Basic info Taxonomic history Classification Relationships
Morphology Ecology and taphonomy External Literature Search Age range and collections

Xiphiacetus cristatus

Mammalia - Ungulata - Eurhinodelphinidae

Taxonomy
Priscodelphinus cristatus was named by Du Bus (1872). Its type specimen is IRSNB 3234-M.361, a partial skeleton (occipital condyles), and it is a 3D body fossil. Its type locality is Anvers, which is in a Miocene/Pliocene marine horizon in Belgium.

It was recombined as Eurhinodelphis cristatus by Abel (1902), Trouessart (1904), Abel (1905), Bianucci (1996), Bianucci and Landini (2002) and Lambert (2005); it was recombined as Xiphiacetus cristatus by Lambert (2005), Uhen et al. (2008) and Hastings and Dooley (2017).

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1872Priscodelphinus cristatus Du Bus p. 497 figs. Fig. 2-5
1874Priscodelphinus cristatus Vanden Broeck p. 146
1880Priscodelphinus cristatus Van Beneden and Gervais p. 495
1898Priscodelphinus cristatus Trouessart p. 1023
1902Eurhinodelphis cristatus Abel p. 146 figs. pl. 15, figs 1, 2; pl. 16; pl. 17, fig.
1904Eurhinodelphis cristatus Trouessart p. 761
1905Eurhinodelphis cristatus Abel p. 121
1979Eurhinodelphis ashbyi Myrick p. 249 figs. Plats 65-66, Fig. 17
1979Eurhinodelphis whitmorei Myrick p. 254 figs. Plates 67, Fig. 18
1996Eurhinodelphis cristatus Bianucci p. 66
2002Eurhinodelphis cristatus Bianucci and Landini p. 21
2005Xiphiacetus cristatus Lambert p. 213
2005Eurhinodelphis cristatus Lambert p. 654
2008Xiphiacetus cristatus Uhen et al. p. 573
2017Xiphiacetus cristatus Hastings and Dooley p. 83

Is something missing? Join the Paleobiology Database and enter the data

RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
RankNameAuthor
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
subclassTribosphenida()
infraclassEutheria()
orderUngulata(Linnaeus 1766)
orderArtiodactyla()
Cetacea()
Pelagiceti
Neoceti
suborderOdontoceti
Synrhina
familyEurhinodelphinidae()
genusXiphiacetus
speciescristatus()

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: hydroxyapatitesubo
Form: roller-shapedo
Ontogeny: modification of partso
Environment: marine, freshwatersubo
Locomotion: actively mobileo
Life habit: aquatico
Depth habitat: surfaceo
Diet: carnivoresubo
Reproduction: viviparoussubo
Created: 2005-03-06 14:21:39
Modified: 2005-09-22 15:42:08
Source: subo = suborder, o = order
Reference: Uhen 2004

Age range: base of the Langhian to the top of the Messinian or 15.97000 to 5.33300 Ma

Collections (13 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Miocene23.03 - 5.333Netherlands Eurhinodelphis cristatus (88806)
Burdigalian - Serravallian20.44 - 11.62Belgium Eurhinodelphis cristatus (89533)
Burdigalian - Messinian20.44 - 5.333Italy (Apulia) Eurhinodelphis cristatus (47125 48657)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82USA (Maryland) Eurhinodelphis cristatus (70835) Eurhinodelphis whitmorei (45506)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82Netherlands Eurhinodelphis cristatus (45505)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82USA (Virginia) Eurhinodelphis ashbyi (45508) Xiphiacetus cristatus (57700)
Langhian - Serravallian15.97 - 11.62Belgium (Nijlen) Priscodelphinus cristatus, Xiphiacetus cristatus (53679)
Langhian - Serravallian15.97 - 11.62Belgium (Antwerpen) Eurhinodelphis cristatus (51680)
Serravallian13.82 - 11.62Netherlands Eurhinodelphis cristatus (75152)
Late/Upper Miocene - Late/Upper Pliocene11.608 - 2.588Belgium (Antwerpen) Priscodelphinus cristatus (type locality: 47465)