodon brachyrhamphus (105297) Gomphodontosuchus brasiliensis (105298) Scalenodon angustifrons (196737) Scalenodon attridgei (159741) Scalenodon hirschsoni (105699) Scalenodon sp. (136890) Theropsodon njalilus (105767)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Argentina (Mendoza) Andescynodon mendozensis, Rusconiodon mignonei (101828)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Namibia Cynodontia indet. (99552) Cynognathidae sp. (99456) Diademodon sp. (99544) Diademodon tetragonus (99457) Trirachodon sp. (99548)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0South Africa (Free State) Trirachodon sp. (171026)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Canada (Nova Scotia) Exaeretodon sp. (227834)
Anisian - Ladinian247.2 - 237.0Namibia Cynognathus sp. (99551) Diademodon sp. (99491) Massetognathus sp. (99492) Titanogomphodon crassus (99459) Trirachodon sp. (99460 99489 99540 99543)
Anisian - Ladinian247.2 - 237.0Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul) Luangwa sudamericana (106507)
Anisian - Carnian247.2 - 228.0Zambia (Eastern) Cricodon metabolus (151894)
Ladinian242.0 - 237.0Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul) Belesodon magnificus (99413 99423 105826) Belesodon magnificus, Traversodon major (48659) Chiniquodon theotonicus (99421) Chiniquodon theotonicus, Belesodon magnificus (105529) Massetognathus ochagaviae (107353) Massetognathus ochagaviae, Protuberum cabralensis, Probelesodon kitchingi, Scalenodon ribeiroae (99237) Massetognathus sp. (93693) Massetognathus sp., Candelariodon barberenai (117926) Protuberum cabralensis (92809) Traversodon stahleckeri (72141 99415) Traversodon stahleckeri, Traversodon major (99424)
Ladinian242.0 - 237.0Argentina (La Rioja) Chiniquodon sp., Massetognathus pascuali (13003) Cynodontia indet. (13271) Massetognathus major (60301) Massetognathus pascuali, Massetognathus teruggii (60300) Megagomphodon oligodens (60302) Probainognathus jenseni (60295) Probelesodon lewisi (60294) Probelesodon lewisi, Massetognathus pascuali, Probainognathus jenseni (26092)
Longobardian242.0 - 235.0Germany (Baden-Württemberg) Nanogomphodon wildi (99426)
Ladinian - Carnian242.0 - 228.0Argentina (Rioja) Riojanodon nenoi (218114)
Ladinian - Carnian242.0 - 228.0Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul) Aleodon cromptoni (194386 194387 194388 194390) Chiniquodon sp., Luangwa sudamericana, Paratraversodon franciscaensis (214440)
Ladinian - Carnian242.0 - 228.0Madagascar (Toliara) Dadadon isaloi, Chiniquodon kalanoro (100373) Menadon besairiei (96281 96282) Traversodontidae nov. sp. 2, Traversodontidae nov. sp. 1, Menadon besairiei, Dadadon isaloi (96283)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0USA (Virginia) Massetognathus sp., Chiniquodontidae indet. (39159)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0Canada (Nova Scotia) Scalenodontoides plemmyridon (89088) Traversodontidae indet. (89080)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0Poland (Slaskie) Polonodon wozniekiensis (110467)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul) Probainognathia indet., Prozostrodontia indet., Siriusgnathus niemeyerorum (196738) Probainognathus sp., Massetognathus ochagaviae, Santacruzgnathus abdalai, Chiniquodontidae indet., Menadon sp., Traversodontidae type 2 (98598) Trucidocynodon sp., Exaeretodon riograndensis (203745)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0Argentina (San Juan) Chiniquodon sp. (47037) Ecteninion lunensis (98621) Eucynodontia indet., Pseudotherium argentinus (87090) Exaeretodon sp. (52742) Exaeretodon sp., Exaeretodon frenguellii, Diegocanis elegans (24877) Probelesodon sanjuanensis (105299)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0Argentina (La Rioja) Exaeretodon frenguellii (196384)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0India (Madhya Pradesh) Dromatheriidae indet., Rewaconodon tikiensis (105292) Rewaconodon tikiensis (207798) Ruberodon roychowdhurii (173722)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0Zimbabwe (Mashonaland Central) Gomphodontosuchinae indet. (228331 228333)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0USA (North Carolina) Boreogomphodon jeffersoni (107418)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0Argentina (Mendoza) Pascualgnathus polanskii, Diademodon tetragonus, Cynognathus minor (98604)
Carnian - Norian237.0 - 208.5Argentina (Mendoza) Andescynodon mendozensis (192149)
Carnian - Norian237.0 - 208.5India (Andhra Pradesh) Deccanodon maleriensis (174080) Exaeretodon statisticae (98628)
Carnian - Norian237.0 - 208.5Argentina (San Juan) Chiniquodon theotonicus (92318)
Carnian - Norian237.0 - 208.5Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul) Exaeretodon riograndensis (175572) Gomphodontosuchus brasiliensis, Alemoatherium huebneri (72086) Gomphodontosuchus sp. (56189) Therioherpeton cargnini, Thrinaxodon brasiliensis (13220) Trucidocynodon riograndensis, Exaeretodon riograndensis (98623)
Carnian - Norian237.0 - 208.5USA (North Carolina) Plinthogomphodon herpetairus (32343)
Julian235.0 - 232.0Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul) Bonacynodon schultzi (194176)
Tuvalian232.0 - 221.5Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul) Prozostrodon brasiliensis (196709)
Norian228.0 - 208.5USA (North Carolina) Microconodon sp., Traversodontidae indet. (99541) Microconodon tenuirostris (99429)
Norian228.0 - 208.5USA (Texas) Dromatheriidae indet. (13266) Kuehneosauridae indet. (48424)
Norian228.0 - 208.5Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul) Botucaraitherium belarminoi (99665) Siriusgnathus niemeyerorum (205841 205842)
Norian228.0 - 208.5USA (New Mexico) Dromatheriidae indet. (57071) Trilophosauridae indet. (83738)
Norian228.0 - 208.5Argentina (La Rioja) Tessellatia bonapartei (227363)
Norian228.0 - 208.5USA (Arizona) Kataigidodon venetus (215309) Traversodontidae indet. (49500)
Norian - Rhaetian228.0 - 201.3Lesotho (Mohale's Hoek) Scalenodontoides macrodontes (105770)
Norian - Rhaetian228.0 - 201.3South Africa (Eastern Cape) Scalenodontoides macrodontes (105771)
Norian - Rhaetian228.0 - 201.3Lesotho (Leribe) Belesodon leribeensis (106568)
Alaunian215.56 - 212.0Luxembourg (Diekirch) Traversodontidae indet., Pseudotriconodon wildi (56047)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3Germany (Baden-Württemberg) Ictidosauria indet. (131422)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3Germany (Westphalia) Lepagia gaumensis (218156)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3France (Lorraine) Chiniquodontoidea indet., Dromatheriidae indet. (92109) Lepagia gaumensis, Microscalenodon sp., Pseudotriconodon wildi, Maubeugia lotharingica, Rosieria sp., Rosieria delsatei (36106)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3Belgium (Gaume) Pseudotriconodon sp., Lepagia gaumensis, Microscalenodon nanus (114131) Traversodontidae indet., Habayia halbardieri (68882)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3Luxembourg Pseudotriconodon sp. (67895)
Hettangian - Sinemurian201.3 - 190.8South Africa (Free State) Diademodontidae indet. (39659)