Basic info Taxonomic history Classification Relationships
Morphology Ecology and taphonomy External Literature Search Age range and collections

Demospongea (demosponge)

Demospongea -

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1875Demospongia Sollas
2002Demospongia Sepkoski, Jr.
2004Demospongea Finks et al. p. 9
2012Demospongiea Nielsen p. 20
2012Demospongiae Worheide et al. p. 18 figs. Fig. 1.1

Is something missing? Join the Paleobiology Database and enter the data

RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
phylumPoriferaGrant 1836
RankNameAuthor
classDemospongea(Sollas 1875)
classDemospongea(Sollas 1875)

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: silicac
Locomotion: stationaryc
Attached: yesc
Life habit: intermediate-level epifaunalc
Diet: suspension feederc
Vision: blindc
Comments: COMMENTS: Mostly erect and surficial (rarely semi-infaunal and shallow infaunal), non-motile attached, mostly suspension feeding (some photosymbiosis, predatorial) according to Bambach et al. (2007).c
Created: 2004-02-28 11:36:02
Modified: 2009-10-09 09:25:40
Source: c = class
References: Kiessling 2004, Whittington et al. 1997

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Atdabanian to the top of the Holocene or 520.00000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 516.0 Ma

Collections (2883 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Meishucunian541.0 - 516.0China (Anhui) Choia striata, Choia utahensis (96370)
Early/Lower Cambrian541.0 - 513.0Spain (Aragon) Crumillospongia mureroensis (120550 120552)
Early/Lower Cambrian541.0 - 513.0China (Yunnan) Choiaella radiatia, Choia ridley, Choia carteri, Cystospongia globosa, Choia hindei, Leptomitus teretiusculus, Allantospongia mica, Choia utahensis, Wapkia grandis, Halichondrites elissa, Leptomitella conica, Leptomitella confusa, Paraleptomitella dictyodroma, Paraleptomitella globula, Ptilispongia maotianshanensis, Ischnspongia dendritica, Hamptonia chengjiangensis (156226)
Paleozoic541.0 - 252.17USA (Alaska) Chaetetes sp. (112415)
Caerfai530.0 - 513.0USA (Vermont) Leptomitus sp. (191)
Atdabanian520.0 - 516.0Kazakhstan Karatubulus nodosus (99300 99316 99317)
Atdabanian520.0 - 516.0Greenland (Peary Land) Choia hindei (90574)
Atdabanian520.0 - 516.0China (Guizhou) Choiaella radiata (86849)
Atdabanian520.0 - 516.0China (Anhui) Leptomitella sp. (96659 96660)
Atdabanian520.0 - 516.0China (Yunnan) Allantospongia mica, Leptomitella conica, Paraleptomitella dictyodroma (90150) Choia hindei, Choiaella radiata, Paraleptomitella dictyodroma (90164) Choia hindei, Paraleptomitella dictyodroma (90166) Choia xiaolantianensis, Choiaella radiata, Hazelia palmata, Paraleptomitella dictyodroma, Paraleptomitella globula (86851) Choiaella radiata (90165) Choiaella radiata, Allantospongia mica (96405) Halichondrites sp., Choia sp., Hamptonia bowerbanki, Leptomitus teretiusculus, Choiaella radiata, Allantospongia mica, Hazelia palmata, Paraleptomitella dictyodroma (68083) Leptomitella conica, Leptomitella confusa, Paraleptomitella dictyodroma, Paraleptomitella globula (90494) Leptomitella sp., Leptomitus sp., Paraleptomitella sp., Crumillospongia sp., Hazelia sp., Choia sp. (86929) Leptomitella teretiusculus, Halichondrites sp., Leptomitella confusa, Paraleptomitella dictyodroma (86846) Leptomitus sp., Paraleptomitella sp., Crumillospongia sp., Hazelia sp., Choia sp., Halicondrites sp. (86930) Leptomitus teretiusculus (96410) Leptomitus teretiusculus, Choiaella radiata, Leptomitella conica, Leptomitella confusa, Paraleptomitella dictyodroma, Paraleptomitella globula (96402) Leptomitus teretiusculus, Choiaella radiata, Leptomitella conica, Paraleptomitella dictyodroma (90138) Leptomitus teretiusculus, Leptomitella confusa, Paraleptomitella dictyodroma (96412) Paraleptomitella dictyodroma (96413)
Atdabanian - Botomian520.0 - 513.0Greenland Choia hindei (121183 121185) Vauxia gracilenta, Choia hindei (121184)
Botomian516.0 - 513.0Australia (South Australia) Leptomitidae indet., Hamptoniidae indet., Choiidae indet. (187498)
Botomian516.0 - 513.0Russian Federation (Sakha) Lenica unica (121186)
Botomian516.0 - 513.0China (Yunnan) Choia sp. (90368)
Botomian516.0 - 513.0Russian Federation (Yakutia) Lenica sp., Wapkia sp., Demospongea indet. (90438)
Dyeran516.0 - 513.0USA (Vermont) Leptomitus zitteli (121235)
Dyeran516.0 - 513.0USA (Pennsylvania) Leptomitus sp. (192)
Lenian516.0 - 513.0Kyrgyzstan Orlinocyathus sp. (81268)
Nangaoian516.0 - 513.0China (Guizhou) Choia zunyiensis, Leptomitus teretiusculus (128419) Leptomitus sp. (128420) Leptomitus teretiusculus (128421)
Nangaoian516.0 - 513.0China (Yunnan) Choia hindei, Leptomitus teretiusculus, Choiaella radiata, Paraleptomitella dictyodroma (132327) Halichondrites sp., Hazelia sp., Leptomitus teretiusculus, Choiaella radiata, Leptomitella conica, Paraleptomitella dictyodroma, Paraleptomitella globula (132329 132330) Hazelia sp.nov, Choiaella radiata (194155) Hazelia sp.nov, Leptomitus teretiusculus, Choiaella radiata, Halichondrites elissa, Leptomitella conica, Paraleptomitella dictyodroma (194150) Hazelia sp.nov, Leptomitus teretiusculus, Choiaella radiata, Halichondrites elissa, Paraleptomitella dictyodroma, Paraleptomitella globula (194163) Hazelia sp.nov, Leptomitus teretiusculus, Choiaella radiata, Leptomitella conica, Paraleptomitella dictyodroma (194143 194160) Hazelia sp.nov, Leptomitus teretiusculus, Leptomitella conica, Paraleptomitella dictyodroma (194161) Hazelia sp.nov, Paraleptomitella dictyodroma (194153 194162) Leptomitus teretiusculus, Paraleptomitella dictyodroma (194141) Paraleptomitella dictyodroma (194140)